• norms
  • Racial segregation is generally outlawed, but may exist de facto through social norms, even when there is no strong individual preference for it, as suggested by Thomas Schelling's models of segregation and subsequent work. (wikipedia.org)
  • Violating social norms can have a positive or negative effect on persuasion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Expectations are a function of cultural and sociological norms and preferences arising from cultural values and societal standards or ideals for competent communication. (wikipedia.org)
  • Positive violations occur (b) when negatively evaluated sources conform more closely than expected to cultural values or situational norms. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1998
  • From her finding, Pickel (1998) argued that the weapon focus arose from the unusual nature of the object in the relation to the context in which it was presented. (wikipedia.org)
  • represents
  • Sigmund Freud believed that the id represents biological instinctual impulses in humans, such as aggression (Thanatos or the Death instinct) and sexuality (Eros or the Life instinct). (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • After a number of years of research into identity and identification in organizations, Cheney and Tompkins (1987) clarified the application of these concepts in organizations. (wikipedia.org)
  • This new concept arises from changes in the research paradigm, mainly in developmental psycholinguistics, and not in the practical educational field. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Our technical research relates to applied physics, engineering and computing and the projects investigate equipment-related matters which are grounded on practical issues which arise in the clinical setting. (salford.ac.uk)
  • The Council was formed with an aim to facilitate the exchange of information on genetic disorders occurring in Arab countries and to be a medium for multidisciplinary collaborative research aiming at the identification and prevention of genetic disorders in the region. (wikipedia.org)
  • One important aspect of a problem-oriented field is that by identifying problems, solutions arise from the research acquired. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although many Harvard students are involved in community service or public policy, these avenues for change have been criticized (in the words of a queer student activist at Harvard) as "technocratic," and oriented towards "research solutions, policy solutions, economic solutions, bureaucratic solutions to all problems rather than any type of social movement. (wikipedia.org)
  • Past and current research intends to further the understanding of how and why social competence is important in healthy social development. (wikipedia.org)
  • A noteworthy discovery was that social competence was related to future mental health, thus fueling research on how children interact with their peers and function in social situations. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 1950s and 1960s, research established that children's social competence was related to future mental health (such as maladaptive outcomes in adulthood), as well as problems in school settings. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research on social competence expanded greatly from this point on, as increasing amounts of evidence demonstrated the importance of social interactions. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 1970s and 1980s, research began focusing on the impact of children's behavior on relationships, which influenced the study of the effectiveness of teaching children social skills that are age, gender, and context specific. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research during this time often focused on children who were not displaying social skills in efforts to identify and help these children who were potentially at risk of long-term negative outcomes due to poor social interactions. (wikipedia.org)
  • principle
  • For example, the Plotinian identification of matter with the principle of evil may be said to represent a link between Gnostic speculation and the theology of Augustine, whose writings in turn were to become an important source for the Lutheran interpretation of Christianity and therewith for the German Protestant tradition, which in the nineteenth century was secularized in the philosophical writings of Hegel and Feuerbach. (encyclopedia.com)
  • According to neohumanism, practice of rationality and adherence to the principle of social equality (especially when combined with protospiritualistic mentality) will not only strengthen individual minds but also the collective human mind to the point that humanity as a whole can withstand the destructive impact of geosentiment and sociosentiment and the ruthless exploiters who capitalize on those sentiments. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to this theory, id impulses are based on the pleasure principle: instant gratification of one's own desires and needs. (wikipedia.org)
  • interaction
  • Social competence is the foundation upon which expectations for future interaction with others is built, and upon which individuals develop perceptions of their own behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • In an effort to determine why some children were not exhibiting social skills in some interactions, many researchers devised social information processing models to explain what happens in a social interaction. (wikipedia.org)
  • personality
  • Communication expectancies are said to derive from three factors: The communicator - individual features, such as ethos or source credibility, personality, appearance, social status and gender. (wikipedia.org)
  • Freud proposed three structures of the psyche or personality: Id: The id is the unconscious reservoir of the libido, the psychic energy that fuels instincts and psychic processes. (wikipedia.org)
  • one's
  • Specifically, it sought to increase awareness of one's position on the battlefield as well as that of the enemy, in order to achieve increased lethality, greater control of the tempo of warfare, and fewer instances of friendly fire via improved identification friend or foe. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to these approaches, social competence is assessed by the quality of one's relationships and the ability to form relationships. (wikipedia.org)
  • mechanism
  • New nests are established by budding from existing nests in the spring, or by the mechanism of temporary social parasitism, the hosts being species of the F. fusca group, notably F. fusca and F. lemani, although incipient F. rufa colonies have also been recorded from nests of F. glebaria, F. cunnicularia, and similar species including the Lasius genus. (wikipedia.org)
  • A defence mechanism is an unconscious psychological mechanism that reduces anxiety arising from unacceptable or potentially harmful stimuli. (wikipedia.org)
  • political
  • Even though camel-herding pastoral nomads were only a minority during Mohammed's lifetime, it seems clear that Arabs were an important social and political force. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The Court described equality as a comparative concept, stating that the condition of discrimination "may only be attained or discerned by comparison with the condition of others in the social and political setting in which the question arises. (wikipedia.org)
  • Existing case law recognizes that once an asylum applicant has proved she was persecuted, she must demonstrate that such persecution was "on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion. (wordpress.com)
  • He has developed his views and positions across many fields, including social, political, and economic theory. (wikipedia.org)
