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  • infection
  • Sporadic cases of S. suis infection in humans have been reported in several European and Asian countries as well as in North and South America, Australia, and New Zealand. (frontiersin.org)
  • penicillin, erythromycin, and selected cephalosporins are all effective against the organisms), but the medical community was shaken by the arrival in the late 1980s of several severe forms of streptococcal infection and by the emergence of several drug-resistant strains (see drug resistance drug resistance, condition in which infecting bacteria can resist the destructive effects of drugs such as antibiotics and sulfa drugs. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Group A hemolytic streptococci cause over a dozen diseases, including some pneumonias, erysipelas erysipelas , acute infection of the skin characterized by a sharply demarcated, shiny red swelling, accompanied by high fever and a feeling of general illness. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Scarlet fever scarlet fever or scarlatina, an acute, communicable infection, caused by group A hemolytic streptococcal bacteria (see streptococcus) that produce an erythrogenic toxin. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • strains
  • The fungus contains several chemical compounds with in vitro biological activity, and fruit bodies have antimicrobial activity against several species and strains of drug-resistant bacteria that cause disease in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Two bacterial strains (Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron ARABA 84 and B. fragilis ARABA 19) specific for bacteriophages present in human faecal contamination and three strains (B. caccae RBA 63 and RBA 64 as well as B. fragilis KBA 60) specific for bacteriophages indicating animal faecal contamination were isolated from human wastewater and animal faecal specimens. (unibas.ch)
  • Sorbitol-fermenting bifidobacteria and phages infecting the Bacteroides host strains GA-17 and GB-124 were previously described to indicate human faecal contamination. (unibas.ch)
  • Based upon this assessment, sorbitol-fermenting bifidobacteria and phages of the human host strains B. thetaiotaomicron ARABA 84 and B. ovatus GB-124 can be recommended for detecting human faecal contamination in Swiss surface and drinking water. (unibas.ch)
  • Serology reagents used in tests intended to detect antigens that permit the identification of strains of Streptococcus group B (i.e. (optometricmanagement.com)
  • All 295 strains harbored one of the PI-2 variants and most human-derived strains contained PI-1. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Factors that dictate host specificity are poorly understood although several studies have shown that human- and bovine-derived strains have distinct genetic characteristics [ 7 , 8 , 11 - 13 ] that may facilitate adaptation to a particular species. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Some strains of group A streptococci (GAS) cause severe infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • In molecular biology a pan-genome (or supra-genome) describes the full complement of genes in a clade (originally applied to species in bacteria and archaea, but also to plant species), which can have large variation in gene content among closely related strains or ecotypes. (wikipedia.org)
  • when they sequenced six strains of Streptococcus agalactiae which could be described as a core genome shared by all isolates, accounting for approximately 80% of any single genome, plus a dispensable genome consisting of partially shared and strain-specific genes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genomic restriction fragment analysis of diverse host and geographical panels of S. iniae isolates has shown common profiles between virulent fish and human strains, though multiple pulsed field gel electrophoresis patterns have been identified among human isolates. (wikipedia.org)
  • pathogenic bacteria
  • The sortases are thought to be good targets for new antibiotics as they are important proteins for pathogenic bacteria and some limited commercial interest has been noted by at least one company. (wikipedia.org)
  • harmless
  • It has been researched extensively for its capabilities as an alternative antibiotic as it is harmless to human body cells while being cytotoxic to bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antibodies
  • In particular, these macrophages are activated when bacteria are bound by IgG antibodies (IgG1 or IgG3) or the complement component C3b. (wikipedia.org)
  • These types of antibodies and complement are immune substances called opsonizers, molecules that bind to the surface of bacteria to facilitate phagocytosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • kinds of bacteria
