• 1988
  • In the United States, the 1988 Amendments to the Fair Housing Act added people with disabilities, as well as familial status, to the classes already protected by law from discrimination (race, color, gender, religion, creed, and country of origin). (wikipedia.org)
  • In Los Angeles, California in 1988, the "Housing First" Program for families was launched at Beyond Shelter by Tanya Tull (www.partnering-for-change.org) in response to a sharp increase in the number of homeless families with children. (wikipedia.org)
  • Housing Vermont is a not-for-profit syndication and development company founded in 1988. (wikipedia.org)
  • driven
  • Many cities in the developing world are experiencing a rapid increase in informal housing, driven by mass migration to cities in search of employment or fleeing from war or environmental disaster. (wikipedia.org)
  • A car is driven beside colonial-style houses on Havana's prime real estate area of the "The Malecon" seafront boulevard March 18, 2013. (reuters.com)
  • spatial
  • In the words of Alain Bertaud, of New York University and former principal planner at the World Bank, "It is time for planners to abandon abstract objectives and to focus their efforts on two measurable outcomes that have always mattered since the growth of large cities during the 19th century's industrial revolution: workers' spatial mobility and housing affordability. (wikipedia.org)
  • Consequently, in order to win the spatial competition for housing near work sites, lower-income families must compensate for high priced location by accepting smaller housing, lower quality housing, or both. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • Housings can also play a safety role, by providing a barrier between people and dangerous or fast-moving mechanisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • In spite of these advancements, the housing types where most people in the United States reside - single-family homes - are not covered by the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Fair Housing Act, or any other federal law with the exception of the small percentage of publicly funded homes impacted by Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act. (wikipedia.org)
  • In their policy reports, they consider the presence or absence of housing for people making 60% of the median income. (wikipedia.org)
  • The organisation renovates derelict houses to create decent homes for people who are homeless. (wikipedia.org)
  • People walk beside a house in Havana's Miramar prime real estate area March 18, 2013. (reuters.com)
  • People stand at the entrance of their colonial-style houses in Havana's prime real estate area of the "The Malecon" seafront boulevard March 18, 2013. (reuters.com)
  • Informal
  • As such, the informal housing industry is part of the informal sector. (wikipedia.org)
  • To have informal housing status is to exist in 'a state of deregulation, one where the ownership, use, and purpose of land cannot be fixed and mapped according to any prescribed set of regulations or the law. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term informal housing is useful in capturing informal populations other than those living slum settlements or shanty towns, which are defined more narrowly by the UN Habitat as 'contiguous settlement where the inhabitants are characterizes as having inadequate housing and basic services. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, there are particularly pernicious circumstances in developing countries that lead to a large proportion of the population resorting to informal housing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Informal housing, and the often informal livelihoods that accompany them, are set to be defining features of the cities of the future. (wikipedia.org)
  • refers
  • Accessible housing refers to the construction or modification (such as through renovation or home modification) of housing to enable independent living for persons with disabilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • afford
  • However, in developing countries like Malaysia, only the very rich can afford to live in quarter-acre single-family houses located in a cul-de-sac. (wikipedia.org)
  • provision
  • This led to a campaign known as Homes fit for heroes and in 1919 the Government first compelled councils to provide housing, helping them to do so through the provision of subsidies, under the Housing Act 1919. (wikipedia.org)
  • 19th
  • The model of tract housing had been used widely in the history of land reclamation in the 17th to 19th century, especially in the Netherlands and inner-European (former) bogs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Modern tract housing had been used for company towns in the 19th to 20th century, especially in the areas of coal mining which attracted a large number of workers. (wikipedia.org)
  • adequate
  • The right to housing is a recognized right by many national constitutions and the lack of adequate housing can have adverse consequences for the options available to an individual or family. (wikipedia.org)
  • determines
  • Income is the primary factor-not price and availability, that determines housing affordability. (wikipedia.org)
  • The quality of one's housing is one factor that determines if such capabilities are readily available to an individual. (wikipedia.org)
  • social
  • The social issue is of ensuring that members of society have a home in which to live, whether this is a house, or some other kind of dwelling, lodging, or shelter. (wikipedia.org)
  • Inside Housing is a weekly trade publication that covers the United Kingdom's social housing sector. (wikipedia.org)
  • Herefordshire Housing is a social housing trust responsible for the former council housing of the Herefordshire Council local authority. (wikipedia.org)
  • The organisation took control of the running of the Herefordshire Council's social housing on 26 November 2002 with a Large Scale Voluntary Transfer (LSVT). (wikipedia.org)
  • Housing choice is a response to an extremely complex set of economic, social, and psychological impulses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some social housing organizations construct for purchase, particularly in Spain and to an extent elsewhere. (wikipedia.org)
  • Minha Casa Minha Vida (My House, My Life), the Brazilian government's social housing program, was launched in March 2009 with a budget of R$36 billion (US$18 billion) to build one million homes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since houses are built around a small park with plentiful shady trees, this communal garden is easily accessible to all in the cul-de-sac, allowing it to act as a social focus that can encourage social interaction and neighborly spirit. (wikipedia.org)
