• reassignment surgery
  • In 2009, the Chinese Government made it illegal for minors to change their officially-listed gender, stating that sex reassignment surgery, available to only those over the age of twenty, was required in order to apply for a revision of their identification card and residence registration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hong Kong law allows change in legal documents such as the identity cards and passports, but does not allow birth certificates to be changed, after a person has undergone sex reassignment surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1965, Hopkins Hospital became the first institution to perform Sex Reassignment Surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Two months prior to the surgery, patients are required to see a psychiatrist in Thailand to confirm eligibility for sex reassignment surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • biological
  • Research into the issue of the origins of homosexuality suggests that adoptive brothers are more likely to both be homosexuals than the biological brothers, who share half their genes which suggests that homosexuality is not genetically caused. (conservapedia.com)
  • However, in regards to psychosocial and biological theories in regards to the origin of homosexuality, Columbia University psychiatry professors Drs. William Byrne and Bruce Parsons stated in 1994: "There is no evidence that at present to substantiate a biological theory. (conservapedia.com)
  • Direct evidence for this is the fact that the fraternal birth order effect has been found even in males not raised with their biological brothers - it has been determined that biological brothers increase the odds of homosexuality in later-born males even if they were reared in different households, whereas non-biological siblings, such as step-brothers or adopted brothers, have no effect on male sexual orientation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Indirect evidence also indicates that the fraternal birth order effect is prenatal and biological in nature rather than postnatal and psychosocial: The fraternal birth order effect has been confirmed to interact with handedness, as the incidence of homosexuality correlated with an increase in older brothers is seen only in right-handed males. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gender dysphoria in children or gender identity disorder in children (GIDC) is a formal diagnosis used by psychologists and physicians to describe children who experience significant discontent (gender dysphoria) with their biological sex, assigned gender, or both. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some sources state that bisexuality encompasses romantic or sexual attraction to all gender identities or that it is romantic or sexual attraction to a person irrespective of that person's biological sex or gender, equating it to or rendering it interchangeable with pansexuality. (wikipedia.org)
  • This allows individuals to be housed based on the gender they identify with instead of their biological sex. (wikipedia.org)
  • They hoped that demonstrating a biological basis to homosexuality would have beneficial effects such as increasing tolerance of gay people. (wikipedia.org)
  • genetic
  • Human sex determination is a genetic process that depends basically on the presence of the Y chromosome in the fertilized egg. (britannica.com)
  • Other proposed factors include genetic control of sexual orientation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Posner criticized Bryant's views, writing while the causes of a same-sex preference are not well understood, the main factors involved appear to be genetic, hormonal, developmental, or some combination thereof, not recruitment, and that Bryant's assertion that gay people can change their sexual orientation is false in most cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • scandal
  • Crisis magazine reproduces an important essay by Father Regis Scanlon, originally published by the Homiletic and Pastoral Review , on how the prevalence of homosexuality in the priesthood has contributed to the sex-abuse scandal. (catholicculture.org)
  • The sex-abuse problem, in the US and around the world, would not have become such a horrific scandal if not for the problem of repeat offenders: the many priests who, when they were recognized as molesters, were not punished but protected, and allowed to molest again. (catholicculture.org)
  • For example when the John Jay report attributed the scandal to a complex combination of social factors, an editorial in the New York Times (of all places) chided the authors in words that I might have used myself: "This is a rather bizarre stab at sociological rationalization and, in any case, beside the point that church officials went into denial and protected abusers. (catholicculture.org)
  • Accused in sex scandal In 1986, a priest in the Diocese of Rupert's Land pleaded guilty to sexual molestation of a 13-year-old boy. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1972
  • Together with its Statistical Appendix, Sexual Preference was the culmination of a series of books including Homosexuality: An Annotated Bibliography (1972) and Homosexualities: A Study of Diversity Among Men and Women (1978), both co-authored by Bell and Weinberg. (wikipedia.org)
  • hormones
  • It recommends treating transsexual adolescents by suppressing puberty with puberty blockers until age 16 years old, after which cross-sex hormones may be given. (wikipedia.org)
  • The prenatal androgen model of homosexuality describes the neuro-developmental effects of fetal exposure to these hormones. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other evidence supporting the role of testosterone and prenatal hormones in sexual orientation development include observations of male subjects with cloacal exstrophy who were sex-assigned as female during birth only later to declare themselves male. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1986
