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  • wherein
  • 5. The toner according to claim 1, wherein the acid group-containing polymer is a polymer (A) having an alkyl group containing 6-50 carbon atoms and a carboxyl group. (google.com)
  • 2 . A process according to claim 1 wherein said sulfopolyester comprises dicarboxylic acid monomer residues, sulfomonomer residues, diol monomer residues, and repeating units. (google.com.au)
  • The dispersant of claim 1 wherein the primary amino group and 1 10 secondary or tertiary amino groups are separated by a hydrocarbylene group. (sumobrain.com)
  • The dispersant of claim 11 wherein at least about 50 mole% of the functional groups COYR 3 are attached to a tertiary carbon atom of the polymer backbone. (sumobrain.com)
  • 5 . The composition of claim 1 , wherein the wax modifier comprises at least one functionalized polyethylene chosen from an ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer, ethylene acrylate acid copolymer, and ethylene-maleic anhydride copolymer. (google.ca)
  • 7 . The composition of claim 1 , wherein the wax modifier comprises a functionalized polyethylene comprising at least one functional group comprising an ethylenically unsaturated monomer. (google.ca)
  • 14. A tear resistant film according to claim 1 wherein the ductile polymeric material is selected from the group consisting of ethylene copolymers, polyesters, copolyesters, polyolefins, polyamides, and polyurethanes. (google.com)
  • 2. The improvement in an implantable dispenser for delivering a beneficial agent according to claim 1, wherein the polymer that imparts gelation comprises a member selected from the group consisting of olefin, condensation and addition polymers. (google.es)
  • 6. The implantable dispenser for delivering the beneficial agent to an animal according to claim 1, wherein the beneficial agent is a member selected from the group consisting of monoclonal antibody, vaccine, somatotropin, cosyntropin, gonadotropin, thyrotropin releasing hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone, and pancreozymin. (google.es)
  • A)(i) one or more thermoplastic elastomeric polymers chacterized as having ether, ester and imide linkages and wherein the ether linkages are present as a high molecular weight, i.e. (google.es)
  • 7. The composition of claim 2 wherein the dicarboxylic acid is dimethyl terephthalate. (google.es)
  • 10. The composition of claim 8 wherein the long chain ether diamine is selected from the group consisting of poly(ethylene ether)diamine, poly(propylene ether)diamine, poly(tetramethylene ether) diamine and copoly(ethylene ether-propylene ether)diamine. (google.es)
  • 13. The composition of claim 8 wherein the polyetherimide ester is derived from a preformed poly(oxyalkylene) diimide diacid which is the reaction product of trimellitic anhydride and poly(propylene ether) diamine having a molecular weight of from about 900 to about 4000. (google.es)
  • reaction
  • Novel prepolymers especially useful for providing release films and other radiation curable coatings are described, including the reaction product of polyamides, containing primary and secondary amine groups with unsaturated polybasic carboxylic acids and particular reaction products of polyether triols with toluene diisocyanate, modified with unsaturated monomers. (google.com)
  • The present invention is directed to dispersant prepared from polymers functionalized by a Koch reaction and polyamines containing one primary nitrogen group and at least one secondary or tertiary nitrogen. (sumobrain.com)
  • Our group recently showed the possibility to crosslink this elastomer by reaction with a dicarboxylic acid (DA). (rsc.org)
  • In a well-known reaction, malonic acid condenses with urea to form barbituric acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • The splitting (or hydrolysis) of the triglycerides produces fatty acids and glycerol: RCO2CH2-CHO2CR-CH2O2CR + 3 H2O → 3 RCOOH + HOCH2-CHOH-CH2OH The addition of base helps the reaction proceed more quickly, the process being saponification. (wikipedia.org)
  • These modifications are based on reaction of vegetable oil with excess glycerol to obtain monoglyceride, which is then converted into polymeric resins i.e. alkyd by reacting with dicarboxylic acids or anhydrides. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another approach used is the reaction of di-functional monomers, with one amine and one carboxylic acid group on the same molecule: The carboxylic acids and amines link to form peptide bonds, also known as amide groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • comprises
  • 6) said binder comprises at least one polymer selected from the group consisting of a polymer or copolymer of at least one monomer selected from the group consisting of a styrenic monomer and an acrylic or methacrylic monomer, a polyester, an epoxy resin, a polyolefin and a polyurethane. (google.com)
