• genetic
  • A number of means can express the level of genetic diversity: observed heterozygosity, expected heterozygosity, the mean number of alleles per locus, or the percentage of polymorphic loci. (wikipedia.org)
  • Outbreeding depression Fragmented populations Taxonomic uncertainties, which can lead to a reprioritization of conservation efforts Genetic drift as the main evolutionary process, instead of natural selection Management units within species Specific genetic techniques are used to assess the genomes of a species regarding specific conservation issues as well as general population structure. (wikipedia.org)
  • These techniques can provide information on long-term conservation of genetic diversity and expound demographic and ecological matters such as taxonomy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another technique is using historic DNA for genetic analysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genotypes for 25 of these and 14 additional sites in the flanking regions were determined for the 57 NIL and associated with variation in bristle number in four genetic backgrounds. (genetics.org)
  • This includes, screening of high yielding genotypes based on their chemical profile, propagation of these genotypes using biotechnological tools, comparison of micropropagated plants with the mother plants for consistency of chemical and genetic profiles and the utility of micropropagation in the conservation of elite clones for future use. (springer.com)
  • The term preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) is used to denote procedures that do not look for a specific disease but use PGD techniques to identify embryos at risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • The PGD allows studying the DNA of eggs or embryos to select those that carry certain mutations for genetic diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • genome
  • The specific information that is required determines which techniques are used and which parts of the genome are analysed. (wikipedia.org)
  • NUMT, pronounced "new might," is an acronym for "nuclear mitochondrial DNA segment" coined by evolutionary geneticist, Jose V. Lopez, which describes a transposition of any type of cytoplasmic mitochondrial DNA into the nuclear genome of the eukaryotic organisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Not only has any correlation been found between the fraction of noncoding DNA and NUMT abundance in the genome but NUMTs are also proven to have non-random distribution and a higher likelihood of being inserted in the certain location of genome compare to others. (wikipedia.org)
  • The possible presence of organelle DNA inside the nuclear genome was suggested after finding of homologous structure to the mitochondrial DNA, which was shortly after the discovery of the presence of an independent DNA within the organelles in 1967. (wikipedia.org)
  • The searching for mtDNA in nuclear DNA continued until 1994 when the recent remarkable transposition of 7.9 kb of a typically 17.0-kb mitochondrial genome to a specific nuclear chromosomal position in the domestic cat was reported. (wikipedia.org)
  • region
  • In addition, BLAST results showed high similarities in the partial mgc2 gene region between the South African and Zimbabwean genotypes and the 'atypical' Israeli RV-2 strain, suggesting a link in its epidemiology. (scielo.org.za)
  • years
  • Handyside, Kontogianni and Winston's first successful tests happened in October 1989, with the first births in 1990 though the preliminary experiments had been published some years earlier. (wikipedia.org)
  • population
  • To be classified as such, morphs must occupy the same habitat at the same time and belong to a panmictic population (one with random mating). (wikipedia.org)
  • unique
  • The South African genotype contained unique mgc2 and pvpA gene regions, while the Zimbabwean genotype proved to be even more distinct with unique gapA, mgc2 and pvpA gene regions. (scielo.org.za)
  • analysis
  • This analysis can be done in two ways, with current DNA of individuals or historic DNA. (wikipedia.org)
  • To address this issue, a kit for Southern Blot analysis was developed in 1990, providing the first marker to combine target DNA and probe DNA. (wikipedia.org)
  • review
  • The review of marker techniques, both those already applied and as yet not applied for study on oilseed rape, is presented here. (edu.pl)
  • allows
  • Historic DNA is important because it allows geneticists to understand how species reacted to changes to conditions in the past. (wikipedia.org)