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  • climate change
  • Perennials-plants that live year after year-provide a potential strategy to combat climate change by storing carbon dioxide longterm in their roots. (thebulletin.org)
  • What have we learned so far about how climate change is affecting our global environment? (actionbioscience.org)
  • The scientists believe that this should be considered as a pre warning sign because as the Arctic ice and snow melts faster with climate change, it could revive and release ancient viral particles into the air or the environment, some of which could be potentially infectious. (medindia.net)
  • Part 1 of this review synthesizes recent research on status and climate vulnerability of freshwater and saltwater wetlands, and their contribution to addressing climate change (carbon cycle, adaptation, resilience). (springer.com)
  • While the term global warming is in common usage, " climate change " is used as a broader term to describe the effects of rising greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere, although this term is also used by groups who want to downplay the negative connotations of "global warming. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Reviewing the continued campaign by climate change skeptics , David McKnight, an associate professor at the University of New South Wales (Australia), notes that there several reasons why companies such as Exxon have had some success playing the global warming denial card. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Carbon sequestration describes long-term storage of carbon dioxide or other forms of carbon to either mitigate or defer global warming and avoid dangerous climate change. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recent studies cover wide-ranging subjects including acid rain, air and water pollution like that occurring in the Denver brown cloud, and climate change resulting from emission of carbon dioxide and other pollutants. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fifth Assessment Report projects that there is likely to be at least a 0.4-1.6 °C increase in global mean surface temperature by the period of 2046-2065 and likely a sea level rise of 0.17-0.32 meters by this time due to recent trends relative to 1986-2005 (IPCC 2013). (wikipedia.org)
  • Climate change raises some climate ethics issues, as the least 50 developed countries of the world account for an imbalanced 1% contribution to the worldwide emissions of greenhouse gasses which are theorized to be attributable to global warming. (wikipedia.org)
  • Global climate change has caused serious troubles on coral reefs. (wikipedia.org)
  • emissions
  • The failure of international efforts to reduce carbon emissions has led to a carbon dioxide level in the atmosphere which guarantees a serious level of global warming during coming decades, enough to compromise the life support system of the planet. (blogspot.ru)
  • Warming from carbon emissions is now unleashing Arctic deposits of this super greenhouse gas - an awesome and truly frightening force - and threatens to initiate a chain reaction that could well be unstoppable once started. (blogspot.ru)
  • Reducing carbon emissions would be one way to stop global warming, but efforts to do so have run into economic, technological, and political obstacles. (thebulletin.org)
  • Energy researchers are pursuing a mix of technologies known as " carbon capture, utilization, and storage ," or CCUS, which entail capturing carbon dioxide from industrial emissions before it can be released into the atmosphere and converting it into something useful or storing it deep underground. (thebulletin.org)
  • With some of the data on global warming, including last summer's massive collapse of the Arctic ice cap and predictions that summer ice could disappear in 32 years, Congress is poised to control CO2 emissions. (audubon.org)
  • Warming is the result, in part, of rapid increases in emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG), particularly carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), which is a byproduct of the combustion of fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, and natural gas, used for power generation and transportation. (actionbioscience.org)
  • Protecting all types of wetland ecosystems from direct human disturbance, minimizing additional warming by reducing GHG emissions from all sources, and increasing terrestrial CO 2 sinks to remove atmospheric CO 2 are major priorities for limiting future temperature increases. (springer.com)
  • This increase has occurred despite the uptake of more than half of the emissions by various natural "sinks" involved in the carbon cycle. (wikipedia.org)
  • The vast majority of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions (i.e., emissions produced by human activities) come from combustion of fossil fuels, principally coal, oil, and natural gas, with comparatively modest additional contributions coming from deforestation, changes in land use, soil erosion, and agriculture. (wikipedia.org)
