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  • oats
  • At the facility, Tate & Lyle uses a unique patented manufacturing process, without the addition of chemicals, to transform locally sourced Swedish oats into high value ingredients such as PromOat Beta Glucan and PrOatein Oat Protein which are used in a wide variety of food and beverages including breakfast cereals, smoothies, baked goods, bars and sports shakes. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In 1997, the FDA approved of a claim that intake of at least 3.0 g of β-glucan from oats per day decreased absorption of dietary cholesterol and reduced the risk of coronary heart disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • The approved health claim was later amended to include these sources of β-glucan: rolled oats (oatmeal), oat bran, whole oat flour, oatrim, whole grain barley and barley beta-fiber. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, β(1,3)(1,4)-glucans are also extracted from the bran of some grains, such as oats and barley, and to a much lesser degree in rye and wheat. (wikipedia.org)
  • In oats, β-glucan is found mainly in the endosperm of the oat kernel, especially in the outer layers of that endosperm. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1997, after reviewing 33 clinical studies performed over the previous decades, the FDA approved the claim that intaking at least 3 g of β-glucan from oats per day decreased saturated fats and reduced the risk of heart disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • In oats, β-glucan is found mainly in the endosperm of the oat kernel, especially in the outer layers of that endosperm (a marked difference from barley, which contains β-glucan uniformly throughout the endosperm). (wikipedia.org)
  • Most oats contain 3-6% β-glucan by weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oats can be selectively bred based on favourable β-glucan levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • bacterial
  • Jung et al (2007) suggests the need for intensive research on bacterial glucan since the industries are using only the glucan from mushrooms and yeast lysate even they are low in purity and yield due to the availability of diminutive information about bacterial glucans (5). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Linear (1→3)-β-glucans and side-chain-branched (1→3,1→2)-β-glucans are major constituents of capsular materials, with roles in bacterial aggregation, virulence and carbohydrate storage. (springer.com)
  • This review includes information on the structure, properties and molecular genetics of the bacterial (1→3)-β-glucans, together with an overview of the physiology and biotechnology of curdlan production and applications of this biopolymer and its derivatives. (springer.com)
  • synthesis
  • Chen R, Bhagwat AA, Yaklich R, Keister DL (2002) Characterisation of nvdD , the third gene involved in the synthesis of cyclic-β-(1-3),(1,6)- d -glucans in Bradyrhizobium japonicum . (springer.com)
  • This family consists of the beta-glucan synthesis-associated proteins KRE6 and SKN1. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • It has been postulated that the synthesis of beta1,6-glucan begins in the endoplasmic reticulum with the formation of protein-bound primer structures and that these primer structures are extended in the Golgi complex by two putative glucosyltransferases that are functionally redundant, Kre6 and Skn1. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • Glucanase Glucans at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Berman, E.L., Gorkovenko A.A., Zubov, V.P., and Ponomarenko, V.A.,"Regio and Stereospecific Synthesis of Polyglucose with Novel Type BondSoviet J.Bioorg. (wikipedia.org)
  • cereal
  • Cereal β-glucans from oat, barley, wheat, and rye induce a variety of physiological effects that positively impact health. (wikipedia.org)
  • chitin
  • 8) This exoskeletal structure is composed primarily of chitin, glucan , mannan, and glycoproteins, (9) of which glucan is an important component used in the Fungitell assay. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • ingredient
  • Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA) was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on the safety of 'yeast beta -glucans' as a novel food ingredient in the context of Regulation (EC) No. 258/97 taking account of the comments/objections of a scientific nature raised by the Member States. (europa.eu)
  • based DSM Nutritional, last month expanded its ingredient portfolio with the acquisition of the OatWell brand of beta glucan from Swedish Oat Fiber (SOF). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Norwegiane life science company, ImmunoMedic, has announced that it is preparing to launch its ultra pure beta 1,3/1,6 glucan ingredient, Betox-93, in the North American market. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • starch
  • Usually β-glucan is solubilized in the extraction process with residual starch, which is then removed by hydrolysis with alpha-amylase. (wikipedia.org)
  • catalyses
  • This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction Hydrolysis of terminal (1->3)-alpha-D-glucosidic links in (1->3)-alpha-D-glucans This enzyme does not act on nigeran although it has some activity against nigerose. (wikipedia.org)
  • bioactive
  • After joining Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada in 1969, Peter J Wood played an instrumental role in isolating and characterizing the structure and bioactive properties of oat β-glucan. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2001
  • Alban S, Franz G (2001) Partial synthetic glucan sulphates as potential new antithrombotics: a review. (springer.com)
  • 1995
  • Bohn JA, Bemiller JN (1995) (1→3)-β- d -Glucans as biological response modifiers: a review of structure-functional activity relationships. (springer.com)
  • Agrobacterium
  • Curdlan, the linear (1→3)-β-glucan from Agrobacterium , has unique rheological and thermal gelling properties, with applications in the food industry and other sectors. (springer.com)
  • immune system
  • 1 Much weaker evidence supports the potential use of certain beta-glucan products for modifying the activity of the immune system. (grandstrandmed.com)
