• Algeria
  • Following bloody clashes with the Polisario troops (SPLA) and deteriorating ties with Algeria, Mauritania pulled out in 1979 and gave up its share in the Western Sahara in order to avoid further complicated conflicts with the Sahrawi Republic, Algeria, and Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • Part of his portfolio were Spain's bilateral relations with Morocco, Algeria and Cuba, and the policy issues Gibraltar, Western Sahara, ETA and international terrorism and Spain's regional politics. (wikipedia.org)
  • ALGIERS, Algeria (AP) -- The death toll from the terrorist siege at a natural gas plant in the Sahara climbed past 80 on Sunday as Algerian forces searching the refinery for explosives found dozens more bodies, many so badly disfigured it was unclear whether they were hostages or militants, a security official said. (yahoo.com)
  • Boujdour
  • French: Cap Boujdour) is a headland on the northern coast of Western Sahara, at 26° 07' 37"N, 14° 29' 57"W (various sources give various locations: this is from the Sailing Directions for the region), as well as the name of the large nearby town with a population of 41,178. (wikipedia.org)
  • Libya
  • To the north, the Sahara skirts the Mediterranean Sea in Egypt and portions of Libya, but in Cyrenaica and the Maghreb, the Sahara borders the Mediterranean forest, woodland, and scrub eco-regions of northern Africa, all of which have a Mediterranean climate characterized by hot summers and cool and rainy winters. (wikipedia.org)
  • company's
  • Having gained employment with the London-based, English trading house James Renshaw and Co, he was despatched to Mogadore (Essaouira), Morocco as the company's agent in early 1814, partnering a successful mercantile establishment that was engaged in trading between Mogadore and Great Britain with the resident British Vice Consul and merchant Joseph Dupuis. (wikipedia.org)
  • desert
  • Desertec is an energy project launched in Munich in 2009, consisting on the use of solar and wind technology in the Sahara desert, with the aim to provide that energy generated to African and European countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Play media The Sahara (Arabic: الصحراء الكبرى‎, al-ṣaḥrāʼ al-kubrá, 'the Greatest Desert') is the largest hot desert and the third largest desert in the world after Antarctica and the Arctic. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Sahara can be divided into several regions including: the western Sahara, the central Ahaggar Mountains, the Tibesti Mountains, the Aïr Mountains, the Ténéré desert, and the Libyan Desert. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Sahara is the world's largest low-latitude hot desert. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today Willshire is best remembered as the man who redeemed, cared for and helped repatriate hundreds of Western sailors enslaved in the Sultanate of Morocco during the early part of the 19th century, including Captain James Riley, Robert Adams, and Captain Alexander Scott, all of whom would later write and publish harrowing accounts of their hardships endured as slaves in the desert. (wikipedia.org)
  • A sparsely populated stretch of desert bordering the Atlantic Ocean, Western Sahara has rich fishing grounds as well as phosphate. (reuters.com)
  • Merzouga is a village in the Sahara Desert in Morocco , on the edge of Erg Chebbi, a 50km long and 5km wide set of sand dunes that reach up to 350m high. (wikitravel.org)
  • Economy
  • In relation to the huge U.S. economy, the free trade agreement is expected to have a positive, but small overall effect on the U.S. The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) has said that the agreement with Morocco is the "best market access package to date of any U.S. free trade agreement signed with a developing country. (wikipedia.org)
  • The mining industry of Morocco is important to the national economy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco has an ancient history of extraction of minerals for enhancing its economy. (wikipedia.org)
  • As such, the majority of the economical activity of Western Sahara happens in the framework of the economy of Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • Relations with foreign powers, especially with the West, have also been strengthened as Morocco has liberalized its economy and implemented major economic reforms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Africa
  • Morocco joins Israel and Jordan as the third nation state in North Africa/Middle East to sign a free trade agreement with the U.S. This agreement was a positive move towards President Bush's Middle East Free Trade Initiative set forth in May 2003. (wikipedia.org)
  • Silver and lead production in Morocco are the highest in Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • To the south, the Sahara is bounded by the Sahel, a belt of dry tropical savanna with a summer rainy season that extends across Africa from east to west. (wikipedia.org)
