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  • data
  • High throughput plant phenotyping based on analysis of image data has recently emerged as a new frontier field for plant breeding and crop improvement. (frontiersin.org)
  • Since hyperspectral images contains a large data set, it can be challenging to analyse and extract meaningful information. (sun.ac.za)
  • The application of chemometrics allows the reduction of the data set whilst retaining important spectral information and identifying important characteristics of an image. (sun.ac.za)
  • Four dedicated computers with the Evince and Breeze software is available for acquiring images and for data analysis and processing. (sun.ac.za)
  • The parallel nature of chemical imaging data makes it possible to analyze multiple samples simultaneously for applications that require high throughput analysis in addition to characterizing a single sample. (wikipedia.org)
  • Image fusion and annotation requires an accurate registration of pre-operative and intra-operative data which is mostly performed manually. (fau.de)
  • It discusses least-squares, total-least squares, and Markov random-field-based frameworks to unmix hyperspectral data. (spie.org)
  • Acquisition of digital images and associated data serves as a good basis for repeatable research, across both time and place of different institutions, allowing the exchange and safe, non-destructive analysis of obtained results. (springeropen.com)
  • Detection
  • To this end, catheter-like image regions are transformed into a graph like structure which serves as reduced search space for the catheter detection method. (fau.de)
  • Intraoperative tumor imaging and cancer detection, in a non-invasive, rapid and simple way, can help surgeons to resect tumor tissues with a safe margin of normal tissue. (tue.nl)
  • Tongue tumor detection in medical hyperspectral images. (tue.nl)
  • Imaging from 400 to 1700 nm with a bandwidth of 3 nm, Photon Etc.'s IMA™ is capable of measuring optoelectrical properties such as Voltage Open Circuit and External Quantum Efficiency and allows precise detection and characterization of defects in materials which is ideal for the quality control of semiconductor devices (GaAs, SiC, CdTe, CIS, CIGS, etc. (ekomobi.com)
  • system
  • 95 kg) boxlike system, with solar panel collectors on its surface, has remarkable image-making qualities. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a hyperspectral system (200 narrow bands) that image at 30 m, plus three in the visible that have 15 m resolution. (wikipedia.org)
  • An image analysis and enhancement system is provided with an image processor, imaging metrics, an image storage depository, and a reconfigurable sensor device that can be present at the same location. (patentgenius.com)
  • 2. A system according to claim 1, wherein: said third imaging element is a polarizer. (patentgenius.com)
  • 7. A system according to claim 3, wherein said filter is a hyperspectral filter. (patentgenius.com)
  • 9. A system according to claim 5, wherein said fifth imaging element is a second polarizer. (patentgenius.com)
  • a Visible Near Infrared (VNIR) and Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) imaging system operating in the 400 - 1000 nm and the 950 - 2500 nm spectral range, respectively. (sun.ac.za)
  • This study introduces a tailor-made hyperspectral absorption-reflectance-transmittance imaging (HyperART) system, yielding a non-invasive determination of both reflectance and transmittance of the whole leaf. (biomedcentral.com)
  • There is a need for adoption of standards for digitising cultural heritage objects to achieve greater consistency of system performance and image quality. (springeropen.com)
  • In general, optical sorters feature four major components: the feed system, the optical system, image processing software and the separation system. (wikipedia.org)
  • The image processing system compares objects to user-defined accept/reject thresholds to classify objects and actuate the separation system. (wikipedia.org)
  • a lens system transmitting the image from the objective lens to the viewer, typically a relay lens system in the case of rigid endoscopes or a bundle of fiberoptics in the case of a fiberscope. (wikipedia.org)
  • collect
  • Imaging instrumentation has three components: a radiation source to illuminate the sample, a spectrally selective element, and usually a detector array (the camera) to collect the images. (wikipedia.org)
  • near infrared
  • Furthermore, vibrational overtones and combination bands occur in the near-infrared region. (wikipedia.org)
  • Combination bands, such as ν2 + ν3 are also easily observed in the near infrared region. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the near-infrared range liquid water has absorption bands around 1950 nm (5128 cm−1), 1450 nm (6896 cm−1), 1200 nm (8333 cm−1) and 970 nm, (10300 cm−1). (wikipedia.org)
  • sensor
  • A qualia exploitation of sensor technology (QUEST) motivated architecture using algorithm fusion and adaptive feedback loops for face recognition for hyperspectral imagery (HSI) is presented. (hindawi.com)