  • The crosslinking agent comprises a compound with at least two carbonyl groups. (google.es)
  • The second layer comprises a non-water-soluble thermoplastic polymer comprising at least one member selected from the group consisting of polyolefin, polyamide, polyester, polyvinylidene chloride, polyvinyl chloride, and polystyrene. (google.es)
  • atoms
  • A total of 26 minor acids (from 2 in pecan to 8% in peanut) were determined: 8 species derived from succinic acid, likely in relation with photosynthesis, and 18 species with a chain from 5 to 22 carbon atoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • The bonds between the hydroxyl group, the hydrogen atom and their respective atoms break forming water from the hydroxyl and hydrogen, and the polymer.Actually in this process two water molecules are released.As given below (n+n=2n) Polyester is created through ester linkages between monomers, which involve the functional groups carboxyl and hydroxyl (an organic acid and an alcohol monomer). (wikipedia.org)
  • acetic acid
  • A classical preparation of malonic acid starts from chloroacetic acid: Sodium carbonate generates the sodium salt, which is then reacted with sodium cyanide to provide the cyano acetic acid salt via a nucleophilic substitution. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, the conjugate base of acetic acid is acetate. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, at room temperature, in a 1-molar solution of acetic acid, only 0.4% of the acid molecules are dissociated. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most common are acetic acid (vinegar) and butyric acid (human vomit). (wikipedia.org)
  • malonic acid
  • Malonic Acid - Malonic acid is an organic dicarboxylic acid with a methylene group separating the two carbonyl moieties. (fsu.edu)
  • Malonic acid (IUPAC systematic name: propanedioic acid) is a dicarboxylic acid with structure CH2(COOH)2. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ionized form of malonic acid, as well as its esters and salts, are known as malonates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Malonic acid is often mistakenly believed to occur in beetroot at high concentration. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, a study on the composition of sugar beet liquors revealed no malonic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Malonic acid is the classic example of a competitive inhibitor: It acts against succinate dehydrogenase (complex II) in the respiratory electron transport chain. (wikipedia.org)
  • The nitrile group can be hydrolyzed with sodium hydroxide to sodium malonate, and acidification affords malonic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • More recently, malonic acid has been produced through fermentation of glucose. (wikipedia.org)
  • Malonic acid is also frequently used as an enolate in Knoevenagel condensations or condensed with acetone to form Meldrum's acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • The esters of malonic acid are also used as a −CH2COOH synthon in the malonic ester synthesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Malonic acid is also known to be a competitive inhibitor of succinic dehydrogenase, the enzyme responsible for the dehydrogenation of succinate within Krebs cycle. (wikipedia.org)
  • Constant pressure heat capacity of solid: Malonic acid is a precursor to specialty polyesters. (wikipedia.org)
  • One application of malonic acid is in the coatings industry as a crosslinker for low-temperature cure powder coatings, which are becoming increasingly valuable for heat sensitive substrates and a desire to speed up the coatings process. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2004, annual global production of malonic acid and related diesters was over 20,000 metric tons. (wikipedia.org)
  • Malonic acid was listed as one of the top 30 chemicals to be produced from biomass by the US Department of Energy. (wikipedia.org)
  • In food and drug applications, malonic acid can be used to control acidity, either as an excipient in pharmaceutical formulation or natural preservative additive for foods. (wikipedia.org)
  • Eastman Kodak company and others use malonic acid and derivatives as a surgical adhesive. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Origin of the Names Malic, Maleic, and Malonic Acid Jensen, William B. J. Chem. (wikipedia.org)
  • fumaric
  • Fumaric acid or trans-butenedioic acid is the chemical compound with the formula HO2CCH=CHCO2H. (wikipedia.org)
  • The chemical properties of fumaric acid can be anticipated from its component functional groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fumaric acid is found in fumitory (Fumaria officinalis), bolete mushrooms (specifically Boletus fomentarius var. (wikipedia.org)
  • Human skin naturally produces fumaric acid when exposed to sunlight. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fumaric acid has been used as a food acidulant since 1946. (wikipedia.org)
