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  • epidemic
  • Allowing that trend to continue would be "a calamity of the first magnitude", he said, calling on Governments at all levels to prioritize the fight against the global health epidemic and non-communicable diseases. (un.org)
  • India is Model for Developing a Healthy Workplace also on the brink of an NCD epidemic - the burden For workplace wellness programmes to accomplish it faces is high in terms of mortality, morbidity and the above, they must be designed, implemented economic productivity, and it stands to face and evaluated in a systematic manner. (slideshare.net)
  • The ability already exists to counteract the non-communicable disease epidemic, thus saving millions of lives, preventing untold suffering, and reducing enormous costs," says the UN's May 2011 report. (cfr.org)
  • Proclaiming the spread of non-communicable diseases a socio-economic and development challenge of "epidemic proportions," Governments today pledged to work with the United Nations to adopt before the end of 2012 targets to combat heart disease, cancers, diabetes and lung disease and to devise voluntary policies that cut smoking and slashed the high salt, sugar and fat content in foods that caused them. (un.org)
  • Field Epidemiology Training Programs (FETPs) are two-year applied public health training programs modeled after the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS). (wikipedia.org)
  • Since launching the Epidemic Intelligence Service by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 1951, the development of field epidemiology has been promoted internationally and globally. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because the health care system has deteriorated badly and receives insufficient funding and because sanitation and water supply systems are in declining condition, Tajikistan has a high risk of epidemic disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ageing of the population is the major force driving the epidemic of chronic diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • malaria
  • There is a strong, international consensus that the MDGs explicitly related to health, namely 4 (reduce child mortality), 5 (improve maternal health) and 6 (combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases), should be integral to the post-2015 agenda. (un.org)
  • preventable
  • Often referred to as "lifestyle" diseases because the majority of them were preventable, illnesses from smoking, alcohol abuse, poor diets and physical inactivity killed some 36 million people a year, mostly in low and middle-income countries where they disproportionately affected people under 60. (un.org)
  • Referred to as a "lifestyle" disease, because the majority of these diseases are preventable illnesses, the most common causes for non-communicable diseases (NCD) include tobacco use (smoking), alcohol abuse, poor diets (high consumption of sugar, salt, saturated fats, and trans fatty acids) and physical inactivity. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the World Health Organization, in Tajikistan, most child deaths are caused by diseases that are "readily preventable or treatable with proven, cost-effective and quality delivered interventions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many diseases are preventable through simple, nonmedical methods. (wikipedia.org)
  • stroke
  • By 2013, the leading causes of death were non-communicable diseases (predominantly stroke and ischemic heart disease). (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Heart Federation is committed to uniting its members and leads the global fight against heart disease and stroke, with a focus on low-and middle-income countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Heart Federation is the world's only global body dedicated to leading the fight against heart disease and stroke via a united community of almost 200 member organizations that bring together the strength of medical societies and heart foundations, from more than 100 countries covering the regions of Asia-Pacific, Europe, East Mediterranean, the Americas and Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Heart Federation urges greater action from policy makers, healthcare professionals, patient organizations and individuals to work together to reduce the burden of heart disease and stroke, and ensure people all over the world can have longer and better lives. (wikipedia.org)
  • This led to the World Heart Federation recognising that achieving the 2025 targets would require a primary focus on cardiovascular disease, including heart disease and stroke, and that all of the targets have a direct impact on CVD. (wikipedia.org)
  • prevention and control
  • World leaders joined Health and Development Ministers in the consensus adoption of a wide-ranging Political Declaration on the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases at the opening of the General Assembly's first ever summit on the deadly chronic illnesses. (un.org)
  • The World Heart Federation exists to prevent and control these diseases through awareness campaigns and action, promoting the exchange of information, ideas and science among those involved in cardiovascular care, advocating for disease prevention and control by promoting healthy diets, physical activity and tobacco free living at an individual, community and policy maker level. (wikipedia.org)
  • adults
  • We documented a strikingly high prevalence of a number of chronic non-communicable diseases and their risk factors among Iranian adults. (biomedcentral.com)
