• species
  • Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. (theferns.info)
  • Till you prospect the country, you'll never know how climate, topography and soil chemistry combine to determine the berry species that will grow there. (motherearthnews.com)
  • Changes in plant species do happen in a forest, but they usually take place very slowly. (motherearthnews.com)
  • The Cyperaceae, among the 10 largest families of flowering plants, contain about 5,000 species and, depending on the classification used, between 70 and 115 genera. (britannica.com)
  • In both species, the edible parts are underground tubers. (britannica.com)
  • In boreal regions and mountainous areas, species of Carex are often important pasture and rangeland plants and may even be managed, as, for example, meadows of Carex lyngbyei in Iceland. (britannica.com)
  • Canna (or canna lily, although not a true lily) is a genus of 10 species of flowering plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • If Asia and Africa provided some of the early introductions, they were only varieties resulting from C. indica and C. glauca cultivars that have been grown for a long time in India and Africa, with both species imported from Central and South America. (wikipedia.org)
  • Certain species of the yucca moth have evolved antagonistic features against the plant and do not assist in the plants pollination efforts while continuing to lay their eggs in the plant for protection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yucca species are the host plants for the caterpillars of the yucca giant-skipper (Megathymus yuccae), ursine giant-skipper (Megathymus ursus), and Strecker's giant-skipper (Megathymus streckeri). (wikipedia.org)
  • Thailand Giant Strain' is a cultivar that is larger than the straight species, producing leaves that are 4-6' long and 3-5' wide on plants which soar to as much as 10' tall (infrequently taller). (missouribotanicalgarden.org)
  • A large number of the Erythranthe species grow in moist to wet soils with some growing even in shallow water. (wikipedia.org)
  • The stem of Erythranthe can be either smooth or hairy, and this is known in a few species to be a trait determined by a simple allelic difference. (wikipedia.org)
  • the plant grows in even the poorest soils, and the hardiest species can survive at an altitude of 15,000 feet. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Lactuca canadensis is a species of wild lettuce known by the common names Canada lettuce, Canada wild lettuce, tall lettuce, and Florida blue lettuce. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chenopodium quinoa is believed to have been domesticated in the Peruvian Andes from wild or weed populations of the same species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally, high levels of oxalic acid are in the leaves and stems of all species of the Chenopodium genus, and in the related genera of the Amaranthaceae family. (wikipedia.org)
  • researchers found evidence of a past whole-genome triplication in wild radish followed by widespread gene loss, resulting in ~38,000 genes in the genome of the extant species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Papaver somniferum, commonly known as the opium poppy, or breadseed poppy, is a species of flowering plant in the family Papaveraceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other poppy species, such as Papaver orientale, Papaver rhoeas, and Papaver argemone are sometimes planted in large plantings and/or grow as weeds. (wikipedia.org)
  • In particular, the broad (for a poppy) leaves of Papaver somniferum, reminiscent of a wild lettuce, are distinctive among poppy species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Taxonomically, the term "weed" has no botanical significance, because a plant that is a weed in one context is not a weed when growing in a situation where it is in fact wanted, and where one species of plant is a valuable crop plant, another species in the same genus might be a serious weed, such as a wild bramble growing among cultivated loganberries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples of such ruderal or pioneer species include plants that are adapted to naturally occurring disturbed environments such as dunes and other windswept areas with shifting soils, alluvial flood plains, river banks and deltas, and areas that are burned repeatedly. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since human agricultural practices often mimic these natural environments where weedy species have evolved, some weeds are effectively preadapted to grow and proliferate in human-disturbed areas such as agricultural fields, lawns, roadsides, and construction sites. (wikipedia.org)
  • for example, Berberis species are intermediate hosts for stem rust fungi, so that they promote serious damage to wheat crops when growing near the fields. (wikipedia.org)
  • P. acaulis (L.) Hill) is a species of flowering plant in the family Primulaceae, native to western and southern Europe (from the Faroe Islands and Norway south to Portugal, and east to Germany, Ukraine, the Crimea, and the Balkans), northwest Africa (Algeria), and southwest Asia (Turkey east to Iran). (wikipedia.org)
  • To prevent excessive damage to the species, picking of primroses or the removal of primrose plants from the wild is illegal in many countries, e.g. the UK (Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981, Section 13, part 1b). (wikipedia.org)
  • Crops - non-animal species or variety that is grown to be harvested as food, livestock fodder, fuel or for any other economic purpose. (wikipedia.org)
  • soil
  • Comfrey grows well in the shade and helps build the soil. (motherearthnews.com)
  • Over time, however, as the annuals protect and build the soil of the disturbed area, they give way to perennials, and these are the plants we want to establish in a forest garden. (motherearthnews.com)
  • The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind.Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. (pfaf.org)
