• Staphylococcus
  • Nitrofurantoin has been shown to have good activity against: E. coli Staphylococcus saprophyticus Coagulase negative staphylococci Enterococcus faecalis Staphylococcus aureus Streptococcus agalactiae Citrobacter species Klebsiella species Bacillus subtilis species It is used in the treatment of infections caused by these organisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • resistance
  • Development of resistance to nitrofurantoin has not been a significant problem since its introduction in 1953. (nih.gov)
  • E. coli antimicrobial resistance reduces the likelihood of clinical cure, increases the risk of infection recurrence and increases treatment costs and hospitalization rates. (drugs.com)
  • Our study is important because it shows that E. coli resistance to two common drugs to treat [urinary tract infections] rose substantially over the last decade," lead study author Guillermo Sanchez, a graduate student in the physician assistant program at George Washington University in Washington, D.C., said in a university news release. (drugs.com)
  • Antimicrobial stewardship aims at reducing antibiotic resistance by optimising or decreasing antibiotic use, 1 which includes the prevention of antibiotic treatment in cases of viral infections, tailored prescription of narrow spectrum antibiotics, shortening the course of treatment, and deferring treatment for low risk bacterial infections. (bmj.com)
  • Urinary tract infections can be treated specifically with nitrofurantoin, even in cases of vancomycin resistance. (wikipedia.org)
  • The overuse of antibiotic therapy to treat asymptomatic bacteriuria increases the risk of diarrhea, antimicrobial resistance, and infection due to Clostridium difficile. (wikipedia.org)
  • In other cases, treatment guidelines are more restrictive, recommending in most cases that older, narrower-spectrum drugs be used as first-line therapy for less severe infections to minimize fluoroquinolone-resistance development. (wikipedia.org)
  • Like other species in the genus Enterococcus, E. faecalis can cause life-threatening infections in humans, especially in the nosocomial (hospital) environment, where the naturally high levels of antibiotic resistance found in E. faecalis contribute to its pathogenicity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Similar studies have shown they have some type of resistance to the aniobiotics penicillin and clindamycin, and were also marginally resistant to carbenicillin, erythromycin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol, and nitrofurantoin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Combination therapy, typically with an aminoglycoside, is recommended for Pseudomonas infections to avoid resistance development during treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • intra abdominal infections
  • The carbapenem ertapenem is one of several first-line agents recommended by the Infectious Disease Society of America for the empiric treatment of community-acquired intra-abdominal infections of mild-to-moderate severity. (wikipedia.org)
  • upper urinary
  • Thus VUR not only increases the frequency of UTI's, but also the risk of damage to upper urinary structures and end-stage renal disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • prostatitis
  • Nitrofurantoin is not recommended for the treatment of pyelonephritis, prostatitis and intra-abdominal abscess, because of extremely poor tissue penetration and low blood levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk factors for the formation of antisperm antibodies in men include the breakdown of the blood‑testis barrier, trauma and surgery, orchitis, varicocele, infections, prostatitis, testicular cancer, failure of immunosuppression and unprotected receptive anal or oral sex with men. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pseudomonas
  • Liposomal amikacin for inhalation is currently in late stage clinical trials for the treatment of respiratory diseases, such as cystic fibrosis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, non-tubercular mycobacterial infections and bronchiectasis. (wikipedia.org)