• travelers
  • High-risk groups for giardiasis include travelers to highly endemic areas, immunocompromised individuals, and certain sexually active homosexual men. (medscape.com)
  • Giardiasis is often detected in travelers to areas where disease is endemic ( 16,17 ) and among internationally adopted children ( 18 ). (cdc.gov)
  • According to the CDC, "Those at greatest risk are travelers to countries where giardiasis is common, people in child care settings, those who are in close contact with someone who has the disease, people who swallow contaminated drinking water, backpackers or campers who drink untreated water from lakes or rivers, people who have contact with animals who have the disease, and men who have sex with men. (wikipedia.org)
  • waterborne
  • The relative contribution of person-to-person, animal-to-person, foodborne, and waterborne transmission to sporadic human giardiasis in the United States is unknown. (cdc.gov)
  • enteric
  • Case reports and epidemiologic studies have associated giardiasis with the development of chronic enteric disorders, allergies, chronic fatigue, and reactive arthritis ( 5-10 ). (cdc.gov)
  • good hygiene
  • Giardiasis can be prevented by practicing good hygiene, avoiding drinking or swimming in water that may be contaminated, and not eating food that may be contaminated (AIII) . (nih.gov)
  • epidemiologic
  • Local and state health departments can use giardiasis surveillance data to better understand the epidemiologic characteristics and the disease burden of giardiasis in the United States, design efforts to prevent the spread of disease, and establish research priorities. (cdc.gov)
  • Giardiasis surveillance provides data to educate public health practitioners and health-care providers about the epidemiologic characteristics and the disease burden of giardiasis in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • This report documents the first nationwide look at epidemiologic parameters and disease burden estimates for giardiasis in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • voluntarily
  • State, commonwealth, territorial, and two metropolitan health departments voluntarily reported cases of giardiasis through CDC's National Electronic Telecommunications System for Surveillance. (cdc.gov)
  • In 1992, the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists assigned giardiasis an event code that enabled states to begin voluntarily reporting surveillance data on giardiasis to CDC. (cdc.gov)
  • indicate
  • Case reports indicate that giardiasis also might be associated with the development of reactive arthritis ( 5 ). (cdc.gov)
  • cases
  • During 2009-2010, the total number of reported cases of giardiasis increased slightly from 19,403 for 2009 to 19,888 for 2010. (cdc.gov)
  • During 1998--2002, the total number of reported cases of giardiasis decreased from 24,226 for 1998 to 19,708 for 2001 and then increased to 21,300 for 2002. (cdc.gov)
  • Since 1992, the number of states reporting cases of giardiasis to CDC has risen from 23 to 43. (cdc.gov)
  • The annual number of giardiasis cases reported has ranged from 12,793 in 1992 to 27,778 in 1996. (cdc.gov)
  • data
  • Because most states were already collecting data on occurrence of giardiasis, the assignment of an event code to giardiasis has allowed voluntary reporting of these data to CDC via the National Electronic Telecommunications System for Surveillance. (cdc.gov)
  • found
  • In particular , there is a powerful alkaloid found in the fruit, called berberine, which directly impacts and inhibits giardiasis from spreading. (organicfacts.net)