• ejaculate
  • While the authors of the Krest Bitter Lemon study suggested its use as a postcoital douche, this is unlikely to be effective, as sperm begin leaving the ejaculate (out of the reach of any douche) within 1.5 minutes of deposition. (wikipedia.org)
  • swab
  • In the method, a body-fluid sample such as a vaginal swab sample or urine is obtained from the subject and contacted with an antibody specific against a Trichomonas adhesin peptide, forming an antibody-adhesin. (google.com.au)
  • The presence or absence of the complex establishes, with a reliability of at least 80%, in the case of a vaginal swab sample, and with a reliability of at least 40% in the case of a urine sample, the presence or absence, respectively, of Trichomonas infection in the subject. (google.com.au)
  • 5. The method of claim 1 , wherein said method is effective to detect Trichomonnas vaginalis infection from vaginal samples with a reliability of over 80% in a vaginal swab sample from a female subject and over 40% in a urine sample from a male or female subject. (google.com.au)
  • This is the most commonly used method and requires an endocervical, vaginal, or penile swab specimen for examination under a microscope. (wikipedia.org)
  • glycogen
  • Lack of endogenous estrogen in prepubertal girls causes the vaginal epithelium to be very thin and deficient in glycogen. (healthhype.com)
  • acidic
  • In normal circumstances, from puberty to menopause, the vaginal environment is kept acidic (pH 3.8 to 4.5) by the production of lactic acid by the cells in the vaginal epithelium. (healthhype.com)
  • Therefore, the predominance of lactobacilli in the vaginal canal creates a more acidic environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • epithelial
  • Frequent use (2 times or more a day) of nonoxynol-9 containing spermicide is inadvisable if STI/HIV exposure is likely, because in this situation there is increased vulvovaginal epithelial disruption and increased risk of HIV acquisition. (wikipedia.org)
  • intercourse
  • In the past, douching was also used after intercourse as a method of birth control, though it is not effective (see below). (wikipedia.org)
  • Moreover, there are few unifying theories to explain the ecological dynamics of vaginal ecosystems as they respond to disturbances caused by menses and human activities such as intercourse, douching, and other habits and practices. (pilliewillie.nl)
  • Discomfort for both sexes may increase during intercourse and urination. (wikipedia.org)
  • uterus
  • Douching may also wash bacteria into the uterus and Fallopian tubes, causing fertility problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease or pelvic inflammatory disorder (PID) is an infection of the upper part of the female reproductive system namely the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries, and inside of the pelvis. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • The vaginal opening is enclosed by two thin folds of tissue known as the labia minora, which are bounded by two thicker folds of tissue called the labia majora. (healthhype.com)
  • tampons
  • Deodorant soaps, perfumed bodywashes, " feminine hygiene" sprays, or fragranced toilet paper or tampons should NOT be used on the vulva to maintain optimum vaginal health. (scarleteen.com)
  • Even unscented tampons may disrupt vaginal pH for some women, so you may want to stick to sanitary pads instead. (wikihow.com)
  • Trichomonas
  • A method and kit for detecting Trichomonas vaginalis infection in a human subject are disclosed. (google.com.au)
  • b) detecting the presence of said complex, whereby the presence of said complex detects Trichomonas vaginalis infection in said subject. (google.com.au)
  • Causes
  • Vaginal infections are frequent causes of distress and discomfort in adult women. (diagnose-me.com)
  • It causes the sexually transmitted genitourinary infection gonorrhea as well as other forms of gonococcal disease including disseminated gonococcemia, septic arthritis, and gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Not all of the causes of cervical cancer are known, however, and several other contributing factors have been implicated. (wikipedia.org)
  • oral contraceptives
  • Evidence is presented of an increasing incidence of vulvovaginal candidiasis, the cause of which is unclear, but this increase is probably the result of multiple factors including widespread abuse of antibiotics, possibly oral contraceptives, and most important inadequate vaginal therapy. (pilliewillie.nl)
  • complications
  • However, douching can lead to several complications. (medindia.net)
  • Women who suspect they might have experienced premature rupture of membranes should be evaluated promptly in the hospital to determine whether a rupture of membranes has indeed occurred, and to be treated appropriately to avoid infection and other complications. (wikipedia.org)
  • epithelium
  • study observing the distribution of spermicide containing Nonoxynol-9 in the vaginal tract, showed "After 10 min the gel spread within the vaginal canal providing a contiguous covering of the epithelium of variable thickness. (wikipedia.org)
  • practice
  • The exact statistics for vaginal douching are not available and some studies have suggested the worldwide prevalence of this practice could vary between 32-76% . (medindia.net)
  • Vaginal douching is also a fairly common practice in African countries and in Turkey, with some African countries reporting a prevalence of over 90 percent. (medindia.net)
  • The overall recommendation therefore is that douching is not a safe practice and often does more harm than good. (medindia.net)
  • For these reasons, the practice of douching is now strongly discouraged except when ordered by a physician for medical reasons. (wikipedia.org)
  • Healthcare providers may not be aware of the mounting evidence of negative health outcomes associated with the practice of douching. (pilliewillie.nl)
  • At every opportunity, healthcare providers should ask women whether they douche and inquire about vaginal douching practices and beliefs associated with the practice. (pilliewillie.nl)