Loading...
  • gene sequences
  • Previous phylogenetic analyses of 16S rRNA, recA , gyrB , rpoB , and acdS gene sequences as well as genome sequence comparisons of different Burkholderia species have revealed two major species clusters. (springer.com)
  • The housekeeping gene sequences were provided from the ongoing sequencing project of B. unamae MTl-641 T , B. tuberum STM678 T , B. silvatlantica SRMrh-20 T , and B. silvatlantica PVA5 from a project, funded in part by the U.S. National Science Foundation (Grant IOB-0537497) to George Weinstock (Washington University, St. Louis, MO) and AMH. (springer.com)
  • Ait-Tayeb L, Lefevre M, Passet V, Diancourt L, Brisse S, Grimont PAD (2008) Comparative phylogenies of Burkholderia , Ralstonia , Comamonas , Brevundimonas and related organism derived from rpoB , gyrB and rrs gene sequences. (springer.com)
  • bioinformatic
  • A huge set of data is produced during the sequencing and identification process so bioinformatic techniques are used to arrange, manage, analyze and merge all of the biological data. (wikipedia.org)
  • This work will be carried out using available DNA sequence data and a bioinformatic approach. (uio.no)
  • microbial
  • Microbial taxonomy remains a conservative discipline, relying on phenotypic information derived from growth in pure culture and techniques that are time-consuming and difficult to standardize, particularly when compared to the ease of modern high-throughput genome sequencing. (biomedcentral.com)
  • approaches
  • Among rapid distance-based methods, we found average-nucleotide identity (ANI) analyses delivered results consistent with traditional and phylogenetic classifications, whereas gene content based approaches appear to be too strongly influenced by the effects of horizontal gene transfer to agree with previously accepted species. (biomedcentral.com)
  • comprises
  • The four orders of the Betaproteobactera are sub-divided into families: Burkholderiales (type order) comprises the families Burkholderiacae (type family), Alcaliginaceae, Commamonadaceae, Oxalobacteraceae and Stutterellaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both heterotrophs and photoheterotrophs are found along with some facultative autotrophs.Neisseriales comprises the families Neisseriaceae (type family) and Chromobacteriaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most organisms are heterotrophs with some facultative methylotrophs and chemolithoheterotrophs.Nitrosomonadales comprises the families Nitrosomonadaceae (type family), Methylophilacae, Thiobacillaceae, Sterolibacteriacae, Spirillaceae and Gallionellaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most organisms are chemolithoautotrophs with some methylotrophs and heterotrophsRhodocyclales comprises the families Rhodocyclaceae (type family), Azonexaceae and Zoogloeaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bordetella
  • Some members of the Betaproteobacteria can cause disease in various eukaryotic organisms, including in humans, such as members of the genus Neisseria: N. gonorrhoeae and N. meninngitides being primary examples, which cause gonorrhea and meningitis respectively, as well as Bordetella pertussis which causes whooping cough. (wikipedia.org)
  • secretion system
  • They inject a number of effector proteins, including TAL effectors, into the plant by their secretion systems (i.e., type III secretion system). (wikipedia.org)
  • phylogeny
  • The phylogeny of Paleozoic amphibians is uncertain, and Lissamphibia may possibly fall within extinct groups, like the Temnospondyli (traditionally placed in the subclass Labyrinthodontia) or the Lepospondyli, and in some analyses even in the amniotes. (wikipedia.org)
  • differences
  • Sequences that differ at even a single nucleotide are assigned as different alleles and no weighting is given to take into account the number of nucleotide differences between alleles, as we cannot distinguish whether differences at multiple nucleotide sites are a result of multiple point mutations or a single recombinational exchange. (wikipedia.org)
  • However
  • However, a core genome phylogenetic tree proved consistent with the currently accepted taxonomy of the genus, while also identifying three misclassifications of strains in collections or databases. (biomedcentral.com)
  • data
  • In the data collection step, definitive identification of variation is obtained by nucleotide sequence determination of gene fragments. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the data analysis step, all unique sequences are assigned allele numbers and combined into an allelic profile and assigned a sequence type (ST). If new alleles and STs are found, they are stored in the database after verification. (wikipedia.org)
