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  • influenza
  • Recent examination of archived EL brain material has failed to demonstrate influenza RNA, adding to the evidence that EL was not an invasive influenza encephalitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • seizures
  • Data from postlicensure studies do not suggest that children aged 4-6 years who received the second dose of MMRV vaccine had an increased risk for febrile seizures after vaccination compared with children the same age who received MMR vaccine and varicella vaccine administered as separate injections at the same visit. (medscape.com)
  • These agents are used to treat seizures associated with encephalitis. (medscape.com)
  • The term limbic encephalitis (LE) was originally coined by Corsellis in 1968, present with the subacute onset of episodic memory impairment, disorientation and agitation, commonly associated with seizures, hallucinations, sleep disturbance and histological evidence of medial temporal lobe inflammation. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is unclear if anticonvulsants used in people with viral encephalitis would prevent seizures. (wikipedia.org)
  • complications
  • The goal of the use of antivirals for herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) and varicella-zoster encephalitis is to shorten the clinical course, prevent complications, prevent the development of latency and/or subsequent recurrences, decrease transmission, and eliminate established latency. (medscape.com)
  • The goals of treatment encompass the traditional goals for localized zoster but also to prevent dissemination and other systemic complications. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Clinicians should also be vigilant for the development of acute complications, including cerebral edema and status epilepticus, as well as chronic complications, including the development of autoimmune encephalitis associated with antibodies to the N -methyl-D-aspartate receptor and other neuronal cell surface and synaptic epitopes. (springer.com)
  • Herein, we review the pathophysiology, differential diagnosis, and clinical and radiological features of herpes simplex virus-1 encephalitis in adults, including a discussion of the most common complications and their treatment. (springer.com)
  • inflammation
  • There has been controversy surrounding the use of glucocorticoids to prevent inflammation associated with herpes zoster. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Also available for immunohistochemical and neuropathologic examination were formalin-fixed postmortem samples of cerebral cortex, basal ganglia, and cerebellum from the patient and from other persons without encephalitis or brain inflammation. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • There is evidence that aberrant inflammation triggered by herpes simplex can result in granulomatous inflammation in the brain, which responds to steroids. (wikipedia.org)
  • vaccine
  • The combined MMRV vaccine (ProQuad) has been shown to be associated with an increased risk of febrile seizure occurring 5-12 days following vaccination at a rate of 1 in 2300-2600 in children aged 12-23 months compared with separate MMR vaccine and varicella vaccine administered simultaneously. (medscape.com)
  • hospitalization
  • Although uncomplicated zoster does not require hospitalization, it is the practice of most specialists to err on the side of caution with immunocompromised patients and those with complicated presentations. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • reported that each year in the United States alone, encephalitis is associated with [approximately equal to] 19,000 hospitalizations (average hospital stay 12 days), 1,400 deaths, and a cost of [approximately equal to] $650 million for encephalitis-associated hospitalization (1). (thefreelibrary.com)
  • aciclovir
  • In those with herpes of the eye, aciclovir may be more effective and safer than idoxuridine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aciclovir is recommended by the CDC for treatment of varicella during pregnancy, especially during the second and third trimesters Aciclovir is excreted in the breast milk, therefore it is recommended that caution should be used in breast-feeding women. (wikipedia.org)