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  • Genomics
  • The goal of The Plant Genome is to provide the readership with a short submission-to-online publication of the latest advances and breakthroughs in plant genomics research. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Plant Genome is peer reviewed and publishes original research investigating all aspects of plant genomics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Technical breakthroughs reporting improvements in the efficiency and speed of acquiring and interpreting plant genomics data are welcome. (wikipedia.org)
  • Announced in 2008, shortly after the human 1000 Genomes Project, the 1000 Plant Genomes Project is another, similar highly large-scale genomics endeavour to take advantage of the speed and efficiency of next-generation DNA sequencing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Using the 28 Illumina Genome Analyzer next-generation DNA sequencing machines at the Beijing Genomics Institute (BGI - Shenzhen, China), the 3Gb/run (3 billion base pairs per experiment) capacity of each of these machines will enable fast and accurate sequencing of the plant samples. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) is a private, non-profit institution with research programs focusing on cancer, neuroscience, plant genetics, genomics, and quantitative biology. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Cold Spring Harbor Symposium series, held every year since 1933 with the exception of three years during the Second World War, has been a forum for researchers in genetics, genomics, neuroscience and plant biology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Known for his studies in the fields of plant stress biology and genomics, Chattopadhyay is an elected fellow of all the three major Indian science Academies namely the Indian Academy of Sciences, the Indian National Science Academy and the National Academy of Sciences, India. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sushil Kumar (born 1940) is an Indian geneticist and academic, known for his Plant and microbial genetical genomics, especially the studies on Escherichia coli and Lambda phage as well as on the mutants of Rhizobium. (wikipedia.org)
  • The researches of Sushil Kumar which focused on the fields of plant and microbial genetical genomics are reported to have assisted in a wider understanding of biotechnology and crop breeding. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genetics
  • This meeting will be held as an EMBO workshop, co-organized by the National Academy of Scientists Leopoldina, the Society of Plant Breeding (GPZ), and the Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK). (ipk-gatersleben.de)
  • We analyzed nucleotide substitutions, insertions/deletions, and simple sequence repeats in the cp genomes, and discovered 12 relatively highly variable regions that will potentially provide plastid markers for further taxonomic, phylogenetic, and population genetics studies in Lagerstroemia . (frontiersin.org)
  • A former president of the Indian Society of Genetics and Plant Breeding (1994-97), he started the Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences during his tenure as the president. (wikipedia.org)
  • He was associated with several other science journals such as Journal of Genetics, Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Indian Journal of Experimental Biology and Proceedings of Indian National Science Academy and mentored 32 doctoral scholars in their researches. (wikipedia.org)
  • maize
  • The Prize is in honor of Dr. Barbara McClintock, who received the Physiology or Medicine Nobel Prize in 1983 for her work on maize genome structure, function and evolution, especially for her discovery and study of mobile DNA elements. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studies suggest that the common ancestor of Poaceae, the grass family which includes important crop species such as maize, rice, wheat, and sugar cane, shared a whole genome duplication about 70 million years ago. (wikipedia.org)
  • genes
  • This breakthrough technique makes it possible to redesign plant genomes - from the editing of single genes to the exact engineering of chromosomes - achieving what farmers have always dreamed of: an efficient path to precise crop design. (weizmann.ac.il)
  • The paper summarizes the progress made in cloning and sequencing a limited number of genes from jute (Corchorus olitorius and C. capsularis) and discusses future applications of jute genome analysis. (defence.pk)
  • Headed by Dr. Gane Ka-Shu Wong and Dr. Michael Deyholos of the University of Alberta, the project aims to obtain the transcriptome (expressed genes) of 1000 different plant species over the next few years. (wikipedia.org)
  • instead plants that produce valuable chemicals or other products (secondary metabolites in many cases) will be focused on in the hopes that characterizing the involved genes will allow the underlying biosynthetic processes to be used or modified. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genome size is 13.7 MB, and 6623 protein-coding genes were annotated. (wikipedia.org)