  • Angelica grows only in damp soil, preferably near rivers or deposits of water. (wikipedia.org)
  • Look for plants in the herb section of your garden center, and plant in full sun and rich soil. (fosters.com)
  • It isn't particular about soil acidity, but it needs a moist location and can do well planted near a stream, pond or other water feature. (sfgate.com)
  • Plant roses in well-drained soil in the fall to promote winter root growth. (gardenguides.com)
  • In contrast, perennial weeds often have underground stems that spread under the soil surface or, like ground ivy (Glechoma hederacea), have creeping stems that root and spread out over the ground. (wikipedia.org)
  • It grows best in moist but well-drained soil in light shade. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fertilizers - any organic or inorganic material of natural or synthetic origin (other than liming materials) that is added to a soil to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to the growth of plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • leaf stems
  • It is very variable in appearance and can have a purplish colour in its stalks and leaf stems which are a sign of its relationship to the cultivated beetroots which it is an ancestor of. (hubpages.com)
  • genus
  • Interestingly, it is in the same genus as the plant that produces quinoa, a grain often used by the gluten intolerant. (fosters.com)
  • Erythranthe, the monkey-flowers and musk-flowers, is a diverse plant genus with at least 111 members (as of 2017) in the family Phrymaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plant has not been seen to be toxic, however some plants in the genus contain a narcotic principle that has its highest concentration when in blooming period. (wikipedia.org)
  • plant's
  • The plant's stems are round and thin, with big, black compound spines that are 2-4 cm long. (wikipedia.org)
  • As with Lepidium campestre, Virginia pepperweed's most identifiable characteristic is its raceme, which comes from the plant's highly branched stem. (wikipedia.org)
  • The plant's growth is highly variable due to the number of different subspecies, varieties and landraces (domesticated plants or animals adapted to the environment in which they originated). (wikipedia.org)
  • 2017
  • However, despite the very rare nature of this type of bust, in May of 2017 police accidentally discovered an illegal planting of Papaver somniferum on a bit more than an acre of land in North Carolina. (wikipedia.org)
  • biennial
  • Lactuca canadensis is a generally biennial herb in the daisy family growing from a taproot to maximum heights of 50-200 cm (19.5-78.5 in) or more. (wikipedia.org)
  • Annual biennial dicot that looks like a weedy plant but is variable in appearance. (wikipedia.org)
  • cultivars
  • Of these, by far the most important are the Chinese water chestnut ( Eleocharis dulcis ) and chufas or tiger nuts, cultivars of the yellow nut sedge ( Cyperus esculentus ) grown primarily in Africa. (britannica.com)
  • Although a plant of the tropics, most cultivars have been developed in temperate climates and are easy to grow in most countries of the world as long as they receive at least 6-8 hours average sunlight during the summer, and are moved to a warm location for the winter. (wikipedia.org)
  • it is grown from coastal regions to over 4,000 m (13,000 ft) in the Andes near the equator, with most of the cultivars being grown between 2,500 m (8,200 ft) and 4,000 m (13,000 ft). (wikipedia.org)
  • Numerous cultivars have been selected for garden planting, often derived from subsp. (wikipedia.org)
  • flowers
  • Scurvy grass ( Cochlearia officinalis ) is a herb that grows at the tops of beaches and on cliffs, It is a small plant and has white flowers. (hubpages.com)
  • It grows to over 6ft in height and has a thick trunk-like stem and branched stems carrying soft palmate leaves and pretty purplish-pink flowers in summer. (hubpages.com)
  • While the fruit and flowers of the elderberry plant are edible, the leaves, stems, and bark are toxic. (naturallivingideas.com)
  • Its flowers, which are tiny, green and inconspicuous, develop from July into October, hanging down in long clusters from each stem. (sfgate.com)
  • The flowers have four deeply notched white petals, and are borne an inch or two above the ground by a long stem. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wild Flowers: An Aid to Knowledge of our Wild Flowers and their Insect Visitors. (wikipedia.org)
  • The flowers are yellow with reddish-brown spots, usually on the lower lip, and the upper and lower lips have fused, growing 8-14 cm (3.1-5.5 in). (wikipedia.org)
  • The white to yellow flowers grow singly in the leaf axils and the corolla is white or yellow inside and greenish-yellow on the outside. (wikipedia.org)
  • The flowers are unisexual, with male and female flowers occurring on the same plant (monoecious). (wikipedia.org)
  • The most notable characteristic of field pepperweed is the raceme of flowers which forks off of the stem. (wikipedia.org)
  • A plant can have buds, flowers, and achenes simultaneously. (wikipedia.org)
  • The flowers very similar to those of the searocket, which is found in some of the same regions (in the US) and is easily distinguished from it by having thinner, non-succulent stems and leaves. (wikipedia.org)
  • The stems have wide spaced, four-petalled flowers 30-40 mm (1.2-1.6 in) across and varying in colour, usually from white to purple but sometimes light orange to yellow, often with colour shading within a single petal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reader's Digest Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of Britain. (wikipedia.org)
  • The delicately scented flowers are 2-4 cm in diameter, borne singly on short slender stems. (wikipedia.org)
  • individual plants bear either pin flowers (longuistylous flower: with the capita of the style prominent) or thrum flowers (brevistylous flower: with the stamens prominent). (wikipedia.org)
  • Both flowers and leaves are edible, the flavour ranging between mild lettuce and more bitter salad greens. (wikipedia.org)
