• Intercellular
  • Thus, induced susceptibility to race 4 at 32(DEGREES)C was not due to inability to produce elicitors in culture, lack of activity at 32(DEGREES)C, or inability of the host to produce glyceollin at 32(DEGREES)C. Fluids recovered from the intercellular spaces of uninfected and infected soybeans were also examined for the presence of elicitors. (uwo.ca)
  • were further investigated based on significant interactions found in the intercellular PPI network. (figshare.com)
  • vitro
  • We compared in vitro interaction of S. suis with human and porcine intestinal epithelial cells (IEC). (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • We employed flux balance analysis and in silico gene essentiality analysis to investigate growth under a wide range of conditions that mimic in vitro and host cell environments. (ucsd.edu)
  • Mechanisms
  • The goals of the Host-Pathogen-Environment ( Interaction Hôtes Pathogènes Environnements - IHPE) research unit aims to describe the mechanisms that govern the interactions between marine invertebrates (mainly the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas ), their pathogens and the environment, and also to characterise the physiological and adaptive responses of oysters and their pathogens to environmental pressures. (ifremer.fr)
  • The IFREMER staff belong to the "Mechanisms of interaction and adaptation in the marine environment" group ( Mécanismes d'interaction et d'adaptation en milieu marin ) of UMR 5244 which is located on the University of Montpellier campus. (ifremer.fr)
  • African trypanosomes are parasites that are able to escape the immune responses of its host animal through a range of mechanisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genomics
  • The University of Maryland NIH T32 training grant supported program in Host- Pathogen Interactions immerses students in interdisciplinary host-pathogen research, striving to integrate advances in pathogenesis with genomics, bioinformatics and engineering. (umd.edu)
  • infects
  • Aeromonas salmonicida infects cold-blooded vertebrates and therefore mammals are not relevant hosts. (forschung3r.ch)
  • Generally, M. perniciosa infects tropical host plants, and host plants in the Upper Amazon River basin on the eastern side of the Andes. (wikipedia.org)
  • And the fourth biotype, the S-biotype, infects a variety of hosts within the Solanaceae family. (wikipedia.org)
  • organism
  • Finally, we have chosen the Drosophila model organism to study the innate immune response of the host. (univ-mrs.fr)
  • Although the initial encounter between a susceptible host and a virulent organism frequently results in disease, some organisms can be harbored in the host for years before disease becomes clinically evident. (gkhub.info)
  • In the case of pathogens, iron can be acquired from the host organism. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • In 2003, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) was first recognized.This emerging clinical entity is caused by a novel coronavirus that may have jumped from an animal niche to become a significant human pathogen. (gkhub.info)
  • harmful
  • Although cell-mediated immune response is responsible for the clearance of C. pneumoniae, this response can be harmful to the host because it favours the development of inflammation that can lead to asthma. (wikipedia.org)
  • amino acid
  • In particular, this study highlights new aspects of the metabolism of amino acid Phe operative during the interaction between T. gondii and its host cell. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • The lipocalin family of binding proteins typically have a conserved eight-stranded β-barrel fold with a calyx binding site, which are lined with positively charged amino acid residues, allowing for binding interactions with siderophores. (wikipedia.org)
  • results
  • The majority of host species refers to mammalia, but also results from experiments with C. elegans, Drosophila melanogaster or Danio rerio are included. (omictools.com)
  • Emphasis will be placed on latest unpublished results, extended discussion periods and direct interactions with leaders in the field. (current-opinion.com)
  • research
  • The staff at the IHPE research unit are part of the Joint Research Unit Interactions Hôtes - Pathogènes - Environnements (UMR 5244 IHPE). (ifremer.fr)
  • Professor Pierre Cosson's research group (including Mohammed Benghezal, Laeticia Alibaud, Romain Froquet) has been using Dictyostelium as a model to study host-pathogen interactions for the past 10 years. (forschung3r.ch)
  • In the present project no. 90-03 , supported by the 3R Research Foundation, unicellular Dictyostelium amoebae were used as alternative hosts to study bacterial pathogens. (forschung3r.ch)
  • metabolic
  • Constraint-based analysis of metabolic capacity of Salmonella typhimurium during host-pathogen interaction. (ucsd.edu)
  • CONCLUSION: Our analysis suggests that there is a robust minimal set of metabolic pathways that is required for successful replication of Salmonella inside the host cell. (ucsd.edu)
  • viruses
  • this is when the virus inserts its DNA or RNA into the host cell, replicates, and eventually causes the cell to lyse, releasing more viruses into the environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • This tool (1) incorporates high-confidence intra-species interactions, (2) uses fined grained orthology assignments instead of simple sequence similarity and (3) includes parasite-specific biological context. (omictools.com)
  • genetic
  • Scientists believe that this variability comes from both genetic and environmental factors within the host. (wikipedia.org)
  • phagocytes
  • After a pathogen breaches the first physical barriers (e.g. damaged skin) of the host, phagocytes represent an important part of the constitutive (in contrast to the immunological) cellular defence. (forschung3r.ch)
  • study
  • We determined the structure and interactions of some of the 13 components of the T6SS, and we pursue the study of the system, including the trans-membrane domains. (univ-mrs.fr)
  • Collaboration on the part of several researchers has allowed the dissemination of these techniques to other laboratories and the creation of the NEMO network ( project no. 99-05 ), dedicated to the development of alternative models to study bacterial pathogens. (forschung3r.ch)
  • resistant
  • In a search for factors involved in specificity, advantage was taken of the fact that the resistant interaction between soybean cv Altona and Phytophthora megasperma f. sp. (uwo.ca)
  • response
  • In addition, we show a delicate role for the host immune response in the genesis of Lyme borreliosis symptoms. (uva.nl)
  • Importantly, better understanding of the host immune response to Borrelia and ticks will bring us closer to the development of clear-cut diagnostic tests and therapeutic compounds that can specifically and favorably target the immune response against the bacterium. (uva.nl)
  • Within the host, pathogens can do a variety of things to cause disease and trigger the immune response. (wikipedia.org)
  • and the immune response of the host, and may help improve medical therapies and facilitate the development of new antifungal drugs. (figshare.com)
  • Dr. Wade Winkler and his HPI T32 Trainee Margo Gebbie recently published their exciting work in Science describing a riboswitch-containing sRNA that controls gene expression of the ethanolamine utilization locus in the opportunistic pathogen Enterococcus faecalis by sequestration of a two-component response regulator. (umd.edu)
  • They are primarily involved in regulating plant cell wall functions including cell expansion, bind as well as response to pectins, pathogen response and also protects plants from detrimental effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • cells
  • T. gondii tachyzoites are capable of extracting L-Phe(D8) from host cells as soon as it invades the cell. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • differences
  • glycinea race 4 becomes susceptible at 32(DEGREES)C thus providing in a single race-cultivar combination differences in interaction type without the uncertainties introduced when comparisons are made between cultivars or races with different genotypes. (uwo.ca)
  • virus
  • An example of the propensity for pathogens to escape from their usual niche is the alarming 1999 outbreak in New York of encephalitis due to West Nile virus, which had never previously been isolated in the Americas. (gkhub.info)
  • In fact, the severity of asthma can be determined by the elevated titres to C. pneumoniae, but not to other potential pathogens such as Mycoplasma pneumoniae, adenovirus, influenza A and B or parainfluenza virus. (wikipedia.org)