  • United Nations
  • Since a United Nations-sponsored ceasefire agreement in 1991, about two thirds of the territory is administered by Morocco, including all the seacoasts, due to the construction of the Moroccan Wall. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some countries fulfill the declarative criteria, are recognised by the large majority of other states and are members of the United Nations, but are included in the list here because one or more other states do not recognise their statehood, due to territorial claims or other conflicts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many members of the international community, including the United Nations, the Arab League, and the African Union, explicitly recognized the anti-Gaddafi National Transitional Council as Libya's legitimate representative, with many of those countries explicitly describing it as the legal interim government of the country due to the perceived loss of legitimacy on the part of Gaddafi's regime. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2017
  • File:Atcroutes-1sep1945.jpg http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/272539/binter-adds-dakhla-service-from-april-2017/ http://airlineroute.net/2015/05/21/at-jun-jun15/ Statistics until 2006 from Statistics Movements Archived 22 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ministry
  • Earlier this year, it was known that Norway's Ambassador in Rabat encouraged private investments in the Moroccan-controlled fisheries sector in Western Sahara, defying the official policy of the Oslo Foreign Ministry. (afrol.com)
  • Mines
  • Mining legislation in force includes the Mining code Bill no. 1-73-412 of August 13, 1973, and corresponding orders of the Directorate of Mines. (wikipedia.org)
  • powers
  • They also rejected a no-fly zone and any intervention by Western powers, but supported an "African solution" of reform. (wikipedia.org)
  • Foreign relations with western powers became strained as a result of this. (wikipedia.org)
  • Portraying Morocco as a democratic state became important if Morocco wished to receive loans and investments by foreign powers. (wikipedia.org)
  • constitutional
  • Policies associated with foreign relations are determined by the king, King Mohamed VI, and his advisors, despite the fact that Morocco has a constitutional monarchy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jamaï's papers soon became critical of Mohamed's reign, however, particularly his slowness in transforming Morocco into a constitutional democracy. (wikipedia.org)
  • political
  • This is a democratic country, so whoever is in power today may not be there tomorrow… Our interest is to have good relations with all political parties and for example, regarding our initiative [state recognition at the UN], I had the opportunity to visit all political parties and explain our initiatives, including syndicates. (wordpress.com)
  • See Political status of Western Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco has had strong ties to the West in order to gain economic and political benefits. (wikipedia.org)
  • important
  • In terms of the volume of product processed, as of 2004, it was considered the second most important port in Morocco (just after Casablanca). (wikipedia.org)
  • large
  • Most of the companies are large ones such as 3M, BF Goodrich, American Express, Caterpillar, just to name a few. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is considered a labor saving system that allows large volumes to move rapidly through a process, allowing companies to ship or receive higher volumes with smaller storage space and with less labor expense. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Sahara is mainly rocky hamada (stone plateaus), Ergs (sand seas - large areas covered with sand dunes) form only a minor part, but many of the sand dunes are over 180 metres (590 ft) high. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ramón Franco, who was in the Air Force at the time of the proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic, said: "Our little colonies -referring to the small outposts in the Moroccan shores, the Western Sahara and Equatorial Guinea- don't need a strong navy made up of large and numerous units. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many countries from the Persian Gulf and Maghreb regions are getting more involved in large-scale development projects in Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • We have received our 1st order for an integrated prototype from a large French company, that will be shipped in the first quarter of 2018. (solarimpulse.com)
  • https
  • https://ca.news.yahoo.com/alberta-survive-zombie-apocalypse-123000537.html Many organizations use 'zombie outbreak' as a hypothetical event to see how ready people are to survive more realistic. (yahoo.com)
  • https://ca.news.yahoo.com/alberta-surviv. (yahoo.com)