  • Africa
  • It is a small plant found in sagebrush country in the inland western United States, North Africa, temperate Asia, and most of Europe, including Britain. (wikipedia.org)
  • The watermelon is a flowering plant thought to have originated in southern Africa, where it is found growing wild. (wikipedia.org)
  • Citrullus colocynthis is often considered to be a wild ancestor of the watermelon and is now found native in north and west Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cannas
  • The closest living relations to cannas are the other plant families of the order Zingiberales, that is the Zingiberaceae (gingers), Musaceae (bananas), Marantaceae, Heliconiaceae, Strelitziaceae, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since cannas have very hard and durable seed coverings, it is likely that seed remains would survive in the right conditions and been found by archaeologists in the Old World if Canna had been grown there from antiquity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Identifying
  • My favorite (and most knowledgeable) author on the topic of wild harvested food, Sam Thayer, writes in The Forager's Harvest: A Guide to Identifying, Harvesting and Preparing Edible Wild Plants (www.foragersharvest.com) that fiddleheads from the ostrich fern are not toxic whether cooked or not. (fosters.com)
  • often
  • Another plant that is classified as an herb is fennel ( Foeniculum vulgare ) and it is often found growing in land bordering the sea. (hubpages.com)
  • Tree mallow ( Lavatera arborea ) is a very attractive plant that is often found on cliffs and rocky areas by the sea and growing on islands. (hubpages.com)
  • Creeper berries are underfoot, often extended above the greenery on long stems. (motherearthnews.com)
  • The stems are often reddish. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stem is glabrous and often glaucous, with light or reddish green color. (wikipedia.org)
  • It spreads rapidly, and is often found growing on roadsides or in other places where the ground has been disturbed. (wikipedia.org)
  • The leaves are 5-25cm long and 2-6 cm broad, often heavily wrinkled, with an irregularly crenate to dentate margin, and a usually short leaf stem. (wikipedia.org)
  • medicinal
  • citation needed] During its first year it grows only leaves, but, during its second year, its fluted stem can reach a height of 2.5 meters (just over 8 feet), from that stem the root, which is used in medicinal preparations. (wikipedia.org)
  • From the 10th century on, angelica was cultivated as a vegetable and medicinal plant, and achieved popularity in Scandinavia in the 12th century and is still used today, especially in Sami culture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Highly prized for its nutrient-dense food and powerful medicinal properties, the elderberry plant ( Sambucus ) has been cultivated by humans since prehistory. (naturallivingideas.com)
  • Ila Hatter, a wildcrafter , gourmet cook and descendant of Pocahontas who lives in Bryson City, North Carolina, is an expert in the culinary and medicinal use of native plants . (mnn.com)
  • The plant is considered a diuretic when used for medicinal purposes. (mnn.com)
  • vines
  • Intermediate between these two classes of plants are the vines, growing in the shade but reaching for the full light of the canopy. (motherearthnews.com)
  • Variegated roses may be bushes--shrubs that grow in a roughly vase shape up to 6 feet--or climbing--wood bases that grow clinging, reaching vines. (gardenguides.com)
  • humans
  • The scientists compared the ancient figs to modern wild and domesticated variants and determined that they were a mutant selectively propagated by humans. (eurekalert.org)
  • tolerate
  • They tolerate a range of conditions, but are best grown in full sun in subtropical or mild temperate areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • weeds
  • Known as the Lady of the Forest, Hatter pointed out numerous plants - both those commonly grown and those found literally underfoot that some might view as noxious weeds - and explained how they can be used in cooking , to heal aches and pains or even to mend clothing. (mnn.com)
  • found
  • Typical stems are located above ground, but there are modified stems that can be found either above or below ground. (wikipedia.org)
  • I found myself entering information into this online key - and when I got a hit, I would recognize that plant as one that I had seen in an edible wild plant field guide, but had not been looking for. (wikibooks.org)
  • If you are in a dry region, the majority of the plants will be found near water sources. (thereadystore.com)
  • Sea kale ( Crambe maritima ) is a sea vegetable that is found growing in sand and shingle on beaches. (hubpages.com)
  • The Cyperaceae are grasslike herbaceous plants found especially in wet regions throughout the world. (britannica.com)
  • To demonstrate the practical uses of plants that might be found in many neighborhoods, she led a group attending the 2014 Cullowhee Native Plant Conference on a short walk outside the sports complex at Western Carolina University in Cullowhee, North Carolina. (mnn.com)
  • long
  • It produces stems up to 8 metres long that scramble over the ground, twining around any vegetation for support. (theferns.info)
  • The broad, flat, alternate leaves that are such a feature of this plant, grow out of a stem in a long, narrow roll and then unfurl. (wikipedia.org)
  • The long bright-green stems are also candied and used as decoration. (wikipedia.org)
  • She and her family decided to grow as much of their own food as possible, and to say no to strawberries in winter or any food flown long distances any time. (fosters.com)
  • The watermelon is a large annual plant with long, weak, trailing or climbing stems which are five-angled (five-sided) and up to 3 m (10 ft) long. (wikipedia.org)
  • Air potato can grow extremely quickly, roughly 8 inches per day, and eventually reach over 60 ft long. (wikipedia.org)