  • The other primary proposed use of beta-glucan products involves effects on the immune system. (grandstrandmed.com)
  • Scientific studies have shown that Beta-1,3/1,6 D-Glucan supports a healthy immune system through its ability to maintain and modulate several aspects of the body's normal immune functions. (nowfoods.com)
  • Yeast- and medicinal mushroom-derived β-glucans have been investigated for their ability to modulate the immune system. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1,3/1,6-ß-D-glucan complex boosts the immune system of humans and other animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • fiber
  • Oat fiber β-glucan at intake levels of at least 3 g per day can decrease the levels of saturated fats in the blood and may reduce the risk of heart disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • glycosidic bonds
  • Typically, β-glucans form a linear backbone with 1-3 β-glycosidic bonds but vary with respect to molecular mass, solubility, viscosity, branching structure, and gelation properties, causing diverse physiological effects in animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • beta
  • Studies indicate that beta glucans are worth considering. (articleinsider.com)
  • The amounts of beta glucans in studies have ranged from about 3,000 to 15,000 mg per day. (articleinsider.com)
  • It also includes beta glucan , which helps speed healing of the irrigation and nicks that often occur during shaving. (yourdictionary.com)
  • The applicant intends to market 'yeast beta -glucans' in food supplements at dose levels of up to 375 mg per day and in foods for particular nutritional uses (PARNUTS) at dose levels of up to 600 mg per day. (europa.eu)
  • In addition, the applicant intends to market 'yeast beta -glucans' in a variety of foods including beverages for the general population. (europa.eu)
  • The Panel notes that the "high intake" scenario for 'yeast beta -glucans' is grossly similar to the background intake of beta -glucans from other dietary sources. (europa.eu)
  • Beta -glucans from other sources have already been evaluated for safety by EFSA. (europa.eu)
  • On the basis of the nature of 'yeast beta -glucans', the significant history of use of its source, the provided intake estimate and the supplementary data from human and animal studies, Panel concludes that 'yeast beta -glucans' is safe at the proposed conditions of use. (europa.eu)
  • Once eaten, beta glucan forms a gel which helps bind cholesterol in the intestines and prevent it from being absorbed. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The test materials, including [beta]- glucan , were supplied from Glucan Corp. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Following a period of 60 minutes after oral administration of standard drug or beta- glucan , all mice were intraperitoneally injected with 1% acetic acid at a dose of 10 ml per kg body weight. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of a yeast beta-glucan product (YBG) as an alternative to virginiamycin in market age broiler chickens. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • Body weight, feed consumption and feed conversion of broiler chickens fed yeast beta glucan (YBG), virginiamycin or a control diet for 38 days. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • Further research is recommended to optimize inclusion rates of yeast beta-glucan in broiler diets to maximize growth promotion, and to determine their effects on the microbiological profiles of broiler digestive tracts. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • Scientific studies have shown that Beta-Glucan supports immune function through its ability to stimulate macrophage activity. (totaldiscountvitamins.com)
  • the evidence for benefit is strong enough that the FDA has allowed a "heart healthy" label claim for food products containing substantial amounts of beta-glucan. (grandstrandmed.com)
  • It is thought that beta-glucan reduces cholesterol levels by increasing excretion of cholesterol from the digestive tract. (grandstrandmed.com)
  • Beta-glucan may also modestly improve blood pressure levels , 12,13 though not all studies agree. (grandstrandmed.com)
  • In addition, beta-glucan may help limit the rise in blood sugar that occurs after a meal. (grandstrandmed.com)
  • In the alternative medicine literature, these effects are commonly summarized as indicating that beta-glucan is an "immune stimulant. (grandstrandmed.com)
  • These intentionally unsensational terms indicate that we merely know beta-glucan affects (modulates) immune function, not that it improves immune function. (grandstrandmed.com)
  • Based on these largely theoretical findings, as well a small number of very preliminary human trials, 29-31 various beta-glucan products have been advocated for the treatment of conditions as diverse as allergic rhinitis , cancer , infections, and sepsis (overwhelming infection following major trauma, illness, or surgery). (grandstrandmed.com)
  • NOW® Extra Strength Beta-Glucans has over twice the Beta-Glucans (250 mg per capsule) as in our regular strength product (100 mg per capsule). (nowfoods.com)
  • Many beta-glucans are medically important. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prophylactic Anti-Infective Activity of Poly-[1-beta -D-Glucopyranosyl-[1-beta -D-Glucopyranose Glucan in a Guinea Pig Model of Staphylococcal Wound Infection - Kernodle et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • Through wet milling, sieving, and solvent-extraction, oat beta-glucans can achieve up to 95% extraction purity. (wikipedia.org)
  • In July 2009, the Scientific Committee issued the following statements: On the basis of the data available, the Panel concludes that a cause-and-effect relationship has been established between the consumption of beta-glucans and the "reduction of blood cholesterol concentrations. (wikipedia.org)
  • The following wording reflects the scientific evidence: "Regular consumption of beta-glucans contributes to maintenance of normal blood cholesterol concentrations. (wikipedia.org)
  • The systematic name of this enzyme class is ATP phosphohydrolase (beta-glucan-exporting). (wikipedia.org)