• tissues
  • Dental and tissue engineering researchers at Tufts University School of Dental Medicine and the Sackler School of Graduate Biomedical Sciences at Tufts have harnessed the pluripotency of human embryonic stem cells (hESC) to generate complex, multilayer tissues that mimic human skin and the oral mucosa (the moist tissue that lines the inside of the mouth). (hplusmagazine.com)
  • Cells of the same type are grouped together to make tissues, like the lining of the intestine or the surface of the skin. (cancer.ca)
  • Pinworms cannot damage the skin, and they do not normally migrate through tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the authors of the study, Teunis Geijtenbeek, said that "Langerin is able to scavenge viruses from the surrounding environment, thereby preventing infection" and "since generally all tissues on the outside of our bodies have Langerhans cells, we think that the human body is equipped with an antiviral defense mechanism, destroying incoming viruses. (wikipedia.org)
  • A more recently proposed classification of oral candidiasis distinguishes primary oral candidiasis, where the condition is confined to the mouth and perioral tissues, and secondary oral candidiasis, where there is involvement of other parts of the body in addition to the mouth. (wikipedia.org)
  • labial
  • The oral mucosa of the gingiva (gums) on the facial (labial) aspect of the maxillary incisors, canines and premolar teeth is innervated by the superior labial branches of the infraorbital nerve. (wikipedia.org)
  • esophagus
  • It forms the outermost layer of the skin and the inner lining of the mouth, esophagus and vagina. (wikipedia.org)
  • The wall of the esophagus from the lumen outwards consists of mucosa, submucosa (connective tissue), layers of muscle fibers between layers of fibrous tissue, and an outer layer of connective tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • In humans, the esophagus generally starts around the level of the sixth cervical vertebra behind the cricoid cartilage of the trachea, enters the diaphragm at about the level of the tenth thoracic vertebra, and ends at the cardia of the stomach, at the level of the eleventh thoracic vertebra. (wikipedia.org)
  • tongue
  • While primary aspects of the voice are produced in the throat, the tongue, lips, and jaw are also needed to produce the range of sounds included in human language. (wikipedia.org)
  • A mucous membrane - the oral mucosa, lines the sides and under surface of the tongue to the gums, lining the inner aspect of the jawbone (mandible). (wikipedia.org)
  • Two to three days after the onset of fever, characteristic aphthae (blisters filled initially with transparent and then with turbid fluid) appear on the oral mucosa, tongue, and wings of the nose. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • This is usually termed "antibiotic sore mouth", "antibiotic sore tongue", or "antibiotic-induced stomatitis" because it is commonly painful as well as red. (wikipedia.org)
  • intestine
  • Penetration of the skin by infective hookworm larvae is followed by migration of larvae from the skin, through the bloodstream to the heart and lungs, and then via the bronchi, trachea, and mouth to the intestine, where the bloodsucking worms pair, mate, and release eggs in feces. (mhmedical.com)
  • Worms mature in the liver and migrate to mesenteric vessels, where females lay eggs that work through into the lumen of the large intestine and pass out in human wastes. (mhmedical.com)
  • Breaking of the cysts by the dog releases numerous scoleces, which are ingested and evert in the dog intestine (5), subsequently growing into adult worms, which produce viable eggs (6) that are passed in the dog's feces to contaminate fur or grass-the source of infection for humans and sheep. (mhmedical.com)
  • The worms inhabit the large intestine, with their narrow anterior ends sewn into the mucosa. (mhmedical.com)
  • If ingested, they pass through the stomach into the intestine and attach themselves to the mucosa. (wikipedia.org)
  • If they have burrowed through the skin, they invade the subcutaneous blood vessels, are carried to the lungs, and then move to the intestine via trachea, oesophagus and stomach. (wikipedia.org)
  • infection
  • However, there are also infection risks due to bacteria in the human mouth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Human saliva contains a wide variety of bacteria that are harmless in the mouth, but that may cause significant infection if introduced into a wound. (wikipedia.org)
  • Infection occurs from ingestion of Ascaris eggs on vegetables and other foods eaten raw that have been contaminated with feces from infected humans. (mhmedical.com)
  • My spouse and i shifted the girl staph an infection to my personal mouth area and that i found themselves possessing impetigo fever blisters as a result. (alsnani.com)
  • First recognition along with sufficient first treatment method with Acyclovir does may actually protect children coming from dissemination of an infection exactly where this can be initially limited to the skin. (alsnani.com)
  • For example, if you have Staphylococcus aureus bacteria (a common cause of skin infections ) in your nose, you may infect others, even if you alone never develop an infection. (healthhype.com)