  • kilometres
  • If all areas with a mean annual precipitation of less than 250 mm were included, the Sahara would be 11 million square kilometres (4,200,000 sq mi). (wikipedia.org)
  • The phosphate deposits in Boucraa, some 100 kilometres south-east of El Aaiun, have been considered Western Sahara's main natural resources since their discovery by Spanish colonial officers in the 1950s. (afrol.com)
  • Influence
  • Certain evidence of foreign influence is through the many development projects, loans, investments, and free trade agreements that Morocco has with other countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • African
  • This included religious leaders, faith-based organisations, African leaders and U.S. Government officials. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other events included The African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) Forum which was discussed in order to pursue efforts to renew legislation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The five speakers were: Aliko Dangote, President and CEO Dangote Group, Jeff Immelt, CEO General Electric, Andrew N. Liveris, President, Chairman and CEO The Dow Chemical Company, Phuti Mahanyele CEO Shanduka Group and Doug McMillon President and CEO Walmart Stores Inc. Prior to the second session, remarks were given by the Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Dr. Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco's relationships vary greatly between African, Arab, and Western states. (wikipedia.org)
  • Once in its history, Ouarzazate had been crossing point for African traders seeking to reach northern cities in Morocco and Europe. (wikitravel.org)
  • Fund
  • In 2007, Morocco adopted the Hassan II Fund for Development, which are measures that simplify procedures to make the process easier and more financially beneficial for foreign investors. (wikipedia.org)
  • To secure a redemption he employed as payment The Ironmongers' Fund, administered by The Worshipful Company of Ironmongers in London and set up by one of its members, Thomas Betton, in 1723, who himself had been enslaved in Barbary. (wikipedia.org)
  • reduction
  • Most notably, in Morocco, there has been concern regarding the reduction in tariffs for agricultural products and the increase in intellectual property and patent standards. (wikipedia.org)
  • major
  • For example, just prior to the agreement (signed in 2004), a news release by the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative announced major revisions in Moroccan labor laws spurred by the proposed signing of the agreement. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is home to a swiftly expanding industrial quarter, which includes both major artificial fertilizer and petrochemical factories. (wikipedia.org)
  • The beginning of AFRICOM's second year has witnessed major military exercises on the western and eastern ends of the continent. (mediamonitors.net)
  • In recognition of its support for the War on Terrorism, in June 2004 U.S. President George W. Bush designated Morocco as a major non-NATO ally. (wikipedia.org)
  • trade
  • In addition, once the EU's Euro-Mediterranean Free Trade Area (EMFTA) is complete in 2010, additional duty-free access will flow down to U.S. companies. (wikipedia.org)
  • All trade and other economic activities are controlled by the Moroccan government, as usual in Western Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • In March 2009, four Norwegian shipping companies desisted from Western Sahara trade. (wikipedia.org)
  • The U.S. Trade and Development Agency will donate Morocco $250,000 to finance a technical-economic study to build a sea water desalination unit. (wikipedia.org)
  • France and Spain remain the primary trade partners, as well as the primary creditors and foreign investors in Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yara's shareholders, including the Oslo government, were not informed of this trade, it was found. (afrol.com)
  • In the same letter, Yara announced that its phosphate trade in Western Sahara is now "terminated", a decision celebrated by the Norwegian Support Committee for Western Sahara. (afrol.com)
  • Mr Wermundsen however deplored that the company will not guarantee that the trade will not be resumed and announced the Committee would contact the Oslo parliament to increase pressure on Yara. (afrol.com)
  • international
  • It was announced in 2008 that the Abu Dhabi-based International Petroleum Investment Company (IPIC) was in the beginning stages of preparations for the construction of an oil refinery at Jorf Lasfar at a cost of $5 billion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Extraction costs equate to that of shipping phosphate from the other side of the world, so the international price has to collapse to near zero before the company can't compete. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • Following another round of international protest-including a question about the banning from German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder on the occasion of Youssoufi's state visit to Germany-the government relented, and the papers were once more allowed to print. (wikipedia.org)