  • Apart from the social advantages, it is also claimed that compared to the terrace house layout, the honeycomb layout uses land efficiently and offers savings in the cost of infrastructure. (wikipedia.org)
  • rental
  • Families should not be relocated to rental housing if there are indicators that a child might be in danger. (wikipedia.org)
  • In "housing first" for families, services are available before, during, and after relocation to rental housing - but engagement is not a requirement for participation. (wikipedia.org)
  • ownership
  • One of the greatest strengths of the HAI developed by MIT is its ability to capture the Total Cost of Ownership of individuals' housing choices. (wikipedia.org)
  • Housing cooperatives are a distinctive form of home ownership that have many characteristics that differ from other residential arrangements such as single family home ownership, condominiums and renting. (wikipedia.org)
  • A primary advantage of the housing cooperative is the pooling of the members' resources so that their buying power is leveraged, thus lowering the cost per member in all the services and products associated with home ownership. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another key element in some forms of housing cooperatives (but not Nordic housing companies, for example) is that the members, through their elected representatives, screen and select who may live in the cooperative, unlike any other form of home ownership. (wikipedia.org)
  • public
  • The title is an allusion to the visual echoes of rows of identical concrete public housing units in Baltimore, presumably reminiscent of the echo and reverberation that characterize dub. (wikipedia.org)
  • A housing voucher is a voucher that can be spent on rented housing, such as Section 8 public housing in the United States, along with universal housing vouchers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Housing Department (房屋署) is a department of Hong Kong Government, managing public housing estates that were built by Hong Kong Housing Authority in Hong Kong. (wikipedia.org)
  • Public housing projects were tried out in some European countries and the United States in the 1930s, but only became widespread globally after the Second World War. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Canada, public housing is usually a block of purpose-built subsidized housing operated by a government agency, often simply referred to as community housing, with easier-to-manage town houses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yet each house still retains a public access. (wikipedia.org)
  • Housing Up has established itself as an experienced developer eligible for the multiple sources of commercial and public debt and equity financing available to nonprofit developers in DC. (idealist.org)
  • built
  • Housing built before 1978 may contain lead-based paint. (wesleyan.edu)
  • The University recognizes that any housing built prior to 1978 may contain lead-based paint and/or lead-based paint hazards. (wesleyan.edu)
  • All Wesleyan housing was built before 1978 with the exception of the following: Bennet Hall, Fauver Apartments, 19 Fountain Avenue, 20 Fountain Avenue, 25 Fountain Avenue, 231 Pine Street, and 14 Warren Street. (wesleyan.edu)
  • The newly constructed wood frame houses were built with sustainability and energy conservation in mind. (wesleyan.edu)
  • Tract housing, also known colloquially in the United States and Canada as cookie-cutter housing, is a type of housing development in which multiple similar homes are built on a tract of land which is subdivided into individual small lots. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Europe, the majority of subdivided landstrips are built in the type of row housing development areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some philanthropists began to provide housing in tenement blocks, and some factory owners built entire villages for their workers, such as Saltaire in 1853 and Port Sunlight in 1888. (wikipedia.org)
  • The City of London Corporation built tenements in the Farringdon Road in 1865, and the world's first large-scale housing project was also built in London, to replace one of the capital's most notorious slums - the Old Nichol. (wikipedia.org)
  • criticism
  • Despite criticism from its rivals and enemies, EDEN Housing continues to stand tall and holds its own amongst Pakistani construction companies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another criticism comes from followers 'fengshui', the ancient Chinese art of geomancy, who believe that in a cul-de-sac 'the chi energy coming to a house placed at the end of a road is usually fast, so the energy is pernicious and non-beneficial. (wikipedia.org)
  • organisation
  • Canopy works in partnership with the Arms Length Management Organisation (ALMOs), established by Leeds City Council in April 2007 to manage its housing stock, including Aire Valley Homes and East North East Homes Leeds. (wikipedia.org)
  • form
  • In "honeycomb housing" small courtyard neighbourhoods of 5 to 16 cluster houses form cul-de-sac communities of 42 houses or less, which in turn form part of a larger neighbourhood of up to 300 houses. (wikipedia.org)
  • The honeycomb concept was first introduced in Malaysia as an alternative to terrace houses and the predominantly rectilinear form of residential layouts. (wikipedia.org)
  • live
  • For example, in Mumbai, India, this fast-paced economic growth, coupled with inadequate infrastructure, endemic corruption and the legacy of the restrictive tenancy laws have left the city unable to house the estimated 54% who now live informally. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is hoped that the residents who chose to live in these houses are energy conscious, and will respect the measures that have been incorporated into its design, rather than negate them. (wesleyan.edu)
  • On a 1979 concert bootleg recording, during the song "Sentimental Journey," David Thomas ad-libs the line "I live in a dub house! (wikipedia.org)
  • local
  • This led to the Housing of the Working Classes Act of 1885, which empowered Local Government Boards to shut down unhealthy properties and encouraged them to improve the housing in their areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • units
