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  • therapy
  • Managing babies with NCPAP therapy when compared with CV, significantly increased the weight at one month which was sustained at the 9-12 month and 15-18 month visits, increased length at all follow up visits, increased BINS scores at the 9-12 month and 15-18 month visits, and decreased the incidence of ROP and CLD. (skorpionforum.com)
  • Leakage of air out the mouth has been shown to adversely affect sleep quality 3 - 5 , contribute to failure to fully correct nocturnal gas exchange 4 and possibly even increase the work of breathing 3 , all of which may affect the patient's tolerance and long-term response to therapy. (ersjournals.com)
  • Some machines have pressure relief technologies that makes sleep therapy more comfortable by reducing pressure at the beginning of exhalation and returning to therapeutic pressure just before inhalation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chest
  • Difficulty breathing, a cardinal symptom of left ventricular failure, may manifest with progressively increasing severity as the following: Difficulty breathing with physical activity (exertional dyspnea) Difficulty breathing while lying flat (orthopnea) Episodes of waking up from sleep gasping for air (paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea) Acute pulmonary edema Other cardiac symptoms of heart failure include chest pain/pressure and palpitations. (wikipedia.org)
  • A study of 100 post-op patients followed with serial chest X-rays and temperature measurements showed that the incidence of fever decreased as the incidence of atelectasis increased. (wikipedia.org)
  • insulin
  • Elevation of fasting insulin levels and increased BMI during childhood are the strongest predictors of the metabolic syndrome in adulthood, 13 , 14 possibly through the combination of altered insulin signaling and adrenocortical function, induction of inflammation and endothelial and vascular dysfunction, abnormal cardiac autonomic regulation, and aberrant hormonal output. (aappublications.org)
  • 15 - 17 Moreover, insulin resistance in childhood is associated with increased risk for later cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. (aappublications.org)
  • outcomes
  • Personalised diagnosis and management of comorbid conditions are essential to achieving effective and improved outcomes for patients with severe asthma. (mja.com.au)
  • By implementing basic technologies in three key categories, HB has improved care delivery and health outcomes for multiple resource-limited communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • blockage
  • Outside of this context, atelectasis implies some blockage of a bronchiole or bronchus, which can be within the airway (foreign body, mucus plug), from the wall (tumor, usually squamous cell carcinoma) or compressing from the outside (tumor, lymph node, tubercle). (wikipedia.org)
  • rapidly
  • Thus, if there is a question of papilledema on fundoscopic examination or if the optic disc cannot be adequately visualized, ultrasound can be used to rapidly assess for increased intracranial pressure and help direct further evaluation and intervention. (wikipedia.org)
  • lungs
  • It has been suggested that oscillations in the pressure, due to bubbling, contribute to gas exchange by delivering low amplitude, high frequency oscillations to the lungs. (bmj.com)
  • This is because: During inspiration, the inspiratory positive airway pressure, or IPAP, forces air into the lungs-thus less work is required from the respiratory muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • when the bag is released, it self-inflates from its other end, drawing in either ambient air or a low pressure oxygen flow supplied by a regulated cylinder, while also allowing the patient's lungs to deflate to the ambient environment (not the bag) past the one way valve. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • 2 Managing these traits can potentially improve asthma control, reduce or remove the need for some medications and improve overall quality of life for many patients considered to have severe asthma. (mja.com.au)
  • A total of 16 patients (11 males) were enrolled, all with nocturnal hypoventilation currently treated at home with NIV via pressure preset devices. (ersjournals.com)
  • Telemedicine (TM) can be used in a variety of ways in sleep medicine: telediagnostics, teleconsultation, teletherapy and telemonitoring of patients being treated with positive pressure devices. (mdpi.com)
  • A prototype respiratory humidifier, developed in New Zealand for use with patients being ventilated in hospital intensive care situations, was taken to the production stage by F&P. Continuing product improvement innovation to improve patient care and development of a world-wide distribution network are two core strengths. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • If left untreated, OSA can lead to heart disease, high blood pressure, and stroke. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Airway-related comorbid conditions with the greatest impact are allergic rhinitis, chronic rhinosinusitis, vocal cord dysfunction, lung fungal sensitisation and underlying structural lung disease. (mja.com.au)
  • 18 - 20 Taken together, these data support the hypothesis that the metabolic disturbances, which are known to be associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease, start developing in childhood. (aappublications.org)
