• Causes
  • Causes of increased breakdown include a number of genetic conditions such as sickle cell anemia, infections like malaria, and certain autoimmune diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cancer causes 22.5% of deaths in the United States, so that about 2% of mortality in the United States appears to be due to cancers caused by infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • Worldwide, HPV causes the second largest fraction of infection-associated cancers or 5.2% of the global cancer burden. (wikipedia.org)
  • Common causes include infection with Helicobacter pylori and use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). (wikipedia.org)
  • Other signs and symptoms may include the following: Nausea Vomiting (may be clear, green or yellow, blood-streaked or completely bloody depending on the severity of the stomach inflammation) Belching (does not usually relieve stomach pain if present) Bloating Early satiety Loss of appetite Unexplained weight loss Common causes include Helicobacter pylori and NSAIDs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other potential causes of the symptoms should be excluded including urinary tract infection and high thyroid levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carcinoma Helicobacter pylori infection Causes inflammation of the folds. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • Treatment decisions for dogs and cats should be based on presence of Helicobacter , in combination with appropriate clinical signs and/or gastric lesions. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • This immunological response may cause local damage as well as influence the clinical course of other diseases, including those outside the stomach, thus, opening the field of extragastric manifestations of HP infection. (hkmj.org)
  • We conclude that INFGR1 is unlikely to be involved in the aetiology of H pylori infection or the development of clinical sequelae in German Caucasians. (bmj.com)
  • 6 In relation to clinical disease manifestations, the IFNGR1 locus may affect antibody concentrations but not the clinical course of H pylori infection in Caucasians. (bmj.com)
  • organisms
  • Helicobacter organisms have been identified most commonly in the gastric tissue of dogs and cats, especially in the fundus and cardia of the stomach, but they are also found in the intestinal tract. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • There have been sporadic reports of Helicobacter organisms identified in the hepatic tissue of a dog with multifocal necrotizing hepatitis, as well as in healthy cats and in cats with cholangiohepatitis. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • This assumption is supported by the presence of Helicobacter-like organisms, called GHLOs, in the vomit, feces and saliva of animals that have been infected. (petmd.com)
  • prevalence
  • The method by which this infection is transmitted remains unknown, but because of its higher prevalence in shelter dogs, oral and/or fecal transmission is considered a possibility. (petmd.com)
  • Prevalence of H pylori infection assessed by presence of IgG antibodies to H pylori . (bmj.com)
  • To estimate the prevalence of H. pylori infection and the precancerous gastric lesions and their relationship, in patients with dyspeptic symptoms who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy at a reference center in the central region of Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. (scielo.br)
  • gastric cancer
  • Helicobacter pylori infection has been considered to play significant role in gastric carcinogenesis, but only a minority of people who harbor this organism will develop gastric cancer. (scielo.br)
  • 2 Epidemiological evidence suggests that both infection with H pylori and the consecutive development of clinically relevant pathology are influenced by genetic predisposition as only a fraction of exposed individuals develop infection and likewise a fraction of infected individuals develop ulcers or even gastric cancer. (bmj.com)
  • livers
  • There are some reports of isolation of Helicobacter from the livers of dogs with hepatitis but this remains anecdotal. (petmd.com)
  • antibiotic
  • A few months ago, working in collaboration with the Austrian Society of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, a team of researchers led by infectionologist Christoph Steininger from the Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine at MedUni Vienna's Department of Medicine I conducted a large-scale study into antibiotic resistance of Helicobacter pylori in Austria. (healthcanal.com)
  • In most cases, the cause is unknown, although it may be preceded by a viral infection, antibiotic therapy, or emotional upset. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though an effective antibiotic when all others fail, against extremely drug resistant infections, it has many side effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • parasitic
  • Hives including chronic spontaneous hives can be a complication and symptom of a parasitic infection, such as blastocystosis and strongyloidiasis among others. (wikipedia.org)
  • Parasitic infections strongly associated with cancer include Schistosoma haematobium (squamous cell carcinoma of the bladder) and the liver flukes, Opisthorchis viverrini and Clonorchis sinensis (cholangiocarcinoma). (wikipedia.org)
  • gastrointestinal
  • Immediately, the question arises of whether variation in the interferon γ receptor 1 (IFNGR1) locus is related to H pylori infection or pathology in Caucasian populations We genotyped two polymorphisms at the IFNGR1 locus (rs608914, rs11914) in 344 H pylori infected individuals undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy from northern Germany and 311 healthy blood donors. (bmj.com)
  • therapeutic
  • H pylori infections in people are treated with double or triple antimicrobial agent therapy plus an acid secretory inhibitor (eg, clarithromycin , amoxicillin , bismuth, and ranitidine ) for 2 wk, and similar therapeutic approaches have been used in veterinary medicine. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • Conclusions: These data suggested that weekend therapy with high doses of drugs represents an effective, safe, and inexpensive therapeutic approach for the treatment of H. pylori infection, particularly in patients with duodenal ulcer. (ebscohost.com)
  • Furthermore, they also confirm the relevant role that short-term treatments may play in the therapeutic approach to H. pylori infection, and highlight some important aspects influencing short-term schedules. (ebscohost.com)
  • increased risk
  • Many studies have reported an association between Helicobacter pylori infection and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. (bmj.com)
  • Family social status was independently related to infection in children, with those from blue collar or farming families showing an increased risk of infection compared with children of white collars workers (odds ratio 2.02, 95% confidence interval 1.16 to 3.49). (bmj.com)
  • assess
  • The primary aims of the study are to assess the effects of H pylori infection (and its eradication, on a double blind basis) on digestive symptoms and their treatment and on various other aspects of health and quality of life. (bmj.com)
  • To assess the rate of intrafamilial transmission of Helicobacter pylori infection in the general population and the role of a family's social background. (bmj.com)
  • significantly higher
  • Systolic blood pressure was significantly higher in subjects with helicobacter infection before adjustment for age, sex, body mass index (weight (kg)/(height (m) 2 )), smoking, and high alcohol intake, but significantly lower after these adjustments (see table). (bmj.com)
  • urea
  • Of the 10 537 subjects enrolled in the project, 1634 (15.5%) were positive for H pylori infection on a 13 C- urea breath test, using 100 mg 13 C urea with a standard orange juice and citric acid test meal and a cut off of 3.5 δ 13 C per ml. (bmj.com)
  • treatment
  • subsequent goals include identifying treatment strategies that are effective in this region and developing recommendations for health policy aimed at management of H pylori infection. (hindawi.com)
  • More specifically, this data is used as an indicator of the presence of a Helicobacter Pylori ("HP") infection in the stomach as well as of the effectiveness of treatment for an HP infection in the stomach. (google.com.au)
  • Presently treatment for HP infections often involves use of a combination of drugs including antibiotics and components that directly increase the pH of the gastric juice. (google.com.au)
  • To diagnose and monitor the results of treatment for HP infection, serological methods may not be optimal, since antibodies may remain the blood for months after an infection is eliminated. (google.com.au)
  • It was found that Helicobacter pylori infection is often resistant to standard antibiotics and therefore requires alternative forms of treatment. (healthcanal.com)
  • As proton-pump inhibition can suppress infection, any treatment with this class of drug should be ceased 2 weeks prior to biopsy retrieval. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment is aimed at removing the irritant or infection. (wikipedia.org)