  • Various Fumaric acid esters (FAES) have specific immunomodulating (respectively moderate immunosuppression) properties which are responsible for certain effects in the treatment of psoriasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the Netherlands, Germany, Austria and the Benelux countries substances derived from fumaric acid have been used for half a century for this purpose. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although it seems that a certain effectiveness exists (and many studies have confirmed the effect), more statistically powerful studies are necessary to provide better evidence of the effectiveness of fumaric acid esters in treatment of psoriasis (e.g. more accurate in terms of the dermatological nosology of this autoimmune disease). (wikipedia.org)
  • Such studies should in the future help specify which psoriasis variants (in terms of the course, the immunological profile of the patient etc.) are suited to be treated with fumaric acid esters. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fumaric acid is naturally present in the herb called Fumaria officinalis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fumaric acid is used in the manufacture of polyester resins and polyhydric alcohols and as a mordant for dyes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both enantiomers may be separated by chiral resolution of the racemic mixture, and the (S)- enantiomer may be specifically obtained by fermentation of fumaric acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • derivative
  • Ellagic acid is a bicyclic coumarin derivative that is a naturally occurring phytochemical proven effective in arresting mitosis in some carcinomas. (fsu.edu)
  • Additionally, the coenzyme A derivative of malonate, malonyl-CoA, is an important precursor in fatty acid biosynthesis along with acetyl CoA. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this example the derivative is a di-carboxylic acid, but di-acyl chlorides are also used. (wikipedia.org)
  • carbon
  • This higher yielding route could offer environmental benefits via elimination of cyanide and chloroacetic acid use in addition to carbon sequestration. (wikipedia.org)
  • molecule
  • Azelaic acid was identified as a molecule that accumulated at elevated levels in some parts of plants and was shown to be able to enhance the resistance of plants to infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • adipic
  • The most widely used dicarboxylic acid in the industry is adipic acid, which is a precursor used in the production of nylon. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adipic acid, despite its name (in Latin adipis, is fat), is not a normal constituent of natural lipids but is a product of oxidative rancidity. (wikipedia.org)
  • proteins
  • Dehydration synthesis often involves joining monomers with an -OH (hydroxyl) group and a freely ionized -H on either end (such as a hydrogen from the -NH2 in nylon or proteins). (wikipedia.org)
  • Proteins are condensation polymers made from amino acid monomers. (wikipedia.org)
  • tricarboxylic acid
  • Succinate is generated in mitochondria via the tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA), an energy-yielding process shared by all organisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Succinate is a key intermediate in the tricarboxylic acid cycle, a primary metabolic pathway used to produce chemical energy in the presence of O2. (wikipedia.org)
  • Malonate Inhibition of Oxidations in the Krebs Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • resins
  • Azelaic acid is used, as simple esters or branched-chain esters) in the manufacture of plasticizers (for vinyl chloride resins, rubber), lubricants and greases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oleochemicals are important raw material for polymeric resins specially alkyd based because of possible functional group modifications. (wikipedia.org)
  • polymers
  • Carboxylic acids are used in the production of polymers, pharmaceuticals, solvents, and food additives. (wikipedia.org)
  • Linear polymers are created using monomers with two reactive end groups and monomers with more than two end groups give three-dimensional polymers which are cross linked. (wikipedia.org)
  • monomers
  • The type of end product resulting from a condensation polymerization is dependent on Monomers with only one reactive group do not padlock a growing chain, and thus give end products with a lower molecular weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • The peptide or ester bonds between monomers can be hydrolysed by acid catalysts or bacterial enzymes breaking the polymer chain into smaller pieces. (wikipedia.org)
  • molecules
  • The DA molecules react with the epoxy groups, producing β hydroxy-esters along the chain. (rsc.org)
  • citation needed] For nomenclature of complex molecules containining a carboxylic acid, the carboxyl can be considered position one of the parent chain even if there are other substituents, for example, 3-chloropropanoic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • polymer
