• infections
  • As the nature of the HIV epidemic changes, there is increasingly an overlap between the populations at risk for acquiring HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections because of shared routes of transmission. (natap.org)
  • Injection drug use is the fastest growing risk for both infections, accounting for 26% of new HIV infections in Canada in 1999. (natap.org)
  • Infections HIV-2 and HIV-1 cause acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). (scielosp.org)
  • Globally, most HIV infections are caused by HIV-1. (scielosp.org)
  • 1,2 ) Recent clinicalexperience suggests that effective anti-HIV therapy and chemoprophylaxis for Pneumocystis carinii (PCP), Mycobacterium avium (MAC), and cytomegalovirus(CMV) may delay/prevent the occurrence of gastrointestinal opportunistic infections. (ucsf.edu)
  • Consequently, clinicians should investigate all significant GI complaints, using sufficiently objective studies to identify specific treatable infections or neoplasms associated with advanced HIV disease. (ucsf.edu)
  • Among HIV-1 infected individuals, HSV-1 and HSV-2 infections are common, with prevalences that approximate or exceed those in the general population. (ucsf.edu)
  • The commonly accepted relationship between HIV and HPV infections (4) raises the question of the respective contribution of these two viruses in the development of cervical neoplasia. (aacrjournals.org)
  • (5) reported a meta-analysis on the interrelation between cervical neoplasia and HIV and HPV infections, showing strong associations between HPV and neoplasia and between HIV and neoplasia and pointing out an interaction between HPV and HIV infections. (aacrjournals.org)
  • survival
  • Pioneering work by Nigro (a surgeon) led to the discovery that radiation therapy combined with the drugs 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and mitomycin resulted in high rates of local control, disease-free, colostomy-free and overall survival without surgical intervention. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Treatment with ART is associated with increased survival among HIV-infected children with active Kaposi sarcoma. (nih.gov)
  • suppression
  • Effective suppression of HIV replication with ART is recommended to reduce the risk of HHV-8-associated Kaposi sarcoma (strong, low) . (nih.gov)
  • Effective suppression of HIV replication with ART is recommended for all patients with evidence of active Kaposi sarcoma and other HHV-8-associated malignant lymphoproliferative disorders (strong, very low) . (nih.gov)
  • viruses
  • However, high structural homology between HIV-1 and HIV-2 genomic products, mainly in gag and pol gene derived proteins, causes serological cross reactions in diagnostic systems for both viruses, preventing definitive results. (scielosp.org)
  • immune
  • Among HIV-infected children treated with ART who develop immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS), is chemotherapy in addition to continuation of ART (compared with no chemotherapy) associated with higher rates of remission and/or decreased mortality? (nih.gov)
  • clinical
  • Is there an indication for serologic testing for human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) in asymptomatic HIV-infected children (compared with not testing) to guide clinical management? (nih.gov)
  • Among
  • Among HIV-infected children with active Kaposi sarcoma, is treatment with ART (as compared with no ART) associated with higher rates of remission and/or decreased mortality? (nih.gov)
  • Among HIV-infected children with active Kaposi sarcoma, is treatment with chemotherapy in addition to ART (as compared with ART alone) associated with higher rates of remission and/or decreased mortality? (nih.gov)
  • typically
  • Prior to undergoing a transplant, people typically receive a conditioning regimen of high doses of chemotherapy and other medications to prepare the body to accept the transplant. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • recommendation
  • Results support the recommendation that HIV-2 Western blot be included in the diagnostic algorithm for HIV-1/2 to followup negative or indeterminate HIV-1 Western blot results. (scielosp.org)
  • rates
  • The observation of high rates of autoimmune disorders in families of SS is linked with a genetic predisposition to the syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • Transmission occurs primarily via the parenteral route, and injection drug users (IDUs) are at particularly high risk. (natap.org)
  • group
  • All 12 ELISA-reactive samples belonged to the HIV-1 Western blot indeterminate group. (scielosp.org)
  • system
  • In 1990, the US Food and Drug Administration certified the first assay for HIV-2 diagnosis and in 1991, the first combined HIV-1/2 system, enabling simultaneous antibody screening for both retroviruses. (scielosp.org)
  • lower
  • and case-fatality is estimated to be one half to one third that of HIV-1, possibly due to lower viral load. (scielosp.org)