• hypertrophic
  • Hypertrophy occurs prior to or during puberty, but thereafter the hypertrophic testis returns to normal or remains only slightly enlarged. (auanet.org)
  • In summarizing the literature that reports augmentation, inhibition, or ablation of specific candidate "hypertrophy" signaling events through targeted gene deletion or overexpression strategies, one is struck both by the degree of "hypertrophy" obtained purely through signal pathway manipulation and by the varieties of "hypertrophic" phenotypes resulting from perturbation of individual signaling events. (ahajournals.org)
  • enlargement
  • Hypertrophy (from Greek ὑπέρ "excess" + τροφή "nourishment") is the increase in the volume of an organ or tissue due to the enlargement of its component cells. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Hypertrophy" (noun and verb), derived from Greek hyper (above, more than normal) and trophe (nutrition), is defined as "the enlargement or overgrowth of an organ or part due to an increase in size of its constitute cells. (ahajournals.org)
  • 3 Herein, we reflect on the appropriate meanings of terms and criteria that can be used to more accurately describe cardiac enlargement and myocardial growth, with the anticipation that rigorous mechanistic description of such phenotypes will result in a more coherent appreciation of the parallel and redundant processes that result in "myocardial hypertrophy. (ahajournals.org)
  • The widespread use of the term "hypertrophy" to describe one or a few specific pathophysiological conditions is a holdover from the earliest scientific work on cardiac response to stress, in which cardiac enlargement was largely assumed to be the result of increased cardiomyocyte size and was qualitatively predictable based on the nature of the provocative stimulus. (ahajournals.org)
  • Breast hypertrophy is a benign progressive enlargement, which can occur in both breasts (bilateral) or only in one breast (unilateral). (wikipedia.org)
  • Hemifacial hypertrophy (also termed facial hemihypertrophy, facial hemihyperplasia, or Friedreich's disease) abbreviated as (HFH) is rare congenital disease characterized by unilateral enlargement of the head and teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • cause
  • Breast hypertrophy is classified in one of five ways: as either pubertal (virginal hypertrophy), gestational (gravid macromastia), in adult women without any obvious cause, associated with penicillamine therapy, and associated with extreme obesity. (wikipedia.org)
  • He described that a long term adenoid hypertrophy will cause an obstruction of the nasal airways. (wikipedia.org)
  • typically
  • 1 Yet, the term "hypertrophy" has become one of the most misused and inaccurate terms in the cardiovascular basic science literature because of its nonspecificity and, as typically used, lack of mechanistic implication. (ahajournals.org)
  • growth
  • The use of cardiomyocytes in cell culture has identified, besides mechanical loading, a range of substances, such as cytokines, growth factors, catecholamines, vasoactive peptides and hormones, involved in mediating cardiac myocyte hypertrophy, and has enabled the molecular dissection of the pathways involved in signal transduction. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Hypertrophy of the breast tissues may be caused by increased histologic sensitivity to certain hormones such as female sex hormones, prolactin, and growth factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some women with virginal breast hypertrophy experience breast growth at a steady rate for several years, after which the breasts rapidly develop exceeding normal growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Natural hypertrophy normally stops at full growth in the late teens. (wikipedia.org)
  • lead
  • There is some low quality evidence suggesting that mometasone may lead to symptomatic improvement in children with adenoid hypertrophy. (wikipedia.org)
  • affect
  • Hypertrophy of the breast can affect the breasts equally, but usually affects one breast more than the other, thereby causing asymmetry, when one breast is larger than the other. (wikipedia.org)
  • condition
  • Breast hypertrophy is a rare medical condition of the breast connective tissues in which the breasts become excessively large. (wikipedia.org)
  • Viral gametocytic hypertrophy is a pathological condition observed in the Pacific oyster. (wikipedia.org)
  • Congenital hypertrophy of the lateral fold of the hallux is a rare cutaneous condition of unknown pathology that present to newborns. (wikipedia.org)