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  • vitro
  • HDLs inhibit expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and E-selectin both in vitro 4-6 and in vivo 3,7,8 in a process that may be secondary to a suppression of NF-κB activity. (ahajournals.org)
  • The bone marrow is a rich source of mesenchymal cells, which can be differentiated in vitro into Schwann cells and subsequently engrafted into the damaged nerve. (hindawi.com)
  • Cell culture is a type of in vitro technique where the cells are grown in an artificially created environment, which look like the in vivo environment. (sbwire.com)
  • Fetal bovine serum is the most widely used serum-supplement for the in vitro cell culture of eukaryotic cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fetal bovine serum is commercially available from many manufacturers, and because cells grown in vitro are highly sensitive, customers usually test specific batches to check for suitability for their specific cell type. (wikipedia.org)
  • Using human pluripotent stem cells to create in vitro cerebral organoids allows researchers to summarize current developmental mechanisms for human neural tissue as well as study the roots of human neurological diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Organ culture is a development from tissue culture methods of research, the organ culture is able to accurately model functions of an organ in various states and conditions by the use of the actual in vitro organ itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • Parts of an organ or a whole organ can be cultured in vitro. (wikipedia.org)
  • And after the plantlet develops in vitro, then the ex-planting process can often be very stressful and result in plant death, which isn't a problem for pre-acclimated plantlets grown via photoautotrophic tissue culture (In this context, pre-acclimated refers to plantlets that have developed a cuticle and have been cultivated in an open air system as opposed to the closed system seen in typical operations). (wikipedia.org)
  • They showed that opposing gradients of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) and Nodal, two transforming growth factor family members that act as morphogens, are sufficient to induce molecular and cellular mechanisms required to organize, in vivo or in vitro, uncommitted cells of the zebrafish blastula animal pole into a well-developed embryo. (wikipedia.org)
  • They form characteristic cell clusters in suspension culture that express a set of genes associated with pluripotency and can differentiate into endodermal, ectodermal and mesodermal cells both in vitro and in vivo. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Animal is a journal of the Society for In Vitro Biology and publishes articles reporting results of research in cellular, molecular, and developmental biology that employ or are relevant to organs, tissue, tumors, and cells in vitro. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Society for In Vitro Biology was founded in 1946 as the Tissue Culture Association to foster the exchange of knowledge of in vitro biology of cells, tissues, and organs from both plants and animals (including humans). (wikipedia.org)
  • Somatic embryos are mainly produced in vitro and for laboratory purposes, using either solid or liquid nutrient media which contain plant growth regulators (PGR's). (wikipedia.org)
  • endothelial cells
  • Objective- The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) to upregulate genes with the potential to protect against inflammation in endothelial cells. (ahajournals.org)
  • Methods and Results- Human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAECs) were exposed to reconstituted HDLs (rHDLs) for 16 hours before being activated with tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) for 5 hours. (ahajournals.org)
  • 4,5,9 We now provide evidence that an HDL-mediated inhibition of VCAM-1 in activated endothelial cells is via blockade of signaling through the classical NF-κB pathway. (ahajournals.org)
  • 6,10 Furthermore, the ability of rHDLs to inhibit VCAM-1 expression in TNFα-activated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) persists even if the rHDLs are removed from the culture medium several hours before the cells are activated by TNFα. (ahajournals.org)
  • However, it is unknown whether a combination of high glucose and thrombin can modulate the expression of NAPDH oxidase (Nox) subtypes in human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs). (hindawi.com)
  • Reagents
  • Improve cell culture results and consistency with Corning supplements and reagents. (corning.com)
  • Enhance your cell growth with supplements and reagents from Corning. (corning.com)
  • To achieve successful growth and consistency, media often requires nutrients, supplements, and other reagents specific to the application and cell type. (corning.com)
  • Whether derived from plants or animals, or used for growing microorganisms, such as bacteria or yeast, our comprehensive line of supplements and reagents can help you create specialized culture environments and meet complex nutritional requirements for successful culture research. (corning.com)