  • Local and international NGOs engaged in a concerted effort to steer the decision away from the use of coal, and many (including the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights, the Egyptian Center for Economic and Social Rights, Greenpeace, and the Arab Youth Climate Movement, among others) signed a letter condemning any move toward the use of coal as a source of energy. (cfr.org)
  • French
  • Morocco signed three loan agreements with the French Development Agency (AFD) in 2009, totalling up to 155 million euros. (wikipedia.org)
  • French is still popularly spoken and remains the second language in Morocco whilst Spanish is also widespread, particularly in the northern regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • We stress to our Muslim brothers the necessity to stay away from all the Western companies and complexes for their own safety, and especially the French ones," the statement said. (yahoo.com)
  • The dead hostages were also known to include at least one American and French workers. (yahoo.com)
  • Member
  • The southern limit of the Sahara is indicated botanically by the southern limit of Cornulaca monacantha (a drought-tolerant member of the Chenopodiaceae), or northern limit of Cenchrus biflorus, a grass typical of the Sahel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mr Kamminga is Member of the Advisory Board of Chronoscoop Film, a company specialised in film and photography based in Groningen in the Netherlands. (wikipedia.org)
  • Willshire was also recipient of many notes of thanks from organisations and individuals for his humanitarian work in Mogadore during his tenure as Vice Consul there, including in 1821 being elected honorary member of the Massachusetts Peace Society, receiving an award of $45 with the title. (wikipedia.org)
  • year
  • By seeking the seizure of the two phosphate vessels, Polisario is putting to the test a European court ruling last year that Western Sahara should not be considered part of the Moroccan kingdom in EU and Moroccan deals. (reuters.com)
  • El Mehdaoui, its editor, was given a four-month suspended sentence and ordered to pay a hefty fine in June of last year, while in August a court ordered the news site to be shut down for three months, subject to an appeal (see Prosecutions and Detentions for Online Activities ). (freedomhouse.org)
  • Internet freedom declined in Morocco over the past year due to new restrictions on Voice-over-IP (VoIP), while legal harassment of prominent activists and online journalists continued. (freedomhouse.org)
  • these discussions have been ongoing over the past year, but they heated up after Minister of Industry Mounir Fakhry Abdel-Nour preliminarily announced on Monday, March 10 that cement companies were to be allowed to use coal to continue production. (cfr.org)
  • annually
  • According to climatic criteria, the southern limit of the Sahara corresponds to the 150 mm (5.9 in) isohyet of annual precipitation (this is a long-term average, since precipitation varies annually). (wikipedia.org)
  • exporters
  • As of 2005, in terms of U.S. dollars, Morocco was ranked 89th among U.S. trading importers and 79th among U.S. exporters. (wikipedia.org)
  • goods
  • These policies make it beneficial for other countries to have relations with Morocco so that they can take advantage of their goods. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spanish
  • They balked at the costs and at the lack of results of the Spanish military during the Rif Wars in Morocco and their vision was to have a smaller and more modern Spanish Navy that would meet the needs of the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • Life in the high echelons of the Spanish Navy was more glamorous than among Army and Air Force officers, for it often included Yacht Club membership, with regattas, gala dinners and balls. (wikipedia.org)
  • total
  • A total of 56 states, including Germany, Italy, the United States, and the United Kingdom, maintain some form of unofficial mission in the ROC. (wikipedia.org)
  • The city is home to the largest independent power station in the country-primarily funded by investments from the Swedish-Swiss company ABB Group and the American company CMS Energy-which was thought to be capable of creating a third of Morocco's total power output. (wikipedia.org)
  • 85% of this total is in Morocco. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • countries
  • Israel has since fought several wars with Arab countries, and it has since 1967 occupied territories including the West Bank, Golan Heights and the Gaza Strip (still considered occupied after 2005 disengagement). (wikipedia.org)