  • TAGs represent a large proportion of genes in a genome, including between 14% to 17% of the human, mouse, and rat genomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Partially because the initial studies of clock genes were conducted in Drosophila in the 1970s and then in mammals, it was originally thought that the plant circadian clock functioned similarly to the mammalian clock. (wikipedia.org)
  • Repression of morning loop genes lhy and cca1 was predicted by computational modeling and was the piece of evidence needed to re-define toc1's role in the plant clock as part of a triple negative-component repressilator model rather than a positive/negative-element system of the sort seen in mammals. (wikipedia.org)
  • He is the founder Director of the National Institute of Plant Genome Research and is credited with the discovery of genes that assist in extended preservation of fruits and vegetables. (wikipedia.org)
  • Her team was successful in preparing the draft genome of Ocimum tenuiflorum (commonly known as Tulsi), a plant with medicinal properties, for the first time which assisted in identifying the genes responsible for the production of Ursolic acid, a triterpenoid and Eugenol, a phenylpropene, compounds responsible for the medicinal properties of the plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because of functional redundancy, genes are rapidly silenced or lost from the duplicated genomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • To distinguish between whole-genome duplication and a collection of (more common) single gene duplication events, the following rules are often applied: Duplicated genes are located in large duplicated blocks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Single gene duplication is a random process and tends to make duplicated genes scattered throughout the genome. (wikipedia.org)
  • genetic
  • Now, Weizmann Institute plant scientist Prof. Avraham Levy and his team have achieved proof-of-concept for a CRISPR-based technique that enables precise customization of a plant's genetic make-up in a single generation. (weizmann.ac.il)
  • He is a pioneer in the study of something called DNA double-strand break repair - a natural process in which the plant cell's genetic machinery fixes damage occurring in both strands of the DNA double helix. (weizmann.ac.il)
  • A biotechnological technique developed by KIT botanists to more precisely and reliably install or modify genetic information in the plant genome is now presented by the expert journal PNAS. (innovations-report.com)
  • Due to this trick, the method that is referred to as "in planta gene targeting" (IPGT) is highly reliable and the new genetic information is incorporated in the genome precisely at the point desired. (innovations-report.com)
  • 1000 genomes project for example, aims to obtain high genome coverage of 1000 individual people to better understand human genetic variation because genomic sequence is the best way to assess this. (wikipedia.org)
  • Millar developed an innovative forward genetic screen in which he linked a bioluminescent reporter, firefly (luciferase), to expression of CAB (chlorophyll-a,b binding protein-see Light-harvesting complexes of green plants) in Arabidopsis. (wikipedia.org)
  • During his tenure at the Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, he established a regional field station of the institute at Uttaranchal and founded a central Genetic Resources and Biotechnology Laboratory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike traditionally animal and plant breeding, which involves doing multiple crosses and then selecting for the organism with the desired phenotype, genetic engineering takes the gene directly from one organism and inserts it in the other. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plants that undergo vernalization (promotion of flowering by a prolonged exposure to cold temperatures) record a genetic memory of winter to gain the competence to flower. (wikipedia.org)
  • Organisms
  • In light of recent advances in DNA sequencing technologies that have dramatically reduced the cost and time needed to sequence an organism's entire genome, large-scale (involving many organisms) sequencing projects have been and are currently being undertaken. (wikipedia.org)
  • autonomous
  • Post his official retirement, he continued his association with CSIR as an emeritus scientist from 2001 to 2005 when he moved to the National Institute for Plant Genome Research, an autonomous institute under the Department of Biotechnology as an INSA Senior Scientist in 2006, holding the position till 2010. (wikipedia.org)
  • species known
  • In addition to industrial compound biosynthetic capacity, plant species known or suspected to produce medically active chemicals (such as poppies producing opiates) were assigned a high priority to better understand the synthesis process, explore commercial production potential, and discover new pharmaceutical options. (wikipedia.org)
  • Researchers
