• cefotaxime
  • Results: Data showed altered sensitivity pattern in antibiotic cefotaxime from intermediate to decreased β-lactamases activity, with four-fold decreased minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), i.e. 32 to ≤8 µg/mL as compared to control. (peerevaluation.org)
  • aztreonam
  • Aztreonam (Azactam): monobactam antibiotic used to treat gram-negative bacterial infections of the urinary and lower respiratory tracts and the female organs, and infections that are present throughout the body (systemic infections or septicemia). (encyclopedia.com)
  • prophylaxis
  • Parvizi J, Ghazavi M, Committee of the Consensus Meeting M O P A. Optimal Timing and Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Periprosthetic Joint Infection (PJI): Literature Review and World Consensus (Part Five), Shafa Ortho J. 2016 ;3(1):e5035. (shafaorthoj.com)
  • 28 of 221 articles were relevant to the 2 following questions regarding perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent PJI. (shafaorthoj.com)
  • Recommendations for need for weight adjustment doses and repeat of doses in longer duration surgeries in terms of perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis in hip and knee arthroplasty were provided based on evidences in the literature and consensus of expert delegates from consensus meeting. (shafaorthoj.com)
  • Decision making in adjusting the doses of antibiotic prophylaxis based on patients' weight and need for repeating doses in longer duration surgeries need to be defined. (shafaorthoj.com)
  • Generic Name
  • Sulfadiazine (generic name product): sulfonamide antibiotic used with pyrimethamine to treat toxoplasmosis. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Sulfamethoxazole-Trimethoprim (SMZ-TMP) (generic name product, Bactrim, Cofatrim Forte, Cotrim, Septra, Sulfatrim): the sulfonamide antibiotic, sulfamethoxazole, used in combination with trimethoprim, to prevent and treat PCP and bacterial infections, such as bronchitis and middle ear and urinary tract infections. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Vancomycin hydrochloride (generic name product, Vancocin): glycopeptide antibiotic used to treat a variety of serious gram-positive bacterial infections for which other medicines are ineffective, including strains of Staphylococcus that are resistant to most oral antibiotics. (encyclopedia.com)
  • intravenous
  • High plasma levels of cefotetan are attained after intravenous and intramuscular administration of single doses to normal volunteers. (drugs.com)
  • The plasma elimination half-life of cefotetan is 3 to 4.6 hours after either intravenous or intramuscular administration. (drugs.com)
  • For those who do not improve after three days or who have severe disease intravenous antibiotics should be used. (wikipedia.org)
  • disulfiram
  • As the antibiotic is broken down in the body, it releases free NMTT, which can cause hypoprothrombinemia (likely due to inhibition of the enzyme vitamin K epoxide reductase) and a reaction with ethanol similar to that produced by disulfiram (Antabuse), due to inhibition of aldehyde dehydrogenase. (wikipedia.org)
  • A classic study by Fuller (1986) that followed chronic alcoholics for a period of one year found no statistically significant differences in abstinence rates between the group that received disulfiram and the group that only received counseling. (wikipedia.org)
  • The reason for this finding was that only 20% of subjects in disulfiram group were estimated to be in good compliance with the drug regimen. (wikipedia.org)
  • The prototypical drug of this group is disulfiram (brand name Antabuse), which acts as an acetaldehyde dehydrogenase inhibitor, preventing the metabolism of acetaldehyde into acetic acid, and is used in the treatment of alcoholism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Injection
  • Antibiotics were administered by intraperitoneal injection every 6 hours for 5 days, at doses that produced levels of drug in serum comparable to those observed in humans treated for other serious infections. (jove.com)
  • inhibition
  • Cefotetan is a bactericidal agent that acts by inhibition of bacterial cell wall synthesis. (drugs.com)
  • 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the concentration of said antibiotic in the medium is in the range which causes about 1% to about 99% inhibition of the growth of said bacterial strain in the absence of said bacteriophage. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • Concentration
  • In the cefepime group, age, Charlson comorbidity index, genotype, and minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) did not significantly affect the success of treatment. (biomedcentral.com)
  • wherein
  • 9. A method according to claim 1 , wherein the aminoglycoside is selected from the group consisting of gentamicin, tobramycin, netilimicin, amikacin and streptomycin. (google.com)
  • 15. The compound barb staple according to claim 14 , wherein the-non-absorbable material is selected from the group consisting of titanium, stainless steel and alloys thereof. (google.de)
  • 7. The method according to claim 1, wherein at least one antibiotic is selected from the group consisting of quinolones and β-lactams families. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • 9. The method according to claim 1, wherein at least one antibiotic is in the β-lactams family. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • Infection
  • In higher-risk patients, cultures should be obtained from the infection site, particularly in those with previous antibiotic exposure. (aafp.org)
  • instead, the choice of antibiotic may depend on the site of the infection and the organism that is likely to be the cause. (encyclopedia.com)
  • To be effective, an entire treatment with antibiotics must be completed, even if the symptoms of infection have disappeared. (encyclopedia.com)
  • dose
  • An additional dose of antibiotic should be administered intraoperatively after two half-lives of the prophylactic agent. (shafaorthoj.com)
  • For surgeries of longer duration, when should an additional dose of antibiotic be administered intraoperatively? (shafaorthoj.com)
  • efficacy
  • These studies compared in vitro to in vivo activity and evaluated the efficacy of antibiotics started at different times after exposure. (jove.com)
  • ESBLs
  • In the mid-1980s, a new group of enzymes, the extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs), was detected (first detected in 1979). (wikipedia.org)
  • treatment
  • Antibiotic Treatment of Experimental Pneumonic Plague in Mice Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. (jove.com)
  • However, treatment with such antibiotics has been associated with high failure rates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treated group was subjected to biofield treatment and analyzed for antibiogram, biochemical reactions, and biotype number using automated MicroScan Walk-Away® system on day 10. (peerevaluation.org)
  • After the recruitment of six participants, assignment to the cefepime treatment group was stopped because of an unexpectedly high treatment failure rate. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The baseline characteristics of these participants did not differ from participants in other treatment groups. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Furthermore, it is important to keep the level of antibiotic in the body at a constant level during treatment. (encyclopedia.com)
  • activity
  • Cefotetan has a broad spectrum of activity and has been used to treat bacterial infections of the bone, skin, urinary tract, and lower respiratory tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • Each 1 gram vial contains cefotetan disodium equivalent to 1 gram cefotetan activity. (drugs.com)
  • however, small amounts (less than 7%) of cefotetan in plasma and urine may be converted to its tautomer, which has antimicrobial activity similar to the parent drug. (drugs.com)
  • Members
  • Chlamydia psittaci: 0.03 μg/mL Mycoplasma pneumoniae: 0.016 μg/mL - 2 μg/mL Streptococcus pneumoniae: 0.06 μg/mL - 32 μg/mL Cautions and side effects are similar to those of other members of the tetracycline antibiotic group. (wikipedia.org)