• C57BL
  • One cross to C57BL/10Gn, bxs to F3, outcrossed to an inbred mg/mg stock (F27), and bxs as balanced stock. (jax.org)
  • Genetics
  • yeah we are all so inbred here in good ole ky,well be walking across the yard and fall over dead.It;s all in the genetics i guess. (topix.com)
  • No you dont want birds with a huge inbreeding coefficient but the birds that exist today are all the product of line breeding to some extent since we have an essentially closed loop with customs not allowing new genetics into the country. (backyardchickens.com)
  • chromosome
  • Together with colleagues, Erik Puffenberger, a research scientist and laboratory director at the Clinic for Special Children in Strasburg, Pennsylvania, capitalized on the inbreeding in a large Mennonite kindred to identify the location of a gene for Hirschprung disease on chromosome 13. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In contrast to 36 other standard inbred strains, it carries a Y chromosome of Asian Mus musculus origin (c.f. (jax.org)
  • traits
  • Inbreeding (i.e., breeding between closely related individuals) results in more recessive traits manifesting themselves, as the genomes of pair-mates are more similar. (wikipedia.org)
  • this very uniformity means that fewer individuals are required to produce results with the same level of statistical significance when an inbred line is used in comparison to an outbred line in the same experiment Breeding of inbred strains is often towards specific phenotypes of interest such as behavioural traits like alcohol preference or physical traits like aging. (wikipedia.org)
  • practice
  • Intellectual inbreeding or academic inbreeding is the practice in academia of a university's hiring its own graduates to be professors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Academic inbreeding has also been cited as a major problem in the major universities of the People's Republic of China-such as Peking University and Tsinghua University, which have adopted measures in recent years specifically to combat the practice-and South Korea. (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • DNA tests indicate that mountain lions in the Santa Monica Mountains are inbreeding, another sign of the challenges facing the species struggling to survive in the midst of one of the nation's most densely populated urban regions. (yahoo.com)
  • Some endangered species, which have had their mating groups reduced to very small numbers, are losing important diversity as a result of inbreeding. (encyclopedia.com)
  • birds
  • Pieces of DNA that predict lifespan are shorter in birds that are inbred - according to new research from the University of East Anglia (UEA). (phys.org)
  • Nearly
  • Nearly thirty gray wolves living on an island chain in northwestern Lake Superior have backbone malformations as a result of genetic inbreeding, presenting yet another hurdle for the wolves' long-term survival, wildlife experts say. (redorbit.com)
  • population
  • LOS ANGELES (AP) - Three mountain lion kittens born last month in the Santa Monica Mountains were inbred, a wildlife expert said, marking a troubling sign for a population penned in by the urban sprawl of metropolitan Los Angeles. (yahoo.com)
  • The Copenhagen Zoo went ahead with a plan to shoot and dismember a healthy giraffe on Sunday and feed the 18-month-old animal's carcass to lions - an action the zoo said was in line with anti-inbreeding rules meant to ensure a healthy giraffe population. (yahoo.com)
  • This generally leads to a decreased fitness of a population, which is called inbreeding depression. (phys.org)
  • it is thought to reduce the possibility of new ideas coming in from outside sources, just as genetic inbreeding reduces the possibility of new genes entering into a population. (wikipedia.org)
  • In general, the higher the genetic variation or gene pool within a breeding population, the less likely it is to suffer from inbreeding depression. (wikipedia.org)
  • Inbreeding results in inbreeding depression, which is the reduction of fitness of a given population due to inbreeding. (wikipedia.org)
  • When heterozygotes possess a fitness advantage relative to a homozygote, a population with a large number of homozygotes will have a relatively reduced fitness, thus leading to inbreeding depression. (wikipedia.org)
  • When a population is small or inbred, it tends to lose genetic diversity. (wikipedia.org)
  • genes
  • Basically, the problem with inbreeding is that it increases the risk that both male and female have the same unfavorable genes and this again increases the risk that the chicks will display these genes. (backyardchickens.com)
  • avoid
  • The results suggest that people deliberately sought partners beyond their immediate family, and that they were probably connected to a wider network of groups within which mates were chosen, in order to avoid becoming inbred. (sooperarticles.com)
  • animal
  • Saying it needed to prevent inbreeding, the Copenhagen Zoo killed a 2-year-old giraffe and fed its remains to lions as visitors watched , ignoring a petition signed by thousands and offers from other zoos and a private individual to save the animal. (yahoo.com)
  • Inbreeding is breeding between close relatives, whether plant or animal. (phys.org)
  • Beneficial changes can also come from inbreeding, and inbreeding is practiced routinely in animal breeding to enhance specific characteristics, such as milk production or low fat-to-muscle ratios in cows. (encyclopedia.com)
  • found
  • Over the years, researchers have found seven mountain lions that were the products of inbreeding, Riley said. (yahoo.com)
  • Inbred animals have fewer surviving offspring compared with others, a study of red deer in the wild has found. (phys.org)
  • cause
  • Riley says the kittens were healthy but there's concern that without new blood, eventually inbreeding could cause physical defects, such as heart problems and sterility. (yahoo.com)
  • horror film
  • Inbred is a 2011 British horror film directed by Alex Chandon and co-written with Paul Shrimpton and produced by Margaret Milner Schmueck. (wikipedia.org)
  • groups
  • What this means is that even people in the Upper Palaeolithic, who were living in tiny groups, understood the importance of avoiding inbreeding, said Eske Willerslev from the University of Copenhagen. (sooperarticles.com)
  • Inbreeding depression seems to be present in most groups of organisms, but varies across mating systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • shows
  • a fan went to Inbred shows to be entertained as well as educated, never knowing what would happen next. (wikipedia.org)
  • problem
  • My records showed that the problem only came up in puppies that were inbred on him, or descended from him along with a heavy concentration of the sword bloodlines. (shilohshepherds.info)
  • last
  • Reason I bought it up was because we have had to buy fertile eggs this year to continue breeding due to deformities from out first inbreed hatch last year. (backyardchickens.com)