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  • periodontal
  • Gingival enlargement is a common clinical feature seen in patients suffering from gingival and periodontal diseases and is a common side-effect of drugs such as anti-convulsants, calcium channel blockers and immunosuppresants. (ebscohost.com)
  • Gingival enlargement is a common clinical feature of gingival and periodontal diseases. (ebscohost.com)
  • The most common form of gingivitis, and the most common form of periodontal disease overall, is in response to bacterial biofilms (also called plaque) that is attached to tooth surfaces, termed plaque-induced gingivitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk factors associated with gingivitis include the following: age osteoporosis low dental care utilization (fear, financial stresses, etc.) poor oral hygiene overly aggressive oral hygiene such as brushing with stiff bristles mouth-breathing during sleep medications that dry the mouth cigarette smoking genetic factors pre-existing conditions Gingivitis is a category of periodontal disease in which there is no loss of bone but inflammation and bleeding are present. (wikipedia.org)
  • Either a registered dental hygienist or a dentist may perform the comprehensive periodontal exam but the data interpretation and diagnosis are done by the dentist. (wikipedia.org)
  • The comprehensive periodontal exam consists of a visual exam, a series of radiographs, probing of the gingiva, determining the extent of current or past damage to the periodontium and a comprehensive review of the medical and dental histories. (wikipedia.org)
  • gums
  • page 447 Gingival bleeding URL assessed on November 21, 2009 MedlinePlus: Bleeding gums URL assessed on November 21, 2009 Charles R. Craig, Robert E. Stitzel (2004) In Modern Pharmacology with clinical applications (Edition 6). (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the American Dental Hygienists' Association (ADHA) stated in 1998 that there is no evidence that scaling and polishing only above the gums provides therapeutic value, and cleaning should be done under the gums as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • If plaque is left on a subgingival (under the gum) surface undisturbed, not only is there an increased risk of tooth decay, but it will also go on to irritate the gums and make them appear red and swollen Some bleeding may be noticed during tooth brushing or flossing. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the gingiva are swollen, the epithelial lining of the gingival crevice becomes ulcerated and the gums will bleed more easily with even gentle brushing, and especially when flossing. (wikipedia.org)
  • restorations
  • Polishing temporary restorations in the dental lab gives excellent surface quality but is time consuming and has the risk of cross contamination due to contaminated pumice. (quintessenz.de)
  • Aim of this study was to describe the surface qualities of four different resin materials for fabrication of fixed provisional restorations after chairside polish with four recently developed polishing devices and to compare the results with the surface qualities which can be achieved by polishing in the dental lab. (quintessenz.de)
  • Background: The success and maintenance of indirect dental restorations is closely related to the marginal accuracy, which is affected by many factors like preparation design, using of different fabrication techniques, and the time of taking final impression and pouring it. (jcodental-uobaghdad-edu.org)
  • Plaque is a soft yellow-grayish substance that adheres to the tooth surfaces including removable and fixed restorations. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • S. mutans was found in the saliva and plaque samples of all patients. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Lactobacilli were found in the saliva samples of all patients and in 90.7 % of the plaque samples. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 10 Other patients potentially at risk are patients with diabetes mellitus who have poor metabolic control, 2,11,12 those with poor plaque control 13 and those who smoke cigarettes. (jcda.ca)
  • According to the American Academy of Periodontology position paper on periodontal maintenance (published in 2003), 14 "patients should be evaluated at regular intervals to monitor their peri-implant status, the condition of the implant supported prostheses, and plaque control. (jcda.ca)
  • The assessment begins with updating the patient's medical and dental histories, to ensure that all concomitant conditions and therapies are known and to identify patients in high-risk categories. (jcda.ca)
  • inflammatory
  • In the present study, we investigated the ability of tea compounds to attenuate TNF-α-mediated activation of the host inflammatory response in monocytes/macrophages as well as the protective effect of green and black tea polyphenols on gingival keratinocyte barrier dysfunction induced by TNF-α. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • indices
  • In addition, implant-specific plaque indices have been described by Lindquist and colleagues 19 and Mombelli and colleagues. (jcda.ca)
  • efficacy
  • presence or absence of furcation involvement that promotes plaque retention in areas that are very difficult for the owner or dog to clean on a frequent basis), and the efficacy of long-term plaque retardation. (italiangreyhound.org)
  • hygienist
  • In order to determine the periodontal health of a patient, the dentist or dental hygienist records the sulcular depths of the gingiva and observes any bleeding on probing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Between cleanings by a dental hygienist, good oral hygiene is essential for preventing tartar build-up which causes the problems mentioned above. (wikipedia.org)
  • oral
  • Once this is indexed on an oral technology spread sheet, the rest is quite simple. (veterinarypracticenews.com)
  • Dental radiology is the key diagnostic tool in oral care-all oral diagnostics begin with a dental X-ray. (veterinarypracticenews.com)
