• Solvents
  • When considering the entire range of benefits over time, high-quality custom fiberglass that can be formulated to withstand a variety of acids, bases, chlorides, solvents, and oxidizers and outlast other popular materials of construction such as high-priced nickel alloys is a very cost-effective material. (beetleplastics.com)
  • oxidation
  • after the slop has been placed in a Aproper condltion'for treatment an agent having the characteristic of causing precipitation, betrelatively'high oxidation potential and is relatively inexpensive. (google.com)
  • Because the oxidation of sulfhydryls and disulfides evolves hydrochloric acid, this process results in the depletion HClO. (wikipedia.org)
  • Low pH also decreases the solubility of some iron and arsenic species as well as increasing the adsorptive reactivity of arsenate, As(V). Additional oxidation of Fe+2 to Fe+3, also referred to as iron(II) and iron(III), is induced by the addition of sodium hypochlorite, NaOCl, at the well head. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the laboratory, ClO2 is prepared by oxidation of sodium chlorite: NaClO2 + ½ Cl2 → ClO2 + NaCl Chlorine dioxide can be prepared in laboratory by reaction of potassium chlorate with oxalic acid: KClO3 + H2C2O4 → ½ K2C2O4 + ClO2 + CO2 + H2O KClO3 + ½ H2C2O4 + H2SO4 → KHSO4 + ClO2 + CO2 + H2O Over 95% of the chlorine dioxide produced in the world today is made from sodium chlorate and is used for pulp bleaching. (wikipedia.org)
  • plant
  • Visit any large wastewater treatment plant in the United States or Canada and chances are Schwing Bioset equipment, whether piston pumps or sliding frames, is handling the dewatered biosolids. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Industrial and municipal wastewater treatment generates odors that can be strong, persistent, and a nuisance to employees, residents, businesses, and industries located near the wastewater treatment plant. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Modified starch should not be confused with genetically modified starch, which refers to starch from genetically engineered plants, such as those that have been genetically modified to produce novel fatty acids or carbohydrates which might not occur in the plant species being harvested. (wikipedia.org)
  • The modification in "genetically modified" refers to the genetic engineering of the plant DNA, whereas in the term "Modified Starch" seen on mandatory ingredient labels it refers to the later processing or treatment of the starch or starch granules. (wikipedia.org)
  • Early attempts at implementing water chlorination at a water treatment plant were made in 1893 in Hamburg, Germany, and in 1897 the town of Maidstone, England was the first to have its entire water supply treated with chlorine. (wikipedia.org)
  • The treatment process was conceived by Dr. John L. Leal, and the chlorination plant was designed by George Warren Fuller. (wikipedia.org)
  • hydrogen
  • As one illustration of our experiments with thisfcharacteristic of the slopv we have'foundthat due to its lactic acid content the vaverage raw slop has a hydrogen-ion concentration of approximately 4 pH. (google.com)
  • Although a much lower production scale is involved, electrolytic diaphragm and membrane technologies are also used industrially to recover chlorine from hydrochloric acid solutions, producing hydrogen (but no caustic alkali) as a co-product. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chemical
  • The chemical feed dosing system consists of a sodium hypochlorite module that oxidizes the arsenic from trivalent to pentavalent. (adedgetech.com)
  • A second chemical feed module uses hydrochloric acid to lower the pH and improve media life. (adedgetech.com)
  • Iron oxide adsorption treatment for arsenic in groundwater is a commonly practiced removal process which involves the chemical treatment of arsenic species such that they adsorb onto iron oxides and create larger particles that may be filtered out of the water stream. (wikipedia.org)
  • For instance as a swimming pool chemical it is often mixed with cyanuric acid stabilizers and anti-scaling agents (in order to reduce the loss of chlorine from ultraviolet radiation and to prevent calcium hardening). (wikipedia.org)
  • Chemical Products Synopsis: Calcium Hypochlorite (Technical report). (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • Toxic cyanide is oxidized to cyanate (OCN−) that is not toxic, idealized as follows: CN− + OCl− → OCN− + Cl− Sodium hypochlorite is commonly used as a biocide in industrial applications to control slime and bacteria formation in water systems used at power plants, pulp and paper mills, etc., in solutions typically of 10-15% by weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • Calcium hypochlorite is commonly used to sanitize public swimming pools and disinfect drinking water. (wikipedia.org)
  • HClO
  • Consistent with this, it has been proposed that sulfhydryl groups of sulfur-containing amino acids can be oxidized a total of three times by three HClO molecules, with the fourth reacting with the α-amino group. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sulfinic acid and R-SO3H derivatives are produced only at high molar excesses of HClO, and disulfides are formed primarily at bacteriocidal levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Disulfide bonds can also be oxidized by HClO to sulfinic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • concentration
  • The treatment units have consistently lowered the arsenic concentration to non-detectable levels since they started up. (adedgetech.com)
  • One study has shown that Enterococcus faecalis was still present in the dentin after 40 minutes of exposure of 1.3% and 2.5% sodium hypochlorite, whereas 40 minutes at a concentration of 5.25% was effective in E. faecalis removal. (wikipedia.org)
  • free chlorine
  • Chlorine (referred to in water treatment as free chlorine) is being displaced by chloramine-to be specific monochloramine-which is much more stable and does not dissipate as rapidly as free chlorine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Strong chlorine solution" is a 0.5% solution of hypochlorite (containing approximately 5000 ppm free chlorine) used for disinfecting areas contaminated with body fluids, including large blood spills (the area is first cleaned with detergent before being disinfected). (wikipedia.org)
  • solution
  • Many other parameters also enter the difficult equation that process designers and engineers have to resolve so to produce the most suitable solution for treatment of industrial effluents. (environmental-expert.com)
  • AdEdge was contacted by EcoRiles in 2013 to design, manufacture, and commission an arsenic removal solution for the Quilicura municipalty.The AdEdge arsenic treatment solution consists of four WaterPOD containerized systems rated for a combined total of 1600 gpm (100 lps). (adedgetech.com)
  • Sodium hypochlorite in solution exhibits broad spectrum anti-microbial activity and is widely used in healthcare facilities in a variety of settings. (wikipedia.org)
  • Weak chlorine solution" is a 0.05% solution of hypochlorite used for washing hands, but is normally prepared with calcium hypochlorite granules. (wikipedia.org)
  • Shortly after Darnall's demonstration, Major William J. L. Lyster of the Army Medical Department used a solution of calcium hypochlorite in a linen bag to treat water. (wikipedia.org)
  • oxides
  • This yellowish-green gas crystallizes as bright orange crystals at −59 °C. As one of several oxides of chlorine, it is a potent and useful oxidizing agent used in water treatment and in bleaching. (wikipedia.org)
  • chloramines
  • Chlorinated amino acids rapidly decompose, but protein chloramines are longer-lived and retain some oxidative capacity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Soil and rock layers naturally filter the ground water to a high degree of clarity and often, it does not require additional treatment besides adding chlorine or chloramines as secondary disinfectants. (wikipedia.org)