  • The main indications for positive airway pressure are congestive heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hyperammonemia, elevated level of ammonia in blood (including cerebral edema/intracranial pressure) Guillain-Barré syndrome, due to elevated protein levels Foster Kennedy syndrome (FKS) Chiari malformation Tumors of the frontal lobe Acute mountain sickness and high-altitude cerebral edema Lyme disease (Lyme meningitis specifically, when the bacterial infection is in the central nervous system, causing increased intracranial pressure). (wikipedia.org)
  • The test gives results in 25 minutes with a sensitivity down to 0.04 mg/L. The risk of developing cardiovascular disease is quantified as follows: low: hs-CRP level under 1.0 mg/L average: between 1.0 and 3.0 mg/L high: above 3.0 mg/L Normal concentration in healthy human serum is between 5 and 10 mg/L, increasing with aging. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rates of disease have been increasing. (wikipedia.org)
  • syndrome
  • In right middle lobe syndrome, the middle lobe of the right lung contracts, usually because of pressure on the bronchus from enlarged lymph glands and occasionally a tumor. (wikipedia.org)
  • upper
  • Relative scarcity of evidence about the effect of upper airway problem on compliance is also noted. (kjorl.org)
  • Adaptation of upper airway muscles to chronic endurance exercise. (biomedsearch.com)
  • We tested the hypothesis that chronic endurance exercise is associated with the recruitment of four major upper airway muscles (genioglossus, digastric, sternohyoid, and omohyoid) and results in an increased oxidative capacity and a fast-toward-slow shift in myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms of these muscles. (biomedsearch.com)
  • These data indicate that endurance exercise training is associated with a fast-to-slow shift in MHC phenotype together with an increase in both oxidative and antioxidant capacity in selected upper airway muscles. (biomedsearch.com)
  • It seems possible that this exercise-mediated adaptation is related to the recruitment of these muscles as stabilizers of the upper airway. (biomedsearch.com)
  • mask
  • Bag and valve combinations can also be attached to an alternate airway adjunct, instead of to the mask. (wikipedia.org)
  • acute
  • The Epstein-Barr virus, for example, is known to be able to dramatically increase the size of lymphoid tissue during acute infection, and OSA is fairly common in acute cases of severe infectious mononucleosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is an acute-phase protein of hepatic origin that increases following interleukin-6 secretion by macrophages and T cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • asthma
  • Asthma care has increasingly focused on personalised management for severe asthma, and recognition of the role and importance of comorbid conditions has increased. (mja.com.au)
  • Asymptomatic worsening of airway inflammation during low-dose allergen exposure in asthma: protectio. (biomedsearch.com)
  • interventions
  • HB also seeks to improve maternal and child health through its management interventions, targeted approaches to the referral system, and the use of case-based training for healthcare providers. (wikipedia.org)
  • People with sepsis need preventive measures for deep vein thrombosis, stress ulcers and pressure ulcers, unless other conditions prevent such interventions. (wikipedia.org)
  • severe
  • 1-4 Although there is a trend towards increased likelihood of accidents with more severe sleep-disordered breathing, these are not sufficiently robust data on which to base decisions for an individual. (bmj.com)
  • lung
  • It occurs when either local or generalized fibrotic changes in the lung or pleura hamper expansion and increase elastic recoil during expiration. (wikipedia.org)
  • level
  • Flow can be reduced to a level where bubbling almost stops, but pressure is maintained with the meniscus still at the bottom of the underwater tube. (bmj.com)
  • In 2016, SIRS was replaced with qSOFA which is two of the following three: increased breathing rate, change in level of consciousness, and low blood pressure. (wikipedia.org)
  • resistance
  • Signs of established sepsis include confusion, metabolic acidosis (which may be accompanied by faster breathing and lead to a respiratory alkalosis), low blood pressure due to decreased systemic vascular resistance, higher cardiac output, and dysfunctions of blood coagulation (where clotting may lead to organ failure). (wikipedia.org)
  • quality of l
  • Education and proper care have been shown to improve quality of life. (wikipedia.org)
  • They can work to improve the quality of life, slow down the progression of heart failure and reduce the risk for other complications that can occur due to heart failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • disorders
  • They have an increased risk of a number of other health problems, including congenital heart defect, epilepsy, leukemia, thyroid diseases, and mental disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • It will show if there are other sleep disorders that are causing or increasing the problems with ISWD. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood
  • 29 - 32 SDB in children is associated with increased sympathetic activity, 33 - 35 elevated blood pressure, and left ventricular geometry changes. (aappublications.org)