  • I have told many practitioners that if you gave me a dental X-ray unit at a feline-only practice I would stay busy for 12 hours each day in diagnostics and oral treatment. (veterinarypracticenews.com)
  • In 2008, making no attempt to address these common problems in general oral conditions, through treatment without dental X-ray diagnostics, could be labeled negligence in care. (veterinarypracticenews.com)
  • Commit yourself to quality dental X-rays, consult clients and have a radiologist or specialist in oral care interpret the films. (veterinarypracticenews.com)
  • Appropriate treatment should be pursued according to any diagnosis reached during the examination, including (but not limited to) instructions on oral hygiene, removal of supra- and sub-gingival plaque and calculus, occlusal adjustment, relining of a removable prosthesis or surgery. (jcda.ca)
  • In the second part of this study, in 15 subjects, plaque formation and removal will be quantified using ex vivo Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) and Multiphoton Microscopy (MPM) imaging of small enamel chips mounted on a simple intra-oral retainer. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Aims: The purpose of this study was to determine the differences in oral self-care levels between one hundred Romanian first year dental and general medical students. (quintessenz.de)
  • To control the bacterial levels in the mouth, oral health education is provided to the patient to control calculus and plaque buildup. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is important that oral hygiene be carried out on a regular basis to enable prevention of dental disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • The results from this study will help evaluate the effects of the test dentifrice formulation on plaque removal and maintaining gingival health. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Early plaque in health consists of a relatively simple bacterial community dominated by Gram-positive cocci and rods. (wikipedia.org)
  • fluid
  • Assess the effect of DHA and ASA exposure on markers of local inflammation, including gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) CRP, IL-1 beta and IL-6 three months after exposure to DHA plus ASA compared to ASA alone. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Histology of BP will show a subepidermal blister, most often with prominent eosinophilic/mixed inflammation in the dermis, epidermis, and blister fluid ( Figure 2 ). (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • suggests
  • This review article suggests guidelines for maintenance care of dental implants. (jcda.ca)
  • 16 This paper suggests a protocol for the maintenance care of dental implants, based on a review of the literature. (jcda.ca)
  • Hence
  • Materia alba is similar to plaque but it lacks the organized structure of plaque and hence easily displaced with rinses and sprays. (wikipedia.org)
  • implants
  • The plaque control record of O'Leary and colleagues 18 is often used for implants as well as the natural dentition. (jcda.ca)
  • Toothbrush
  • Significant improvements in plaque removal following good brushing instructions regardless of the toothbrush design used among children has been reported . (docplayer.net)
  • Depth
  • Secondary) Evaluate changes in peri-implant health indicators, such as Gingival Index (GI), Probing Pocket Depth (PPD), and Bleeding on Probing (BOP). (uiowa.edu)
  • methods
  • F. Palamo and R. A. Kopezyk, "Rationale and methods for crown lengthening," The Journal of the American Dental Association , vol. 96, no. 2, pp. 257-260, 1978. (hindawi.com)
  • Methods: 120 pregnant participants with Gingival Index (GI) scores ≥ 2 at ≥ 50 % of tooth sites were recruited. (omicsonline.org)
  • microorganisms
  • The closely matted microorganisms in plaque are embedded in a proteinaceous matrix of uncertain origin (but generally considered to be at least partially salivary). (google.com)
  • The microorganisms involved are mainly coccoidal, this is especially true in early plaque which in the mouths of some persons change to filamentous organisms after a few days. (google.com)
  • His first publication as a graduate student, on the adhesion of microorganisms to oil droplets (1980), became the most highly cited publication of FEMS Microbiology Journal and a "Citation Classic" by the Science Citation Index of 1991. (wikipedia.org)
  • lesion
  • A lesion that appears dark brown and shiny suggests dental caries were once present but the demineralization process has stopped, leaving a stain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Periodontics
  • 1 Department of Periodontics, College of Dental Sciences & Hospital, Rau. (hindawi.com)
  • 2 Department of Periodontics, H.K.E. Society's S. Nijlingappa Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Gulbarga. (hindawi.com)
  • hygienists
  • The original model for these recommendations was the one prepared by the General Dental Council of the United Kingdom 'Curriculum for Dental Hygienists - Requirements for the Education and Training of Dental Hygienists', May 1997. (efp.org)
  • To provide a sufficient body of knowledge and understanding to enable dental hygienists to undertake their prescribed work with care, safety and responsibility and to recognise the full scope of their remit. (efp.org)
  • Dentist or hygienists should be visited once every three months for plaque removal. (wikipedia.org)
  • microbiology
  • After receiving his doctorate in microbiology, Rosenberg held various faculty academic positions at the Sackler Faculty of Medicine and Goldschleger School of Dental Medicine at Tel Aviv University, and has received honorary appointments at the University of Rochester, University of Pennsylvania, University College London (Eastman Dental Hospital) and University of Toronto. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1991
  • 1991) reveal that dental grinding provokes a defence reaction that creates the nucleation zones for accelerated remineralization. (pocketdentistry.com)