• Infections
  • Also doctors do not routinely test people for recent infections with most diseases as they do for HIV. (wikipedia.org)
  • Before the nationwide introduction of ART, only cotrimoxazole prophylaxis and drugs to diminish the effects of opportunistic infections were administered to people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). (wikipedia.org)
  • Untreated coinfections, such as malaria, tuberculosis, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can also propagate the spread of HIV within a population through the weakening of the host's immune system. (wikipedia.org)
  • These include HIV, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Treponema pallidum (syphilis) and, where relevant, other infections that pose a risk to the safety of the blood supply, such as Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas disease) and Plasmodium species (malaria). (wikipedia.org)
  • AIDS
  • In the vast majority of those infected with HIV virus who are untreated, there is deterioration in immune health over a period of months or years inevitably leading to full-blown AIDS and demise. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Recent national studies demonstrate that oral health is one of the highest unmet health needs for HIV-positive (HIV+) individuals, although it is recognized as playing a less critical role in the medical management of HIV/AIDS. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • At the 2010 International AIDS conference presenters talked about the need for community healthcare providers to understand that if their patients have been in an HIV vaccine trial then their patients are likely to give a false positive HIV test result. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mozambique is a country particularly hard-hit by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. (wikipedia.org)
  • In order to reduce the prevalence of HIV/AIDS within the country, Mozambique has partnered with numerous global organizations to provide its citizens with augmented access to antiretroviral therapy and prevention techniques, such as condom use. (wikipedia.org)
  • A surge toward the treatment and prevention of HIV/AIDS in women and children has additionally aided in Mozambique's aim to fulfill its Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). (wikipedia.org)
  • The first governmental response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic occurred in 1988 with the establishment of four sentinel surveys in Maputo, Beira, Chimoio, and Tete to keep track of HIV prevalence within the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yet, since the end of the civil war in 1992, rural areas of Mozambique continue to face repercussions of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, prominently due to the inability of the nation to quickly rehabilitate as a result of inadequate funds allocated towards addressing both educational and healthcare system infrastructural repairs. (wikipedia.org)
  • What's more, women and children are more likely than men to experience a general lack of awareness of the cause, transmission, and ways of prevention of HIV/AIDS. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term serostatus is commonly used in HIV/AIDS prevention efforts. (wikipedia.org)
  • In recent years, social advocacy has emphasized the importance of learning one's HIV/AIDS serostatus in an effort to curtail the spread of the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • prevention
  • An interdisciplinary team of behavioral and clinical research scientists with experience in developing and evaluating health care and prevention intervention targeting low income, HIV+s will conduct this research. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The proposed study uses a two-arm randomized experimental design to evaluate the efficacy of a brief, theoretically-guided, 'Prevention Care Advocate' intervention with HIV-positive crack users. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Standard of Care (SOC) condition involves standard practice, consisting of usual inpatient/hospital services provided within normal clinical practice, plus a brief educational session consisting of the review of the topics in the 'Living with HIV' brochure published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Zidovudine
  • Hypothesis: Maternal use of HAART containing Zidovudine, 3TC and Aluvia (Lopinavir/Ritonavir) can prevent antepartum, and intrapartum transmission of HIV, as well as allow exclusive and then subsequent complementary feeding to be carried out with minimum risk to the mother and infant. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Syndrome
  • Background Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV) is a major source of concern in the Turks and Caicos Islands (TCI), a small archipelago of islands in the Caribbean region. (bmj.com)
  • epidemic
  • Several campaigns and organizations have been initiated since 1986 in order to combat the HIV epidemic in various ways and by reaching various sectors of Mozambican society. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2001
  • By the year 2001, HIV had infected more than one million people, 53,000 of which were children under 18 years of age and 570,000 of which were women. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • Enhanced lymphocyte apoptosis may play an important role in the pathogenesis of HIV disease. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Vaccine-induced seropositivity or VISP is the phenomenon wherein a person who has received a vaccine against a disease would thereafter give a positive or reactive test result for having that disease when tested for it, despite not actually having the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • With 1,600,000 Mozambicans (11.5 percent of the population) living with HIV, 990,000 of which are women and children, Mozambique's government realizes that there is much work to be done on the path towards the eradication of this infectious disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • UNAIDS
