• poverty
  • However, high levels of poverty, inequality, and stigma towards HIV remain major barriers to HIV prevention in Lesotho. (wikipedia.org)
  • The United States has higher rates of poverty and income inequality than do most rich democracies. (nap.edu)
  • The Board can play its part by demanding a strong commitment from him that will set the Bank on a path of development relevant to today's world, that is responsible and accountable, and that places poverty and inequality reduction at the core of an action plan for the years to come. (oxfamblogs.org)
  • Venezuela's representative noted with alarm that poverty and inequality were becoming globalized. (un.org)
  • 3 Potential adverse effects include poor health among women and children, slow economic growth and poverty, overcrowded schools and clinics and an overburdened infrastructure, as well as the depletion of environmental resources. (guttmacher.org)
  • From 1985 to 2009, the overall number of delinquent crimes committed by juvenile girls increased by 86% while it increased by only 17% of juvenile boys in the U.S. A 2015 report by the Georgetown Law Center on Poverty and Inequality and the Human Rights Project for Girls provided statistics on the number of girls entering the juvenile justice system in the United States by race. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other factors such as poverty, low levels of education and literacy, political instability combined with gender inequality make the tasks challenging. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its goal is to reduce poverty through both development initiatives and family planning programs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The original mission of the Population and Community Association was to supplement the efforts of the Thai government to reduce poverty by promoting family planning. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rural poverty is often discussed in conjunction with spatial inequality, which in this context refers to the inequality between urban and rural areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both rural poverty and spatial inequality are global phenomena, but like poverty in general, there are higher rates of rural poverty in developing countries than in developed countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Poverty and isolation literature defines this as access to inputs and output markets, access to education and health services, and access to labour opportunities through which road access contributes to reduced poverty. (wikipedia.org)
  • healthcare
  • The need to promote maternal health in Ghana has committed the government to extend maternal healthcare services to the door steps of rural families through the community-based Health Planning and Services. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Based on the concerns raised in previous studies that male spouses were indifferent towards maternal healthcare, this study sought the views of men on their involvement in maternal healthcare in their respective communities and at the household levels in the various Community-based Health Planning and Services zones in Awutu-Senya West District in the Central Region of Ghana. (biomedcentral.com)
  • As a result of this unequal social order, women are usually relegated into positions where they are not only more vulnerable to suffering from health problems, but also less able to have access and control over healthcare resources than men. (wikipedia.org)
  • Topics include critical issues for the future of healthcare in the U.S., leadership and politics in public health, partnerships to improve public health, leading and managing change in public health organizations, and improvement in public health practice. (uml.edu)
  • Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education (MoHME) for the first time, as such, has sought to improve the operational management of healthcare delivery within a reform agenda by setting benchmarks for 'number of visit per hour' and waiting time in outpatient clinics of about 700 affiliated hospitals. (ijhpm.com)
  • According to the findings, Iran's healthcare system has failed to realize the aim of five-year national development plan regarding CHE prevalence (1% CHE prevalence according to the plan). (springer.com)
  • Various public healthcare facilities, including county or city hospitals, community health centers, township health centers, were founded to serve diverse needs. (wikipedia.org)
  • In October 2009, Chen zhu, head of the Ministry of Health, declared the pursuit of Healthy China 2020, a program to provide universal healthcare access and treatment for all of China by 2020, mostly by revised policies in nutrition, agriculture, food, and social marketing. (wikipedia.org)
  • In October 2016, after President Xi Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang's relevant theme speech at China National Health and Well-being conference in Beijing, China National Health and Family Planning Commission issued the Healthy China 2030 Planning Outline, the most recent comprehensive framework on the goals and plans of its healthcare reform. (wikipedia.org)
  • World Health Organ
  • Health disparity has been defined by the World Health Organization as the differences in health care received by different groups of people that are not only unnecessary and avoidable but also unfair and unjust. (wikipedia.org)
  • Over the past three decades, the Government of Lesotho, in collaboration with global organizations such as The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (Global Fund), World Health Organization (WHO), and President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), has dramatically improved HIV testing and treatment coverage through comprehensive program implementation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lesotho committed itself to the World Health Organization (WHO) goal of having 28,000 people on antiretroviral therapy (ART) by the end of 2005. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the most common methods is the definition of World Health Organization (WHO) of CHE. (springer.com)