  • Whitam's published books included The Protestant Spanish Community in New York in 1960 and Male Homosexuality in Four Societies: Brazil, Guatemala, the Philippines, and the United States, co-authored with Robin Mathy in 1986. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1986, hemophiliacs treated with commercial concentrates of coagulation factors prepared from pools of plasma were at great risk to contract delta hepatitis infection. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Marriage
  • Love Won Out stated that "marriage will continue to be 'redefined'" and that Same-Sex Marriage may mean for our society: "possible threats to freedom of speech and religious liberty. (wikipedia.org)
  • Georgia does not recognize same-sex unions, either in the form of marriage or civil unions. (wikipedia.org)
  • A number of them, including neo-analytic theories, sociobiological theories, social learning theory, social role theory, and script theory, agree in predicting that men should be more approving of casual sex (sex happening outside a stable, committed relationship such as marriage) and should also be more promiscuous (have a higher number of sexual partners) than women. (wikipedia.org)
  • On April 13, 2016, with hundreds of same-sex marriage supporters outside, the Changsha court ruled against Sun, who vowed to appeal, citing the importance of his case for LGBT progress in China. (wikipedia.org)
  • On May 17, 2016, Sun and Hu were married in a private ceremony in Changsha, expressing their intention to organize another 99 LGBT weddings across the country in order to normalize same-sex marriage in China. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many countries have also seen rising support for LGBT rights in modern times (including the legal recognition of same-sex marriage, anti-discrimination laws, and other such rights). (wikipedia.org)
  • differences
  • A 2017 book by Professor Amy Adamczyk, published by the University of California Press and based on years of mixed methods research, shows that these cross-national differences in acceptance can be explained by three factors: the strength of democratic institutions, the level of economic development, and the religious context of the places where people live. (wikipedia.org)
  • And while gender differences are not prevalent, in those countries where they are, women are consistently more accepting of homosexuality than men. (wikipedia.org)
  • recognition
  • In June 2009, the Government of Hong Kong extended limited recognition and protection to cohabitating same-sex couples in its Domestic Violence Ordinance. (wikipedia.org)
  • prevalence
  • Patients were reevaluated clinically and virologically at six month intervals to ascertain risk factors for acquisition of HBV and HDV infections, and to assess the prevalence and rate of progression of liver disease in each group. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Numerous studies have investigated the prevalence of acceptance and disapproval of homosexuality, and have consistently found correlates with various demographic, psychological, and social variables. (wikipedia.org)
  • mental disorder
  • however, sexual orientation develops across a person's lifetime," though the APA also states, "All major professional mental health organizations have gone on record to affirm that homosexuality is not a mental disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2001, the Chinese Society of Psychiatry declassified homosexuality as a mental disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • Moige argues that elements of mental disorder such as trauma or the absence of the father or mother during infancy lead boys and girls, respectively, to homosexuality. (wikipedia.org)
  • males
  • According to their belief, homosexuality in males is caused by a "dominant mother with a quiet, withdrawn, non expressive and/or hostile father, and an introverted, artistic, imaginative son. (wikipedia.org)
  • Older sisters, younger sisters, and younger brothers have no effect on the odds of homosexuality in later born males - they neither enhance nor counteract the fraternal birth order effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • intense
  • F64.2 Gender identity disorder of childhood: A disorder, usually first manifest during early childhood (and always well before puberty), characterized by a persistent and intense distress about assigned sex, together with a desire to be (or insistence that one is) of the other sex. (wikipedia.org)
  • causes
  • Nevertheless, some reviewers complimented Sexual Preference for its authors' challenge to established views about the causes of homosexuality, and it eventually came to be considered a classic work. (wikipedia.org)
  • persons
  • Those who seek sexual relationships with persons of same sex are directly responsible and cannot be cured, and stated also that homosexuality is a state full of suffering, similar to neurosis and not likely to be alleviated by any reversal of the current mentality. (wikipedia.org)
  • AIDS
  • Structural violence is an important factor in the treatment of people living with AIDS. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, access to prophylaxis, access to antiretroviral therapy, and susceptibility to illness and malnutrition are all factors which change people's overall risk of illness due to HIV/AIDS. (wikipedia.org)
  • stable