  • monotypic genus
  • Dowson later reclassified the bacterium as Xanthomonas campestris and proposed the genus Xanthomonas.Xanthomonas was first described as a monotypic genus and further research resulted in the division into two groups, A and B. Later work using DNA:DNA hybridization has served as a framework for the general Xanthomonas species classification. (wikipedia.org)
  • They recommended that the common rosefinch should be moved to a new monotypic genus with the resurrected name of Erythrina. (wikipedia.org)
  • The British Ornithologists' Union accepted this proposal, but the International Ornithological Union chose instead to adopt a more inclusive Carpodacus which incorporated Haematospiza as well as the monotypic genus Chaunoproctus containing the extinct Bonin grosbeak. (wikipedia.org)
  • The long-tailed rosefinch that had previously been included in the monotypic genus Uragus was also moved into Carpodacus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bayesian
  • Our evolutionary placement analysis identifies fossil species as probable ancestral members of modern genera and subgenera, which accords with recent evidence from Bayesian dating. (beds.ac.uk)
  • extinct
  • The phylogeny of Paleozoic amphibians is uncertain, and Lissamphibia may possibly fall within extinct groups, like the Temnospondyli (traditionally placed in the subclass Labyrinthodontia) or the Lepospondyli, and in some analyses even in the amniotes. (wikipedia.org)
  • family
  • The giraffe is one of only two living genera of the family Giraffidae in the order Artiodactyla, the other being the okapi. (wikipedia.org)
  • The family was once much more extensive, with over 10 fossil genera described. (wikipedia.org)
  • The family includes 324 species and is divided into 51 genera. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cuphophyllus is a genus of agaric fungi in the family Hygrophoraceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • The elfin woods warbler is one of many species in the genus Setophaga of the New World warbler family Parulidae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Flamingos or flamingoes /fləˈmɪŋɡoʊz/ are a type of wading bird in the family Phoenicopteridae, the only bird family in the order Phoenicopteriformes. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a result of a 2014 publication, the family was reclassified into three genera. (wikipedia.org)
  • The rosefinches are a genus, Carpodacus, of passerine birds in the finch family Fringillidae. (wikipedia.org)
  • fossil
  • Moreover, in contrast to their rather limited modern diversity, Osmundales have a uniquely rich and diverse fossil record [ 30 , 35 ] currently considered to include more than 150 species, over 25 genera, and at least three (sub) families. (beds.ac.uk)
  • loci
  • In this study we analyzed sequence diversity of 16 nuclear loci in eight Pinus sylvestris populations. (genetics.org)
  • found
  • Relationships to the waterfowl were considered as well, especially as flamingos are parasitized by feather lice of the genus Anaticola, which are otherwise exclusively found on ducks and geese. (wikipedia.org)
  • chromosomes
  • Polysomy types are categorized based on the number of extra chromosomes in each set, noted as a diploid (2n) with an extra chromosome of various numbers. (wikipedia.org)
  • strongly
  • Genetic analysis has shown that kinB strongly represses the expression of the flhDC operon. (frontiersin.org)
  • The authors were unable to propose revised genera as not all the species were sampled and not all the nodes in their phylogenies were strongly supported. (wikipedia.org)
  • recent
  • A year later Kepler and Parkes described and named the species, making it the most recent warbler of the genus Setophaga discovered in the New World. (wikipedia.org)
  • While previous research has illustrated the complexity of the Xanthomonas genus, recent research appears to have resulted in a clearer picture. (wikipedia.org)
  • mammals
  • The giraffe (Giraffa) is a genus of African even-toed ungulate mammals, the tallest living terrestrial animals and the largest ruminants. (wikipedia.org)
  • single
  • The biochemical analyses indicated a single origin of cyclic peptide toxins (amatoxins and phalloidin) within Amanita and suggested that this kind of toxins seemed to be a synapomorphy of lethal amanitas. (biomedcentral.com)