• enzyme
  • One unit is defined as the amount of enzyme required to catalyze the hydrolysis of 1 µmol of asialo GM1 per minute. (clontech.com)
  • Hydrolysis relieves some of these electrostatic repulsions, liberating useful energy in the process by causing conformational changes in enzyme structure. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hydrolysis or cleavage of RNA can occur spontaneously, without the presence of a catalyst or enzyme. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fluorescein diacetate (FDA) hydrolysis assays can be used to measure enzyme activity produced by microbes in a sample. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the former case (desymmetrization), the chiral environment of the enzyme active site leads to selective hydrolysis of the ester that is closer to the catalytically active serine residue when the substrate is bound to the enzyme. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both strategies rely on the fact that the transition states for hydrolysis of enantiotopic or enantiomorphic ester groups by the chiral enzyme are diastereomeric. (wikipedia.org)
  • A key serine residue in the active site promotes hydrolysis, but the substrate must present an ester group to this residue after binding to the enzyme active site for hydrolysis to take place. (wikipedia.org)
  • biomass
  • Application of the process to biomass provides simple sugars in near quantitative yield by supercritical hydrolysis of the constituent polysaccharides. (wikipedia.org)
  • A private company, Renmatix, based in King of Prussia, PA, has developed a supercritical hydrolysis technology to convert a range of non-food biomass feedstocks into cellulosic sugars for application in biochemicals and biofuels. (wikipedia.org)
  • nucleophile
  • Their hydrolysis occurs when the nucleophile (a nucleus-seeking agent, e.g., water or hydroxyl ion) attacks the carbon of the carbonyl group of the ester or amide. (wikipedia.org)
  • RNA hydrolysis occurs when the deprotonated 2' OH of the ribose, acting as a nucleophile, attacks the adjacent phosphorus in the phosphodiester bond of the sugar-phosphate backbone of the RNA. (wikipedia.org)
  • thus
  • The modified method eliminates the usual 4-hour hydrolysis period by substituting a 15-minute hydrolysis in an autoclave, thus allowing a more rapid processing of samples. (dtic.mil)
  • Thus hydrolysis adds water to break down, whereas condensation builds up by removing water and any other solvents. (wikipedia.org)
  • This feature makes RNA chemically unstable compared to DNA, which does not have this 2' OH group and thus is not susceptible to base-catalyzed hydrolysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • process
  • Usually hydrolysis is a chemical process in which a molecule of water is added to a substance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hydrolysis of the terminal phosphoanhydridic bond is a highly exergonic process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Supercritical hydrolysis can be considered a broadly applicable green chemistry process that utilizes water simultaneously as a heat transfer agent, a solvent, a reactant, a source of hydrogen and as a char-reduction component. (wikipedia.org)
  • yield
  • However, if rapid racemization is occurring alongside hydrolysis (an example of dynamic kinetic resolution), a maximum yield of 100% is possible. (wikipedia.org)
  • proteins
  • In this thesis, we developed a method to define expectations of the extent of protein hydrolysis, based on the properties of the proteins, the enzymes and the hydrolysis conditions. (wur.nl)
  • The catalytic action of enzymes allows the hydrolysis of proteins, fats, oils, and carbohydrates. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, proteases do not catalyse the hydrolysis of all kinds of proteins. (wikipedia.org)
  • weak
  • As noted below, energy is released by the hydrolysis of ATP when these weak bonds are broken - requiring a small input of energy, followed by the formation of new bonds and the release of a larger amount of energy as the total energy of the system is lowered and becomes more stable. (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • The present invention relates to polymerizable acrylophosphonic acids which have a high hydrolysis stability and are suitable in particular for preparing, or as components of, polymers, adhesives or other materials and mainly dental materials. (google.com)
  • Under certain conditions, high levels of ATP hydrolysis can contribute to lactic acidosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Field Deployable Hydrolysis System (FDHS) is a transportable, high throughput neutralization system developed by the U.S. Army for converting chemical warfare material into compounds not usable as weapons. (wikipedia.org)
  • products
  • Hydrolysis of the phosphate groups in ATP is especially exergonic, because the resulting orthophosphate group is greatly stabilized by multiple resonance structures, making the products (ADP and Pi) much lower in energy than the reactant (ATP). (wikipedia.org)
  • Analysis
  • Serum Protein-Bound Hexosamine Analysis with Autoclave Hydrolysis. (dtic.mil)
  • The Protein Hydrolysis Enzymes market analysis is provided for the Europe markets including development trends, competitive landscape analysis, and key regions development status. (pitchengine.com)
  • sugar
  • RNA is susceptible to this base-catalyzed hydrolysis because the ribose sugar in RNA has a hydroxyl group at the 2' position. (wikipedia.org)
  • final
  • ATP hydrolysis is the final link between the energy derived from food or sunlight and useful work such as muscle contraction, the establishment of electrochemical gradients across membranes, and biosynthetic processes necessary to maintain life. (wikipedia.org)