• World Health Organ
  • It took the higher income countries 50 years to get to this point, it's taken low and middle income countries just 15 years,' says Dr Gojka Roglic of the Department for Management of Non-Communicable Diseases at the World Health Organization . (geographical.co.uk)
  • It is not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, according to the World Health Organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) defined human health in its broader sense in its 1948 constitution as "a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. (wikipedia.org)
  • type 2 diabet
  • The St Vincent Declaration has inspired other regional partnerships between the IDF and WHO, especially in response to the emerging pandemic of type 2 diabetes: the Declaration of the Americas or DOTA (1996), the Western Pacific Declaration on Diabetes (WPDD 2000), and the Declaration and Diabetes Strategy for Sub-Saharan Africa (2006). (wikipedia.org)
  • It has been estimated that if the primary risk factors were eliminated, 80% of the cases of heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes and 40% of cancers could be prevented. (wikipedia.org)
  • Immunization
  • Immunization programs should focus on those persons at high risk of influenza-related complications, those capable of transmitting influenza to individuals at high risk of complications and those who provide essential community services. (canada.ca)
  • physical inactivity
  • Integrated actions against selected risk factors (i.e., smoking, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diet), implemented within the social context, can lead to the reduction of major chronic diseases. (cdc.gov)
  • The major CVD risk factors - high blood cholesterol, high blood pressure, cigarette smoking, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diet - satisfy the public health criteria of causality (19). (cdc.gov)
  • shift
  • Just as there was a shift from viewing disease as a state to thinking of it as a process, the same shift happened in definitions of health. (wikipedia.org)
  • lifestyles
  • It stated that infectious diseases were a leading cause of death, accounting for a quarter to a third of the estimated 54 million deaths worldwide in 1998, and that the spread of infectious diseases results as much from changes in human behavior-including lifestyles and land use patterns, increased trade and travel, and inappropriate use of antibiotic drugs-as from mutations in pathogens. (wikipedia.org)
  • estimates
  • A novel application of Circos software was used to visualize the interconnectedness between the disease burdens as overlapping prevalence estimates representing comorbidities. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Its discontinuance by PAHO notwithstanding, monitoring and evaluation of DOTA found that it met its short term targets in most countries: preparation of national estimates of disease burden, development and implementation of national strategies and plans to deal with diabetes, and recognition of diabetes as a public health problem. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite
  • Despite the high burden of HIV/HBV co- infection in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), there has been very little study of liver disease in HIV/HBV co-infected individuals in these settings. (northwestern.edu)
  • spread of sexually transmit
  • and (2) preventing and slowing the spread of sexually transmitted diseases around the country through public health campaigns that increased public knowledge about modes of transmission and personal protection against STDs. (wikipedia.org)
  • unwarranted variation
  • As these guidelines were designed in response to the American Physical Therapy Association's objective of standardizing clinical care and reducing unwarranted variation, clinical practice guidelines have started emerging utilizing the most current evidence-based research ( 5 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • intervention
  • Procedures such as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) may be used in severe disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • The focus of a public health intervention is to prevent and manage diseases, injuries and other health conditions through surveillance of cases and the promotion of healthy behaviors, communities and environments. (wikipedia.org)
  • refers
  • Coronary artery disease (CAD), also known as ischemic heart disease (IHD), refers to a group of diseases which includes stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health
  • Hopefully, in the near future, health insurance companies that are established in emerging countries may agree to cover the costs of genetic diagnostic testing of their clients, and thus offer this new technology to patients and their at-risk relatives. (scielo.br)
  • In the present study, we sought to examine the prevalence and regional variation in key management practices in Egyptian health facilities within three domains: supervision of the facility from the Ministry of Health and Population (MOHP), managerial processes, and patient and community involvement in care. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The Global health committee mainly focuses on the detection and management of cardiovascular disease and offers a road map for achieving better outcomes in preventing and treating heart disease. (medindia.net)
  • Specifically, in this report, the committee focuses on the detection and management of cardiovascular disease and offers a roadmap for achieving better outcomes in preventing and treating heart disease, including through screening, accelerated drug development, digital health and smart financing strategies. (medindia.net)
  • The public health care system has a high priority from the Cambodian government and with international help and assistance, Cambodia has seen some major and continuous improvements in the health profile of its population since the 1980s, with a steadily rising life expectancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • With this transition, the health care system in Tunisia is challenged with the expansion of chronic disease. (cdc.gov)
  • Two or three physicians independently assigned cause of death based on the completed VA forms in accordance with the World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The WHO's World Health Report 2002 identified five important risk factors for non-communicable disease in the top ten leading risks to health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mozambique faces a number of ongoing health challenges including both infectious and chronic disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Limited access to quality food and water, high levels of poverty and inaccessible health services influence health and prevalence of disease among people in Mozambique. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally, the paper found that new and reemerging infectious diseases will pose a rising global health threat and will complicate US and global security over the next 20 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • Public health is "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting human health through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most governments recognize the importance of public health programs in reducing the incidence of disease, disability, and the effects of aging and other physical and mental health conditions, although public health generally receives significantly less government funding compared with medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Public health programs providing vaccinations have made strides in promoting health, including the eradication of smallpox, a disease that plagued humanity for thousands of years. (wikipedia.org)