  • Patchy areas with a brownish or reddish scaly rash on the scalp ( scalp ringworm ), trunk, limbs or groin ( jock itch ), peeled skin on the hands or feet ( athlete's foot ), or discolored or cracked nails are typical symptoms of a skin fungal infection . (healthhype.com)
  • Pinworm infection, also known as enterobiasis, is a human parasitic disease caused by the pinworm. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pinworm infection spreads through human-to-human transmission, by ingesting (i.e., swallowing) infectious pinworm eggs. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the skin becomes severely inflamed, perhaps because of infection, blood monocytes are recruited to the affected region and differentiate into replacement LCs. (wikipedia.org)
  • saliva
  • Oral mucosa heals faster than skin, suggesting that saliva may have properties that aid wound healing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nitrates that are naturally found in saliva break down into nitric oxide on contact with skin, which will inhibit bacterial growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Saliva contains growth factors such as epidermal growth factor, VEGF, TGF-β1, leptin, IGF-I, lysophosphatidic acid, hyaluronan and NGF, which all promote healing, although levels of EGF and NGF in humans are much lower than those in rats. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a recent study, scientists have confirmed through several experiments that the protein responsible for healing properties in human saliva is, in fact, histatin. (wikipedia.org)
  • In human anatomy, the mouth is the first portion of the alimentary canal that receives food and produces saliva. (wikipedia.org)
  • stomach
  • It begins at the back of the mouth, passing downwards through the rear part of the mediastinum, through the diaphragm, and into the stomach. (wikipedia.org)
  • mammalian
  • It primarily habitats the normal flora of the mammalian skin, human mouth, mucosae, oropharynx and upper respiratory tract but can also be found in dust, air, water and soil. (pdftreatment.com)
  • An obligate aerobe, M. luteus is found in soil, dust, water and air, and as part of the normal flora of the mammalian skin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike the hookworms Necator americanus and Ancylostoma duodenale, A. ceylanicum can competently infect and thrive within not only human hosts but other mammalian hosts as well (such as dogs, cats, or golden hamsters). (wikipedia.org)
  • Because it may primarily infect non-human mammals, and infect humans only opportunistically when its mammalian hosts are in close contact with people, A. ceylanicum is termed a zoonotic hookworm. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • Cold sores are commonly mistaken for the actual crater-like mouth area wounds called canker sores, that are not associated with herpes virus. (alsnani.com)
  • Ptyas mucosa, commonly known as the oriental ratsnake, Indian rat snake, 'darash' or dhaman, is a common species of colubrid snake found in parts of South and Southeast Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood vessels
  • Infective eggs hatch in the duodenum, penetrate the gut, pass in blood vessels to the lungs, and break out into alveoli, where they molt and in about a week are carried up the bronchioles, bronchi, and trachea to the mouth. (mhmedical.com)
  • digestive
  • as well as in organic matter and the live bodies of plants and animals, providing outstanding examples of mutualism in the digestive tracts of humans, termites and cockroaches. (absoluteastronomy.com)
  • In addition to its primary role as the beginning of the digestive system, in humans the mouth also plays a significant role in communication. (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • The larval forms (young flies) of various species are the ones that are the most horrid and frightening to animals, including humans. (hubpages.com)
  • Habitat , a place where a species lives and grows*Human habitat, a place where humans live, work or play** Space habitat, a space station intended as a permanent settlement. (absoluteastronomy.com)
  • Enterovirus 71 (EV71), a major pathogen that is responsible for causing hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) worldwide, is a member of the Human Enterovirus species A, family Picornaviridae. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Human African trypanosomiasis ( Trypanosoma species of protozoan): Tsetse fly, Glossina species (also animals). (rentokil-steritech.com)
  • Many other species of mosquito can transmit diseases but are not so prevalent in the human environment or as effective at transmission as the genera and species listed. (rentokil-steritech.com)
  • As Ptyas is a feminine word form, the proper form of the species name is mucosa. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is the only zoonotic hookworm species that is able to produce symptomatic infections in humans, with the majority of cases being in Southeast Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • adult
  • In (2) is shown the anterior tip of an adult worm with a typical ascarid arrangement of three lips around a tripartite mouth. (mhmedical.com)
  • in an adult human the total surface area of the mucosa is about 400 square meters while the surface area of the skin is about 2 square meters. (wikipedia.org)
  • body
  • It is part of the normal flora of the human body. (sciencephoto.com)
  • This fly does not enter its human host through open body cavities like the Reindeer Bot Fly. (hubpages.com)
