• strains
  • Two bacterial strains (Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron ARABA 84 and B. fragilis ARABA 19) specific for bacteriophages present in human faecal contamination and three strains (B. caccae RBA 63 and RBA 64 as well as B. fragilis KBA 60) specific for bacteriophages indicating animal faecal contamination were isolated from human wastewater and animal faecal specimens. (unibas.ch)
  • Sorbitol-fermenting bifidobacteria and phages infecting the Bacteroides host strains GA-17 and GB-124 were previously described to indicate human faecal contamination. (unibas.ch)
  • Based upon this assessment, sorbitol-fermenting bifidobacteria and phages of the human host strains B. thetaiotaomicron ARABA 84 and B. ovatus GB-124 can be recommended for detecting human faecal contamination in Swiss surface and drinking water. (unibas.ch)
  • The fungus contains several chemical compounds with in vitro biological activity, and fruit bodies have antimicrobial activity against several species and strains of drug-resistant bacteria that cause disease in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Serology reagents used in tests intended to detect antigens that permit the identification of strains of Streptococcus group B (i.e. (optometricmanagement.com)
  • The more than 20 extracellular substances elaborated by strains of β-hemolytic streptococci include erythrogenic toxin (elaborated only by lysogenic strains), deoxyribonuclease (streptodornase), hemolysins (streptolysins O and S), hyaluronidase, and streptokinase. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Some strains of group A streptococci (GAS) cause severe infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • In molecular biology a pan-genome (or supra-genome) describes the full complement of genes in a clade (originally applied to species in bacteria and archaea, but also to plant species), which can have large variation in gene content among closely related strains or ecotypes. (wikipedia.org)
  • when they sequenced six strains of Streptococcus agalactiae which could be described as a core genome shared by all isolates, accounting for approximately 80% of any single genome, plus a dispensable genome consisting of partially shared and strain-specific genes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genomic restriction fragment analysis of diverse host and geographical panels of S. iniae isolates has shown common profiles between virulent fish and human strains, though multiple pulsed field gel electrophoresis patterns have been identified among human isolates. (wikipedia.org)
  • pathogenic bacteria
  • Here, we review the main pathogenic bacteria found in Oreochromis niloticus culture operations and options for controlling the appearance of bacterial pathogens in aquaculture production . (omicsonline.org)
  • The sortases are thought to be good targets for new antibiotics as they are important proteins for pathogenic bacteria and some limited commercial interest has been noted by at least one company. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although it is not completely clear what causes different people to develop different diseases as a result of infection with the same pathogenic bacteria, it is suspected that host phenotypic and epigenetic factors are the source of such variation. (wikipedia.org)
  • harmless
  • It has been researched extensively for its capabilities as an alternative antibiotic as it is harmless to human body cells while being cytotoxic to bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antibodies
  • In particular, these macrophages are activated when bacteria are bound by IgG antibodies (IgG1 or IgG3) or the complement component C3b. (wikipedia.org)
  • These types of antibodies and complement are immune substances called opsonizers, molecules that bind to the surface of bacteria to facilitate phagocytosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aeromonas
  • Among the disease organisms that cause mortality in tilapia are bacteria such as Flavobacterium columnare, Edwardsiella tarda, Aeromonas spp. (omicsonline.org)
  • Genome
  • Recombination is an important evolutionary force in shaping Streptococcus genomes, not only in the acquisition of significant portions of the genome as lineage specific loci, but also in facilitating rapid evolution of the core-genome. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Positive selection, although undoubtedly a slower process, has nonetheless played an important role in adaptation of the core-genome of different Streptococcus species to different hosts. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Extrapolation suggested that the gene reservoir in the S. agalactiae pan-genome is vast and that new unique genes will continue to be identified even after sequencing hundreds of genomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • kinds of bacteria
  • On Wednesday the CDC published a report by the Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science in the United Kingdom, which studied the kinds of bacteria carried by the Garra rufa, or "doctor fish," an inch-long silver carp native to Southeast Asia. (medicalxpress.com)
  • It's no secret that water provides a fertile breeding ground for all kinds of bacteria. (medicalxpress.com)
  • After an outbreak of strep bacteria last year in a shipment of the fish, the British government seized five containers from London's Heathrow Airport to study what kinds of bacteria the fish were carrying. (medicalxpress.com)
  • The petri dishes were filled with tryptic soy agar and using a guide supplied by the manufacturers, I was able to visually identify some of the following kinds of bacteria. (behance.net)
  • agar
  • Table: Medically relevant streptococci (not all are alpha hemolytic) When alpha hemolysis (α-hemolysis) is present, the agar under the colony is dark and greenish. (wikipedia.org)
  • Throat and Skin
  • azitromax online online with your doctor if Tonsillitis Strep Throat and Skin approximately 11 is excreted in some resulting in death have between the two treatment arms. (awardspace.us)
  • cause
  • Hence the bacteria are free to cause infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, in some cases the bacterium can cause an infection that can result in the death of a newborn baby. (pharmamicroresources.com)
  • The Nocardia may also cause disease in humans, particularly in immunocompromised patients, such as those with AIDS. (wikipedia.org)
  • Enteric bacilli that originate from the digestive system of the mother have become as prevalent as the group B streptococcus pathogens and are currently as likely to cause infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • antibiotics
  • The effect of changes in the consumption of macrolide antibiotics and erythromycin resistance in group A streptococci in Finland. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Naturally, the discovery correlated with studies exploring different methods seeking to further gain alternative antibiotics, understanding that most older antibiotics are decreasing in effectiveness against bacteria with antibiotic resistance. (wikipedia.org)
  • The bacterium was found to be sensitive to beta-lactam antibiotics, and the dolphin was treated successfully with penicillin and tylosin. (wikipedia.org)
  • aureus
  • Indeed the ethanol extract evidenced high phenolic content (384.33 ± 0.005 mg/g), flavonoids contents (85.8 ± 0.009 mg/g) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (33,590 ± 0.038 mmol/g), with high activity against S. aureus and S. agalactiae (11 ± 0.3 and 12 ± 0.6 mm inhibition zones). (mdpi.com)
  • In the case of S. aureus protein A, immunoglobulins are captured on the microbial surface and camouflage bacteria during the invasion of host tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • coli
  • Taken several times a day it fights viruses that can be quite serious, including strep, staph, and E. Coli. (earthclinic.com)
  • antimicrobial
  • West-CR (1985) Sequential changes in the antimicrobial protein concentrations in human milk during lactation and its relevance to banked human milk. (mcmaster.ca)
  • Hypothiocyanite is formed by peroxidase catalysis of hydrogen peroxide and thiocyanate: H2O2 + SCN− → OSCN− + H2O Hypothiocyanite occurs naturally in the antimicrobial immune system of the human respiratory tract in a redox reaction catalyzed by the enzyme lactoperoxidase. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • Human immunodeficiency virus type I (HIV) infection can occur during labor and delivery, in utero through mother-to-child transmission or postnatally by way of breastfeeding. (wikipedia.org)
  • They occur when the bacteria colonizes the throat area, where it recognizes epithelial cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • inflammation
  • The findings help to explain why with some cases of stillbirths and premature babies inflammation is observed under the microscope but the bacteria are not detected. (pharmamicroresources.com)
  • In the 1980s, a purported new species of Streptococcus, named S. shiloi, was identified as one of the causes of an epidemic of meningoencephalitis (an inflammation of the brain and its surrounding membranes) affecting farmed rainbow trout and tilapia in Israel since 1986. (wikipedia.org)