  • b) a polymer moiety, bound graft-wise or block-wise thereto, said moiety (b) being selected from the group consisting of a styrenic polymer moiety, and a polyester moiety. (google.com)
  • molecular
  • each R' is independently hydrogen or a C 1 to C 6 monovalent organic radical, and G is the radical remaining after removal of the terminal amino groups of a long chain ether diamine having a molecular weight of from about 400 to about 12,000. (google.es)
  • Ortho-phthalate esters have traditionally been the most dominant plasticizers, but regulatory concerns have led to the move away from classified substances to non-classified which includes high molecular weight ortho-phthalates and other plasticisers, especially in Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • thereof
  • 4. The kit of claim 1 wherein said powder feel agent is selected from the group consisting of high-molecular weight crosslinked silicone polymers, high molecular weight elastomer crosslinked silicone polymer gels, hydrophobic silica particles, and combinations of two or more thereof. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • 10. The kit of claim 1 wherein the ester is selected from the group consisting of octyl isononanoate, isopropyl palmitate, butyl stearate, and combinations of two or more thereof. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • 14. The kit of claim 1 further comprising an article selected from the group consisting of wipes, lotions, cleansers, and combinations of two or more thereof. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • Ketone or ketene dnrm, i.e., c(c=o)c or c=c=o carbocyclic ring, e.g., benzophenone, etc. carbocyclic ring wherein one of the nuclear carbons thereof is double bonded directly to an oxygen atom so as to form a c=o group therewith, e.g., cyclohexanone, etc. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • When used herein, the term "diols" and "low molecular weight diols" should be construed to include equivalent ester forming derivatives thereof, provided, however, that the molecular weight requirement pertains to the diol only and not to its derivatives. (factbites.com)
  • acetic acid
  • 4,757,128 and 4,997,904 disclose the preparation of polyanhydrides with improved sustained drug release properties from pure, isolated prepolymers of diacids and acetic acid. (google.com)
  • Loss of acetic acid then gives the sigma-allyl C,O-benzoate complex 4, which quickly equilibrates to the pi-allyl haptomer 5. (wikipedia.org)
  • in the first stage acetic acid is lost, followed by the degradation of the unsaturated polyethylene polymer. (wikipedia.org)
  • synthesis
  • Laboratory synthesis can be done by reduction of adipic acid with lithium aluminium hydride, however, since it is cheaply and commercially available, it is usually not synthesized in the laboratory. (wikipedia.org)
  • When there is excess glucose, coenzyme A is used in the cytosol for synthesis of fatty acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • This process is implemented by regulation of acetyl-CoA carboxylase, which catalyzes the committed step in fatty acid synthesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Polyketide synthesis based on first-generation technologies described above often end up being too long for large scale application due to the need for added redox manipulations (i.e. alcohol to carbonyl oxidations) and protecting group requirements. (wikipedia.org)
  • ACC1 is found in the cytoplasm of all cells but is enriched in lipogenic tissue, such as adipose tissue and lactating mammary glands, where fatty acid synthesis is important. (wikipedia.org)
  • hydroxyl
  • As 1,6-hexanediol contains the hydroxyl group, it undergoes the typical chemical reactions of alcohols such as dehydration, substitution, esterification. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cytochrome P450 omega hydroxylases, also termed cytochrome P450 ω-hydroxylases, CYP450 omega hydroxylases, CYP450 ω-hydroxylases, CYP omega hydroxylase, CYP ω-hydroxylases, fatty acid omega hydroxylases, cytochrome P450 monooxygenases, and fatty acid monooxygenases, are a set of cytochrome P450-containing enzymes that catalyze the addition of a hydroxyl residue to a fatty acid Substrate (chemistry). (wikipedia.org)
  • however, the monooxygenases are CYP450 enzymes that add a hydroxyl group to a wide range of xenobiotic (e.g. drugs, industrial toxins) and naturally occurring endobiotic (e.g. cholesterol) substrates, most of which are not fatty acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • polymers
  • 17. The epoxy paste adhesive of claim 1 additionally comprising at least one impact modifier/toughening agent selected from the group consisting of epoxy-based prepolymers obtained by reacting one or more amine-terminated polymers with one or more epoxy resins. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • Succinic acid also serves as the bases of certain biodegradable polymers, which are of interest in tissue engineering applications. (wikipedia.org)