  • On Wednesday the CDC published a report by the Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science in the United Kingdom, which studied the kinds of bacteria carried by the Garra rufa, or "doctor fish," an inch-long silver carp native to Southeast Asia. (medicalxpress.com)
  • It's no secret that water provides a fertile breeding ground for all kinds of bacteria. (medicalxpress.com)
  • After an outbreak of strep bacteria last year in a shipment of the fish, the British government seized five containers from London's Heathrow Airport to study what kinds of bacteria the fish were carrying. (medicalxpress.com)
  • The petri dishes were filled with tryptic soy agar and using a guide supplied by the manufacturers, I was able to visually identify some of the following kinds of bacteria. (behance.net)
  • Throat and Skin
  • azitromax online online with your doctor if Tonsillitis Strep Throat and Skin approximately 11 is excreted in some resulting in death have between the two treatment arms. (awardspace.us)
  • greenish
  • Table: Medically relevant streptococci (not all are alpha hemolytic) When alpha hemolysis (α-hemolysis) is present, the agar under the colony is dark and greenish. (wikipedia.org)
  • antibiotics
  • Naturally, the discovery correlated with studies exploring different methods seeking to further gain alternative antibiotics, understanding that most older antibiotics are decreasing in effectiveness against bacteria with antibiotic resistance. (wikipedia.org)
  • The bacterium was found to be sensitive to beta-lactam antibiotics, and the dolphin was treated successfully with penicillin and tylosin. (wikipedia.org)
  • aureus
  • Indeed the ethanol extract evidenced high phenolic content (384.33 ± 0.005 mg/g), flavonoids contents (85.8 ± 0.009 mg/g) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (33,590 ± 0.038 mmol/g), with high activity against S. aureus and S. agalactiae (11 ± 0.3 and 12 ± 0.6 mm inhibition zones). (mdpi.com)
  • In the case of S. aureus protein A, immunoglobulins are captured on the microbial surface and camouflage bacteria during the invasion of host tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • antimicrobial
  • West-CR (1985) Sequential changes in the antimicrobial protein concentrations in human milk during lactation and its relevance to banked human milk. (mcmaster.ca)
  • Hypothiocyanite is formed by peroxidase catalysis of hydrogen peroxide and thiocyanate: H2O2 + SCN− → OSCN− + H2O Hypothiocyanite occurs naturally in the antimicrobial immune system of the human respiratory tract in a redox reaction catalyzed by the enzyme lactoperoxidase. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • The CAMP reaction is based on the co-hemolytic activity of the CAMP factor and is commonly used to identify S. agalactiae in the clinic. (ustc.edu.cn)
  • genome
  • Extrapolation suggested that the gene reservoir in the S. agalactiae pan-genome is vast and that new unique genes will continue to be identified even after sequencing hundreds of genomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • cause
  • The Nocardia may also cause disease in humans, particularly in immunocompromised patients, such as those with AIDS. (wikipedia.org)
  • proteins
  • Capsules made of polysaccharides (sugars) permit bacteria to evade phagocytosis by macrophages alone, since only proteins are directly recognized by macrophages in phagocytosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • viruses
  • Viruses identified by the FilmArray ME Panel are Cytomegalovirus, Enterovirus, Herpes simplex virus 1, Herpes simplex virus 2, Human herpesvirus 6, Human parechovirus, and Varicella zoster virus. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • Another study included 150 clinical CSF samples that were previously determined to contain microorganisms, while a third study included 425 CSF samples that were artificially prepared with specific concentrations of bacteria or viruses. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • veterinary
  • Flies in general are considered by many authorities to be the most important insects involved in human and veterinary medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • immune
  • The spleen contains many macrophages (part of the reticuloendothelial system), which are immune cells that phagocytose (eat) and destroy bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • coli
  • Remarkably, the DNA of the tiny bacterium Buchnera aphidicola (which is distantly related to E. coli but entered into a symbiotic partnership with the aphid around 200 million years ago) has a GC content of only 26%, making its DNA look almost like a two-letter code (A and T, with the occasional G or C). (blogspot.ca)
  • immune system
  • Hypothiocyanite is formed by peroxidase catalysis of hydrogen peroxide and thiocyanate: H2O2 + SCN− → OSCN− + H2O Hypothiocyanite occurs naturally in the antimicrobial immune system of the human respiratory tract in a redox reaction catalyzed by the enzyme lactoperoxidase. (wikipedia.org)