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  • cefotaxime
  • Results: Data showed altered sensitivity pattern in antibiotic cefotaxime from intermediate to decreased β-lactamases activity, with four-fold decreased minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), i.e. 32 to ≤8 µg/mL as compared to control. (peerevaluation.org)
  • inhibition
  • As the antibiotic is broken down in the body, it releases free NMTT, which can cause hypoprothrombinemia (likely due to inhibition of the enzyme vitamin K epoxide reductase) and a reaction with ethanol similar to that produced by disulfiram (Antabuse), due to inhibition of aldehyde dehydrogenase. (wikipedia.org)
  • preoperative
  • This study was designed to determine whether oral metronidazole, as part of preoperative bowel preparation, prevents or decreases incidence of antibiotic-associated colitis after elective colonic and rectal procedures. (ovid.com)
  • Both groups had stool samples tested for C. difficile toxin in the preoperative and postoperative periods by enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay or by tissue culture cytotoxicity. (ovid.com)
  • Preoperative antibiotics have different pharmacokinetics based on patient weight and should be weight-adjusted. (shafaorthoj.com)
  • bacteria
  • Cefotetan has activity in the presence of some beta-lactamases, both penicillinases and cephalosporinases, of gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. (drugs.com)
  • Beta-lactam antibiotics are typically used to treat a broad spectrum of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • In vitro-aktivität von augmentin gegen klinisch wichtige gram-positive und gram-negative bakterien im vergleich zu anderen antibiotika" [In-vitro activity of augmentin against clinically important gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria in comparison with other antibiotics]. (wikipedia.org)
  • grams
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  • Indications
  • In addition to the general indications for all members of the tetracycline antibiotics group, doxycycline is frequently used to treat Lyme disease, chronic prostatitis, sinusitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, acne, rosacea, and rickettsial infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • disulfiram
  • A classic study by Fuller (1986) that followed chronic alcoholics for a period of one year found no statistically significant differences in abstinence rates between the group that received disulfiram and the group that only received counseling. (wikipedia.org)
  • The reason for this finding was that only 20% of subjects in disulfiram group were estimated to be in good compliance with the drug regimen. (wikipedia.org)
  • The prototypical drug of this group is disulfiram (brand name Antabuse), which acts as an acetaldehyde dehydrogenase inhibitor, preventing the metabolism of acetaldehyde into acetic acid, and is used in the treatment of alcoholism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Injection
  • Antibiotics were administered by intraperitoneal injection every 6 hours for 5 days, at doses that produced levels of drug in serum comparable to those observed in humans treated for other serious infections. (jove.com)
  • Infection
  • In higher-risk patients, cultures should be obtained from the infection site, particularly in those with previous antibiotic exposure. (aafp.org)
  • exposure
  • These studies compared in vitro to in vivo activity and evaluated the efficacy of antibiotics started at different times after exposure. (jove.com)
  • activity
  • however, small amounts (less than 7%) of cefotetan in plasma and urine may be converted to its tautomer, which has antimicrobial activity similar to the parent drug. (drugbank.ca)
  • Each 1 gram vial contains cefotetan disodium equivalent to 1 gram cefotetan activity. (drugs.com)
  • treatment
  • Antibiotic Treatment of Experimental Pneumonic Plague in Mice Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. (jove.com)
  • Treatment groups were not different for age, gender, or surgical procedure. (ovid.com)
  • However, treatment with such antibiotics has been associated with high failure rates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treated group was subjected to biofield treatment and analyzed for antibiogram, biochemical reactions, and biotype number using automated MicroScan Walk-Away® system on day 10. (peerevaluation.org)
  • spectrum
  • In the mid-1980s, a new group of enzymes, the extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs), was detected (first detected in 1979). (wikipedia.org)
  • Similarly, cefotetan and extended-spectrum-β-lactamases (ESBL-b Scrn) showed decrease in MIC values as compared to the control group. (peerevaluation.org)
  • years
  • Mean age ±1 standard deviation was 67.6±13.6 (range, 34-94) years in Group 1 and 62.1±13.5 (range, 35-84) years in Group 2 (P=0.069). (ovid.com)
  • For five years, Klietmann headed a research group at the Max-Planck-Institute for Virus Research in Tübingen (Germany), and served on the medical faculty of the University of Tübingen (Habilitation for Medical Microbiology and Virology 1975), until receiving his academic appointment at Harvard Medical School. (wikipedia.org)
  • type
  • Methods: P. aeruginosa ATCC 10145 (American Type Culture Collection) was procured from Bangalore Genei, in sealed pack and divided into control and treated groups. (peerevaluation.org)
  • normal
  • Antibiotics suppress normal gut flora, allowing overgrowth of acquired or native Clostridium difficile, with release of toxins that cause mucosal inflammation. (ovid.com)
  • Members
  • Chlamydia psittaci: 0.03 μg/mL Mycoplasma pneumoniae: 0.016 μg/mL - 2 μg/mL Streptococcus pneumoniae: 0.06 μg/mL - 32 μg/mL Cautions and side effects are similar to those of other members of the tetracycline antibiotic group. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • Eighty-two patients (40 men) were prospectively, randomly assigned to receive one of two oral antibiotic regimens before colorectal surgery. (ovid.com)
  • Five patients in Group 1 (neomycin and erythromycin) and one patient in Group 2 (neomycin and metronidazole) had positive stool studies for C. difficile. (ovid.com)
  • form
  • In 1993 the British chemicals company ICI demerged its pharmaceuticals businesses and its agrochemicals and specialities businesses, to form Zeneca Group plc. (wikipedia.org)
  • Finally, in 1999 Astra and Zeneca Group merged to form AstraZeneca plc, with its headquarters in London. (wikipedia.org)