  • A remote reconfigurable sensor device is connected to the image processor via a communication link. (patentgenius.com)
  • Both the reconfigurable sensor device and the remote reconfigurable sensor device are equipped with selectable optical elements and imaging elements that are selected in a desired combination and orientation to capture desired image frames from a target scene or object. (patentgenius.com)
  • An off-the-shelf digital camera contains an infrared hot mirror filter that blocks most of the infrared and a bit of the ultraviolet that would otherwise be detected by the sensor, narrowing the accepted range from about 400 nm to 700 nm. (wikipedia.org)
  • systems
  • CPI New England integrates innovative electro-optic technology into mechanically robust, low power consumption, frequency-agile systems for imaging, defense, telecommunication and scientific research applications. (192.34.62)
  • These systems have the drawback of having the image analyzed per lines (with a push broom scanner) and also having some mechanical parts integrated into the optical train. (wikipedia.org)
  • Commercially available laboratory-based chemical imaging systems emerged in the early 1990s (ref. 1-5). (wikipedia.org)
  • As high-speed electronics and sophisticated computers became more commonplace, and infrared cameras became readily commercially available, laboratory chemical imaging systems were introduced. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many imaging techniques can be used to analyze samples of all sizes, from the single molecule to the cellular level in biology and medicine, and to images of planetary systems in astronomy, but different instrumentation is employed for making observations on such widely different systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this context, a Round Robin Test (RRT) exercise was conducted to compare the characteristics and performance of different spectral imaging systems. (springeropen.com)
  • Based on high throughput global imaging filters, IMA™ is faster and more efficient than scanning spectrograph-based hyperspectral systems. (ekomobi.com)
  • Infrared thermal-imaging cameras are used to detect heat loss in insulated systems, to observe changing blood flow in the skin, and to detect overheating of electrical apparatus. (wikipedia.org)
  • methods
  • Software for chemical imaging is most specific and distinguished from chemical methods such as chemometrics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, we propose also methods for reconstructing the 3-D shape of catheters from 2-D X-ray images as this is needed later for registration. (fau.de)
  • In recent years, developments in HSI, image analysis methods, and computation power make its applications in medical field possible. (tue.nl)
  • With spatial and spectral information obtained, image classification methods for hyperspectral datasets are required to classify relevant spectral information. (tue.nl)
  • Absorption
  • By using both the reflectance and transmittance image, an image of leaf absorption can be calculated. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Currently there are no known imaging approaches that can measure reflectance and transmittance simultaneously and derive absorption of plant leaves. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The fundamental transitions give rise to absorption in the mid-infrared in the regions around 1650 cm−1 (μ band, 6 μm) and 3500 cm−1 (so-called X band, 2.9 μm) Electronic transitions in which a molecule is promoted to an excited electronic state. (wikipedia.org)
  • In liquid water the rotational transitions are effectively quenched, but absorption bands are affected by hydrogen bonding. (wikipedia.org)
  • The O-H stretching vibrations give rise to absorption bands with band origins at 3657 cm−1 (ν1, 2.734 μm) and 3756 cm−1 (ν3, 2.662 μm) in the gas phase. (wikipedia.org)
  • Standard (atmospheric optical) codes are assigned to absorption bands as follows. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is no rotational fine structure, but the absorption band are broader than might be expected, because of hydrogen bonding. (wikipedia.org)
  • reconstruction
  • Resulting annotations in two X-ray images from different views can then be used to compute a 3-D reconstruction of the catheters. (fau.de)
  • detector
  • and wherein said first imaging element is a lens and said second imaging element is a detector. (patentgenius.com)
  • said filter and said at least one detector may be selectively actuated to move in and out of an optical path so as to form a desired arrangement of elements in the optical path for a realizing a desired imaging technique. (patentgenius.com)
  • range
  • Hyperspectral images were collected from 60 maize and 60 soybean plants, each subjected to varying levels of either water deficit or nutrient limitation stress with the goal of creating a wide range of variation in the chemical properties of plant leaves. (frontiersin.org)
  • 4. The imaging device of claim 3, wherein the first light source emits light that is substantially limited to a first spectral range, and the second light source emits light that is substantially limited to a second spectral range. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • thermal