  • The cell concentration needs to be known for many experiments in molecular biology, in order to adjust accordingly the amount of reagents and chemicals that are to be applied in the experiment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Miltenyi Biotec instruments, reagents and services support basic research, clinical research, and the translation of basic research findings into clinical applications that enhance human health and treat severe disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • The company's reagents and devices are used primarily in the research areas of immunology, stem cell biology, neuroscience and cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • The gentleMACS Dissociators and reagents used together with MACS Tissue Dissociation Kits offer researchers high cell viability and excellent single-cell suspensions after tissue dissociation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The company has since developed a wide variety of reagents and devices optimized for manual and automated cell separation procedures, the lab bench, and clinical research. (wikipedia.org)
  • The portfolio includes MACS Antibodies, a large offering of cell surface marker-specific fluorochrome-conjugated antibodies, and a range of unique reagents for analysis of dendritic cells, stem cells, and cytokine-secreting cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • explants
  • Indirect embryogenesis occurs when explants produced undifferentiated, or partially differentiated, cells (often referred to as callus) which then is maintained or differentiated into plant tissues such as leaf, stem, or roots. (wikipedia.org)
  • proliferation
  • We examined the electrophysiological and transcriptional mechanisms by which KCa3.1 regulates vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF)-induced proliferation of human coronary artery VSMCs was attenuated by lowering intracellular Ca 2+ concentration ([Ca 2+ ] i ) and was enhanced by elevating [Ca 2+ ] i . (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • In conclusion, KCa3.1 plays an important role in VSMC proliferation via controlling Ca 2+ -dependent signaling pathways, and its modulation may therefore constitute a new therapeutic target for cell proliferative diseases such as atherosclerosis. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation is a crucial event in the development of vascular diseases such as atherosclerosis and restenosis ( 11 , 12 ). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Plant regeneration via somatic embryogenesis occurs in five steps: initiation of embryogenic cultures, proliferation of embryogenic cultures, prematuration of somatic embryos, maturation of somatic embryos and plant development on nonspecific media. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2016
  • Furthermore, current market trends and growth opportunities are discussed along with extensive analysis of each segment for the historic period, 2011-2016 and the forecast period, 2016-2021. (medgadget.com)
  • Furthermore, consumption market share for each application is offered in the research for 2016 in a tabular format. (medgadget.com)
  • The Global Cell Culture Market accounted to USD 12,585.9 million in 2016 growing at a CAGR of 10.0% during the forecast period of 2017 to 2024. (sbwire.com)
  • This worldwide market research report of the Cell Culture Media studies its current and its historic statistics of its performance from 2016 to 2021 and based on that it projects its markets future to 2022. (medgadget.com)
  • In 2016, another test was done in which human cells were used to assemble intricately structured hearts. (wikipedia.org)
  • bioreactors
  • The fact that hollow fiber bioreactors are very small and yet enable incredibly high cell densities has led to their development for both research and commercial applications, including monoclonal antibody and influenza vaccine production. (wikipedia.org)
  • Likewise, because hollow fiber bioreactors use up significantly less medium and growth factors than traditional cell culture methods such as stirred-tank bioreactors, they offer a significant cost savings. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the cell growth phase within these bioreactors, the media feed rate is increased to accommodate the expanding cell population. (wikipedia.org)
  • Suspension bioreactors can use a wider variety of organisms, since special attachment surfaces are not needed, and can operate at much larger scale than immobilized cultures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Large scale immobilized cell bioreactors are: moving media, also known as moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) packed bed fibrous bed membrane Bioreactor design is a relatively complex engineering task, which is studied in the discipline of biochemical engineering. (wikipedia.org)
  • progenitor
  • Isolated, adult progenitor / stem cell populations that express CD34 or CD133 markers on their surface have been used for cellular therapy in clinical settings. (wikipedia.org)