  • The World Health Organization defines health as the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health and is one of the fundamental rights of every human being. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) defines maternal health as the health of women during pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ministry of Hea
  • In 2003, the Ministry of Health estimated that there were around 100,000 children under the age of 15 in Lesotho's 10 districts who had lost one or both parents to AIDS. (wikipedia.org)
  • Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education website. (ijhpm.com)
  • Within the public sector, there is the Ministry of Health and Social Security (MOH), the Guatemalan Social Security Institute (IGSS), and the Military Health Service. (wikipedia.org)
  • China's government, specifically the National Health and Family Planning Commission (formerly the Ministry of Health), plays a leading role in these reforms. (wikipedia.org)
  • After 1949, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) took control of China, and the Ministry of Health effectively controlled China's health care system and policies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Millennium Devel
  • The international consensus on this issue is reflected in the Millennium Development Goals, specifically in Target 5.b.-to provide universal access to reproductive health by 2015 and to reduce the unmet need for family planning. (guttmacher.org)
  • The country is on its way to develop a solid health care system, and is working toward achieving many of the Millennium Development Goals in place. (wikipedia.org)
  • Uganda is slow in its progress in the fifth goal of improving maternal health in its Millennium Development Goals. (wikipedia.org)
  • life expectancy
  • T he United States and many other nations should take pride in the dramatic gains in life expectancy and disease survival rates that they have achieved in the past century, a credit to major advances in medicine and public health. (nap.edu)
  • The project aims to achieve these key goals by 2030: continuous improve in people's health conditions, raise life expectancy to 79, effective control on main health-endangering factors, substantial improve in health service, notable expansion in health industry, establishment of inclusive health-improving regulatory systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • stakeholders
  • Based on these cases, we identify three key drivers for success in bridging the gap between OR and global health policy, namely international collaboration with stakeholders, use of contextually appropriate data, and varied communication outlets for research findings. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Poor availability of representative and quality data, and a lack of collaboration between those who develop OR models and stakeholders in the contexts where OR analyses are intended to serve, were found to be common challenges for effective OR modelling in global health. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Mainly due to resistance by domestic stakeholders and failed program implementation. (wikipedia.org)
  • inequities
  • however, many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), especially in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia, continue to experience high health inequities, both within and between countries [ 3 , 4 ]. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Social inequities in health are defined by the uneven distribution of social conditions and determinants and these clearly play their part at individual city local levels. (port.ac.uk)
  • priorities
  • The EcoDistricts Protocol, a major output of the program, uses an inclusive and transparent multi-stakeholder collaborative approach to establish the planning process, set clear project priorities and implement a development plan to create just, resource efficient and healthy neighborhoods. (clintonfoundation.org)
  • Unemployment
  • Unemployment was shooting up, education and health programmes were being cut and there was an exploitation of labour in favour of the irresponsible owners of banks and other institutions, he said. (un.org)
  • Sen argues that health only improves during economic prosperity if there is a shift in resource allocation towards health and education, equitable distribution of income, and extensive employment programs to decrease the unemployment rate. (wikipedia.org)
  • refers
  • Equity in health refers to the situation whereby every individual has a fair opportunity to attain their full health potential, and that no one should be denied from achieving this potential. (wikipedia.org)
  • Global health' broadly refers to " an area for study, research, and practice that places a priority on improving health and achieving equity in health for all people worldwide " [ 1 ]. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • care
  • Women are also restricted from receiving many opportunities, such as education and paid labor, that can help improve their accessibility to better health care resources. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research has shown that if men and women received similar nutrition, medical attention, and general health care, women would live longer than men. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vissers J, Beech R. Health operations management: patient flow logistics in health care. (ijhpm.com)
  • Heshmati B, Joulaei H. Iran's health-care system in transition. (ijhpm.com)
  • Rad AM. A survey of total quality management in Iran: Barriers to successful implementation in health care organizations. (ijhpm.com)
  • Int J Health Care Qual Assur Inc Leadersh Health Serv. (ijhpm.com)
  • Mosadeghrad AM. Obstacles to TQM success in health care systems. (ijhpm.com)