  • In fact, according to 2008 UNAIDS estimates, this southeast African nation possesses the 8th highest HIV prevalence in the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • among
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the efficacy of a case management linkage intervention designed to increase utilization of oral health care services among HIV+ individuals enrolled in HIV primary care that have not seen a dental provider in the preceding twelve months. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • A two-arm randomized trial among HIV+ individuals who are currently enrolled in HIV primary medical care, but not receiving oral health care, will be conducted to test the intervention. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Treatment
  • Moreover, willingness to disclose HIV seropositivity was related to having one or less sexual partner (OR = 1.98, 95% CI = 1.29 - 3.01), non-regular church attendance (OR = 1.55, 95% CI = 1.10 - 2.19), cohabitation (OR = 0.67, 95% CI = 0.47 - 0.97), knowing about HIV treatment (OR = 0.50, 95% CI = 0.32 - 0.80) and having an HIV test (OR = 0.43, 95% CI = 0.26 - 0.63). (bmj.com)
  • HIV could additionally spread through the use of unclean needles and syringes for injections and treatment within Mozambican healthcare settings. (wikipedia.org)
  • pregnant women
  • The overall goal of the project is to establish a voluntary exposure-registry and perform observational surveillance on HIV - positive pregnant women who are exposed to antiretroviral products during the prenatal period, in order to evaluate the outcome of the pregnancy and safety of the products in HIV-positive pregnant women, and their infants. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • In 2006, opt-out HIV diagnostic tests were offered to pregnant women for the first time. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinics
  • According to recent data, from Miami-Dade County, Florida, only 24% of HIV+s served by Ryan White-funded medical clinics had obtained oral health services in the past 12 months. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • positive
  • SPECIFIC AIMS Aim 1: To evaluate the efficacy of a brief, theoretically-based intervention in reducing unprotected sexual intercourse by HIV-positive crack users recruited from the inpatient/hospital setting. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • citation needed] A person who is HIV negative, and has received an HIV vaccine, and who then tests as positive in an HIV test is said to be positive because of VISP. (wikipedia.org)
  • When an HIV-negative person exhibits VISP and gets an HIV-positive result from a test then that person may have difficulty donating blood or negotiating for a life insurance policy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Researchers from Africa, Asia, North America, and South America have said that getting local government and media support of the research is essential in addition to creating facilities for distinguishing between HIV positive individuals and individuals exhibiting VISP. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • The case management intervention is adapted from an intervention that had been previously tested in a CDC-funded, multi-site study designed to link recently diagnosed HIV+s to primary medical care. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • However, at this time two new studies, the STEP Study in the USA and the RV 144 study in Thailand, greatly increased the number of people who received HIV vaccinations by another 4600 people. (wikipedia.org)
  • sexual
  • Since transmission is predominantly through sexual contact, it is important to understand the dynamics of sexual relationships in this country, including the likelihood of HIV seropositivity disclosure. (bmj.com)
  • virus
  • HIV vaccines have been tested continually worldwide since then, but thus far, no one has developed any vaccine which reduces a person's risk of contracting HIV if exposed to that virus. (wikipedia.org)
  • test
  • These findings may have implications on post HIV test counselling initiatives, which should include a focus on education. (bmj.com)
  • people
  • HIV vaccine research happens worldwide to ensure that any vaccine which researchers develop could be used for people worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • pregnancy
  • Although the use of HAART in pregnancy has significantly reduced rates of vertical transmission of HIV-1, some questions remain regarding the safety of these therapies and their potential impact on the uninfected infant. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • however
  • However, with time, HIV prevalence within Mozambique began to propagate to such extraordinarily high levels that the government was forced to act in order to save as much of its poor and dying population as possible. (wikipedia.org)
  • factors associated
  • Being Black or Hispanic and having shared needles in New York City appear to be factors associated with increased risk for HIV positivity in Ohio. (cdc.gov)
  • combat
  • citation needed] Most HIV vaccines are designed with the intent to promote the body's own production of antibodies which would combat HIV. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • Presence of Cytomegalovirus (CMV) may also be tested because of the risk to certain immunocompromised recipients if given, such as those with organ transplant or HIV. (wikipedia.org)
  • less
  • Social and economic factors have contributed to less than optimal use of oral health services for HIV+s in the United States. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • tests
  • Many HIV tests work not by checking a person's blood for HIV, but rather by determining whether the body's own antibodies against HIV are present in the blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • persons
  • Between 1987 and 2003 the number of persons who received experimental HIV vaccinations was about 10,000, and this number was considered small. (wikipedia.org)