  • They are classified as either totipotent (iTC), pluripotent (iPSC) or progenitor (multipotent-iMSC, also called an induced multipotent progenitor cell-iMPC) or unipotent-(iUSC) according to their developmental potential and degree of dedifferentiation. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2017
  • Cell Culture Market Research Report with figures as recent as 2017 and forecasts up to 2024 provides an overview of the industry including its definition, size, share, growth, applications and manufacturing technology. (sbwire.com)
  • The regional markets of the Cell Culture Media across the world have been evaluated in this report on the basis of the volume they produce, the revenue generated and their manufacturing capacity over the period of 2017-2021.The demand and supply of the Cell Culture Media in its respective regional markets and also its historical Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) are also mentioned in this thorough research study. (medgadget.com)
  • In January 2017, scientists from Salk Institute for Biological Studies managed to create a pig embryo that had part of its DNA, critical for the growth of organs, edited out. (wikipedia.org)
  • grown
  • In one case, a cerebral organoid grown from a patient with microcephaly demonstrated related symptoms and revealed that apparently the cause is overly rapid development, followed by slower brain growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • this makes them the preferred counting method in fast biological experiments in which it needs to be merely determined whether a cell culture has grown as expected. (wikipedia.org)
  • The plasmid DNA carrying the two genes is then transfected into cells, and the cells are grown under selective conditions in thymidine-lacking medium. (wikipedia.org)
  • somatic
  • Induced stem cells (iSC) are stem cells derived from somatic, reproductive, pluripotent or other cell types by deliberate epigenetic reprogramming. (wikipedia.org)
  • Induced totipotent cells can be obtained by reprogramming somatic cells with somatic-cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). (wikipedia.org)
  • The process involves sucking out the nucleus of a somatic (body) cell and injecting it into an oocyte that has had its nucleus removed Using an approach based on the protocol outlined by Tachibana et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • Somatic embryogenesis is an artificial process in which a plant or embryo is derived from a single somatic cell or group of somatic cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Somatic embryos are formed from plant cells that are not normally involved in the development of embryos, i.e. ordinary plant tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • Shoots and roots are monopolar while somatic embryos are bipolar, allowing them to form a whole plant without culturing on multiple media types. (wikipedia.org)
  • Media
  • Customized to meet your specific application, our single-use technology systems include your choice of media, bag size, connectors, and tubing. (corning.com)
  • Enhance your cell culture applications with a broad range of cell culture media from Corning. (corning.com)
  • Recovery Cell Culture Freezing Medium is meant for general cell culture applications where a wide range of growth media will be used. (thermofisher.com)
  • Global Cell Culture Media Market by Manufacturers, Regions, Type and Application, Forecast to 2021"Purchase This Report by calling ResearchnReports.com at +1-888-631-6977. (medgadget.com)
  • Cell Culture Media are used to provide nutrients for cell growth in research, diagnostic and manufacturing applications. (medgadget.com)
  • Typical cell culture media contain a mixture of defined nutrients dissolved in a buffered physiological saline solution. (medgadget.com)
  • This report focuses on the Global Cell Culture Media market , especially in North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific, South America, Middle East and Africa. (medgadget.com)
  • The global Cell Culture Media market has changed a lot in recent years. (medgadget.com)
  • TO conclude, examination of the current market chain, existing norms and policies and the initiatives taken by the government to promote the Cell Culture Media all over the world are also studied in this market research report. (medgadget.com)
  • Apart from this, a detailed analysis of the manufactured products, their production chain, price structures of the worldwide Cell Culture Media market have also been studied in this report. (medgadget.com)
  • Cell counts within liquid media (such as blood, plasma, lymph, or laboratory rinsate) are usually expressed as a number of cells per unit of volume, thus expressing a concentration (for example, 5,000 cells per milliliter). (wikipedia.org)
  • The media used for a growing organ culture are generally the same as those used for tissue culture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Media solidified with agar are also used for organ culture and these media consist of 7 parts 1% agar in BSS, 3 parts chick embryo extract and 3 parts of horse serum. (wikipedia.org)
  • A variety of adult organs (e.g. the liver) have been cultured using special media with special apparatus (Towell's II culture chamber). (wikipedia.org)
