• Hypoplastic Left Hea
  • What is Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome? (cdc.gov)
  • Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is a birth defect that affects normal blood flow through the heart. (cdc.gov)
  • Hypoplastic left heart syndrome is one type of congenital heart defect. (cdc.gov)
  • Often, babies with hypoplastic left heart syndrome also have an atrial septal defect , which is a hole between the left and right upper chambers (atria) of the heart. (cdc.gov)
  • In babies with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, the left side of the heart cannot pump oxygen-rich blood to the body properly. (cdc.gov)
  • During the first few days of life for a baby with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, the oxygen-rich blood bypasses the poorly functioning left side of the heart through the patent ductus arteriosus and the patent foramen ovale. (cdc.gov)
  • However, among babies with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, when these openings close, it becomes hard for oxygen-rich blood to get to the rest of the body. (cdc.gov)
  • 1 In other words, about 1 out of every 4,344 babies born in the United States each year is born with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. (cdc.gov)
  • Teagan was born with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. (cdc.gov)
  • The causes of heart defects such as hypoplastic left heart syndrome among most babies are unknown. (cdc.gov)
  • Hypoplastic left heart syndrome may be diagnosed during pregnancy or soon after the baby is born. (cdc.gov)
  • Hypoplastic left heart syndrome may be diagnosed during pregnancy with an ultrasound, (which creates pictures of the body). (cdc.gov)
  • Some findings from the ultrasound may make the health care provider suspect a baby may have hypoplastic left heart syndrome. (cdc.gov)
  • It is also part of the surgical treatment path for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • patent ductus art
  • When a baby is growing in a mother's womb during pregnancy, there are two small openings between the left and right sides of the heart: the patent ductus arteriosus and the patent foramen ovale . (cdc.gov)
  • Taussig, who treated hundreds of infants and children with this disorder, had observed that children with a cyanotic heart defect and a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) lived longer than those without the PDA. (wikipedia.org)
  • tetralogy
  • According to the account of the original consultation between the three provided in Vivien Thomas' 1985 autobiography Partners of the Heart, Taussig carefully described the anomaly of Tetralogy of Fallot, but made no suggestion about the specific surgical correction required, observing merely that it should be possible to get more blood to the lungs, "as a plumber changes pipes around. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a congenital heart defect that is present at birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is not to be confused with the similarly named teratology, a field of medicine concerned with abnormal development and congenital malformations (including tetralogy of Fallot). (wikipedia.org)
  • Below are the four heart malformations that present together in tetralogy of Fallot: There is anatomic variation between the hearts of individuals with tetralogy of Fallot. (wikipedia.org)
  • fetal echocardiogram
  • A fetal echocardiogram is a specialized type of ultrasound that allows diagnosis of heart problems in utero. (kidshealth.org)
  • If so, the health care provider can request a fetal echocardiogram , an ultrasound of the baby's heart, to confirm the diagnosis.This test can show problems with the structure of the heart and how the heart is working with this defect. (cdc.gov)
  • syndrome
  • A number of genetic conditions are associated with heart defects including Down syndrome , Turner syndrome , and Marfan syndrome . (wikipedia.org)
  • Hypoplastic (pronounced hi-puh-PLAS-tik) left heart syndrome or HLHS is a birth defect that affects normal blood flow through the heart. (cdc.gov)
  • In addition, NKX2-5 is associated with defects in the electrical conduction of the heart and TBX5 is related to the Holt-Oram syndrome which includes electrical conduction defects and abnormalities of the upper limb. (wikipedia.org)
  • she discovered one type of defect, scimitar syndrome, in 1960. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neill discovered and named scimitar syndrome, in which blood is returned from the lungs to the wrong side of the heart, in 1960. (wikipedia.org)
  • Young-Madders syndrome is detectable from the fetal stage of development largely due to the distinctive consequences of holoprosencephaly, a spectrum of defects or malformations of the brain and face. (wikipedia.org)
  • echocardiogram
  • The cardiologist will probably order an echocardiogram - a test that uses sound waves to create a picture of the heart and its circulation. (kidshealth.org)
  • respiratory infections
  • Some children have no signs while others may exhibit shortness of breath, cyanosis , fainting , heart murmur , under-development of limbs and muscles, poor feeding or growth, or respiratory infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • surgery
  • Other may be effectively treated with catheter based procedures or heart surgery . (wikipedia.org)
  • At CHKD, our expert surgeons can quickly perform specialized heart surgery for even the smallest patients. (chkd.org)
