• mediastinal
  • It remains unclear which goitres are to be termed substernal, but a recently proposed definition is a goitre that requires mediastinal exploration and dissection for complete removal or an intrathoracic component extending more than 3 cm in the thoracic inlet 1 . (radiopaedia.org)
  • For goitres that cannot be removed via neck dissection, such as those with complicated anatomic extensions or posterior mediastinal involvement, the surgeon may need to incorporate a partial upper sternotomy and clavicular head resection or mini-thoracotomy for adequate exposure. (radiopaedia.org)
  • total
  • Methods: We report on the first national survey in mainland Tanzania, conducted in 2004 to assess the extent to which iodated salt was used and its apparent impact on the total goitre prevalence (TGP) and urinary iodine concentrations (UIC) among the schoolchildren after USI was initiated. (ebscohost.com)
  • To assess the time trend of median urinary iodine and total goiter rates. (ebscohost.com)
  • According to one study the most important CT features in determining the necessity of sternotomy for goitre excision are the presence of an ectopic goitre, total thyroid gland volume and goitre extension below the tracheal carina 3 . (radiopaedia.org)