• swab
  • In the method, a body-fluid sample such as a vaginal swab sample or urine is obtained from the subject and contacted with an antibody specific against a Trichomonas adhesin peptide, forming an antibody-adhesin. (google.com.au)
  • The presence or absence of the complex establishes, with a reliability of at least 80%, in the case of a vaginal swab sample, and with a reliability of at least 40% in the case of a urine sample, the presence or absence, respectively, of Trichomonas infection in the subject. (google.com.au)
  • 5. The method of claim 1 , wherein said method is effective to detect Trichomonnas vaginalis infection from vaginal samples with a reliability of over 80% in a vaginal swab sample from a female subject and over 40% in a urine sample from a male or female subject. (google.com.au)
  • This is the most commonly used method and requires an endocervical, vaginal, or penile swab specimen for examination under a microscope. (wikipedia.org)
  • pregnancy
  • Many factors affect the outcome of douching including frequency of douching, pregnancy, adolescence, and the phase of the menstrual cycle. (medindia.net)
  • Low levels of fluid around the fetus also increase the risk of umbilical cord compression and can interfere with lung and body formation in early pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • it also predisposes women to develop bacterial vaginosis (BV), which is further associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes and increased risk of sexually transmitted infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • Douching lowers the chances of pregnancy after intercourse. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a recent study of time to pregnancy following LEEP and other cervical surgical procedures, Spracklen et al. (hindawi.com)
  • reported that women with a history of LEEP were significantly more likely to require more than 12 months to conceive a pregnancy resulting in a live birth (odds ratio 2.47, 95% Confidence Interval 1.10-5.55) when compared to similar women with no history of cervical surgery [ 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • While all forms of birth control can generally be used by young people, long-acting reversible birth control such as implants, IUDs, or vaginal rings are more successful in reducing rates of teenage pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • uterus
  • Douching may also wash bacteria into the uterus and Fallopian tubes, causing fertility problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease or pelvic inflammatory disorder (PID) is an infection of the upper part of the female reproductive system namely the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries, and inside of the pelvis. (wikipedia.org)
  • precancerous
  • Cervical cancer typically develops from precancerous changes over 10 to 20 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cervical cancer screening using the Pap test or acetic acid can identify precancerous changes which when treated can prevent the development of cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • canal
  • Do not put soap or water into your vaginal canal. (wikihow.com)
  • study observing the distribution of spermicide containing Nonoxynol-9 in the vaginal tract, showed "After 10 min the gel spread within the vaginal canal providing a contiguous covering of the epithelium of variable thickness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, the predominance of lactobacilli in the vaginal canal creates a more acidic environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • The vaginal canal then travels upwards and backwards, between the urethra at the front, and the rectum at the back. (wikipedia.org)
  • complications
  • However, douching can lead to several complications. (medindia.net)
  • Women who suspect they might have experienced premature rupture of membranes should be evaluated promptly in the hospital to determine whether a rupture of membranes has indeed occurred, and to be treated appropriately to avoid infection and other complications. (wikipedia.org)
  • tampons
  • Deodorant soaps, perfumed bodywashes, " feminine hygiene" sprays, or fragranced toilet paper or tampons should NOT be used on the vulva to maintain optimum vaginal health. (scarleteen.com)
  • Even unscented tampons may disrupt vaginal pH for some women, so you may want to stick to sanitary pads instead. (wikihow.com)
  • urethral
  • Female mammals usually have two external openings in the vulva, the urethral opening for the urinary tract and the vaginal opening for the genital tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • The vaginal opening is much larger than the nearby urethral opening, and both are protected by the labia in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • The vaginal and urethral openings are protected by the labia. (wikipedia.org)
  • urine
  • Infection with Trichomoniasis through water is unlikely because Trichomonas vaginalis dies in water after 45-60 minutes, in thermal water after 30 minutes to 3 hours and in diluted urine after 5-6 hours. (wikipedia.org)