  • It is recommended that adults and children aim to visit their doctor for regular check-ups, even if they feel healthy, to perform disease screening, identify risk factors for disease, discuss tips for a healthy and balanced lifestyle, stay up to date with immunizations and boosters, and maintain a good relationship with a healthcare provider. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • On Friday 12 June, Ailiana Santosa, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, unit for Epidemiology and Global Health at Umeå University, defends her dissertation entitled "Where are the world's disease patterns heading? (healthcanal.com)
  • The Global health committee mainly focuses on the detection and management of cardiovascular disease and offers a road map for achieving better outcomes in preventing and treating heart disease. (medindia.net)
  • Specifically, in this report, the committee focuses on the detection and management of cardiovascular disease and offers a roadmap for achieving better outcomes in preventing and treating heart disease, including through screening, accelerated drug development, digital health and smart financing strategies. (medindia.net)
  • The first part of the course provides a basic framework for understanding global public health issues and improvement of health at a population level by exposing students to basic public health concepts of disease burden, standard indices for measuring population-based health, and highlighting global epidemiologic trends. (uab.edu)
  • Each major system will be presented first as normal physiology, then, how genetics and/or specific exposures (voluntary and involuntary) contribute to diseases of public health significance. (uab.edu)
  • New York City had also taken the lead in promoting healthier eating habits, as part of its overall efforts to make reduction of non-communicable diseases a public health priority, he said. (un.org)
  • Echoing Mr. Bloomberg's concerns, General Assembly President Nassir Abdulaziz Al-Nasser said the public health pendulum had swung too far, focusing too much on a few diseases, while denying attention and help to those who suffered and died from less dramatic but no less fatal diseases of the body and mind. (un.org)
  • The 'developmental origins of health and disease' (DOHaD) hypothesis proposes that adverse conditions during critical periods of early development permanently 'programme' the body's metabolic tissues and systems , leading to increased susceptibility to disease in later life. (utoronto.ca)
  • Citing statistics from the World Health Organization (WHO), which saw deaths from non-communicable diseases increasing by 17 per cent in the next decade, he said that in Africa, that number would jump by 24 per cent. (un.org)
  • An excellent foundation […], we must act together to carry out its provisions and bring non-communicable diseases into our broader global health and development agenda," he declared. (un.org)
  • The Assembly noted with "grave concern" the vicious cycle by which poverty, chronic diseases and other risk factors fed off each other, creating a deadly spiral of sickness and deprivation, which, among other things, negatively affected women, exacerbated the impacts of HIV/AIDS, wreaked havoc on fragile health-care systems and undermined development gains. (un.org)
  • The prevalence of obesity in both the developed and developing world have increased, which leads to diverse health outcomes and is placing a heavy burden on the economy. (nwu.ac.za)
  • The other 75 percent of their time is spent in field placements, where residents "learn by doing," by participating in outbreak investigations, helping to establish and evaluate disease surveillance systems, designing and conducting studies on problems of public health concern in their country, and training other healthcare workers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Preterm birth is critical for progress on Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG) for child survival by 2015 and beyond, and gives added value to maternal health (MDG 5) investments also linking to non-communicable diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • For preterm babies who survive, the additional burden of prematurity-related disability may affect families and health systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • The WHO's World Health Report 2002 identified five important risk factors for non-communicable disease in the top ten leading risks to health. (wikipedia.org)
  • This was driven by a rise in both communicable and non-communicable diseases and declining access to health services, especially for the poor. (wikipedia.org)
  • One DALY can be thought of as one year of healthy life lost, and the overall disease burden can be thought of as a measure of the gap between current health status and the ideal health status (where the individual lives to old age free from disease and disability). (wikipedia.org)
  • The study based on data from 188 countries, considered to be the largest and most detailed analysis to quantify levels, patterns, and trends in ill health and disability, concluded that "the proportion of disability-adjusted life years due to YLDs increased globally from 21.1% in 1990 to 31.2% in 2013. (wikipedia.org)
  • These measures allow for comparison of disease burdens, and have also been used to forecast the possible impacts of health interventions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) has provided a set of detailed guidelines for measuring disease burden at the local or national level. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2004, the World Health Organization calculated that 1.5 billion disability-adjusted life years were lost to disease and injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy (CDDEP) is a public health research organization with headquarters in Washington, D.C. and New Delhi. (wikipedia.org)