  • Virtually all Western countries cut off diplomatic relations with Gaddafi's government over an aerial bombing campaign in February and March, and a number of other countries led by Peru and Botswana did likewise. (wikipedia.org)
  • More worryingly, this supply is highly concentrated in just a few countries - such as Western Sahara. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • Morocco also gains financial support from countries that it assists. (wikipedia.org)
  • independent
  • The War Logs: The Iraq Documents The archive is the second cache obtained by the independent organization WikiLeaks and made available to several news organizations. (wordpress.com)
  • The heavy fine may bankrupt the independent news site (see Prosecutions and Detentions for Online Activities ). (freedomhouse.org)
  • production
  • U.S. companies that build production facilities in Morocco today will have an added advantage of exporting industrial products duty-free to Europe by way of the Moroccan-E.U. Association Agreement signed in 2000. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco holds 75% of the phosphate reserves of the world, and is ranked third in the world in its production. (wikipedia.org)
  • At this time we don't anticipate any production interruptions at our facility in Alberta (Redwater)," the company said. (reuters.com)
  • private
  • The Moroccan government controls and administers 80% of Western Sahara (the part west of the Moroccan Wall) and all the oceanic coasts of Western Sahara, government and private companies exploit coastal areas for fishing and the land areas for phosphate mining. (wikipedia.org)
  • The mining sector is poised for increased participation of private sector companies and also in the fuel sector in natural gas and petroleum extraction. (wikipedia.org)
  • In June 2015, a court ordered the news site Goud to pay over US$ 51,000 in damages to the king's private secretary over an article deemed defamatory. (freedomhouse.org)
  • Hamid El Mehdaoui, editor of Badil , was involved in three separate court cases for his site's investigative reporting, while the news site Goud was ordered to pay over US$ 51,000 for an article on the king's private secretary. (freedomhouse.org)
  • Two private Algerian TV stations and an online news site said security forces scouring the plant found five militants hiding out and learned that three others had fled. (yahoo.com)
  • west
  • In April 2010, a Desertec spokesperson confirmed to the English newspaper The Guardian that the project will not be placed in disputed Western Sahara, saying: "We want to confirm… officially that our reference projects will not be located in the West Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • among
  • By way of comparison, EUCOM includes 51 nations, among which are 19 new nations emerging from the breakup of the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia and the reunification of Germany. (mediamonitors.net)
  • Morocco also was among the first Arab and Islamic states to denounce the September 11, 2001 Terrorist Attacks in the United States and declare solidarity with the American people in the war against terror. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • Dakhla Airport (IATA: VIL, ICAO: GMMH/GSVO) is an airport serving Dakhla (also known as Dajla or ad-Dakhla, formerly Villa Cisneros), a city in Western Sahara, disputed south province of Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • William Willshire also known as William Wiltshire (c. 1790 - 4 August 1851), was British Vice Consul to Mogadore (Essaouira), Morocco from 1814 until 1844, before being assigned to the Consularship of Adrianople (Edirne) in 1845, until his death in 1851. (wikipedia.org)
  • site
  • News site Badil was repeatedly targeted on spurious charges of defaming public officials and publishing false information. (freedomhouse.org)
  • state
  • The airport is operated by the Moroccan state-owned company ONDA. (wikipedia.org)
  • In order to ingratiate itself with key officers in the Navy, the Republican Government promoted to high posts men such as Lieutenant Commander Ángel Rizo Bayona who was given the post of representing the state in the Trasmediterránea Shipping Company and Navy engineer Alfredo Cal Díaz who was promoted to the post of Navigation Director. (wikipedia.org)
  • OCP also has plans for the erection of 4 additional phosphate fertilizer factories, specializing in diammonium and monoammonium phosphate.Samsung and Daewoo were awarded the contracts for carrying out the construction of these 4 additional units (2 each) Since December, 2006 the management of the port has been transferred to Marsa Maroc, a state-owned public company responsible for the management of 9 ports in Morocco and the Western Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was unclear whether anyone was rescued in the final assault on the complex, which is run by the Algerian state oil company along with BP and Norway's Statoil. (yahoo.com)