  • Positive health: the human right to health care under the New York State Constitution. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • In his first State of the State address, former New York Governor Eliot Spitzer recognized the urgent need to "reform our health care system. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • 1) He explained that "when 2.8 million New Yorkers can't afford health insurance, that affects not only them and their families, it affects everyone," and promised to take steps to make health care more affordable and accessible to all New Yorkers. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • As the governor recognized, access to quality health care is essential to realizing our full potential as individuals, families, communities, and as a society. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Our workforce is more productive and our economy more robust when workers and their families receive quality health care. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Affordability of care promotes not only good health, but also economic security. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • In addition, the affordability and quality of the health care that all of us receive improves drastically when our system prevents and treats health problems early and through regular, rather than emergency, care. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Those ill effects are exacerbated when some communities are repeatedly burdened with multiple barriers to quality care, and when the racial or economic make-up of communities plays a role in determining who has access to care. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Equal access to quality health care for all New Yorkers is a top priority for the State's residents. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • 5) An overwhelming majority of New Yorkers believe that everyone in the State has a right to health care, (6) and hold federal, state, and local government responsible for fulfilling that right. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Despite these views, many New York communities lack access to basic health care services. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Neighborhoods with the greatest health care needs, disproportionately low-income and communities of color, often have the fewest health care resources. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • In this Article, we argue that the New York State Constitution creates a legal right to equal access to quality health care for all New Yorkers. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • We also outline the dimensions of the right to health care required under the text and history of the State Constitution, as informed by parallel provisions, international and federal law, as well as social science research. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • In Part III, we provide an overview of additional laws that guarantee equal access to quality health care, focusing on racial, linguistic, socioeconomic, and geographic equity. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Considered together with the New York State Constitution, these laws establish that all New Yorkers have a legal right to equal access to quality health care. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The State must ensure that all New Yorkers have access to health care, remedying the absolute deprivations of health care that many low-income New York communities currently face, and ensuring that health care services are equitably distributed to meet health care needs. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • From population-based prevention to individual-level clinical care, global health encompasses health issues and solutions that transcend borders, and involves a collaborative and interdisciplinary effort [ 1 ]. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The U.S. health system is highly fragmented, with weak public health and primary care components and a large uninsured population. (nap.edu)
  • Therefore, revision of financial health care protection policies focusing on pre-payments seems mandatory. (springer.com)
  • 13 The key cause of this unmet need for contraception is that contraception is often quite costly to individuals in terms of commodities (pills, condoms, IUDs, etc.), transportation, and provider fees for contraceptives and health care services, even when subsidies are provided by the government. (guttmacher.org)
  • Findings in the report included estimated prevalence of severe mental illness among adults and severe emotional disturbance in children, the existence of effective treatments, and barriers to care. (wikipedia.org)
  • Much of the support for the program has centered on the commission's emphasis on recovery from mental illness, its call for consumer and family-centered care, and its recommendation that states develop a more comprehensive approach to mental health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mental Health Care Is Consumer and Family Driven. (wikipedia.org)
  • Develop an individualized plan of care for every adult with a serious mental illness and child with a serious emotional disturbance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health in Guatemala is focused on many different systems of prevention and care. (wikipedia.org)
  • Guatemala's Constitution states that every citizen has the universal right to health care. (wikipedia.org)
  • The health care system in place today developed out of the Civil War in Guatemala. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Civil War prevented social reforms from occurring, especially in the sector of health care. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today, there have been many reforms to the health care system, but the current system continues to have significant problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the Civil War broke out in Guatemala, social improvements in health care were brought to a halt. (wikipedia.org)