  • compounds
  • However, these biocompatible and biodegradable aromatic polyanhydrides have radical or aliphatic bonds resulting in compounds with slow degradation times as well as relatively insoluble degradation products unless incorporated into a copolymer containing a more hydrophilic monomer, such as sebacic acid. (google.com)
  • The compounds used include metal halides (most often zinc chloride or ammonium chloride), hydrochloric acid, phosphoric acid, and hydrobromic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • The classic Miller-Urey experiment and similar research demonstrated that most amino acids, the basic chemical constituents of the proteins used in all living organisms, can be synthesized from inorganic compounds under conditions intended to replicate those of the early Earth. (wikipedia.org)
  • nucleic
  • Life functions through the specialized chemistry of carbon and water and is largely based upon four key families of chemicals: lipids (fatty cell walls), carbohydrates (sugars, cellulose), amino acids (protein metabolism), and nucleic acids (self-replicating DNA and RNA). (wikipedia.org)
  • succinic acid
  • Succinic acid (/səkˈsɪnɪk/) is a dicarboxylic acid with the chemical formula (CH2)2(CO2H)2. (wikipedia.org)
  • In living organisms, succinic acid takes the form of an anion, succinate, which has multiple biological roles as a metabolic intermediate being converted into fumarate by the enzyme succinate dehydrogenase in complex 2 of the electron transport chain which is involved in making ATP, and as a signaling molecule reflecting the cellular metabolic state. (wikipedia.org)
  • Succinic acid is a white, odorless solid with a highly acidic taste. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a diprotic acid, succinic acid undergoes two successive deprotonation reactions: (CH2)2(CO2H)2 → (CH2)2(CO2H)(CO2)− + H+ (CH2)2(CO2H)(CO2)− → (CH2)2(CO2)22− + H+ The pKa of these processes are 4.3 and 5.6, respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dehydration of succinic acid gives succinic anhydride. (wikipedia.org)
  • Historically, succinic acid was obtained from amber by distillation and has thus been known as spirit of amber. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today, succinic acid is generated for human use synthetically or converted from biomass via fermentation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Succinic acid is a precursor to some polyesters and a component of some alkyd resins. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a food additive and dietary supplement, succinic acid is generally recognized as safe by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Succinic acid is used primarily as an acidity regulator in the food and beverage industry. (wikipedia.org)
  • lipids
  • This process is the body's primary catabolic pathway and is essential in breaking down the building blocks of the cell such as carbohydrates, amino acids, and lipids. (wikipedia.org)
  • acetyl-CoA carboxy
  • A proposed mechanism is the release of carbon dioxide from biotin, which subsequently abstracts a proton from the methyl group from acetyl CoA carboxylase. (wikipedia.org)
  • substrate
  • Remarkably, due to a kinetic preference for primary alcohols, protecting group manipulations are not necessary when performing this reaction on a substrate that contains both primary and secondary alcohols. (wikipedia.org)
  • This diethyl ester is a substrate in the Stobbe condensation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most important function of ACC is to provide the malonyl-CoA substrate for the biosynthesis of fatty acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • proteins
  • Coenzyme A is also the source of the phosphopantetheine group that is added as a prosthetic group to proteins such as acyl carrier protein and formyltetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase. (wikipedia.org)
  • wherein
  • 3. The compound according to claim 2, wherein said L is independently a single covalent bond or a covalent linkage having 1-20 nonhydrogen atoms selected from the group consisting of C, N, O, P, and S. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • 8. The compound according to claim 7, wherein R x is independently a maleimide group or a succinimidyl ester of a carboxylic acid. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • 2. A heat-sensitive recording material as in claim 1, wherein the alkyl group as represented by R.sup.1 or R.sup.2 in the formula (I) has from 1 to 8 carbon atoms. (patentgenius.com)
  • 5. A heat-sensitive recording material as in claim 1, wherein said basic colorless dye is a compound having a partial skeleton selected from a lactone, a lactam, a sultone, a spiropyran, an ester and an amide. (patentgenius.com)
