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  • AIDS
  • Male injection drug users deported from the United States to Tijuana have four-fold higher odds of HIV infection compared to those living in Tijuana who were not deported there, according to a study to be presented at the International AIDS Conference on August 5, 2008 in Mexico City. (ucsd.edu)
  • among
  • Controlling for sociodemographic variables such as arrests, and patterns of sexual and drug behaviors, the researchers found an unexpected relationship between the duration of time lived in Tijuana and HIV infection among male versus female IDUs. (ucsd.edu)
  • Among males, those who lived in Tijuana for shorter periods were more likely to be HIV-infected, whereas among females, those who lived in Tijuana for longer periods were more likely to be HIV-infected. (ucsd.edu)
  • Among women, longer-term residents in Tijuana actually had a higher risk of HIV infection. (ucsd.edu)
  • With disintegrating family support networks, sudden changes in a person's cultural environment, homelessness and poverty, we're more apt to see risk behaviors such as unprotected sex with sex workers, other men or sharing injection needles among male migrants," said Remedios Lozada, M.D., the HIV/STD coordinator of Baja California, who directs the project's field activities in Tijuana. (ucsd.edu)
  • Encephalopathy
  • HIV encephalopathy: clinical findings of disabling cognitive and/or motor dysfunction interfering with activities of daily living, progressing over weeks to months, in the absence of a concurrent illness or condition other than HIV infection which could explain the findings. (wikipedia.org)
  • antiviral
  • S. Miller and colleagues at the Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine stated that: Antiviral effects were observed after infection of cells expressing the N-terminal part of ZAP fused to the product of the zeocin resistance gene (NZAP-Zeo) as well as after infection of cells inducibly expressing full-length ZAP. (wikipedia.org)
  • placenta
  • Hepatitis B may also be classified as a vertically transmitted infection, but the hepatitis B virus is a large virus and does not cross the placenta, hence it cannot infect the fetus unless breaks in the maternal-fetal barrier have occurred, such as can occur in bleeding during childbirth or amniocentesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main routes of transmission of vertically transmitted infections are across the placenta (transplacental) and across the female reproductive tract during childbirth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several pathogens can cross the placenta and cause (perinatal) infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • infant
  • The distinction is important because when transmission is primarily during or after birth, medical intervention can help prevent infections in the infant. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • In the new system, HIV-infected children are classified into mutually exclusive categories according to three parameters: a) infection status b) clinical status c) immunologic status This classification system reflects the stage of the child's disease, establishes mutually exclusive classification categories, and balances simplicity and medical accuracy in the classification process. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • The CDC Classification System for HIV Infection is the medical classification system used by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to classify HIV disease and infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • This classification system is how the United States agency, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) classifies HIV disease and infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • WHO Disease Staging System for HIV Infection and Disease was first produced in 1990 by the World Health Organisation and updated in September 2005. (wikipedia.org)
  • minor
  • It is a minor coreceptor for HIV-1, nearly all strains of which use CCR5 and/or CXCR4. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • Most of these conditions are opportunistic infections that can be easily treated in healthy people. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is responsible for thousands of deaths every year and has spread to 88 countries, with 350 million people at constant risk of infection and 0.5 million new cases in a year. (wikipedia.org)
  • human
  • After decreasing dramatically with the availability of penicillin in the 1940s, rates of infection have increased since the turn of the millennium in many countries, often in combination with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Company's lead product candidate is KP-1461 for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • common
  • Occasionally, multiple lesions may be present (~40%), with multiple lesions more common when coinfected with HIV. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • One of the earliest known epidemics of L. donovani infection (kala-azar as it was called in Hindi) was known in India just after the Indian Rebellion of 1857. (wikipedia.org)
  • CXCR6 was previously known as "Bonzo" and "STRL33" in the HIV/SIV field. (wikipedia.org)
  • cells
  • CXCR6 has been identified as an entry coreceptor used by HIV-1 and SIV to enter target cells, in conjunction with CD4. (wikipedia.org)
  • birth
  • A vertically transmitted infection can be called a perinatal infection if it is transmitted in the perinatal period, which is the period starting at a gestational age of between 22 and 28 weeks (with regional variations in the definition) and ending seven completed days after birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • seven
  • Lymph node enlargement frequently (80%) occurs around the area of infection, occurring seven to 10 days after chancre formation. (wikipedia.org)
  • AIDS
  • Male injection drug users deported from the United States to Tijuana have four-fold higher odds of HIV infection compared to those living in Tijuana who were not deported there, according to a study to be presented at the International AIDS Conference on August 5, 2008 in Mexico City. (ucsd.edu)
  • among
  • Controlling for sociodemographic variables such as arrests, and patterns of sexual and drug behaviors, the researchers found an unexpected relationship between the duration of time lived in Tijuana and HIV infection among male versus female IDUs. (ucsd.edu)
  • Among males, those who lived in Tijuana for shorter periods were more likely to be HIV-infected, whereas among females, those who lived in Tijuana for longer periods were more likely to be HIV-infected. (ucsd.edu)
  • Among women, longer-term residents in Tijuana actually had a higher risk of HIV infection. (ucsd.edu)
