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  • metabolism
  • The cortex releases hormones that affect your metabolism (the way your body converts what you eat and drink into energy), blood pressure, and physical characteristics, like body shape and where and how much hair grows on your body. (mskcc.org)
  • regulates the metabolism of carbs, fat, and protein. (studystack.com)
  • Cortisol, a very potent glucocorticoid - a group of adrenocortical hormones that protects the body from stress and affect protein and carbohydrate metabolism - is involved in regulating the functioning of nearly every type of organ and tissue in the body, and is considered to be one of the few hormones absolutely necessary for life. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Certain proteins within your body regulate the chemical reactions produced by your metabolism. (bluwiki.com)
  • These hormones travel via bloodstream to almost every cell throughout the body and function to regulate their target cell's metabolism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Higher levels of cortisol to stressful situations promote: Mental and physical preparation for stress weakened inflammatory actions resulting in temporary pain toleration fat, carbohydrate, and protein metabolism resulting high blood glucose levels (glucogenesis) Sleep deprivation Temporarily impaired cognitive performance Possible anxiousness Adrenaline, or other wise known as Epineephrine) is released from the Adrenal medulla. (wikipedia.org)
  • Addison's
  • Fifty years later, a Guy's Hospital physician, Thomas Addison, showed that the adrenal glands were necessary for life, by identifying them as the site of damage in a previously mysterious and ultimately fatal illness, which became known as Addison's disease. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The most common cause of Addison's disease is the destruction and/or shrinking (atrophy) of the adrenal cortex. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Overproduction of cortisol leads to Cushing's syndrome, whereas insufficient production is associated with Addison's disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • neuroendocrine
  • It is called neuroendocrine tissue because it receives neural input and releases hormones. (coursehero.com)
  • These organs and their interactions constitute the HPA axis, a major neuroendocrine system that controls reactions to stress and regulates many body processes, including digestion, the immune system, mood and emotions, sexuality, and energy storage and expenditure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Behavioral endocrinology is the study of hormonal processes and neuroendocrine systems that influence or regulate behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • These hormones play a major role in the Neuroendocrine system which regulates the vital body functions of breathing, body weight, heart rate, muscle strength, cholesterol levels, especially body temperature. (wikipedia.org)
  • tumors
  • Medical oncologist Diane Reidy Lagunes is part of our multidisciplinary team dedicated to caring for patients with adrenal tumors. (mskcc.org)
  • Adrenal tumors form in the adrenal glands. (mskcc.org)
  • Benign adrenal tumors are noncancerous, so they don't metastasize, or spread, to other parts of the body. (mskcc.org)
  • Functional adrenal tumors are usually benign, although some are capable of becoming cancerous and spreading. (mskcc.org)
  • A variety of tumors can arise from adrenal tissue and are commonly found in medical imaging when searching for other diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adrenal cancer is the presence of malignant adrenal tumors, and includes neuroblastoma, adrenocortical carcinoma and some adrenal pheochromocytomas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most adrenal pheochromocytomas and all adrenocortical adenomas are benign tumors, which do not metastasize or invade nearby tissues, but may cause significant health problems by unbalancing hormones. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adrenocortical adenomas are benign tumors of the adrenal cortex which are extremely common (present in 1-10% of persons at autopsy). (wikipedia.org)
  • However, size and weight of the adrenal cortical tumors are no longer considered to be a reliable sign of benignity or malignancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neuroblastoma and pheochromocytoma are the two most important tumors which arise from the adrenal medulla. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neuroblastic tumors often produce elevated levels of catecholamine hormone precursors, such as vanillylmandelic acid (VMA) and homovanillic acid, and may produce severe watery diarrhea through production of vasoactive intestinal peptide. (wikipedia.org)
  • glucocorticoids
  • The increase in activity of synthesis of norepinephrine and epinephrine within the medulla is done from glucocorticoids through the increase in reaction rate of certain enzymes, such as: tyrosine hydroxylase, aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase, dopamine-β-hydroxylase, and phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase. (wikipedia.org)
  • glands are located
  • Some potential side effects are: Trouble sleeping Fatigue Dry skin or hair Concentration difficulties depression Sensitivity to cold temperatures Frequent and heavy menstrual periods Joint and muscle pain The 2 adrenal glands are located on the top of the kidney and have two distinct sections. (wikipedia.org)
  • adrenocortical hormones
  • They are the adrenocortical hormones that are essential to the maintenance of adequate fluid volume in the extracellular and intravascular fluid compartments, normal cardiac output, and adequate levels of blood pressure. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • metabolic
  • The HPA axis has a central role in regulating many homeostatic systems in the body, including the metabolic system, cardiovascular system, immune system, reproductive system and central nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • organs
  • These hormones increase arousal and shift blood flow away from nonessential organs, such as the skin, and toward those that are needed to fight or flee, such as the muscles. (coursehero.com)
  • autonomic nervou
  • The autonomic nervous system is a control system that acts largely unconsciously and regulates heart rate, digestion, respiratory rate, pupillary response, urination, and sexual arousal. (wikipedia.org)