  • By alternating the pressure gradient across the hollow fiber membrane, media could flow back and forth between the EC side (cell compartment) and the IC side (hollow fiber lumen). (wikipedia.org)
  • This process, combined with the axial media flow created when media passes down the length of the fibers, optimized the growth environment throughout the entire bioreactor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Optimal IC and EC space perfusion rates must be achieved in order to efficiently deliver media nutrients and growth supplements, respectively, and to collect supernatant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Certain compounds excreted by plant tissue cultures and found in culture media have been shown necessary to coordinate cell division and morphological changes. (wikipedia.org)
  • proteins
  • Unfortunately, large quantities of undefined proteins can lead to unwanted stimulation of cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • CHO cells are also suitable for human applications, as they allow post translational modifications to recombinant proteins which can function in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the cells are growing in this medium, they incorporate the heavy arginine into all of their proteins. (wikipedia.org)
  • The trick is that the proteins from both cell populations can be combined and analyzed together by mass spectrometry. (wikipedia.org)
  • It can be used to distinguish between proteins secreted by cells in culture and serum contaminants. (wikipedia.org)
  • factors
  • The global 3D cell culture market is steadily progressing owing to various factors, such as increasing research in 3D cell culture, investments done by pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies in 3D cell culture, initiatives undertaken by governments for implementing research in 3D cell culture, and rapid increase in the need for organ transplantation. (pitchengine.com)
  • This is due to it having a very low level of antibodies and containing more growth factors, allowing for versatility in many different cell culture applications. (wikipedia.org)
  • Serum is stored frozen to preserve the stability of components such as growth factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stem cells have the potential to grow into many different types of tissues and their fate is dependent on many factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, they do not always induce cellular transformation, and are not the only growth factors that induce cellular transformation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The researchers were able to identify the minimal conditions and factors that would be sufficient for starting the cascade of molecular and cellular processes to instruct pluripotent cells to organize the embryo. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissues
  • Cell replacement therapy Cerebral organoids can be used as a simple model to show how cell replacement therapy would work on brain tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • A bioreactor may also refer to a device or system meant to grow cells or tissues in the context of cell culture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biology
  • 3 To whom correspondence should be addressed: Dept. of Physiology and Cell Biology, University of Nevada School of Medicine, 1664 N Virginia St., MS0575, Reno NV 89557. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Numerous procedures in biology and medicine require the counting of cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Protein crystallization has three major revenue-generating applications: structural biology and drug design, bioseparations, and controlled drug delivery. (wikipedia.org)
  • medium
  • We recommend using DMEM plus 10% FBS and 10% DMSO, or the Recovery Cell Culture Freezing Medium. (thermofisher.com)
  • Can Recovery Cell Culture Freezing Medium undergo multiple freeze thaw cycles? (thermofisher.com)
  • Can Recovery Cell Culture Freezing Medium be stored at 2 to 8°C? (thermofisher.com)
  • Recovery Cell Culture Freezing Medium should be stable at 2 to 8°C for 1 week, although we have no data to support this. (thermofisher.com)
  • Is it important to centrifuge and aspirate Recovery Cell Culture Freezing Medium before seeding into the flask? (thermofisher.com)
  • We recommend that you aspirate Recovery Cell Culture Freezing Medium before seeding, although other protocols can be substituted (this will need to be determined by the end user). (thermofisher.com)
  • Prior to staining with trypan blue Solution, do the cells need to be washed to remove the culture medium? (thermofisher.com)
  • If the background is too dark, cells should be pelleted and resuspended in protein-free medium, buffer, or normal saline prior to counting. (thermofisher.com)
  • These cells have a plating efficiency of approximately 22% in the recommended culture medium. (atcc.org)
  • Remove and discard culture medium. (atcc.org)
  • Sometimes many cells are floating, they can be harvested by centrifugation of medium instead of discarding it. (atcc.org)
  • Add 6.0 to 8.0 mL of complete growth medium and aspirate cells by gently pipetting. (atcc.org)