  • The steady reduction of smoke pollution in the industrial cities of Europe and United States caused a shift in research emphasis away from soot emissions and the almost complete neglect of black carbon as a significant aerosol constituent, at least in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 1970s, however, a series of studies substantially changed this picture and demonstrated that black carbon as well as the organic soot components continued to be a large component in urban aerosols across the United States and Europe which led to improved controls of these emissions. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the less-developed regions of the world where there were limited or no controls on soot emissions the air quality continued to degrade as the population increased. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was not generally realized until many years later that from the perspective of global effects the emissions from these regions were extremely important. (wikipedia.org)
  • oceans
  • Dr. Peter Wadhams [ from his bio: Professor of Ocean Physics, Cambridge University in the UK, leads the Polar Ocean Physics group studying the effects of global warming on sea ice, icebergs and the polar oceans. (blogspot.ru)
  • Warming oceans and a changing climate are resulting in extreme weather patterns which have brought about an increase of infectious diseases-both new and re-emerging. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another result of the warming oceans are stronger hurricanes, which will wreck more havoc on land, and in the oceans, and create more opportunities for vectors to breed and infectious diseases to flourish. (wikipedia.org)
  • This has impacts on the sustainability of fisheries and aquaculture, on the livelihoods of the communities that depend on fisheries, and on the ability of the oceans to capture and store carbon (biological pump). (wikipedia.org)
  • Oceans and coastal ecosystems play an important role in the global carbon cycle and have removed about 25% of the carbon dioxide emitted by human activities between 2000 and 2007 and about half the anthropogenic CO2 released since the start of the Industrial Revolution. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a result, the distribution, productivity, and species composition of global fish production is changing, generating complex and inter-related impacts on oceans, estuaries, coral reefs, mangroves and sea grass beds that provide habitats and nursery areas for fish. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2018
  • Tax credits for implementing carbon-capture technologies, such as those passed as part of the 2018 US Congressional budget, could provide incentives. (thebulletin.org)
  • wetlands
  • Specific recommendations are made to capture synergies between wetlands and carbon cycle management, adaptation and resiliency to further enable researchers, policy makers and practitioners to protect wetland carbon and climate adaptation/resiliency ecosystem services. (springer.com)
  • vegetation
  • Along with sequestration by the plants which is difficult to measure but seems to have little effect on the overall amount of carbon dioxide that is uptaken, the vegetation can have indirect effects on carbon by reducing need for energy consumption. (wikipedia.org)
  • IPCC
  • Basically it would destroy any credibility that the IPCC had because this is the only proof that they can offer to show a link between Carbon and warming. (fool.com)
  • The famous conclusion of the IPCC, "The balance of evidence suggests that there is a discernible human influence on global climate", does not depend on any reconstruction for the past millennium. (fool.com)
  • Recent estimates also suggest that at current emission rates the Earth could pass a threshold of 2 °C global warming, which the United Nations' IPCC designated as the upper limit to avoid "dangerous" global warming, by 2036. (wikipedia.org)
  • sink
  • Clearing trees and replacing the land with cities or with agricultural land removes a valuable carbon sink. (climatechangeconnection.org)
  • Peat bogs act as a sink for carbon due to the accumulation of partially decayed biomass that would otherwise continue to decay completely. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is a variance on how much the peatlands act as a carbon sink or carbon source that can be linked to varying climates in different areas of the world and different times of the year. (wikipedia.org)
  • 21st century
  • Short of growth in perpetuity, however, reforestation with long-lived trees (>100 years) will sequester carbon for a more graduated release, minimizing impact during the expected carbon crisis[vague] of the 21st century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Not only that, but "the global ocean will continue to warm during the 21st century. (wikipedia.org)
  • climates
  • as well, shown that these vectors are able to feed more and grow faster in warmer climates. (wikipedia.org)