  • health was seen as a state of normal function that could be disrupted from time to time by disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studies have shown that high levels of stress can affect human health. (wikipedia.org)
  • It may also help prevent stress[citation needed] and depression, increase quality of sleep and act as a non-pharmaceutical sleep aid to treat diseases such as insomnia, help promote or maintain positive self-esteem, improve mental health, maintain steady digestion and treat constipation and gas, regulate fertility health, and augment an individual's sex appeal or body image. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tertiary health programs address existing health problems, and aim to help control or reduce symptoms, or to help slow the progression of a disease or condition. (wikipedia.org)
  • International Classifi
  • Data were collected as International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, entries from records spanning January-December 2013. (biomedcentral.com)
  • There are currently two widely established systems that classify mental disorders: ICD-10 Chapter V: Mental and behavioural disorders, since 1949 part of the International Classification of Diseases produced by the WHO, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) produced by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) since 1952. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • The present report presents findings from a study on the prevalence and risk factors of CKD in urban Cameroon. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Africans with HIV/HBV may be at significantly greater risk of liver disease than co-infected individuals in developed countries because they are infected with HBV much longer than HIV and are frequently exposed to other competing risks of liver injury. (northwestern.edu)
  • Slow walking speed might just help determine the risk of chronic illness, hospitalization and sometimes even death. (medindia.net)
  • Evidence shows that several risk factors and conditions are commonly associated with major chronic diseases. (cdc.gov)
  • As circulation of pH1N1 is anticipated in the coming season, there is support to consider offering vaccine (2010-2011 TIV containing the pH1N1 strain) to healthy persons who might not be included in the usual provincial program as well as continuing to target those considered to be at high risk of serious outcomes from pH1N1. (canada.ca)
  • Interventions targeting the main risk factors could have a significant impact on reducing the burden of disease worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Coronary artery disease has a number of well determined risk factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Having a type A behavior pattern, a group of personality characteristics including time urgency, competitiveness, hostility, and impatience, is linked to an increased risk of coronary disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another risk factor is inflammatory bowel disease, which includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • While rectal bleeding or anemia are high-risk features in those over the age of 50, other commonly described symptoms including weight loss and change in bowel habit are typically only concerning if associated with bleeding. (wikipedia.org)
  • Seroprevalence of Streptococcus bovis/gallolyticus is considered as a candidate practical marker for the early prediction of an underlying bowel lesion at high risk population. (wikipedia.org)
  • The risk increases the longer a person has the disease, and the worse the severity of inflammation. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is recommended for those at high risk or people traveling to areas where the disease is common. (wikipedia.org)
  • The risk of death may be as high as 20% without treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples of such programs include smoking cessation programs and screenings for high blood pressure or other cardiovascular disease related risk factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • priority
  • For 2010-2011, NACI recommends that three additional groups that experienced a higher incidence of severe outcomes during both waves of the pH1N1 pandemic be considered as priority recipients for influenza vaccine. (canada.ca)
  • incidence
  • The only trouble is that such an over-simplification is grossly misleading: 30 years ago the highest rates of diabetes were indeed to be found in high income countries but in the intervening decades, low and middle income countries have caught up and the incidence there is rising much more quickly. (geographical.co.uk)
  • reduction
  • The region has experienced a 74 per cent reduction in stunting prevalence (low height for age) over a 24 year period, the largest reduction for any region. (unicef.org)
  • progression
  • In this study, liver disease will be examined in HIV, HBV and HIV/HBV co-infected individuals before and after initiation of HBV-active therapies to determine the amount of liver disease at baseline and the effect of HBV-active therapies on liver disease progression. (northwestern.edu)
  • In contrast, women who had high levels of work-related stress experienced a decrease in the diameter of their blood vessels and significantly increased disease progression. (wikipedia.org)
  • population
  • The population is diversified representing the different ethnic and social groups in the country, and comprises students, traders, civil servants, housewives, and low, middle and high income earners from private sectors. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Some micronutrient deficiencies have declined, such as Vitamin A deficiency, due to the high coverage with Vitamin A supplementation supported by UNICEF, while in many countries the population is also no longer iodine deficient thanks to UNICEF-supported efforts on universal salt iodization. (unicef.org)
  • The Cambodian population and healthcare system struggles with many of the diseases common to the Tropics, in particular in rural areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • In general, the adult mortality rate over the six-year period was 8.5 per 1000 adult population, higher for males (9.6) and rural residents (8.6) than females (7.5) and urban residents (8.2). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Yet, only 34 countries - representing 15% of the world population - have high-quality cause of death data and almost all of these data are derived from high-income countries. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Diet
  • The fourth pattern is one of degenerative diseases onset by a diet high in total fat, cholesterol, sugar, and other refined carbohydrates and low in polyunsaturated fatty acids and fiber. (wikipedia.org)
  • liver disease
  • The proposed study "An Assessment of Liver Disease in HIV-infected and HIV/HBV co-infected Tanzanians" aims to assess liver fibrosis in HIV/HBV co-infected as well as HIV and HBV mono- infected individuals in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. (northwestern.edu)