  • A joint effort of The World Bank, the Fogarty International Center of the National Institutes of Health, and the World Health Organization, with substantial technical input from CDDEP researchers, DCPP was launched in 2001 as a four-year initiative to improve the health of people in developing countries by identifying disease control priorities based on scientific evidence and cost-effectiveness. (wikipedia.org)
  • by introducing Universal Health Coverage in the years to come As a guidance to achieve this goal, The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) and World Health Organization (WHO) recently[update] published the report "Namibia: State of the Nation's Health: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • The report backs the fact that Namibia has made steadily progress in the last decades when it comes to general health and communicable diseases, but despite this progress, HIV/AIDS still is one of the big reasons for health loss in the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although women in industrialised countries have narrowed the gender gap in life expectancy and now live longer than men, in many areas of health they experience earlier and more severe disease with poorer outcomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other important health issues for women include cardiovascular disease, depression, dementia, osteoporosis and anemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Women's experience of health and disease differ from those of men, due to unique biological, social and behavioural conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Just as health comprises a variety of physical and mental states, so do disease and disability, which are affected by environmental factors, genetic predisposition, disease agents, and lifestyle choices. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health, disease, and disability are dynamic processes which begin before individuals realize they are affected. (wikipedia.org)
  • Public health is "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting human health through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, according to the World Health Organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • Public health aims to improve the quality of life through prevention and treatment of disease, including mental health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Common public health initiatives include promoting handwashing and breastfeeding, delivery of vaccinations, suicide prevention and distribution of condoms to control the spread of sexually transmitted diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • The focus of a public health intervention is to prevent and manage diseases, injuries and other health conditions through surveillance of cases and the promotion of healthy behaviors, communities and environments. (wikipedia.org)
  • The United States Public Health Service (PHS), led by the Surgeon General of the United States, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, headquartered in Atlanta, are involved with several international health activities, in addition to their national duties. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most governments recognize the importance of public health programs in reducing the incidence of disease, disability, and the effects of aging and other physical and mental health conditions, although public health generally receives significantly less government funding compared with medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Public health programs providing vaccinations have made strides in promoting health, including the eradication of smallpox, a disease that plagued humanity for thousands of years. (wikipedia.org)
  • General Assembly's
  • Addressing the General Assembly's two-day summit on non-communicable diseases this afternoon as it drew to a close, Michael Bloomberg, Mayor of the City of New York, implored Governments worldwide to adopt the type of public policies and strategies that had enabled his administration to reduce deadly chronic illnesses and promote healthy lifestyles among the city's 8.4 million people. (un.org)
  • Disability
  • The 65-paragraph text, the centrepiece of the two-day meeting, acknowledged that the global burden and threat of non-communicable diseases "constitutes one of the major challenges for development in the twenty-first century" and notes the Assembly's profound concern at the sharp increase in deaths and disability they caused. (un.org)
  • lung disease
  • This year we have also published evidence that engaging community volunteers at primary care level improves HIV diagnosis and anti-retroviral therapy uptake (ref), so we plan to use this experience in piloting service delivery improvements for chronic lung disease. (lstmed.ac.uk)
  • obesity
  • Non-communicable deaths are affected by levels and changes in behavioural risk factors (for example, tobacco use, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, physical inactivity, obesity and raised blood glucose). (healthcanal.com)
  • world's
  • Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are a group of 17 parasitic and bacterial infections that affect more than 1.4 billion of the world's poorest people. (sightsavers.org)
  • asthma
  • The network aims to improve asthma care globally, with a focus on low- and middle-income countries, through enhanced surveillance, research collaboration, capacity building and access to quality-assured essential medicines. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Global Asthma Network's mission is: To prevent asthma and improve asthma care globally with a focus on low- and middle-income countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • interventions
  • It presents data along the five strategic directions (strategic information, interventions, equity, financing and innovation) - key pillars of the GHSS to facilitate monitoring of progress in countries, regions and globally, and to measure the impact of interventions on reducing new infections and saving lives between 2015 and 2030. (aidsdatahub.org)