  • The techniques for organ culture can be classified into (i) those employing a solid medium and (ii) those employing liquid medium. (wikipedia.org)
  • The medium with agar provides the mechanical support for organ culture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Embryonic organs generally grow well on agar, but adult organ culture will not survive on this medium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cell lines with mutated DHFR are useful for genetic manipulation as cells transfected with a gene of interest along with a functional copy of the dhfr gene can easily be screened for in thymidine-lacking medium. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the cell populations is fed with growth medium containing normal amino acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • In contrast, the second population is fed with growth medium containing amino acids labeled with stable (non-radioactive) heavy isotopes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pulsed SILAC (pSILAC) is a variation of the SILAC method where the labelled amino acids are added to the growth medium for only a short period of time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cell culture medium is pumped through the IC space and delivers oxygen and nutrients to the cells via hollow fiber membrane perfusion. (wikipedia.org)
  • As the cells expand, their waste products and CO2 also perfuse the hollow fiber membranes and are carried away by the pumping of medium through the IC space. (wikipedia.org)
  • As waste products build up due to increased cell mass, the rate of medium flow can also be increased so that cell growth is not inhibited by waste product toxicity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plant growth regulators in the tissue culture medium can be manipulated to induce callus formation and subsequently changed to induce embryos to form from the callus. (wikipedia.org)
  • The auxin typically used is 2,4-D. Once transferred to a medium with low or no auxin, these cells can then develop into mature embryos. (wikipedia.org)
  • organs
  • The culture of adult organs or parts from adult animals is more difficult due to their greater requirement of oxygen. (wikipedia.org)
  • bone marrow
  • Experimental studies provide evidence of functional, histological, and electromyographical improvement following transplantation of bone-marrow-derived cells in animal models of peripheral nerve injury. (hindawi.com)
  • MACS Technology is used to isolate cells from blood, bone marrow or dissociated tissue according to specific surface markers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research
  • Create specialized cell culture environments to set your research up for success. (corning.com)
  • The research provides market segmentation based on types, applications, and geography. (medgadget.com)
  • 3D cell culture is one of the new evolving field of research and technology in the market. (pitchengine.com)
  • North America accounted for the largest share of the global 3D cell culture market, and was dominated largely by the U.S. Increasing number of organ transplantation and increasing demand of research especially in cancer is driving the U.S. market. (pitchengine.com)
  • The research study is aimed at identifying emerging trends and opportunities in the global 3D cell culture market along with detailed classifications, in terms of revenue. (pitchengine.com)
  • The research study also includes a detailed segmentation of the global 3D cell culture market on the basis of technology type, application type, end-user, and geography. (pitchengine.com)
  • We specialize in consulting assignments and business research across high growth markets, cutting edge technologies and newer applications. (pitchengine.com)
  • It is an important subset of cytometry, with applications in research and clinical practice. (wikipedia.org)
  • The company is a provider of products and services that support scientists, clinical researchers, and physicians across basic research, translational research, and clinical applications. (wikipedia.org)
  • Miltenyi Biotec technologies are used in applications concerned with accessing, analyzing, and utilizing primary and primary-derived cells - across basic research, translational research, and clinical applications. (wikipedia.org)
  • Microplates with an embedded layer of filter material were developed in the early 1980s by several companies, and today, there are microplates for just about every application in life science research which involves filtration, separation, optical detection, storage, reaction mixing, cell culture and detection of antimicrobial activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1957, Theodore T. Puck obtained a female Chinese hamster from Dr. George Yerganian's laboratory at the Boston Cancer Research Foundation and used it to derive the original Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line. (wikipedia.org)
  • However these cells, when mutagenized, could revert to DHFR activity, making their utility for research somewhat limited. (wikipedia.org)
  • The focus is on biological research, development, and applications of significance to science and society. (wikipedia.org)
  • signal transduction