  • single-family houses , townhouses or small condos , and apartment buildings with five or more units. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this way, the housing units become less expensive. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Canada, the national statistical agency, Statistics Canada, counts the number of private dwellings in the country at each census, in which case they are then known as "dwelling units" and can refer equally to a house or an apartment. (wikipedia.org)
  • families
  • Housing is often the single biggest expenditure of low and middle income families. (wikipedia.org)
  • For low and middle income families, their house is also the greatest source of wealth. (wikipedia.org)
  • The book Evicted advocates that the U.S. government issue housing vouchers to families below a certain income threshold so that they pay no more than 30 percent of their income on housing. (wikipedia.org)
  • The "housing first" approach for families includes in-depth screening and assessment for child safety. (wikipedia.org)
  • After 26 years in operation, Housing Up serves more than 600 low-income families through a variety of housing programs. (idealist.org)
  • council
  • Most properties are Victorian terraced houses which are leased from Leeds City Council on a peppercorn rent for 25 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1997 - Planning takes shape and Canopy works with Leeds City Council and Leeds Federated Housing Association to access empty properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • services
  • Pathways' Housing First model has been recognized by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration as an Evidence-based practice. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2) The provider is obligated to bring robust support services to the housing. (wikipedia.org)
  • work
  • The federal government of Canada and the provincial governments work jointly to share the cost of offering reimbursement programs for homeowners in need of house renovations for accessibility. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, as many housing cooperatives strive to run self-sufficiently, as much work as possible is completed by its members. (wikipedia.org)
  • Canopy starts work on its first house in October. (wikipedia.org)
  • Do you work for Housing Up? (idealist.org)
  • income
  • Haven House is for student groups who have historically been socioeconomically marginalized on campus: low-income, first-generation, and international students who do not go home during breaks for reasons of employment, costs and time related to travel, or not having housing outside of Wesleyan University. (wesleyan.edu)
  • The Median Multiple indicator, recommended by the World Bank and the United Nations, rates affordability of housing by dividing the median house price by gross [before tax] annual median household income). (wikipedia.org)
  • In a market economy the distribution of income is the key determinant of the quantity and quality of housing obtained. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most common approach to measure the affordability of housing has been to consider the percentage of income that a household spends on housing expenditures. (wikipedia.org)
  • community
  • Haven House also benefits from tight community relationships within the international and first-generation student coalition groups as they seek out resources and community at Wesleyan. (wesleyan.edu)
  • Canopy Housing is a self-help, community housing charity working in inner city Leeds, West Yorkshire, UK. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • Unfortunately the "housing first" philosophy was often misinterpreted in later years and, today, many government programs promote faulty application of "housing first. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is often the result of factors including natural market forces, housing discrimination, and housing segregation. (wikipedia.org)
  • roads were unmade, often mere alleys, houses small and without foundations, subdivided and often around unpaved courts. (wikipedia.org)
  • apartments
  • In common speech in Australia and New Zealand, the word "unit", when referring to housing, usually means an apartment, where a group of apartments is contained in one or more multi-storied buildings (an 'apartment block'), or a villa unit or home unit, where a group of dwellings is in one or more single storey buildings, usually arranged around a driveway. (wikipedia.org)
  • A man walks past housing apartments in Havana November 11, 2011. (reuters.com)
  • properties
  • It has 16 managers for its properties, including the Vermont State Housing Authority. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2008 there were an estimated 17,557 empty properties in Leeds, which is over five per cent of the city's current housing stock. (wikipedia.org)
  • Housing Up has an existing portfolio of five properties, with an additional three properties in development. (idealist.org)
  • time
  • In Canada, Flexhousing is a concept that encourages homeowners to make renovations that modify their house over time to meet changing accessibility needs. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a result, African Americans have had a difficult time acquiring high quality housing. (wikipedia.org)
  • It merged as Eden Housing from that time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Department
  • In 1992 Dr. Sam Tsemberis, a faculty member of the Department of Psychiatry of the New York University School of Medicine, founded Pathways to Housing in New York City. (wikipedia.org)
  • development
  • Tract housing development makes use of few architectural designs, and labor costs are reduced because workers need to learn the skills and movements of constructing only those designs rather than repeat the learning curve. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2015, Housing Up completed Weinberg Commons, a 36-unit development that is the first multi-family, retrofit Passive House project in the United States. (idealist.org)
  • organization
  • The word cooperative is also used to describe a non-share capital co-op model in which fee-paying members obtain the right to occupy a bedroom and share the communal resources of a house that is owned by a cooperative organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • company
  • EDEN Housing is not to be confused with EDEN Builders - (which is a separate company with projects such as EDEN Life. (wikipedia.org)