  • global
  • The report found that approximately one fourth of the global disease burden and more than one third of the burden among children was due to modifiable environmental factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • The GARP secretariat at the Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy (CDDEP), in Washington, DC and New Delhi, provides technical support to each working group, creates links within the GARP network and involves the working groups in global discussions and policy development. (wikipedia.org)
  • estimates
  • The UN estimates that instances of these diseases overall will rise as much as 82 percent by 2030 in developing countries. (cfr.org)
  • Urgent action is always requested to address preterm birth given that the first country-level estimates show that globally 15 million babies are born too soon and rates are increasing in most countries with reliable time trend data. (wikipedia.org)
  • world
  • To mark World Water Week 2018, Sightsavers' NTD Programme Officer Cade Howard shares tips from the field about how water can help to eliminate this painful, blinding disease. (sightsavers.org)
  • By 2008, 29 percent of deaths under the age of 60 in low- and middle-income countries were caused by non-communicable diseases, compared to13 percent in the developed world. (cfr.org)
  • Each year 17.3 million people die of cardiovascular disease, 80% in the developing world. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cholesterol
  • The fourth pattern is one of degenerative diseases onset by a diet high in total fat, cholesterol, sugar, and other refined carbohydrates and low in polyunsaturated fatty acids and fiber. (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • The prevalence of rheumatic heart disease was high in indigenous children and comparable to figures from developing countries, but was even worse in the Top End. (medindia.net)
  • At a high-level September meeting, governments agreed to a political declation (PDF) to work with the UN on voluntary policies to lower disease rates. (cfr.org)
  • Rates of death from chronic disease in middle-aged people are higher in China than in some high-income countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Major
  • From historical aspect, it is known that Communicable diseases formed major bulk of total diseases in developing and tropical countries such as Bangladesh. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to the ageing of the population, China is experiencing dramatic transformations in many social and economic conditions that will continue to increase the incidence of major chronic diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • dominant
  • Inherited genetic errors from parents: Dominant genetic diseases, such as Huntingtons, require the inheritance of one erroneous gene to be expressed. (wikipedia.org)
  • efforts
  • The project, which uses superhero characters to educate children about the spread of trachoma, will be introduced as part of efforts to fight the disease. (sightsavers.org)
  • people
  • NTDs are diseases that primarily affect people living in poverty. (sightsavers.org)
  • Common mental disorders include depression, which affects about 400 million, dementia which affects about 35 million, and schizophrenia, which affects about 21 million people globally. (wikipedia.org)
  • rapidly
  • It was once believed that current nutrition transition was endemic only to industrialized nations like the United States, but increasing research has indicated that not only is nutrition transition occurring most rapidly in low- and middle-income developing countries, the stress of its effects stands to burden the poorest populations of these countries the most as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • epidemics
  • The world faces three major challenges for achieving gender equality, in the form of three global epidemics: Non-communicable diseases, HIV/AIDS, and Gender-based violence. (ipsnews.net)
  • Each of these three global epidemics is disproportionately burdening women and girls, especially women in low- and middle-income countries and they have one common risk factor: alcohol use. (ipsnews.net)
  • Addressing
  • Addressing the General Assembly's two-day summit on non-communicable diseases this afternoon as it drew to a close, Michael Bloomberg, Mayor of the City of New York, implored Governments worldwide to adopt the type of public policies and strategies that had enabled his administration to reduce deadly chronic illnesses and promote healthy lifestyles among the city's 8.4 million people. (un.org)
  • prevention
  • The World Heart Federation exists to prevent and control these diseases through awareness campaigns and action, promoting the exchange of information, ideas and science among those involved in cardiovascular care, advocating for disease prevention and control by promoting healthy diets, physical activity and tobacco free living at an individual, community and policy maker level. (wikipedia.org)
  • The prevention of chronic diseases is now receiving a national response commensurate with the burden. (wikipedia.org)
  • Preventive healthcare (alternately preventive medicine or prophylaxis) consists of measures taken for disease prevention, as opposed to disease treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Disease prevention relies on anticipatory actions that can be categorized as primal, primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are many methods for prevention of disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • among
  • The report found that approximately one fourth of the global disease burden and more than one third of the burden among children was due to modifiable environmental factors. (wikipedia.org)