  • The GH4C1 cell line provides a system for studying the molecular mechanisms of receptor modulation and signal transduction in pituitary - derived cells. (atcc.org)
  • protein
  • GH4C1 cells differ from GH3 cells in that basal levels of growth hormone production are low (0.06 µg or less hormone/mg cell protein/24 hours). (atcc.org)
  • Prolactin is also produced at a rate of 0.006 to 0.012 µg hormone/mg cell protein/24 hours. (atcc.org)
  • Certificates of Analysis vary between commercial suppliers, but each usually includes the following details: filtration statement, country of origin, cell growth performance testing, microbial sterility testing, screening for mycoplasma and virus, endotoxin, haemoglobin, IgG and total protein assays. (wikipedia.org)
  • FBS contains a complex array of protein components that are required by many cells to grow which is why it has been successfully used in cell culture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since then, CHO cells have been a cell line of choice because of their rapid growth in suspension culture and high protein production. (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to this, CHO cells lacking DHFR are the most widely used CHO cells for industrial protein production. (wikipedia.org)
  • The growth rate and the level of recombinant protein production of each cell line vary widely. (wikipedia.org)
  • They can produce recombinant protein on the scale of 3-10 grams per liter of culture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Findings and inferences thus far indicate that there is a rich potential to explore new and potentially game-changing insights and applications in a range of areas, that includes but is not limited to protein crystallization, 3-D tissue cultures, tissue regeneration, DNA regulation, drug and vaccine development, stem cells, and treatments for diseases such as cancer and other life-threatening and debilitating conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • SILAC (stable isotope labeling by/with amino acids in cell culture) is a technique based on mass spectrometry that detects differences in protein abundance among samples using non-radioactive isotopic labeling. (wikipedia.org)
  • SILAC has emerged as a very powerful method to study cell signaling, post translation modifications such as phosphorylation, protein-protein interaction and regulation of gene expression. (wikipedia.org)
  • flask
  • Add 2.0 to 3.0 mL of 0.25% (w/v) Trypsin- 0.53 mM EDTA solution to flask and observe cells under an inverted microscope until cell layer is dispersed (usually within 5 to 15 minutes). (atcc.org)
  • 2021
  • Regional analysis is discussed in terms of current market status and growth prospects for the period, 2012-2021. (medgadget.com)
  • adherent
  • The surfaces of these products are modified using an oxygen plasma discharge to make their surfaces more hydrophilic so that it becomes easier for adherent cells to grow on the surface which would otherwise be strongly hydrophobic. (wikipedia.org)
  • molecular
  • A Hollow fiber bioreactor is a 3D cell culturing system based on hollow fibers, which are small, semi-permeable capillary membranes arranged in parallel array with a typical molecular weight cut-off (MWCO) range of 10-30 kDa. (wikipedia.org)
  • contamination
  • This cell sorting technology is a major advancement in the field, allowing researchers to process small to large-scale samples in a gentle, efficient manner - all in a sterile environment that keeps users safe from potentially harmful samples and protects cells from contamination. (wikipedia.org)
  • Type
  • It depends on the type of fluorescent stain used on the cells. (thermofisher.com)
  • Detailed analysis of type, application, and specifications of products of manufacturers are provided along with an overview of business. (medgadget.com)
  • This report categorizes the market based on manufacturers, regions, type and application. (medgadget.com)
  • Cell-type specific genome assays Organoids can be used to study the crucial early stages of brain development, test drugs and, because they can be made from living cells, study individual patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cell separation technology based on super paramagnetic beads was invented by the company founder, Stefan Miltenyi, in 1989 and enables the separation of any cell type using antibodies bound to magnetic beads. (wikipedia.org)
  • The reversible transformation of cells of one differentiated cell type to another is called metaplasia. (wikipedia.org)
  • In newts, muscle tissue is regenerated from specialized muscle cells that dedifferentiate and forget the type of cell they had been. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ratio of different plant growth regulators required to induce callus or embryo formation varies with the type of plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • microorganisms
  • Studies that examine the growth rate of microorganisms (in other words: how fast they divide to create new cells) require cell counting. (wikipedia.org)
  • Under optimum conditions, the microorganisms or cells are able to perform their desired function with limited production of impurities. (wikipedia.org)