• antibiotics
  • In the US, neuroborreliosis is typically treated with intravenous antibiotics which cross the blood-brain barrier, such as penicillins, ceftriaxone, or cefotaxime. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to the general indications for all members of the tetracycline antibiotics group, doxycycline is frequently used to treat Lyme disease, chronic prostatitis, sinusitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, acne, rosacea, and rickettsial infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • 11 In contrast, if the SF-36 was used to determine Quality of Life (QOL) in post-Lyme patients, the average SF-36 physical component summary (40±9, range 29-44) and mental component summary (39±14, range 23-46) of the QOL assessment were worse than the general USA population, and they could be significantly improved by anti-Lyme antibiotics (46% versus 18%, p =0.007). (blogspot.com)
  • However, about 10-15% of patients with Lyme arthritis fail the initial course of antibiotics, and some of those develop a chronic inflammatory arthritis optimally treated with local or systemic immunosuppressive agents. (springer.com)
  • His clinical work has involved advising upon infectious disease for cardiac transplant patients, advising on antibiotics and their use, teaching at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and becoming involved in clinical research associated with these fields. (lymediseaseaction.org.uk)
  • burgdorferi
  • For example, B. burgdorferi s.s.'s tick borne Lyme disease may manifest with arthritis-like symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • 8-11 Interestingly, different results were reported on the association between B. burgdorferi infection and psychiatric morbidity. (blogspot.com)
  • However, a correlation has been found which presents data suggesting that B. burgdorferi found in the United States is the most arthritogenic, whereas the B. afzelii and B. garnii found in Europe and Asia tend to give signs more consistent with dermatological and neuroborreliosis symptoms. (davidson.edu)
  • rash
  • this rash occurs in 75% of patients infected with Lyme disease and tends to resolve from the inside-out, leaving a bull's eye mark on the skin (Frey 2002). (davidson.edu)
  • The patients considered for entry in the study had an EM rash and either arthritis or neuroborreliosis. (medcapsules.com)
  • Neurology
  • The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) published a practice parameter in 2001 stating that steroids are probably effective and acyclovir (with prednisone) is possibly effective for the treatment of Bell palsy. (medscape.com)
  • Africa
  • Newly discovered genospecies have also been found to cause disease in humans: B. lusitaniae in Europe (especially Portugal), North Africa and Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • With so many vectors, the underlying assumption behind this checklist is that Lyme is not rare in North America, Europe, South America, Russia, Africa or Asia. (lymebook.com)
  • The disease is rarely detected in northern Africa and Mediterranean countries ( 3 , 6 , 7 ). (cdc.gov)
  • bacterial
  • The results suggest multiple chronic intracellular bacterial (and viral) infections are common features of neurodegenerative and behavioral disorders, and treatment regimens should address the multiple infections present in these conditions. (townsendletter.com)
  • 1 In addition to genetic changes and changes in gene expression, it is thought that nutritional deficiencies, head trauma, environmental toxins, chronic bacterial and viral infections, autoimmune immunological responses, vascular diseases, accumulation of fluid in the brain, changes in neurotransmitter concentrations, and other causes are involved in various neurodegenerative diseases. (townsendletter.com)
  • In the first part of this review we considered neurodegenerative and neurobehavioural diseases and the findings that these diseases commonly are associated with systemic and central nervous system bacterial and viral infections. (blogspot.com)
  • Lyme disease (LD) is one of the most frequently diagnosed tick-borne bacterial diseases worldwide. (springer.com)
  • doxycycline
  • If the removed tick was full of blood, a single dose of doxycycline may be used to prevent development of infection, but is not generally recommended since development of infection is rare. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several studies from Europe have suggested oral doxycycline is equally as effective as intravenous ceftriaxone in treating neuroborreliosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Doxycycline has been used successfully to treat sexually transmitted, respiratory, and ophthalmic infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • ELISA
  • The rheumatologist then added a screening test for Lyme disease, either ELISA or an IFA quantitative (titer) test. (medcapsules.com)
  • Recent studies (14) by the group responsible for Lyme disease proficiency testing for the College of American Pathologists (CAP) came to the conclusion that the currently available ELISA assays for Lyme disease do not have adequate sensitivity to meet the two-tiered approach recommended by the CDC/ASPHLD group (7). (medcapsules.com)
  • antibiotic
  • Dr. Jemsek has authored many published papers in the field of treatment of HIV patients and other microbiological topics related to the treatment of infection and antibiotic prophylaxis. (lymediseaseaction.org.uk)
  • antibodies
  • The invention is also directed to a method of diagnosing Lyme disease by detecting the antigens in a biological sample taken from a host using the antibodies in conventional immunoassay formats. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Epidemic
  • Lyme arthritis: an epidemic of oligoarticular arthritis in children and adults in three connecticut communities. (springer.com)
  • 1975
  • Lyme disease was diagnosed as a separate condition for the first time in 1975 in Old Lyme, Connecticut. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was first identified in 1975 in the town of Old Lyme, CT after an outbreak of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. (davidson.edu)
  • 2016
  • Lyme Disease Differential Diagnoses: Diagnostic Considerations Updated: Mar 14, 2016 CDC Two-step Laboratory Testing Process Page last reviewed: March 4, 2015. (wikipedia.org)
  • arthritis
  • Orczyk K, Swidrowska-Jaros J, Smolewska E. When a patient suspected with juvenile idiopathic arthritis turns out to be diagnosed with an infectious disease - a review of Lyme arthritis in children. (springer.com)
  • onset
  • The incubation period from infection to the onset of symptoms is usually one to two weeks, but can be much shorter (days), or much longer (months to years). (wikipedia.org)