• pathways
  • This includes those present in the electron transfer chain which will be, in fact, essential for most other metabolic processes occurring in chloroplasts, e.g., carbon fixation, nitrogen and sulfur assimilation, pigment, amino acid, and vitamin biosynthetic pathways to cite only a few examples. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • At least 100 FeS proteins are found in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana , which are involved in respiration, photosynthesis, DNA metabolism and a wide range of metabolic pathways [ 1 , 5 ]. (biochemj.org)
  • enzyme
  • This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, that use iron-sulfur proteins as electron donors and NAD+ or NADP+ as electron acceptors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Binding of the enzyme to the thylakoid membrane involves a polyproline type II helix created between two FNR monomers and several proline rich integral membrane proteins. (wikipedia.org)
  • The binding of the FNR to the integral membrane proteins on the thylakoid membrane is enhanced under acidic conditions, so recruitment and binding of FNR to the thylakoid membrane may be a method of storing and stabilizing the enzyme in the dark when photosynthesis is not occurring. (wikipedia.org)
  • Drosophila
  • The only Drosophila ISC biosynthetic protein studied to date is frataxin, in attempts to model Friedreich's ataxia, a disease arising from reduced expression of the human frataxin homologue. (springer.com)
  • redox
  • The flow of electrons changes the redox state of the protein, resulting in a conformational change and pK shift of the ionizable side chain, which pumps four hydrogen ions out of the mitochondrial matrix. (wikipedia.org)
  • interacts
  • However, HscB interacts with both the apo- and holo-forms of IscU [ 19 ], and because of the instability of cluster-bound forms of IscU, studies of the HscB-IscU interaction have employed the apo-protein. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Pastore
  • Complete understanding of the disease is also complicated by the fact that the exact role and primary function of FXN remains unclear, although the protein is known to have iron-binding properties and to play an important role in the regulation of Fe-S cluster biogenesis ( Pastore and Puccio, 2013 ). (biologists.org)
  • interaction
  • In this article, we give an overview of the suite of approaches available to the researcher who wishes to understand their favourite protein-protein interaction in more detail. (springer.com)
  • Malia TJ, Wagner G. NMR structural investigation of the mitochondrial outer membrane protein VDAC and its interaction with antiapoptotic Bcl-xL. (springer.com)
  • ABCE1 heterodimerize with ribonuclease L and prevents its interaction with 2-5A, antagonizing the anti-viral properties of ribonuclease L, and allow the virus to synthesize viral proteins. (wikipedia.org)
  • synthesis
  • The POLD1/p125 subunit encodes both DNA polymerizing and exonuclease domains, which provide the protein an important second function in proofreading to ensure replication accuracy during DNA synthesis, and in a number of types of replication-linked DNA repair following DNA damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • complexes
  • The SUF system is encoded by the suf operon (sufABCDSE), and the six encoded proteins are arranged into two complexes (SufSE and SufBCD) and one protein (SufA). (ebi.ac.uk)
  • The matrix houses the circular mitochondrial genome (mtDNA), which encodes protein components of the respiratory complexes I to IV. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The MIM, the most protein dense membrane in the cell, adopts elaborate folds called cristae in which assembled respiratory complexes are housed. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Montalvao RW, Cavalli A, Salvatella X, Blundell TL, Vendruscolo M. Structure determination of protein-protein complexes using NMR chemical shifts: case of an endonuclease colicin-immunity protein complex. (springer.com)
  • Structural
  • Bauer F, Schweimer K, Meiselbach H, Hoffmann S, Rosch P, Sticht H. Structural characterization of Lyn-SH3 domain in complex with a herpesviral protein reveals an extended recognition motif that enhances binding affinity. (springer.com)
  • While the BMC shell is architecturally similar to many viral capsids, the shell proteins have not been found to have any structural or sequence homology to capsid proteins. (wikipedia.org)
  • vivo
  • In vivo expression of GFP-tagged holoferritin confirmed that iron-loaded ferritin molecules traffic through the Golgi organelle and are secreted into hemolymph. (genetics.org)
  • Our study revealed both conserved features and insect-specific adaptations of ferritin nanocages and provides novel imaging possibilities for their in vivo characterization. (genetics.org)
  • IscU
  • We have shown that ASO treatment diminished aberrant splicing and increased ISCU (show ISCU ELISA Kits ) protein levels in both patient fibroblasts and patient myotubes in a concentration dependent fashion. (antibodies-online.com)
  • ferritin
  • Ferritin is a symmetric, 24-subunit iron-storage complex assembled of H and L chains. (genetics.org)
  • Ferritin overexpression impaired the survival of iron-deprived flies. (genetics.org)
  • These phenotypes were specific to intestinal cell types that regulate ferritin expression, but were notably absent in the iron cells where ferritin is constitutively expressed and apparently translated independently of iron regulatory protein 1A. (springer.com)
  • yeast
  • The pathway is largely conserved across all domains of life, but has been lost from Baker's yeast. (biochemj.org)
  • The protein sequences between species is very well conserved, for example Pixie and yeast Rli1p are 66% identical, and Rli1p and human RLI are 67% identical. (wikipedia.org)
  • bacteria
  • Other protein-based compartments found in bacteria and archaea include encapsulin nanocompartments and gas vesicles. (wikipedia.org)
  • atoms
  • Moco consists of a pyranopterin ring structure with two sulfur atoms forming an enedithiolate group that co-ordinates molybdate [ 6 ]. (biochemj.org)
  • mammals
  • This cannot account for the conservation of the protein in all other organisms, since only mammals have the RNAse L system. (wikipedia.org)