  • The researchers relied on a revolutionary molecular tool called CRISPR-Cas, which makes it possible to cleave the genome at specific sites ("Cas" is the name of the enzyme responsible for cutting DNA). (weizmann.ac.il)
  • Bangladeshi researchers have successfully decoded the Jute Plant Genome. (defence.pk)
  • With the successful sequencing of jute genome , Bangladesh has become only the second country after Malaysia, among the developing nations, to achieve such a feat. Researchers from Dhaka University, Bangladesh Jute Research Institute and Software Company DataSoft in collaboration with Centre for Chemical Biology University of Science Malaysia and University of Hawaii, USA has decoded the genome. (defence.pk)
  • Enabled by the JGI's Community Science Program (CSP), researchers are developing a number of resources to build up Sphagnum as a plant model system focused on carbon cycling studies. (doe.gov)
  • Biology
  • The editorial board gives preference to novel reports that use innovative genomic applications that advance our understanding of plant biology that may have applications to crop improvement. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is a big advantage compared to conventional methods that work for certain plants only and produce a lot of rejects," explains Professor Holger Puchta, who holds the Chair for Molecular Biology and Biochemistry of Plants at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology. (innovations-report.com)
  • Dr Norman Warthmann, a plant geneticist at the ANU Research School of Biology , has lodged a submission with the UN, which is currently considering issues to include in its 2015 Global Sustainable Development Report. (edu.au)
  • Eight CSHL faculty members conduct research in plant biology - Drs. David Jackson, Zachary Lippman, Robert Martienssen, Richard McCombie, Ullas Pedmale, Doreen Ware, Marja Timmermans and Thomas Gingeras. (wikipedia.org)
  • 14th Swiss Plant Molecular and Cell Biology Conference, March 2005. (wikipedia.org)
  • Viral
  • Firstly, the viral genome enters the cytoplasm. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike retroviruses, they do not require the integration of viral genome into the host's in order to replicate and for this reason their genome does not encode the enzymatic protein integrase. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sciences
  • Prof. Levy is a member of the Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, and is the incoming Dean of the Faculty of Biochemistry. (weizmann.ac.il)
  • Prof. Levy is the incumbent of the Gilbert de Botton Professorial Chair of Plant Sciences. (weizmann.ac.il)
  • He is a former director of the Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research and an elected fellow of the Indian National Science Academy, National Academy of Agricultural Sciences, National Academy of Sciences, India, and Indian Academy of Sciences. (wikipedia.org)
  • Journal
  • The Plant Genome is an international, open-access, electronic scientific journal published by the Crop Science Society of America since 2008. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prior to being published as a stand-alone journal, The Plant Genome was published as a supplement to Crop Science. (wikipedia.org)
  • traits
  • But the search for the "perfect plant," combining the best traits from both parents, requires screening thousands of plants bred over successive generations-a process that can take years. (weizmann.ac.il)
  • Using this tool, they directed the recombination of targeted chromosomal segments, allowing the nonrandom alteration of multiple traits in plant progeny. (weizmann.ac.il)
  • This result was achieved using only a few plants - compared to the several thousand required to introduce desired traits into the plant genome by conventional, random methods - and in a single generation. (weizmann.ac.il)
  • Morphological traits are shared inter-specifically among plants of Lagerstroemia to certain extent and are also influenced by environmental conditions and different developmental stages. (frontiersin.org)
  • Editing
  • Prof. Levy's achievement, for which a patent application has been registered, demonstrates how CRISPR-Cas can drive non-random "chromosome editing" in order to achieve specific results in plants. (weizmann.ac.il)
  • The advent of genome editing has evoked enthusiasm but also controversy, creating regulatory and governance challenges worldwide. (frontiersin.org)
  • In this scenario, this Research Topic aims at collecting articles on the latest advancements and future targets of genome editing, as well as contributions addressing the regulatory, social and socioeconomic aspects, the ethics, risk assessment, management, and biosafety researches. (frontiersin.org)
  • protein
  • In contrast, Millar's group found the TOC1 protein to be a negative regulator, and the plant clock to be better modeled as a repressilator-a system in which one gene represses another and is in turn repressed by the next, forming an interdependent, oscillating gene network. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sowdhamini's research is in the fields of computational studies of protein science as well as genome sequencing and she is reported to have done advanced research in the code development for studying protein folding and unfolding. (wikipedia.org)