  • A thermographic camera (also called an infrared camera or thermal imaging camera) is a device that forms an image using infrared radiation, similar to a common camera that forms an image using visible light. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tompsett also proposed an idea for solid-state thermal-imaging arrays, which eventually led to modern hybridized single-crystal-slice imaging devices. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thermal-infrared imaging is used extensively for military and civilian purposes. (wikipedia.org)
  • processes
  • Practical experience and scientific depth enable us to innovate rapidly and creatively to meet the challenges that our customers face in manufacturing, imaging and non-contact sensing processes in both commercial and scientific applications. (192.34.62)
  • While traditional IMINT and SIGINT are not considered to be MASINT efforts, images and signals from other intelligence-gathering processes can be further examined through the MASINT discipline, such as determining the depth of buried assets in imagery gathered through the IMINT process. (wikipedia.org)
  • esophagus
  • The device records images of the esophagus at 30 Hz with 500-line video resolution or 50-μm for stills, according to team leader Eric J. Seibel. (photonics.com)
  • giving treatment, such as cauterization of a bleeding vessel, widening a narrow esophagus, clipping off a polyp or removing a foreign object. (wikipedia.org)
  • chemical
  • Initially used for novel research in specialized laboratories, chemical imaging became a more commonplace analytical technique used for general R&D, quality assurance (QA) and quality control (QC) in less than a decade. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chemical imaging techniques are critical to understanding modern manufactured products and in some cases is a non-destructive technique so that samples are preserved for further testing. (wikipedia.org)
  • EELS has historically been a more difficult technique but is in principle capable of measuring atomic composition, chemical bonding, valence and conduction band electronic properties, surface properties, and element-specific pair distance distribution functions. (wikipedia.org)
  • approaches
  • Qualia-based approaches are constructed from subjective representations and have the ability to detect, distinguish, and characterize entities in the environment Adaptive feedback loops are implemented that enhance performance by reducing candidate subjects in the gallery and by injecting additional probe images during the matching process. (hindawi.com)
  • While several approaches were investigated to improve the speed and accuracy of the technology, one of the most crucial factors dealt with scanning an image, which the AGA company was able to commercialize using a cooled photoconductor. (wikipedia.org)
  • characteristics
  • For this purpose, imaging techniques hold a prominent position in estimating various plant characteristics, ranging from pigment content to infection from diseases. (biomedcentral.com)
  • radiation
  • Inelastic interactions include phonon excitations, inter- and intra-band transitions, plasmon excitations, inner shell ionizations, and Cherenkov radiation. (wikipedia.org)
  • lens
  • 3. The imaging device of claim 1, further comprising a first light source and a second light source, wherein the first light source and the second light source are configured to shine light so that a portion of the light is backscattered by the object and received by the lens. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • camera
  • In wireless capsule endoscopy, a patient swallows a small pill-shaped camera that moves through the digestive tract, wirelessly transmitting images to a remote recorder. (photonics.com)
  • High spectral resolution camera (200 bands between 400 and 2500 nm along a 150 km swath. (wikipedia.org)
  • contrast
  • Plausibility is determined with respect to a reconstructed contrast agent distribution within the 3-D left atrium and the contrast agent in the 2-D images. (fau.de)
  • We show that a combination of this similarity measure and a measure that relates edge information from the contrast agent in 2-D images to edges of the 3-D model increases accuracy substantially. (fau.de)
  • visible
  • This technique of dividing images into bands can be extended beyond the visible. (wikipedia.org)
  • 0.718 μm (visible): α, 0.810 μm: μ, 0.935 μm: ρστ, 1.13 μm: φ, 1.38 μm: ψ, 1.88 μm: Ω, 2.68 μm: X. The gaps between the bands define the infrared window in the Earth's atmosphere. (wikipedia.org)
  • single
  • The first method is able to annotate whole line-shaped catheters in 2-D X-ray images based on a single seed point. (fau.de)
  • For example, single wall nanotubes (SWNTs) emission bands are narrow (~ 20 nm) and each band corresponds to unique species (chiralities). (ekomobi.com)
  • This was created by the US military and Texas Instruments in 1947[not in citation given] and took one hour to produce a single image. (wikipedia.org)
