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  • viral
  • Hemagglutination reactions are compared among the sets of antisera and viral antigens in a test panel, and assumptions are made concerning the antigenic relatedness of the viruses on the basis of these HI reactions. (aasv.org)
  • Complications of influenza may include viral pneumonia, secondary bacterial pneumonia, sinus infections, and worsening of previous health problems such as asthma or heart failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • for every virus relatives the molecular information of the virus particle and the viral replication cycle are defined. (workplacesafetyexperts.com)
  • outbreak
  • Influenza spreads around the world in a yearly outbreak, resulting in about three to five million cases of severe illness and about 250,000 to 500,000 deaths. (wikipedia.org)
  • strain
  • Full-scale production of a vaccine that could prevent any illness at all from the strain would require at least three months after the virus's emergence to begin, but it is hoped that vaccine production could increase until one billion doses were produced by one year after the initial identification of the virus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bangor virus A strain of Avian paramyxovirus 2. (workplacesafetyexperts.com)
  • infect
  • [ 4 ] Influenza viruses have a relatively short incubation period (lapse of time from exposure to pathogen to the appearance of symptoms) of 18-72 hours and infect the epithelial cells of the respiratory tract . (omicsgroup.org)
  • 2000
  • In 2005 the Eurpean Commission asks the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) to review 2000 and 2003 scientific pinions (SCAHAW, 2000 and 2003) on avian influenza in the light of more recent scientific data. (slideshare.net)
  • zoonotic
  • Symptoms of zoonotic swine flu in humans are similar to those of influenza and of influenzalike illness in general, namely chills, fever, sore throat, muscle pains, severeheadache, coughing, weakness and general discomfort. (blablawriting.com)
  • Pathogenesis
  • Influenza A virus structure and molecular determinants conferring pathogenesis and host range. (asmscience.org)
  • in terms of virus kinds with relevance for human and/or animal health and wellbeing the knowledge on molecular biology, genetics and virus-cell interplay are mixed with these bearing on, pathogenesis, epidemiology, clinics, prevention and treatment. (workplacesafetyexperts.com)
  • pandemic threat
  • Due to the high lethality and virulence of HPAI A(H5N1), its endemic presence, its increasingly large host reservoir, and its significant ongoing mutations, the H5N1 virus has recently been regarded to be the world's largest current pandemic threat, and billions of dollars are being spent researching H5N1 and preparing for a potential influenza pandemic. (wikipedia.org)
  • vaccination
  • To further characterize the immune responses induced after an influenza vaccination performed either via the ID or the IM routes in two clearly distinct populations. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Annual vaccination is not effective in conferring cross-protection against antigenically different influenza viruses. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Present vaccination strategies for swine influenza virus (SIV) control and prevention in swine farms typically include the use of one of several bivalent SIV vaccines commercially available in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • antiviral
  • Since antiviral drugs are effective in treating influenza if given early (see treatment section, below), it can be important to identify cases early. (wikipedia.org)