  • With disintegrating family support networks, sudden changes in a person's cultural environment, homelessness and poverty, we're more apt to see risk behaviors such as unprotected sex with sex workers, other men or sharing injection needles among male migrants," said Remedios Lozada, M.D., the HIV/STD coordinator of Baja California, who directs the project's field activities in Tijuana. (ucsd.edu)
  • herpes
  • Many viruses including herpes simplex virus (HSV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV) have been shown to instigate the formation of these junctions between the infected ("donor") and uninfected ("target") cell to allow cell-to-cell transmission. (wikipedia.org)
  • prevention
  • In 2014, on the basis of further evidence, the WHO updated the recommendation for men who have sex with men to state that PrEP "is recommended as an additional HIV prevention choice within a comprehensive HIV prevention package. (wikipedia.org)
  • In November 2015 the WHO expanded this further, on the basis of further evidence, and stated that it had "broadened the recommendation to include all population groups at substantial risk of HIV infection" and emphasized that PrEP should be "an additional prevention choice in a comprehensive package of services. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2001
  • Formed in 2001 in Atlanta, Georgia, the approach used in HIV-1 vaccine development was originally based on preclinical work done by Dr. Harriet Robinson from 1992 to 2002. (wikipedia.org)
  • January 2001 edition of "Parade": Page 45: "Dry sex is painful for both men and women and may expose one to infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • resist
  • Malnutrition, the immune system, and infectious diseases operate in a cyclical manner: infectious diseases have deleterious effects on nutritional status, and nutritional deficiencies can lower the strength of the immune system which affects the body's ability to resist infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • Without these vital nutrients, the body lacks the defense mechanisms to resist infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phase
  • In April 2011, GeoVax Labs, Inc. in collaboration with the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the HIV Vaccine Trials Network (HVTN) announced an expansion of the current Phase 2a clinical trial to include a new component. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kenya
  • At least 65 people are confirmed to have died in a nearly five-month-old cholera outbreak in Kenya, with infections also continuing to rise in the capital Nairobi, health officials said Wednesday…" (5/20). (kff.org)
  • protein
  • Similarly, malnutrition of both macronutrients (such as protein and energy) and micronutrients (such as iron, zinc, and vitamins) increase susceptibility to HIV infections by interfering with the immune system and through other biological mechanisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • In 2002 laboratory space, equipment and personnel were acquired and work on an HIV-1 vaccine development plan began, and in May 2006 human clinical trials of the drug began. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • West Nile (WN) virus infection is an emerging disease. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • I have written before about Susan Sontag's allusion to TB then cancer and HIV as social diseases, not in the sense of STD, but more, in relation to the attachment of qualities to the person who has the disease - immorality or weakness of spirit. (almondemotion.com)
  • health
  • In the United States, WN is considered a public health threat because severe illness caused by WN infection has caused paralysis, coma, and death, especially in the elderly. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Human
  • Specifically, the HVTN plans to clinically test a novel vaccine product developed by GeoVax scientists that expresses human granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) in combination with inactivated HIV proteins. (wikipedia.org)
  • The novel vaccine consists of a recombinant DNA vaccine co-expressing human GM-CSF and non-infectious HIV virus-likeparticles. (wikipedia.org)
  • positive
  • Number of young women ( HIV status positive, negative, or unknown) who are identified and recruited to serve as index recruiters divided by the number of young women screened. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Participant self-discloses as HIV positive. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • As an openly gay, HIV-positive man, Saavedra has campaigned against homophobia and other forms of discrimination. (wikipedia.org)
  • combination
  • In studies, this has been found for the HIV combination efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir, which reduces the area under the curve (AUC) of velpatasvir by about 50%, and the CYP3A4 and Pgp inducer rifampicin, which reduces its AUC by about 80%, rendering it likely ineffective. (wikipedia.org)
  • Women
  • This is a pilot study with a cross-sectional research design to recruit Hispanic/Latina and African American adolescent and young adult women , aged 13-24 years to serve as index recruiters, who will in turn recruit members of her female friendship network, aged 13 years and older to undergo HIV screening. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The proposed pilot study will utilize a cross-sectional research design to recruit Hispanic/Latina and African American young women to undergo HIV screening. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • study
  • Participants are recruited by Index Recruiters to enroll in study and receive HIV screening and complete a questionnaire either on Facilitators of HIV Screening or Barriers to HIV Screening. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Role
  • These findings highlight a previously unappreciated role for the virological synapse in HIV pathogenesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • safe
  • GeoVax is a biotechnology company established primarily to develop an effective and safe vaccine against HIV-1. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2012, the FDA approved the drug for use as PrEP, based on growing evidence that the drug was safe and effective at preventing HIV in populations at increased risk of infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • With the GeoVax vaccine a variety of HIV proteins (both surface and internal) are expressed from genes which include the Env, Pol and Gag genes. (wikipedia.org)
  • author
  • Using the conventional methods, patients with resistant TB would need to wait for up to six weeks for antibiotic resistance testing," says senior author Professor Judith Breuer (UCL Infection & Immunity). (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • As well as delivering personalised treatments to patients, the tests could also be used to precisely track the spread of TB," explains co-lead author Dr Josephine Bryant (UCL Infection & Immunity). (medicalnewstoday.com)