  • replication
  • Proteins found to be encoded in this virus family genome include reverse transcriptase, proteases, nucleocapsids and transactivators - there are other proteins essential for replication that have yet to be assigned a specific function. (wikipedia.org)
  • medicinal
  • Biosynthetic pathways could also be used for mass production of medicinal compounds using plants rather than manual organic chemical reactions as most are created currently. (wikipedia.org)
  • Moving to the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) as a senior grade scientist in 1989, he became the director of the Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in 1993, superannuating in that position in 2000. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • For example, there are many plants known to produce oils (like olives) and some of the oils from certain plants bear a strong chemical resemblance to petroleum products like the Oil palm and hydrocarbon-producing species. (wikipedia.org)
  • There has been a focus on those plant species that are known to have useful biosynthetic capacity to facilitate the biotechnology goals of the project, and selection of other species to fill in gaps and explain some unknown evolutionary relationships of the current plant phylogeny. (wikipedia.org)
  • The idea that vertebrates share a common whole genome duplication is known as the 2R Hypothesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • genomic
  • Food security depends on an acceleration in plant breeding, which could be threatened by private companies restricting access to genomic information, Dr Warthmann said. (edu.au)
  • With the Next Generation Sequencing (NGS), genomes sequencing has been democratized over the last decades with the detection of genomic alterations, thus replacing Sanger sequencing. (genomeweb.com)
  • Building Sphagnum Genomic Resources Sphagnum's impact on global carbon cycling and climate is estimated to be larger than any other single plant genus. (doe.gov)
  • Abiotic Stress Signaling in Plants: Functional Genomic Intervention. (wikipedia.org)
  • cellular
  • The term applies for cellular memory, animals' memory, and plants' memory, as described in the following paragraphs. (wikipedia.org)
  • advances
  • Chromosome Painting: Principles, Strategies and Scope, Chromosome Techniques: Theory and Practice, Chromosome Techniques - A Manual, Botanical Survey of India, Advances in Cell and Chromosome Research, Plant Genome: Biodiversity and Evolution (2 volumes), and Cytology of Different Species of Palms and Its Bearing on the Solution of the Problems of Phylogeny and Speciation are some of his notable works. (wikipedia.org)
  • structure
  • Sharma pioneered researches in cytogenetics and cytochemistry in India and is credited with developing new research techniques for the study of chromosome structure of plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Breeding
  • Significantly, these dramatic changes took place over a single generation, establishing CRISPR-Cas as a highly efficient tool for precise breeding of crop plants. (weizmann.ac.il)
  • Crop plants have always been adapted to the needs of man by breeding for them to carry more fruit, survive droughts, or resist pests. (innovations-report.com)
  • high
  • CRISPR-Cas gives us the means to choose the best from both parents, for example, combining the high-yield characteristics of the 'dad' plant with the high disease resistance of the 'mom', using just a handful of plants. (weizmann.ac.il)
  • The phylogenetic relationships of the Lagerstroemia taxa inferred from the datasets from the cp genomes obtained high support, indicating that cp genome data may be useful in resolving relationships in this genus. (frontiersin.org)
  • mechanisms
  • If these plant mechanisms could be used to produce mass quantities of industrially useful oil, or modified such that they do, then they would be of great value. (wikipedia.org)
  • phylogenetic
  • Phylogenetic analysis of its two genome segments, DNA-A and DNA-B, indicate the virus is from Sonora, Mexico and shares a most recent common ancestor with the Leaf curl virus-E strain and the Texas pepper virus, both also found in the Sonora desert, and the Cabbage leaf curl virus from Florida. (wikipedia.org)
  • gene
  • The diversity present in the un-adapted gene pool has provided many useful traits now deployed widely in elite germplasm, and expanded use of this germplasm resource is seen as crucial to accelerating the rate of genetic gain in plant breeding. (krishisewa.com)
  • Structure and function of the cucumber malate synthase gene and expression during plant development. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, although there is no longer any paradoxical aspect to the discrepancy between genome size and gene number, this term remains in common usage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recent analysis of a wide range of mtDNA genomes suggests that both these features may dictate mitochondrial gene retention. (wikipedia.org)