  • The focus on health care was generally abandoned throughout the period of war when the country experienced a period of "privatization through attrition," which generated poor service and low health care coverage for decades to follow. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, it was the emergence of NGOs and other community organizations that allowed for basic health care to be provided to the general population. (wikipedia.org)
  • Once the Guatemalan Civil War ended in 1996 with the signing of the Peace Accords, health care was placed in the hands of a new democratic government. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, starting in 1999, the health care system was improved with increased government spending and aid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today, the Guatemalan health care system is split into three separate divisions: the public, private nonprofit, and private for-profit sectors. (wikipedia.org)
  • This sector of the health care system formally covers about 88% of the population. (wikipedia.org)
  • The public sector works to provide care through hospitals, health facilities, and various health centers, whereas the private sector allocates resources within private offices, clinics, and hospitals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Very few funds are allocated to health care within Guatemala. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a share of GDP, health care spending in Guatemala is one of the lowest in Central America (2.6 percent). (wikipedia.org)
  • The health care system requires more funds to improve the coverage and overall health care system in Guatemala. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unsafe sex and drug injection practices, civil conflict, internal and external mobility, and limited adequate health care delivery multiply the difficulties of addressing HIV/AIDS. (wikipedia.org)
  • Under the Chinese government, the country's officials, rather than local governments, largely determined access to health care. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some of these activities include: health care, HIV/AIDS services and awareness, access to clean water resources, reliable means of income, environmental conservation, gender equality, youth education and services, democratic engagement, and small-scale business initiatives, including village owned banks providing micro-credit loans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Like many developing countries, Uganda has high maternal mortality rates, which is often reflective of access to health care services. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even when health care services are available, they are often understaffed and low on supplies which can also have an effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sen writes, "The factors that can contribute to health achievements and failures go well beyond health care, and include many influences of very different kinds, varying from (genetic) propensities, individual incomes, food habits and lifestyle, on the one hand, to the epidemiological environment and work conditions, on the other. (wikipedia.org)
  • We have to go well beyond the delivery and distribution of health care to get an adequate understanding of health achievement and capability. (wikipedia.org)
  • The report found that at least 20% of the burden of disease in children below the age of 5 is related to poor maternal health and nutrition, as well as quality of care at delivery and during the newborn period. (wikipedia.org)
  • improve
  • Planning, implementation, and evaluation of initiatives designed to improve public health are discussed. (uml.edu)
  • Recent Iranian Health System Reform: An Operational Perspective to Improve Health Services Quality', International Journal of Health Policy and Management , 7(1), pp. 70-74. (ijhpm.com)
  • Have you ever wondered what practical things you could do to improve the health and wellbeing of your local community? (docme.ru)
  • Since the 1960s, alongside efforts to increase educational opportunity and improve health conditions, the main policy response to concern about rapid population growth has been the implementation of voluntary family planning programs * that provide information about, and access to, contraceptives. (guttmacher.org)
  • citation needed] Noting the country's services for people with mental illness and disabilities were "fragmented," the commission's final report offered 19 recommendations within six larger goals to improve service coordination, move toward a recovery model, and help all individuals with mental illness and disability recover: Americans Understand that Mental Health Is Essential to Overall Health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Align relevant Federal programs to improve access and accountability for mental health services. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1997, the MOH established a program called the Expansion of Coverage Program (PEC), which worked to improve the availability of health and nutrition services to young children and women in rural areas of Guatemala. (wikipedia.org)
  • Public health campaigns to improve environmental and hygienic conditions were also implemented, especially in urban areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • centers
  • Township health centers were the second tier of the RCMS, consisting of small, outpatient clinics that primarily hired medical professionals that were subsidized by the Chinese government. (wikipedia.org)
  • Together with barefoot doctors, township health centers were utilized for most common illnesses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Historically
  • Historically, health promotion initiatives have been developed using a 'top-down' approach, which have yielded mixed results. (biomedcentral.com)
