• pregnancy
  • Additionally, a systematic review and meta-analysis concluded that prophylactic treatment with cabergoline reduces the incidence, but not the severity, of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), without compromising pregnancy outcomes, in females undergoing stimulated cycles of in vitro fertilization (IVF). (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Pregnancy: available preliminary data indicates a somewhat increased rate of congenital abnormalities in patients who became pregnant while treated with cabergoline. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, one study concluded that "foetal exposure to cabergoline through early pregnancy does not induce any increase in the risk of miscarriage or foetal malformation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Do not use this medication if you are allergic to cabergoline, or if you have uncontrolled high blood pressure, pregnancy-related high blood pressure, or if you are allergic to any type of ergot medicine such as ergotamine (Ergomar, Cafergot), dihydroergotamine (D.H.E. 45, Migranal Nasal Spray), ergonovine (Ergotrate), or methylergonovine (Methergine). (npdpharmacy.net)
  • Prolactin is a peptide hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that is primarily associated with lactation and plays a vital role in breast development during pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hyperprolactinaemia can also be a part of normal body changes during pregnancy and breastfeeding. (wikipedia.org)
  • Background & objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of bromocriptine versus cabergoline on pregnancy in hyperprolactinaemic infertile women. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Although preliminary data do not suggest cabergoline has significant teratogenic potential, cabergoline is not recommended for use during pregnancy, and patients receiving cabergoline who plan to become pregnant should discontinue the medication as soon as pregnancy is detected. (mhmedical.com)
  • Several other hormones can contribute to PRL signaling in the breast gland, high levels of insulin caused for example by peripheral insulin resistance (resulting from pregnancy, gestational diabetes or developing diabetes mellitus type 2) will enhance the galactogenic and antiapoptotic effects of PRL and growth hormone by acting synergistically with IGF-1. (wikipedia.org)
  • tumors
  • High levels of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) can be a sign of Cushing's disease, but can also be caused by other tumors or conditions outside the pituitary gland. (ohsu.edu)
  • ACTH
  • Dynamic testing, including cosyntropin (ACTH) stimulation tests, growth hormone stimulation and suppression tests, and CRH (corticotrophin-releasing hormone) tests. (ohsu.edu)
  • GDNF
  • So, in the present study, Ron and her colleagues looked at cabergoline, a compound that has been shown in cells to increase the expression of GDNF. (medicalxpress.com)
  • After establishing that cabergoline treatment resulted in an increase of the level of GDNF and activation of the GDNF pathway in the rats' VTA, the researchers sought to test its impact on rodents' drinking habits. (medicalxpress.com)
  • As further evidence of the interplay between cabergoline and GDNF, alcohol intake was tested on mice that had been genetically engineered to have a single copy of the GDNF gene, and therefore less GDNF in the brain. (medicalxpress.com)
  • levels
  • Hypersensitivity to ergot derivatives Pediatric patients (no clinical experience) Severely impaired liver function or cholestasis Co-medication with drugs metabolized mainly by CYP P450 such as erythromycin and ketoconazole, because increased plasma levels of cabergoline may result (although cabergoline undergoes minimal CYP450 metabolism). (wikipedia.org)
  • Your doctor may want to continue checking your prolactin levels for several months after you stop taking cabergoline. (npdpharmacy.net)
  • Some women may experience a loss of libido (interest in sex) and breast pain, especially when prolactin levels begin to rise for the first time, as the hormone promotes tissue changes in the breast. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, proposed factors have included increased levels/expression of or heightened sensitivity to certain hormones (e.g., estrogen, progesterone, and prolactin) and/or growth factors (e.g., hepatic growth factor, insulin-like growth factor 1, and epidermal growth factor) in the breasts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sometimes hormone levels are measured more than once, at various times of day or for several hours or days in blood, urine or saliva, or after taking a medication, which is called dynamic testing. (ohsu.edu)
  • Baseline hormonal evaluation, which can include measuring your body's hormone levels by taking blood samples, saliva samples and urine at various times of day, or over the course of a full day. (ohsu.edu)
  • Dynamic tests, which can include measuring your body's hormone levels before and after taking certain medications either orally or intravenously. (ohsu.edu)
  • Presently most evidence points towards an important role of elevated prolactin levels or overt hyperprolactinemia with additional triggers such as local trauma or irritation. (wikipedia.org)
  • ovulation
  • Hyperprolactinemia can lead to failed or irregular ovulation. (assistedfertility.org)
  • Keywords: Assisted Reproductive Technology, Ovulation induction, Ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome,Anti-mullerian hormone * Correspondence: 1Vali-e-Asr Reproductive Health Research Center, Department of Obstetricsand Gynecology, Valiasr Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences,1419433141 Tehran, IranFull list of author information is available at the end of the article 2015 Aghssa et al. (2medicalcare.com)
  • patients
  • Reproductive Health (2015) 12:85 of the gonadotropin and diagnosed and managed OHSS Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) is a granulosa cell irrespective of patients' participation in the study. (2medicalcare.com)