  • This most commonly results from an intercurrent illness (such as pneumonia), myocardial infarction (a heart attack), abnormal heart rhythms (such as atrial fibrillation), uncontrolled high blood pressure, or the person's failure to maintain a fluid restriction, diet, or medication. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cardiac output (the volume of blood pumped by the heart) may be reduced, and hypotension (low blood pressure) is frequently present. (wikipedia.org)
  • Insufficient blood flow may be evident by low blood pressure, high blood lactate, or low urine output. (wikipedia.org)
  • Septic shock is low blood pressure due to sepsis that does not improve after reasonable amounts of intravenous fluids are given. (wikipedia.org)
  • The drop in blood pressure seen in sepsis may lead to shock. (wikipedia.org)
  • flow
  • With high flow, bubbling is very vigorous with a high pressure amplitude. (bmj.com)
  • Slow bubbling was achieved by lowering the gas flow to the point when the bubbling "just" occurred so that the pressure was maintained with the gas/water meniscus at the end of the underwater tube. (bmj.com)
  • The vigorous, high amplitude bubbling was obtained by increasing the gas flow through the system by 3 litres/min above the flow required to obtain the lowest possible bubbling. (bmj.com)
  • Humidified high flow nasal airway respiratory support is a method of delivering a high per-minute volume of respiratory gas via nasal cannula. (wikipedia.org)
  • Flow rates for delivery of oxygen using typical nasal cannulae are limited because medical oxygen is anhydrous, and when delivered from a pressurized source the gas cools as it expands with the drop to atmospheric pressure. (wikipedia.org)
  • mechanical
  • Both the pulp and periodontal ligament have nociceptors (pain receptors), but the pulp lacks proprioceptors (motion or position receptors) and mechanoreceptors (mechanical pressure receptors). (wikipedia.org)
  • Citation
  • citation needed] In peripheral tissues, oxygen again diffuses down a pressure gradient into cells and their mitochondria, where it is used to produce energy in conjunction with the breakdown of glucose, fats, and some amino acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • systemic
  • Early studies suggested that baroreflexes dilate or have no effect, but recent studies in awake dogs suggested baroreflexes did not normally engage tonic vasoconstrictor efferents but during excitement systemic pressure rises may also trigger local sensory-motor dilator reflexes. (biomedsearch.com)
  • known
  • During the later stages of gestation there is an increase in abundance of oxytocin, a hormone that is known to evoke feelings of contentment, reductions in anxiety, and feelings of calmness and security around the mate. (wikipedia.org)
  • A bag valve mask, abbreviated to BVM and sometimes known by the proprietary name Ambu bag or generically as a manual resuscitator or "self-inflating bag", is a hand-held device commonly used to provide positive pressure ventilation to patients who are not breathing or not breathing adequately. (wikipedia.org)
  • lower
  • A dose of 0.5 mg should be used only for exceptional patients who do not respond adequately to a trial of a lower dose since the risk of several adverse reactions increases with the size of the dose administered. (rxlist.com)
  • Medications
  • I-Bresis Charging Station The Right Medication, the Right Application Medications with positive or negative polarity Flexible, time-saving treatment. (balegoonline.org)
  • people
  • The increase in average age of the population, more people with chronic diseases, on immunosuppressive drugs, and increase in the number of invasive procedures being performed has led to an increased rate of sepsis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore
  • Furthermore, since ob gene expression was increased, not decreased, in human obesity, it suggested resistance to leptin to be a possibility. (wikipedia.org)
  • Healthy
  • The long-term growth prospective of the Indian economy is positive due to its young population, corresponding low dependency ratio, healthy savings and investment rates, and increasing integration into the global economy. (wikipedia.org)
  • structural
  • Here, however, increased CO cannot solve the structural problems causing renal artery hypotension, with the result that CO remains chronically elevated. (wikipedia.org)
  • HB believes that the best way to improve health care is to address the structural challenges that prevent it from operating efficiently. (wikipedia.org)
  • efforts
  • Engineering efforts are centered around finding the in situ pressure and tissue strain from the radiation force displacement measured on MRI. (stanford.edu)
  • years
  • Research suggests that taking a drink containing whey protein daily for 2 years does not improve bone density in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. (webmd.com)
  • For a continuous duration of nearly 1700 years from the year 1 AD, India is the top most economy constituting 35 to 40% of world GDP. (wikipedia.org)
  • delivery
  • By implementing basic technologies in three key categories, HB has improved care delivery and health outcomes for multiple resource-limited communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • management
  • Since its inception, HB has partnered with the Government of Rwanda and other local partners to improve Rwanda's public health system through hands-on technical assistance, supportive supervision, and management training to public health facilities in need. (wikipedia.org)