  • needs update] Philippine Labor Migration Policy has historically focused on removing barriers for migrant workers to increase accessibility for employment abroad. (wikipedia.org)
  • maternal health
  • In recognition of the importance of male involvement, the strategic plan of the Ghana Health Service emphasises the involvement of males, especially in the CHPS programmes aimed at promoting maternal health at the household and community levels. (biomedcentral.com)
  • prevalence
  • According to the 2014 Lesotho Demographic and Health Survey (LDHS), prevalence among women has increased from 26% in 2004 to 30% in 2014, whereas male HIV prevalence has stagnated around 19% over the same time period. (wikipedia.org)
  • The present study had two aims: first, to estimate the prevalence and intensity of catastrophic health expenditures (CHE) in Iran. (springer.com)
  • citation needed] The commission reported that "despite their prevalence, mental disorders often go undiagnosed," so it recommended comprehensive mental health screening for "consumers of all ages," including preschool children, because "each year, young children are expelled from preschools and childcare facilities for severely disruptive behaviors and emotional disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • High maternal mortality rates persist in Uganda due to an overall low use of contraceptives, limited capacity of health facilities to manage abortion/miscarriage complications and prevalence of HIV/AIDS among pregnant women. (wikipedia.org)
  • education
  • Still other speakers pointed to inequality as a source of the world's current woes, calling for strategies and programmes that would even the playing field in such areas as employment, education, food security and access to basic social services. (un.org)
  • The most typical application was the telecentre, used to bring information on development issues such as health, education, and agricultural extension, into poor communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Women facing just working conditions are more likely to provide their children with adequate nutrition, better education and sufficient health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Researchers at the ODI conducted a literature review to assess the relationship between all types of roads and both their security impacts and the effects of road building on access to for example health and education (service delivery) particularly in fragile, sparsely populated and/or ill-served rural areas in developing countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • regard
  • In that regard, trade barriers and the fulfilment of official development assistance (ODA) commitments, among other things, required urgent attention. (un.org)
  • services
  • Mohebbifar R, Hasanpoor E, Mohseni M, Sokhanvar M, Khosravizadeh O, Mousavi Isfahani H. Outpatient waiting time in health services and teaching hospitals: a case study in Iran. (ijhpm.com)
  • Health can then be improved through creating opportunities for high levels of community participation that will lead to high social cohesion, reduced fear of crime, improved security and services, provision of green spaces, walkability, active transport and availability of good food (Marmot, 2015) 1 . (port.ac.uk)
  • These taonga can be gifted to others so that: п‚· п‚· п‚· п‚· 1 Through further discussion comes understanding By understanding comes light Through light comes wisdom Through wisdom comes well-being1 As quoted on Auckland Regional Public Health Services website, http://www.arphs.govt.nz/ 2 CONTENTS Page 1. (docme.ru)
  • Unfortunately, this neglect is encouraged by a small group of influential and determined critics of family planning, whose superficially plausible arguments encourage policymakers and donors to reduce investments in contraceptive services and supplies. (guttmacher.org)
  • However, there is low awareness of this agreement and as a result many migrants avoid any contact with the state, including health services. (wikipedia.org)
  • public
  • This course provides a foundation for the analysis of social and behavioral influences on public health. (uml.edu)
  • The course reviews prominent concepts in the social and behavioral sciences and provides examples of their impact on public health. (uml.edu)
  • Psychosocial theories of health promotion and how they inform public health practice are analyzed. (uml.edu)
  • Public health competencies in social and behavioral sciences provide a foundation for the course content. (uml.edu)
  • The course provides students with a foundation of public health practice and management. (uml.edu)
  • From this collection of literature, a narrative description of the use of OR across four main application areas of global health - health systems and operations, clinical medicine, public health and health innovation - is also presented. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • PROMOTING PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELLBEING IN YOUR COMMUNITY June 2010 He huihuinga tangata, he pЕ«kenga kЕЌrero, he taonga tukuiho Ma te whakaatu ka mЕЌhio, Ma te mЕЌhio ka mДЃrama, Ma te mДЃrama ka mДЃtau, Ma te mДЃtau kДЃ ora People coming together to share thoughts and ideas become the repositories of valuable knowledge and expertise. (docme.ru)
  • What is public health and how does it relate to community wellbeing…6 2.1 2.2 2.3 3. (docme.ru)
  • 7 The relationship between health and other factors affecting Wellbeing…………………………………………………………8 International milestones in public health……………………………….10 3.1 3.2 3.3 4. (docme.ru)
  • If so, this Public Health Association New Zealand (PHANZ) guide to Promoting Public Health and Wellbeing in Your Community is for you. (docme.ru)
  • It's not just the overall availability of resources that improves health, but the access by the public to those resources. (wikipedia.org)
  • expenditures
  • Beside other financial indices, catastrophic health expenditures (CHE) are used to evaluate and monitor financial protection in health systems across the world. (springer.com)