  • The lips mark the transition from mucous membrane to skin, which covers most of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • The activity of xenoestrogens in the human body involves interference with estrogen binding to estrogen receptors [ 1 ], which has implications for estrogen-dependent health outcomes including puberty, reproductive health, and pregnancy [ 1 , 2 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • A vector picks up the disease from an infected host or the environment then transfers it to a new host through a bite when feeding or by mechanical transmission such as defecating on the skin or from particles on the outside of the body. (rentokil-steritech.com)
  • Introduction to the Human Body. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is mostly of endodermal origin and is continuous with the skin at various body openings such as the eyes, ears, inside the nose, inside the mouth, lip, the urethral opening and the anus. (wikipedia.org)
  • bacteria
  • The bacteria can degrade compounds in sweat, and on the skin, into ones producing unpleasant odours (foot odour, for instance). (sciencephoto.com)
  • hookworms
  • Life cycles of Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus (human hookworms). (mhmedical.com)
  • Unlike other hookworms, A. ceylanicum has a mouth with cutting plate with a sharp dorsal end that looks like a tooth and a less distinct sharp ventral end. (wikipedia.org)
  • folliculitis
  • The itching leads to continuously scratching the area around the anus, which can further result in tearing of the skin and complications such as secondary bacterial infections, including bacterial dermatitis (i.e., skin inflammation) and folliculitis (i.e., hair follicle inflammation). (wikipedia.org)
  • occurs
  • Human exposure to triclosan occurs primarily through use of personal care products, such as toothpastes, deodorants, and soaps [ 5 , 6 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • Oral candidiasis, also known as oral thrush among other names, is candidiasis that occurs in the mouth. (wikipedia.org)
  • eggs
  • She then releases her captive who transfers the eggs to the human host. (hubpages.com)
  • Undeveloped eggs (5) are carried to the mouth, swallowed, and passed in stool. (mhmedical.com)
  • The human can become contaminated with tapeworm eggs in fecal matter in the dog's fur. (mhmedical.com)
  • Normally, eggs (3) pass in feces, mature in soil in about 6 weeks (4), and contaminate soil, fingers, or food for transmission to another human. (mhmedical.com)
  • infections
  • Fungal (yeast) infections in a person with a healthy immune system usually affect only the skin. (healthhype.com)
  • In skin infections, the local Langerhans cells take up and process microbial antigens to become fully functional antigen-presenting cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1913, comparison of specimens from human, dog, cat and lion infections in India led to the conclusion that they were definitely identical. (wikipedia.org)
  • This same trait makes A. ceylanicum a uniquely useful hookworm, since it can be studied in the laboratory while infecting golden hamsters, unlike most or all strains of N. americanus or A. duodenale, and thus can also be used as a test organism for possible drugs or vaccines aimed at preventing human infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • Penetration
  • Contact with water exposes skin to cercarial penetration. (mhmedical.com)
  • Cercariae produced by the final sporocyst generation pass into the water (8) and collect near the surface, suspended by their forked tails (9), awaiting the stimulus of nearby human skin for penetration and onset of a new cycle. (mhmedical.com)
  • usually
  • The sectional view of an undeveloped egg in (5) shows the heavy protective shell-this is the developmental stage usually passed in human feces. (mhmedical.com)
  • Benign moles are usually brown, tan, pink or black (especially on dark-colored skin). (wikipedia.org)
  • sheep
  • The normal intermediate host (sheep) and the occasional intermediate host (human) are shown in contact with the normal final host (dog). (mhmedical.com)
  • 1-6: An oncosphere hatches from an egg in the gut of a sheep or human (1). (mhmedical.com)
  • Dermatology
  • According to the American Academy of Dermatology, the most common types of moles are skin tags, raised moles and flat moles. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2006). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology. (wikipedia.org)
  • harmless
  • The resemblance often backfires in human settlements, though, as the harmless animal is then mistaken for a venomous snake and killed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Results
  • Our aims here are to review studies of human exposure levels, to evaluate the results of studies examining the effects of triclosan on cancer development, and to suggest possible directions for future research. (mdpi.com)
  • sometimes
  • This article will introduce you to the fly, the lifestyle of the Reindeer Bot Fly and the Human Bot Fly, and the truly hideous, sometimes disfiguring, risks they pose to your health. (hubpages.com)
  • It is characterized by a coating or individual patches of pseudomembranous white slough that can be easily wiped away to reveal erythematous (reddened), and sometimes minimally bleeding, mucosa beneath. (wikipedia.org)