  • 2. A method of delivering an alpha-hydroxy acid to a host comprising administering to a host a composition of claim 1 wherein the polyanhydride comprises Formula (III). (google.com)
  • 6. The kit of claim 1 wherein said ester is a monoester. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • reaction
  • Preferably, subsequent to polymerization of the polymer particles, additional crosslinking is provided by reaction of functional groups in the addition-polymerized monomers other than carbon-to-carbon unsaturation, such as the reaction of an epoxy group with a carboxyl group. (google.com)
  • The use of high temperatures and the need for base in the reaction maybe lower the functional group tolerance in some cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • The reaction of 3-sulfolene with carbon dioxide at 3 bar pressure and in the presence of diazabicycloundecene produces 3-sulfolene-3-carboxylic acid in 45% yield. (wikipedia.org)
  • The carboxyl group is transferred from biotin to acetyl CoA to form malonyl CoA in the second reaction, which is catalyzed by CT. (wikipedia.org)
  • undergoes
  • This weak acid forms a diester, it undergoes additions across the double bond, and it is an excellent dienophile. (wikipedia.org)
  • lactic
  • The present invention provides a vagus nerve activator comprising bacterial cells and/or a treated product of a lactic acid bacteria as active ingredient(s). (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • Specifically, poly (lactic acid) has low melt strength and low viscosity properties that are similar to EVA midsoles in athletic shoes. (wikipedia.org)
  • aldehyde
  • The Krische allylation involves the iridium-catalyzed enantioselective addition of an allyl group to an aldehyde or an alcohol, resulting in the formation of a secondary alcohol and a new carbon-carbon bond. (wikipedia.org)
  • respectively
  • The remaining 72 animals were equally divided in four groups (B, C, D and E). The rats in group B, C and D were given NS, NH, and CD respectively while those in E were kept as such. (blogspot.com)
  • The healing effects were almost the same in all three groups therefore, the statistical difference was not significant among them (p =0.40 and 0.65) while significant from group E (p=0.0000075, 0.0000016 and 0.0000012 respectively). (blogspot.com)
  • Carbonyl
  • In 1991, Yamamoto paved the way for the first catalytic enantioselective methodologies with his Lewis acid-catalyzed carbonyl allylation. (wikipedia.org)
  • substrates
  • However, the sulfur dioxide that is generated as a side product may cause side reactions with acid-sensitive substrates. (wikipedia.org)
  • enzyme
  • Two Mg2+ are coordinated by the phosphate groups on the ATP, and are required for ATP binding to the enzyme. (wikipedia.org)
  • succinate
  • Succinate is a key intermediate in the tricarboxylic acid cycle, a primary metabolic pathway used to produce chemical energy in the presence of O2. (wikipedia.org)
  • metabolites
  • This hydroxylation greatly reduces the ability of these arachidonic acid metabolites to stimulate cells that mediate inflammation and allergic reactions and may thereby limit and contribute to the resolution of these innate immunity reactions. (wikipedia.org)
  • atoms
  • In uranyl fluoride, UO2F2, the uranium atom achieves a coordination number of 8 by forming a layer structure with two oxygen atoms in a uranyl configuration and six fluoride ions bridging between uranyl groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • dietary
  • While once regarded as functioning mainly in the catabolism of dietary fatty acids, the omega oxygenases are now considered critical in the production or break-down of fatty acid-derived mediators which are made by cells and act within their cells of origin as autocrine signaling agents or on nearby cells as paracrine signaling agents to regulate various functions such as blood pressure control and inflammation. (wikipedia.org)
  • molecular
  • Ortho-phthalate esters have traditionally been the most dominant plasticizers, but regulatory concerns have led to the move away from classified substances to non-classified which includes high molecular weight ortho-phthalates and other plasticisers, especially in Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • cleansers
  • Salicylates are used routinely as anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, analgesic, and anti-oxidant agents, while alpha-hydroxy acids are incorporated into many skin moisturizers, cleansers, lotions, creams shampoos, tanning products and lipsticks to promote smoother, clearer skin with fewer wrinkles. (google.com)
  • Fumarate
  • In patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, the ester dimethyl fumarate (BG-12, Biogen) significantly reduced relapse and disability progression in a phase 3 trial. (wikipedia.org)
  • epoxy
  • 10. The epoxy paste adhesive of claim 1 comprising at least one epoxy resin selected from the group consisting of diglycidyl ethers of bisphenol A and bisphenol F. (patentsencyclopedia.com)