  • His work begins from the premise that no natural social, political, or economic arrangements underlie individual or social activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Throughout much of the 1980s, Unger worked on his magnum opus, Politics: A Work In Constructive Social Theory, a three volume work that assessed classical social theory and developed a political, social, and economic alternative. (wikipedia.org)
  • Economic exploitation manifests itself in two forms: Politico-economic exploitation occurs when an imperialist nation or group engages in economic exploitation through the use of brute force to impose direct political control over another nation or group. (wikipedia.org)
  • Psycho-economic exploitation occurs when direct political control is not or is no longer feasible (often due to military logistics). (wikipedia.org)
  • sought
  • Ego: The ego acts as a moderator between the pleasure sought by the id and the morals of the superego, seeking compromises to pacify both. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • Phillip Tompkins was one of the first to use the phrase 'organizational identification' and is a pioneer in the study of organizational communication (Tompkins, 2005). (wikipedia.org)
  • A previous study [ 5 ] in similar population had reported that none of the hundred individuals studied had similar rugae in terms of the shape and length, and this supports the uniqueness of palatal rugae pattern as a tool for human identification. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The study of social competence began in the early 20th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • problems
  • One of the central problems in understanding the current debate over RMA arises from many theorists' use of the term to refer to the revolutionary technology itself, which is the driving force of change. (wikipedia.org)
  • It occurs in the absence of medical problems or sleep disruptions, such as sleep apnea, that can cause secondary hypersomnia, and is therefore considered a subset of the primary hypersomnias, which 'are thought to arise from problems with the brain's systems that regulate sleep and wake. (wikipedia.org)
  • situation
  • Social competence also reflects having an ability to take another's perspective concerning a situation, learn from past experiences, and apply that learning to the changes in social interactions. (wikipedia.org)
  • They also focus on how people select social goals, decide on the best response to a situation and enacting the chosen response. (wikipedia.org)
  • The definitions of the 1980s were less ambiguous than previous definitions, but they often did not acknowledge the age, situation, and skill specificity implicit in the complex construct of social competence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among the purposes of ego defence mechanisms is to protect the mind/self/ego from anxiety or social sanctions or to provide a refuge from a situation with which one cannot currently cope. (wikipedia.org)
  • climate
  • Lately, alongside the increased focus on climate change in society and the social sciences and the re-emergence of limits-to-growth concerns, there has been increased focus on environmental sustainability issues within the field. (wikipedia.org)
  • changes
  • Despite all the developments and changes in the conceptualization of social competence throughout the 20th century, there was still a general lack of agreement about the definition and measurement of social competence during the 1980s. (wikipedia.org)
  • group
  • The Supreme Court maintained in later cases that the identification of a comparator group was crucial to being able to assess the differential treatment claimed by the claimant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stereotype threat is a situational predicament in which people are or feel themselves to be at risk of conforming to stereotypes about their social group. (wikipedia.org)
  • The opposite of stereotype threat is stereotype boost, which is when people perform better than they otherwise would have, because of exposure to positive stereotypes about their social group. (wikipedia.org)
  • The IJ found her testimony credible and granted asylum on the grounds that she was a member of "a particular social group," i.e. (wordpress.com)
  • The BIA held that Guatemalan women who have been involved intimately with Guatemalan male companions who believe that women are to live under male domination is not a particular social group. (wordpress.com)
  • condition
  • During a photo line-up, the control participants were more likely to accurately identify the man they saw in the waiting room relative to participants in the weapon condition (49% versus 33% correct identifications). (wikipedia.org)
  • gender
  • The palatal rugae pattern is unique to humans and may be specific to ethnic groups and/or gender hence the suggestion for its use in population and gender identification in forensic dentistry [ 7 ]. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • process
  • These models concentrated on factors in interactions such as behavior, how people process and judge each other, and how they process social cues. (wikipedia.org)
  • world
  • not it justly is roles from insufficient activities across an leadership and agrees Again meant authentically in a responsibility subject, in logion to extreme world ministry( OLTP) events, inspired to read social, excellent discussions. (ohiorecorders.com)
  • desire
  • For example, when the id impulses (e.g., desire to have sexual relations with a stranger) conflict with the superego (e.g., belief in societal conventions of not having sex with unknown persons), unsatisfied feelings of anxiousness or feelings of anxiety come to the surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • People
  • A variant of stereotype boost is stereotype lift, which is people achieving better performance because of exposure to negative stereotypes about other social groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • society
  • Environmental psychologist Harold Proshansky discusses how the field is also "value oriented" because of the field's commitment to bettering society through problem identification. (wikipedia.org)
  • The stage of spiritual practice indirectly benefits society through the social service that is part of spiritual practice. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • Other factors include a social trend to have more children until menopause, selective factors favoring inherited disease characters like thalassemia and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, and the lack of public awareness towards the early recognition and prevention of inherited disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • benefits
  • The NIT is designed to avoid the welfare trap-effective high marginal tax rates arising from the rules reducing benefits as market income rises. (wikipedia.org)
  • activity
  • Permanent foraging trails are reinforced each season and if another ant from an alien species crossed it, hostile activity occurs. (wikipedia.org)
  • problem
  • Specific aspects of this field work by identifying a problem and through the identification of said problem, discovering a solution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since a central tenet of the flat tax is to minimize the compartmentalization of incomes into myriad special or sheltered cases, a vexing problem is deciding when income occurs. (wikipedia.org)
  • example
  • For example, in 2014, the United States Federal Insurance Contributions Act tax is 6.2% of gross compensation up to a limit of $117,000 of gross compensation (resulting in a maximum Social Security tax of $7,254). (wikipedia.org)
  • children
  • From a careful observation of spontaneous writing and reading activities as well as from data obtained through some elicitation techniques, it becomes possible to infer how children conceive the writing system and the social meaning of the activities related to it. (encyclopedia.com)