• Prevalence
  • Though most of the population is still living below the National Poverty Line, its economic growth indicates new opportunities and a movement towards increase in the prevalence of chronic diseases which is observed in at high rates in developed countries such as United States, Canada and Australia. (wikipedia.org)
  • United Nations
  • French: Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Italian: Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is a specialised agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger. (wikipedia.org)
  • diseases
  • The main criticism was that confounding variables such as environmental factors could attribute to many of the chronic diseases such that low birth weight alone should not be dictated as an independent risk factor. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the living environment switches from the condition of malnutrition to a society of abundant supply of nutrients, this exposes the baby to a bountiful environment that goes against what its body is designed for and this places the baby at a higher risk of adult diseases later in adulthood. (wikipedia.org)
  • dietary
  • medical citation needed] Poor nutrition is a chronic problem often linked to poverty, a poor understanding of nutrition and dietary practices, and deficient sanitation and food security. (wikipedia.org)
  • infants
  • Where hunger is widespread, mortality rates for infants and children under five are high, and life expectancy is low. (fao.org)
  • Maintaining a healthy weight during gestation lowers adverse risks on infants such as birth defects, as well as chronic conditions in adulthood such as obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease (CVD). (wikipedia.org)
  • food security
  • A National Academy of Sciences study commissioned by the USDA criticized this measurement and the relationship of "food security" to hunger, adding "it is not clear whether hunger is appropriately identified as the extreme end of the food security scale. (wikipedia.org)
  • children
  • One in seven children born in poor countries where hunger is most common will die before reaching the age of five. (fao.org)
  • Most agree that there were serious problems with the institution: poor living conditions, corporal punishment, over-crowding, lack of academic education, forced farm labour, hunger, racist curriculum, and children punished for speaking the Mi'kmaq language. (wikipedia.org)
  • Why do 18,000 children die of hunger every day? (links.org.au)
  • Children are badly affected both in their physical and mental development as a consequence of malnutrition. (worldpress.org)
  • Breastfeeding can reduce rates of malnutrition and death in children, and efforts to promote the practice increase the rates of breastfeeding. (wikipedia.org)
  • An additional 165 million children were estimated to have stunted growth from malnutrition in 2013. (wikipedia.org)
  • developing countries
  • Based on these estimates the demand for food worldwide will increase by 40%-70% by 2050 depending on income growth in developing countries most effected by poverty and chronic health issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the 2009 G8 Summit in L'Aquila, Italy, President of the United States Barack Obama announced a $10.15 billion commitment over 3 years to an initiative that would focus on reducing hunger and poverty in developing countries in Sub-Saharan Africa and South East Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • Robert Mundell Nancy Stokey Thomas Schelling Vernon Smith Finn Kydland Armed conflict Biodiversity Chronic Disease Climate Change Education Hunger and Malnutrition Infectious Disease Natural Disasters Population Growth Water and Sanitation In addition, the Center commissioned research on Corruption and Trade Barriers, but the Expert Panel did not rank these for Copenhagen Consensus 2012, because the solutions to these challenges are political rather than investment-related. (wikipedia.org)
  • The European economy entered a vicious circle in which hunger and chronic, low-level debilitating disease reduced the productivity of labourers, and so the grain output was reduced, causing grain prices to increase. (wikipedia.org)
  • development
  • Despite the expenditure of billions of dollars on development aid and the launch of high-profile initiatives such as the Millennium Development Goals, the blight of hunger has not been defeated. (worldpress.org)
  • It involves an acute Wernicke-encephalopathy phase, followed by the development of a chronic Korsakoff's syndrome phase. (wikipedia.org)
  • experience
  • Household Hunger Scale (HHS)- measures the experience of household food deprivation based on a set of predictable reactions, captured through a survey and summarized in a scale. (wikipedia.org)