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  • prenatal
  • It encompasses the health care dimensions of family planning, preconception, prenatal, and postnatal care in order to ensure a positive and fulfilling experience in most cases and reduce maternal morbidity and mortality in other cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2017
  • Erratum to "Effect of extended oral contraception use on the prevalence of fetal trisomy 21 in women aged at least 35 years": [Int J Gynecol Obstet 138(2017) 261- (amedeo.com)
  • A 2017 review found that while severe health effects are associated with higher paternal age, the total increase in problems caused by paternal age is low. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2017 review concluded that the vast majority of studies supported a relationship between paternal age and autism and schizophrenia, but that there is less convincing and also inconsistent evidence for associations with other psychiatric illnesses. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to a 2017 review, there is consistent evidence of an increase in incidence of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia with paternal age. (wikipedia.org)
  • fetus
  • The causes can be many, but most often involve poor maternal nutrition or lack of adequate oxygen supply to the fetus. (wikipedia.org)
  • This type of IUGR is most commonly caused by extrinsic factors that affect the fetus at later gestational ages. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although hysterotomy is crucial for resuscitation of the mother in such situations, if the gestational age is less than approximately 24 to 25 weeks the procedure will necessarily lead to sacrifice of the fetus (or fetuses), as this is estimated to be the lower limit for fetal viability. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the mother's medical condition is such that there is no reasonable prospect of maternal resuscitation or viability (for example, after a nonsurvivable injury, or an unwitnessed arrest with prolonged pulselessness), then the procedure may be attempted immediately as a means of saving the unborn fetus primarily. (wikipedia.org)
  • Potential structures that may be damaged during the procedure are as for Caesarean section, including the fetus itself and the maternal bowel, bladder, uterus and uterine blood vessels. (wikipedia.org)
  • sepsis
  • Third, emergency obstetric care to address the major causes of maternal death which are haemorrhage, sepsis, unsafe abortion, hypertensive disorders and obstructed labour. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neonatal
  • Neonatal anthropometry was recorded, and the children's glucose and insulin concentrations were measured at 5, 9.5 and 13.5 years of age. (springer.com)
  • births
  • As women have gained access to family planning and skilled birth attendance with backup emergency obstetric care, the global maternal mortality ratio has fallen from 380 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births in 1990 to 210 deals per 100,000 live births in 2013. (wikipedia.org)
  • Exposure
  • It has been revealed that adverse reproductive effects (e.g., risk for LBW) were correlated with maternal exposure to air pollution combustion emissions in Eastern Europe and North America. (wikipedia.org)
  • trisomy
  • in 2010 studied 753 pregnant females, using a 2-plex massively parallel maternal plasma DNA sequencing and trisomy was diagnosed with z-score greater than 3. (wikipedia.org)
  • Substance Abuse
  • The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's National Survey on Drug Use and Health found that in 2015, 3.4 percent of pregnant women ages 15 to 44 had used marijuana during the previous month ( CBHSQ, 2016 ). (nap.edu)
  • Concentrations
  • Lower maternal vitamin B12 and higher folate concentrations were associated with higher offspring insulin resistance. (springer.com)
  • Higher maternal folate concentrations were associated with higher HOMA-IR in the children at 9.5 ( p = 0.03) and 13.5 years of age ( p = 0.03). (springer.com)
  • In the current analysis we aimed to replicate the Pune analysis, to examine whether low maternal vitamin B12 and high plasma folate concentrations predicted higher insulin resistance and other cardiometabolic risk factors in children. (springer.com)
  • years
  • Our serial follow-up allowed us to investigate these associations at 5, 9.5 and 13.5 years of age. (springer.com)
  • Other associations with asymmetrical head shape included parity 3+, gestational age and maternal age 30+ years (all protective). (springermedizin.de)
  • 16 years is smaller than for those ≥35 years, the population burden is greater for older age. (scribd.com)
  • Longitudinal analysis of the relationship between gestational age and wheeze during the 6 years of observation confirmed these gender differences. (aappublications.org)
  • Historically, there has been great interest in the field of intelligence research to determine environmental influences on the development of cognitive functioning, in particular, fluid intelligence, as defined by its stabilization at 16 years of age. (wikipedia.org)
  • Overall the disease is more common in those over the age of 60 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • birth
  • Both low birth weight and prematurity were directly associated with the development of wheeze or asthma in several studies, 4 - 7 whereas other studies either failed to demonstrate an association 8 - 11 or demonstrated inverse relationships. (aappublications.org)
  • regardless
  • The American Heart Association recommends that healthcare facilities that may be required to treat a case of maternal cardiac arrest should keep in stock an emergency equipment tray for the purpose, including a scalpel with a No. 10 blade, a Balfour retractor, surgical sponges, Kelly and Russian forceps, a needle driver, sutures and suture scissors - but the procedure should commence regardless of whether the tray is available. (wikipedia.org)
  • For this reason, many experts recommend that all women of childbearing age be offered preconception care counseling regardless of intent to become pregnant. (wikipedia.org)
  • caesarean
  • However, there was tentative evidence that children who were born by caesarean had more health problems at age two. (wikipedia.org)
  • factors
  • The association between candidate risk factors and development or progression of ROP was assessed. (hindawi.com)
  • In many of these, the statistical evidence of association is weak, and the association may be related by confounding factors, or behavioural differences. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite the fact that intelligence stabilizes in early adulthood it is thought that genetic factors come to play more of a role in our intelligence during middle and old age and that the importance of the environment dissipates. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • A study conducted in Kenya observed that common maternal health problems in poverty-stricken areas include hemorrhaging, anemia, hypertension, malaria, placenta retention, premature labor, prolonged/complicated labor, and pre-eclampsia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Percentage
  • With the addition of formaldehyde, the percentage of cffDNA recovered from a maternal blood sample varies between 0.32 percent and 40 percent with a mean of 7.7 percent. (wikipedia.org)
  • chromosome
  • It has been suggested that these miscarriages are caused by chromosome abnormalities in the sperm of aging men. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2001, Al-Yatama et al evaluated the use of nested polymerase chain reaction (nested PCR) to determine sex by detecting a Y chromosome specific signal in the cffDNA from maternal plasma. (wikipedia.org)
  • younger
  • Results: Low SEP was associated with younger age at childbearing in all cohorts, but the magnitudes of these associations were stronger in ALSPAC. (scribd.com)
  • development
  • While the critical period for the visual cortex ends in early childhood, other cortical areas and abilities have a critical period that lasts up through maturity (age 16), the same time frame for the development of fluid intelligence. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • In 2010 the U.S. Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations described maternal mortality as a "sentinel event", and uses it to assess the quality of a health care system. (wikipedia.org)
  • In fact, maternal mortality rates reflect disparities between wealthy and poor countries more than any other measure of health. (wikipedia.org)