  • As Verduga mentions, the total GDP expenditures on health was only about 1 to 2 percent during this period of war. (wikipedia.org)
  • In total, the Guatemalan government's expenditures on health were about $196 US dollars in 2010. (wikipedia.org)
  • thereby
  • In this way potential problems can be realized early because the process would have involved the community in identifying the need and thereby allowed the opportunity to identify potential barriers. (wikipedia.org)
  • prevention
  • Tobacco use is the single most preventable cause of ill health and death in Australia, and this strategy sets out a clear, ongoing direction for the prevention of smoking in Australia. (nationaldrugstrategy.gov.au)
  • reform
  • Rezaei S, Rahimi Foroushani A, Arab M, Jaafaripooyan E. Effects of the new health reform plan on the performance indicators of Hamedan university hospitals (Persian). (ijhpm.com)
  • citation needed] A broad-based coalition of mental health consumers, families, providers, and advocates has supported the Commission process and recommendations, using the Commission's findings as a launching point for recommending widespread reform of the nation's mental health system. (wikipedia.org)
  • economic
  • Smoking in linked to inequality, with people with low socio-economic status, Indigenous peoples, those with mental health issues, same-sex attracted women and young mothers exhibiting higher levels of smoking. (nationaldrugstrategy.gov.au)
  • Pathways to poor health have multifaceted contributors that include environmental factors, lifestyle choices, inherent sensitivities, social capital and economic status. (port.ac.uk)
  • Realizing that a high population growth rate is a barrier to economic development, the PDA's focus has been on implementing family planning programs to lower the population growth rate. (wikipedia.org)
  • reduce
  • The choice of voluntary family planning programs as the principal policy instrument to reduce fertility has been based largely on the documentation of a substantial level of unwanted childbearing and an unsatisfied demand for contraception. (guttmacher.org)
  • Initially, the PDA sought to reduce population growth by focusing on efforts both to combat child mortality and to encourage family planning. (wikipedia.org)
  • influences
  • My research will evaluate and compare, the as yet, undefined unrecognized per 111c ceived neighbourhood environmental influences that are contributing to the health and wellbeing status of residents living in two or more contrasting socioeconomic wards within Portsmouth, Hampshire. (port.ac.uk)
  • social
  • WHO has defined health as "a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, planned social evaluation has been documented as dating as far back as 2200 BC. (wikipedia.org)
  • government's
  • In the early 1970s, Viravaidya was the Minister of Industry but became frustrated with the government's inability to implement a national family planning policy. (wikipedia.org)
  • rural
  • Ever since its creation, the PEC has expanded immensely, now covering about 54% of the health and nutrition needs of rural Guatemalans. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Population and Community Development Association has concentrated on reaching rural towns and villages with family planning and development programs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since its inception, the program mission has expanded to include rural development and the improvement of overall health conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • levels
  • In May 1946, the first plan stated that German heavy industry was to be lowered to 50% of its 1938 levels by the destruction of 1,500 listed manufacturing plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • important
  • This will lead to the development of guiding principles for the implementation of urban farming as an important solution for the regeneration of compact cities. (port.ac.uk)
  • Amartya K. Sen, a feminist economist, adds to that as he said that health is among the most important conditions of human life and a critically significant constituent of human capabilities which we have reason to value. (wikipedia.org)
  • aims
  • This manuscript aims to shed some light on the operational challenges of the initiative and the requirements of its successful implementation. (ijhpm.com)
  • males
  • While both males and females face health disparities, girls and women experience a majority of health disparities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Girls have higher rates of mental health issues such as anger, depression and suicidal thinking and victimization, violence and abuse than males. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus
  • Diet is causing obesity issues, and an influx of modern transportation is negatively affecting urban environments and thus health. (wikipedia.org)
  • principles
  • Whole-systems thinking and backcasting from sustainability principles form the basis for numerous applications and tools to plan and (re-)design organisational strategy, organisational processes, product/service innovation and business models. (wikipedia.org)
  • It can be used to analyze any complex system of any type or scale (e.g. human body, the game of chess or soccer, an organization, a sustainability concept) and helps to plan, decide and act strategically towards success based on principles determined by the working of the system (e.g. treat cancer, win chess or soccer, manage a successful business, design useful tools). (wikipedia.org)
  • sustainability
  • better planning and organisation, greater collaboration with schools and external partners and elements addressing sustainability. (biomedcentral.com)
  • They will also guide the development of an integrated infrastructure master plan that not only embraces existing goals and targets but sets new inspirational sustainability goals. (clintonfoundation.org)