• diffusion
  • Using a combination of non-invasive imaging technologies, including resting-state fMRI and task-based functional MRI, MEG and EEG, and diffusion MRI, the WU-Minn will be mapping connectomes at the macro scale - mapping large brain systems that can be divided into anatomically and functionally distinct areas, rather than mapping individual neurons. (wikipedia.org)
  • pathways
  • Axonal tracing methods form the primary basis for the systematic charting of long-distance pathways into extensive, species-specific anatomical connection matrices between gray matter regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Connectomics
  • Following installation and optimization of this novel system, we will scan normal human subjects, including a number of subjects recruited from the other HCP site, and begin initial development of software to analyze this data and compare, document and disseminate the results obtained against those developed by other connectomics efforts, including the other HCP site. (grantome.com)
  • The ultimate goal of connectomics is to map the human brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Connectomics" (Hagmann, 2005) has been defined as the science concerned with assembling and analyzing connectome data sets. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neuroscience
  • The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to brain mapping: Brain mapping - set of neuroscience techniques predicated on the mapping of (biological) quantities or properties onto spatial representations of the (human or non-human) brain resulting in maps. (wikipedia.org)
  • History of neuroscience History of neurology Brain mapping Human brain Neuroscience Nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brain mapping - set of neuroscience techniques predicated on the mapping of (biological) quantities or properties onto spatial representations of the (human or non-human) brain resulting in maps. (onair.cc)
  • cerebral
  • The length of an axon can be extraordinary: for example, if a pyramidal cell, (an excitatory neuron) of the cerebral cortex were magnified so that its cell body became the size of a human body, its axon, equally magnified, would become a cable a few centimeters in diameter, extending more than a kilometer. (wikipedia.org)
  • studies
  • While descriptive studies have identified a number of characteristic topological attributes [ 3 - 5 ], the fundamental selectional forces and factors that have shaped human brain network topology remain poorly understood. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. (springer.com)
  • adult
  • The adult human brain weighs on average about 1.2-1.4 kg (2.6-3.1 lb) which is about 2% of the total body weight, with a volume of around 1260 cm3 in men and 1130 cm3 in women, although there is substantial individual variation. (wikipedia.org)
  • A brain atlas is composed of serial sections along different anatomical planes of the healthy or diseased developing or adult animal or human brain where each relevant brain structure is assigned a number of coordinates to define its outline or volume. (wikipedia.org)
  • neuroscientists
  • DESPITE MORE THAN A CENTURY OF STUDY, neuroscientists lack a fundamental understanding of how the brain gives rise to the complex thoughts, emotions and behaviors that make us human. (kavlifoundation.org)
  • Cognitive neuroscientists study the human consciousness, specifically the brain, and how it can be seen through a lens of biological and chemical processes. (wikipedia.org)
  • brains
  • This approach allows us to investigate network topologies that emerge under specific selection pressures, thus providing some insight into the selectional forces that may have shaped the network architecture of existing human brains. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • The possible sections are coronal saggital transverse Surface maps are sometimes used in addition to the 3D serial section maps Besides the human brain, brain atlases exist for the brains of the mouse, rhesus macaques, Drosophila and others. (wikipedia.org)
  • It deals with the human brain insofar as it shares the properties of other brains. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ways in which the human brain differs from other brains are covered in the human brain article. (wikipedia.org)
  • investigate
  • Using a multi-objective evolutionary approach that approximates a Pareto-optimal set within the morphospace, we investigate the capacity of anatomical brain networks to evolve towards topologies that exhibit optimal information processing features while preserving network cost. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • The simplest experimental design used to investigate human multitasking is the so-called psychological refractory period effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • nervous
  • The human brain is the central organ of the human nervous system, and with the spinal cord makes up the central nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plasticity after macular degeneration is also of great basic science interest because it provides insight to nervous system plasticity in a human model, which is key for understanding and treating a host of neurological and psychiatric disorders. (humanconnectome.org)
  • better
  • Thus, a better understanding of the neural effects of tobacco in the human brain is necessary to develop better anti-tobacco therapies. (frontiersin.org)
  • We are also interested in better understanding basic language and memory processing in humans and factors that influence the networks revealed by neuroimaging. (yale.edu)
  • Imaging
  • Bridging the scales and relating anatomical and activity data is the major challenge addressed using electron microscopy, 3D polarized light imaging (3D-PLI), electrophysiological and MRI measurements, in combination with modeling and simulation. (fz-juelich.de)
  • As a result, this work has significant potential to dramatically advance capabilities to measure the human Connectome, by aggressively optimizing non-invasive imaging technology toward Connectome measurements. (grantome.com)
  • context
  • Multitasking can result in time wasted due to human context switching and apparently causing more errors due to insufficient attention. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several topics that might be covered here are instead covered there because much more can be said about them in a human context. (wikipedia.org)
  • activity
  • Human multitasking is an apparent human ability to perform more than one task, or activity, over a short period (1 hour). (wikipedia.org)
  • Although neural oscillations in human brain activity are mostly investigated using EEG recordings, they are also observed using more invasive recording techniques such as single-unit recordings. (wikipedia.org)