• oceans
  • Dr. Peter Wadhams [ from his bio: Professor of Ocean Physics, Cambridge University in the UK, leads the Polar Ocean Physics group studying the effects of global warming on sea ice, icebergs and the polar oceans. (blogspot.ru)
  • Warming oceans and a changing climate are resulting in extreme weather patterns which have brought about an increase of infectious diseases-both new and re-emerging. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another result of the warming oceans are stronger hurricanes, which will wreck more havoc on land, and in the oceans, and create more opportunities for vectors to breed and infectious diseases to flourish. (wikipedia.org)
  • This has impacts on the sustainability of fisheries and aquaculture, on the livelihoods of the communities that depend on fisheries, and on the ability of the oceans to capture and store carbon (biological pump). (wikipedia.org)
  • Oceans and coastal ecosystems play an important role in the global carbon cycle and have removed about 25% of the carbon dioxide emitted by human activities between 2000 and 2007 and about half the anthropogenic CO2 released since the start of the Industrial Revolution. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a result, the distribution, productivity, and species composition of global fish production is changing, generating complex and inter-related impacts on oceans, estuaries, coral reefs, mangroves and sea grass beds that provide habitats and nursery areas for fish. (wikipedia.org)
  • wetlands
  • Specific recommendations are made to capture synergies between wetlands and carbon cycle management, adaptation and resiliency to further enable researchers, policy makers and practitioners to protect wetland carbon and climate adaptation/resiliency ecosystem services. (springer.com)
  • 1990s
  • Prior to the latter part of the last century, the Medieval Warm Period was universally regarded as just that: a several-century period of warmth during medieval times when the earth was somewhat warmer than it was in the late 1990s. (co2science.org)
  • The 1990s were the warmest decade in the past 1,000 years (5) , with the 20 warmest years having occurred since 1981 (4) . (arkive.org)
  • 2017
  • If these trends continue, It is estimated that the Arctic will be ice-free by summer 2040 (The Artic, 2017). (cngf.org)
  • IPCC
  • Basically it would destroy any credibility that the IPCC had because this is the only proof that they can offer to show a link between Carbon and warming. (fool.com)
  • The famous conclusion of the IPCC, "The balance of evidence suggests that there is a discernible human influence on global climate", does not depend on any reconstruction for the past millennium. (fool.com)
  • Recent estimates also suggest that at current emission rates the Earth could pass a threshold of 2 °C global warming, which the United Nations' IPCC designated as the upper limit to avoid "dangerous" global warming, by 2036. (wikipedia.org)
  • 21st century
  • Short of growth in perpetuity, however, reforestation with long-lived trees (>100 years) will sequester carbon for a more graduated release, minimizing impact during the expected carbon crisis[vague] of the 21st century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Not only that, but "the global ocean will continue to warm during the 21st century. (wikipedia.org)
  • climates
  • as well, shown that these vectors are able to feed more and grow faster in warmer climates. (wikipedia.org)
  • The natural environmental controls that used to keep the tick populations in check are disappearing, and warmer and wetter climates are allowing the ticks to breed and grow at an alarming rate, resulting in an increase in Lyme disease, both in existing areas and in areas where it has not been seen before. (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • Climate warming will likely alleviate the stresses of living in a low-temperature environment and benefit a number of polar species. (co2science.org)
  • Cool water cope-pod assemblages have moved north because the waters get warmer, they have been replaced by warm water cope-pods assemblages however it has a lower biomass and certain small species. (wikipedia.org)
  • concentration
  • It is not easy to recreate ancient viruses because they are most often poorly preserved, partially degraded and also their concentration is quite low. (medindia.net)
  • latitudes
  • Changes in ocean chemistry due to increasing carbon dioxide level cause weakening of coral skeletons and reduce the accretion of reefs, especially at higher latitudes. (wikipedia.org)
  • increase
  • Land use changes - Land use changes such as clearing land to make way for agriculture or for urban development , has also contributed to an increase in carbon dioxide levels. (climatechangeconnection.org)
  • Following the uproar, Gallup polling surveyed a sharp increase in American belief that the seriousness of Global Warming is exaggerated. (sourcewatch.org)
  • By creating new bogs, or enhancing existing ones, the amount of carbon that is sequestered by bogs would increase. (wikipedia.org)
  • These data increase scientists' understanding of how the cryosphere is changing and the global impacts of those changes. (wikipedia.org)
  • soil
  • Their results show that the magnitude and timing of the PETM and subsequent hyperthermals can be explained by the orbitally triggered decomposition of soil organic carbon in the circum-Arctic and Antarctica. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • primarily
  • The term black carbon is used to imply that this soot component is primarily responsible for the absorption of visible light. (wikipedia.org)
  • tropics
  • In addition, with the melting of arctic ice, the ocean currents will slow down, moving north ( poles) from the tropics. (cngf.org)
  • During the early Eocene, TEX86 values indicate warm high southern hemisphere latitude SSTs (20-25 °C) in agreement with other, independently derived proxies (e.g. alkenones, CLAMP, Mg/Ca). During the middle and late Eocene, high southern latitude sites cooled while the tropics remained stable and warm. (wikipedia.org)
  • implications
  • It also occurs subsea on the continental shelves of the continents surrounding the Arctic Ocean, portions of which were exposed during the last glacial period, with global weather implications. (wikipedia.org)
  • changes
  • Another cause of global warming is land-use changes such as deforestation. (thoughtco.com)
  • Another effect of global warming is changes in wildlife adaptations and cycles, an alteration of the natural balance of the earth. (thoughtco.com)
  • Melting of the Arctic ice will disrupt this temperature difference causing changes in the wind patterns - leading to unexpected heatwaves and blizzards. (cngf.org)
  • Changes in the modern climate show a discernable warming trend that can only be partly explained by natural causes (5) . (arkive.org)
  • Cryospheric and Polar Processes Division research at CIRES combines data collection, modeling, and data analysis to understand how the cryosphere influences, and responds to, changes in the global climate. (wikipedia.org)
  • future
  • This will only exacerbate future warming in a positive feedback loop. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • Future scenarios of global change suggest important benefits for phytoplankton suffering from irradiance stress. (co2science.org)
  • From ground-breaking reports on ocean acidification to stories on how the melting Arctic ice cap is affecting our lives, these in-depth projects shed new light on under-reported crises that will have a lasting-and potentially devastating-impact on future generations. (pulitzercenter.org)