  • System
  • The system is designed to exploit subtle spectral details in visible and near-IR polarimetric images. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • In general, optical sorters feature four major components: the feed system, the optical system, image processing software and the separation system. (wikipedia.org)
  • The image processing system compares objects to user-defined accept/reject thresholds to classify objects and actuate the separation system. (wikipedia.org)
  • 95 kg) boxlike system, with solar panel collectors on its surface, has remarkable image-making qualities. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a hyperspectral system (200 narrow bands) that image at 30 m, plus three in the visible that have 15 m resolution. (wikipedia.org)
  • broader
  • There is no rotational fine structure, but the absorption band are broader than might be expected, because of hydrogen bonding. (wikipedia.org)
  • femtosecond
  • Trestles LH is a new series of high quality femtosecond Ti:Sapphire lasers for applications in scientific research, biological imaging, life sciences and precision material processing. (dmphotonics.com)
  • Anywhere from CEP-stabilized femtosecond Ti:Sapphire oscillators to ultra-narrow-linewidth CW Ti:Sapphire oscillators. (dmphotonics.com)
  • photons
  • Well, the image that we see from an L5 shot, for instance, shows us bright signals only from photons that came in within a frequency of roughly 520-540 nm. (abovetopsecret.com)
  • The QE for photons with energy below the band gap is zero. (wikipedia.org)
  • Note that in the event of multiple exciton generation (MEG), quantum efficiencies of greater than 100% may be achieved since the incident photons have more than twice the band gap energy and can create two or more electron-hole pairs per incident photon. (wikipedia.org)
  • transitions
  • The fundamental transitions give rise to absorption in the mid-infrared in the regions around 1650 cm−1 (μ band, 6 μm) and 3500 cm−1 (so-called X band, 2.9 μm) Electronic transitions in which a molecule is promoted to an excited electronic state. (wikipedia.org)
  • In liquid water the rotational transitions are effectively quenched, but absorption bands are affected by hydrogen bonding. (wikipedia.org)
  • full
  • Less common filters have been claimed to give a variety of color effects ranging from diverse pastel foliage and deep blue skies to surrealistic effects of the sky and ground, though digital image processing is likely required to achieve the full effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • Photographic
  • The earliest color films sometimes included wider band color than recent commercial photographic emulsions, and can be recognized by the more reddish and or limited color tones of early color prints (not to be confused with print fading). (wikipedia.org)
  • techniques
  • Buried structures may be identified mainly by image interpretation of crop marks [ 9 - 11 ] or using semi-automatic techniques [ 12 , 13 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • There are four basic techniques for acquiring the three-dimensional (x,y,λ) dataset of a hyperspectral cube. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike many other medical imaging techniques, endoscopes are inserted directly into the organ. (wikipedia.org)
  • crop
  • Image-based high-throughput plant phenotyping in greenhouse has the potential to relieve the bottleneck currently presented by phenotypic scoring which limits the throughput of gene discovery and crop improvement efforts. (frontiersin.org)
  • cameras
  • When a shot is taken on one of the Pancam cameras (either the left or right) with a narrow bandpass filter in place (say, L3 through L7), what happens is that (basically) all frequencies of light that fall outside that particular narrow band are BLOCKED by the filter. (abovetopsecret.com)
  • read
  • In addition to economic factors, such as the need for sophisticated electronics and extremely high-end computers, a significant barrier to commercialization of infrared imaging was that the focal plane array (FPA) needed to read IR images were not readily available as commercial items. (wikipedia.org)
  • applications
  • Hyperspectral imaging is most often applied to either solid or gel samples, and has applications in chemistry, biology, medicine, pharmacy (see also for example: food science, biotechnology, agriculture and industry. (wikipedia.org)
  • High
  • Technological advancements enable fast and high-resolution hyperspectral imaging for the research and clinical markets. (photonics.com)
  • High spectral resolution camera (200 bands between 400 and 2500 nm along a 150 km swath. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, a standard red #25a can be used to include red light and infrared light together, yielding particularly strong two-toned color images of a reddish nature except where the infrared is high and shows as cyan. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • For the purpose of this study, a large ground spectral signature database has been explored and analyzed separately for each different satellite image. (mdpi.com)