  • CHKD pediatric heart surgeons use minimally invasive procedures to correct heart defects whenever possible in order to reduce the risks associated with surgery. (chkd.org)
  • In other cases, surgery or a cardiac catheterization may be needed to reduce the effects of and/or repair the defect. (heart.org)
  • This surgery had not been possible prior to 1975 because of difficulty with re-implanting coronary arteries which perfuse the actual heart muscle itself (myocardium), and even after it was first performed the excellent results from the Mustard operation meant that it was a long time before the Jatene procedure took over. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 2004 HBO television movie Something the Lord Made, based on Washingtonian writer Katie McCabe's 1989 article of the same name, was made about his role in the historic Blue Baby surgery, as was the 2003 public television documentary Partners of the Heart. (wikipedia.org)
  • Partners of the Heart: Vivien Thomas and His Work with Alfred Blalock, by Vivien T. Thomas (originally published as Pioneering Research in Surgical Shock and Cardiovascular Surgery: Vivien Thomas and His Work with Alfred Blalock), University of Pennsylvania Press, 1985. (wikipedia.org)
  • procedure
  • Many kids with heart problems benefit from having their hearts fixed surgically or through a cardiac catheterization procedure. (kidshealth.org)
  • The hole was damaging Mike's heart- so he had a catheter procedure to close it. (fox11online.com)
  • The systemic venous return goes directly to the lungs, by-passing the heart.Very young children with elevated pulmonary vascular resistance may not able to undergo the Fontan procedure. (wikipedia.org)
  • She took up a post at the Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore as an assistant to Helen B. Taussig, the founder of the field of paediatric cardiology and one of the originators of the Blalock-Taussig shunt, a lifesaving procedure to treat certain heart defects. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lung
  • National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. (mayoclinic.org)
  • However, in the presence of a congenital defect with impaired lung perfusion (e.g. (wikipedia.org)
  • After a period on the faculty at the University of Pennsylvania, Lo joined the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), one of the United States National Institutes of Health, to serve as chief of the Laboratory of Developmental Biology in 2001. (wikipedia.org)
  • baby's
  • After a complete physical exam, including evaluation of the baby's heart rate and blood pressure, the cardiologist will order an electrocardiogram (EKG). (kidshealth.org)
  • Some heart defects may be inherited, but in many cases they happen by chance during a baby's development. (chkd.org)
  • Cardiology
  • She co-authored two books: The Heart of a Child (1992), aimed at parents, and The Developing Heart - A "History" of Pediatric Cardiology (1995). (wikipedia.org)
  • Common
  • Common reasons for this type of treatment include heart valve replacements, heart rhythm disorders or prior complicated surgeries such as the Fontan operation. (heart.org)
  • Mike Dimaggio's is one of the more common defects, but it may never be detected in some people. (fox11online.com)
  • severe
  • Heart defects can range from mild to severe. (kidshealth.org)
  • These defects range anywhere from leaky valves and holes in the walls of the heart to more severe forms, where blood vessels or heart chambers may be missing, poorly formed and/or in the wrong place. (ohsu.edu)
  • Facial defects which may manifest in the eyes, nose, and upper lip, featuring cyclopia, anosmia, or in the growth of only a single central incisor, and severe overlapping of the bones of the skull. (wikipedia.org)
  • genetic
  • Many cases often suffer with several other genetic disorders, and some have presented with hypoplasia, cleft lip, cardiac lesions and other heart defects. (wikipedia.org)
  • They have developed particular interest in the functional role of cilia in heart development and in contributions of genetic defects in ciliary function to clinical outcomes, especially with respect to cases of heterotaxy. (wikipedia.org)
  • circulation
  • It increases pressure on the left side of the heart, decreasing the right to left shunt thus decreasing the amount of deoxygenated blood entering the systemic circulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • upper limb
  • A publication in the Journal of Medical Genetics in 1987 by Dr. I. Young and D. Madders of Leicester Royal Infirmary in the United Kingdom described the then-unknown condition when presenting "a stillborn male infant with pre-maxillary agenesis, bilateral microphthalmos, alobar holoprosencephaly, hydrocephalus, ventricular and atrial septal defects, small penis, bilateral cryptorchidism, and bilateral upper limb postaxial polydactyly. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tricuspid
  • Because of this lack of blood flowing through the right side of the heart, the structures on that side, such as the pulmonary valve and the tricuspid valve, are abnormally small. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood vessels
  • The problems may involve the interior walls of the heart, the heart valves , or the large blood vessels that lead to and from the heart. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some factors that affect how well the child does include how well the heart is beating, and the condition of the blood vessels that supply the heart. (wikipedia.org)