  • The study also found that "bisexual/unlabeled women had stable overall distributions of same-sex/other-sex attractions. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • Current research has found that discrimination against people living with HIV is a contributing factor for delayed initiation of HIV treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Love Won Out wanted to help people who want to understand factors that lead to homosexuality and assist those who struggle with unwanted same-sex attractions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Basic Law of Macau's Article 25 indicates the people of Macau are free from discrimination based on a non-exhaustive list of prohibited factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly, people who have a distinct but not exclusive sexual preference for one sex over the other also identify themselves as bisexual. (wikipedia.org)
  • what looks like same-sex sexuality to a Western observer may not be "same-sex" or "sexual" at all to the people engaging in such behaviour. (wikipedia.org)
  • She wrote that homosexuality is spread through recruitment, and that gay people can change their sexual orientation. (wikipedia.org)
  • heavily
  • In a call for the world's bishops to establish standard guidelines for the handling of sex-abuse complaints, the Vatican heavily emphasized the responsibility of diocesan bishops. (catholicculture.org)
  • Gender identity disorder in children is more heavily linked with adult homosexuality than adult transsexualism. (wikipedia.org)
  • sexual orientation
  • Some argue that sexuality is determined by genetics, while others believe it is molded by the environment, or that both of these factors interact to form the individual's sexual orientation. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is one of the most frequently cited retrospective studies relating to sexual orientation, credited by psychologists with disproving psychoanalytic theories about the development of homosexuality. (wikipedia.org)
  • partners of legal
  • Beijing currently provides dependent residency status to the same-sex partners of legal residents, such as expats. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since the 1970s, much of the world has become more accepting of same-sex sexuality between partners of legal age. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • The Journal of Sex Research Vol. 17, No. 1, Feb., 1981 Whitam FL (1980). (wikipedia.org)
  • McIntosh's earliest research was in the field of criminology and the sociology of homosexuality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Produced with the help of the American National Institute of Mental Health, the study was a publication of the Institute for Sex Research. (wikipedia.org)
  • The study was supported by the United States National Institute of Mental Health, Indiana University, the Institute for Sex Research, and the Glide Foundation. (wikipedia.org)
  • despite
  • But more recent studies have directed attention away from the problem, despite clear evidence that homosexuality is an enormous contributing factor. (catholicculture.org)
  • Despite this, homosexuality is considered a major deviation from highly traditional Orthodox Christian values prevalent in the country, where public discussions of sexuality in general tend to be shunned. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite this, the freedom of same-sex sexual activity was not officially enshrined in the law until 2000, when the Georgian Government put in place an amended criminal code to meet the standards set forth by the Council of Europe and the European Convention on Human Rights. (wikipedia.org)
  • development
  • This pattern of conduct is a part of a larger constellation of factors that contributes to an adolescent's development of a non-parental relationship. (wikipedia.org)
  • These findings reinforce the prenatal androgen model that non-typical prenatal hormone exposure is related to the development of human homosexuality. (wikipedia.org)
  • person
  • Those who are attracted to person of same sex but without emotional or sexual relationships with them can try to overcome their condition, do not have a direct responsibility, and therefore can be treated successfully. (wikipedia.org)
  • role
  • Lyons, Nancy 2004-10-18 00:00:00 The Bem Sex Role Inventory was used to classify university participants into the gender types: masculine, feminine, and androgynous. (deepdyve.com)
  • Love and sex role stereotypes: Do macho men and feminine women make better lovers? (deepdyve.com)
  • sometimes
  • Many of the world's cultures have, in the past, considered procreative sex within a recognized relationship to be a sexual norm-sometimes exclusively so, and sometimes alongside norms of same-sex love, whether passionate, intimate or sexual. (wikipedia.org)
  • social
  • Based on a survey of gay men in Leicester and London, this paper argued that rather than being a psychiatric or clinical pathology, homosexuality and same sex relationships were influenced by historical and cultural factors, and that "homosexual" is a social category coercively imposed on some individuals for the purpose of social control. (wikipedia.org)
  • gender-identity
  • The World Professional Association for Transgender Health (WPATH) states that treatment aimed at trying to change a person's gender identity and expression to become more congruent with sex assigned at birth "is no longer considered ethical. (wikipedia.org)
  • studies
  • According to limited studies, the majority of children diagnosed with GID cease to desire to be the other sex by puberty, with most growing up to identify as gay or lesbian with or without therapeutic intervention. (wikipedia.org)
  • legal
  • Next, some of the historical events, religious matters, and legal matters relating to homosexuality will be covered. (conservapedia.com)
  • Though there were no records on the effectiveness of this decree, it was the first time homosexuality had been subject to legal proscription in China. (wikipedia.org)