  • The natural environmental controls that used to keep the tick populations in check are disappearing, and warmer and wetter climates are allowing the ticks to breed and grow at an alarming rate, resulting in an increase in Lyme disease, both in existing areas and in areas where it has not been seen before. (wikipedia.org)
  • sequestration
  • Estimates of the consequences of rising temperature on current wetland carbon storage and future carbon sequestration potential are summarized. (springer.com)
  • Artificial processes have been devised to produce similar effects, including large-scale, artificial capture and sequestration of industrially produced CO 2 using subsurface saline aquifers, reservoirs, ocean water, aging oil fields, or other carbon sinks. (wikipedia.org)
  • CO 2 sequestration includes the storage part of carbon capture and storage, which refers to large-scale, artificial capture and sequestration of industrially produced CO 2 using subsurface saline aquifers, reservoirs, ocean water, aging oil fields, or other carbon sinks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biosequestration or carbon sequestration through biological processes affects the global carbon cycle. (wikipedia.org)
  • preindustrial
  • So far, Earth has warmed by 1 degree Celsius (1.8 degrees Fahrenheit) above preindustrial levels, and 2 degrees of warming within this century are very likely , bringing drier weather, rising sea levels, and damaged ecosystems. (thebulletin.org)
  • concentration
  • It is not easy to recreate ancient viruses because they are most often poorly preserved, partially degraded and also their concentration is quite low. (medindia.net)
  • latitudes
  • Orbit affects the amount, location and seasonality of solar radiation received on Earth, which in turn affects the seasons, particularly in polar latitudes, where permafrost and stored carbon can accumulate. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • Changes in ocean chemistry due to increasing carbon dioxide level cause weakening of coral skeletons and reduce the accretion of reefs, especially at higher latitudes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most permafrost is located in high latitudes (in and around the Arctic and Antarctic regions), but at lower latitudes alpine permafrost occurs at higher elevations. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2002
  • 2002) proposed the tetraether index of 86 carbon atoms (TEX86) as a proxy for sea surface temperature (SST). (wikipedia.org)
  • waters
  • Cool water cope-pod assemblages have moved north because the waters get warmer, they have been replaced by warm water cope-pods assemblages however it has a lower biomass and certain small species. (wikipedia.org)
  • soil
  • Their results show that the magnitude and timing of the PETM and subsequent hyperthermals can be explained by the orbitally triggered decomposition of soil organic carbon in the circum-Arctic and Antarctica. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • increase
  • Land use changes - Land use changes such as clearing land to make way for agriculture or for urban development , has also contributed to an increase in carbon dioxide levels. (climatechangeconnection.org)
  • Following the uproar, Gallup polling surveyed a sharp increase in American belief that the seriousness of Global Warming is exaggerated. (sourcewatch.org)
  • By creating new bogs, or enhancing existing ones, the amount of carbon that is sequestered by bogs would increase. (wikipedia.org)
  • These data increase scientists' understanding of how the cryosphere is changing and the global impacts of those changes. (wikipedia.org)
  • glaciers
  • Cryospheric and Polar Processes Division (CPP) The cryosphere comprises Arctic climate, ice sheets and glaciers, snow cover and snow hydrology, and permafrost. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since all glaciers are warmed at their base by geothermal heat, temperate glaciers, which are near the pressure-melting point throughout, may have liquid water at the interface with the ground and are therefore free of underlying permafrost. (wikipedia.org)
  • drought
  • Even in the case of the more than 5 million refugees fleeing Syria, scientists have pointed to the role warming played in spurring a drought that stoked civil unrest. (desdemonadespair.net)
  • levels
  • It also causes the rise in hay fever, as when the weather gets warmer there is a rise in pollen levels in the air. (wikipedia.org)
  • A global temperature rise of 1.5 °C (2.7 °F) above current levels would be enough to start the thawing of permafrost in Siberia, according to one group of scientists. (wikipedia.org)
  • tropics
  • During the early Eocene, TEX86 values indicate warm high southern hemisphere latitude SSTs (20-25 °C) in agreement with other, independently derived proxies (e.g. alkenones, CLAMP, Mg/Ca). During the middle and late Eocene, high southern latitude sites cooled while the tropics remained stable and warm. (wikipedia.org)