  • microbes
  • Standard and approved genetic engineering protocols have been developed under the assumption that micropropagated plants are axenic, or free of contaminating microbes). (blogspot.com)
  • While a micropropagated plant may contain dozens of microbial species living in and around its cells, a plant growing in a healthy soil may contain hundreds of thousands of associated microbes. (blogspot.com)
  • W hen seeds are germinated to produce plants in-vitro (in sterile containers like test tubes) prior to engineering, they must be surface disinfested to remove those microbes which might grow quickly in test-tubes and compete with the plant for nutrients. (blogspot.com)
  • Most of the structures that make up animals, plants and microbes are made from three basic classes of molecule: amino acids, carbohydrates and lipids (often called fats). (wikipedia.org)
  • complete
  • The images below represent plants with (a) and without (b) a complete, properly structured microbiome. (blogspot.com)
  • anew if we did to pass to the striking download deleuze and that doctrines and movement made into ecology because the incentives and haplotypes are from the address a Nobody of what should cautiously complete highlighted to him, it determines empirical that neither their bit nor their father metals are the continuans and privileges toward powers which are many class plants. (rjackbalthazar.com)
  • In prokaryotes, pulsed field gel electrophoresis and complete genome sequencing are the predominant methods of genome size determination. (wikipedia.org)
  • leaf
  • These inclusions can be seen in the light microscope in leaf strips of infected plant tissue stained with Azure A or Orange-Green stains. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dr Rick Mumford, senior virologist at CSL is quoted as stating "Typical virus symptoms include flecking, mosaic, leaf streaking and necrosis, which in severe cases render plants unsaleable. (wikipedia.org)
  • genus
  • Dickeya is a genus of the family Enterobacteriaceae that consists mainly of pathogens from herbaceous plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Those which are most commonly found within this genus are hermaphroditism (monoecious plant with both staminate and pistillate), dioecy (male and female reproductive systems found in separate morphs), and gynodioecy (existence of female and hermaphroditic reproductive systems among the individuals of the population). (wikipedia.org)
  • White clover mosaic virus (WClMV) is a plant pathogenic virus in the genus Potexvirus and the family Alphaflexiviridae. (wikipedia.org)
  • animals
  • Carbohydrates are the most abundant biological molecules, and fill numerous roles, such as the storage and transport of energy (starch, glycogen) and structural components (cellulose in plants, chitin in animals). (wikipedia.org)
  • In animals they range more than 3,300-fold, and in land plants they differ by a factor of about 1,000. (wikipedia.org)
  • toward
  • Although sequenced genome data are practically biased toward small genomes, which may compromise the accuracy of the empirically derived correlation, and the ultimate proof of the correlation remains to be obtained by sequencing some of the largest eukaryotic genomes, current data do not seem to rule out a correlation. (wikipedia.org)
  • small
  • The adult diet is mostly plant matter, but invertebrates and small vertebrates are also eaten. (wikipedia.org)
  • range
  • Protist genomes have been reported to vary more than 300,000-fold in size, but the high end of this range (Amoeba) has been called into question. (wikipedia.org)
  • features
  • Originally published in Sustainable agroecosystems in climate change mitigation , this image summarizes the nutrient cycling and plant protection features offered by a diverse and properly structured microbiome. (blogspot.com)
  • Research
  • The term "genome size" is often erroneously attributed to Hinegardner, even in discussions dealing specifically with terminology in this area of research (e.g. (wikipedia.org)
  • parts
  • The genomes of individuals who lived on the Iberian Peninsula in the Bronze Age had minor genetic input from Steppe invaders, suggesting that these migrations played a smaller role in the genetic makeup and culture of Iberian people, compared to other parts of Europe. (blogspot.com)
  • Like other New World begomoviruses, its genome is bipartite, or having two parts. (wikipedia.org)
  • appear
  • The trunk may be buried, so the leaves appear to be emerging from the ground and the plant appears to be a basal rosette. (wikipedia.org)
  • Group
  • The surname is traditional Anglo-Saxon and refers to a group of people in medieval ages who grew a plant called Darnel, which had intoxicatory properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • make
  • Graham's interests include how plants make and breakdown various metabolites, how these processes are controlled and how they impact on plant growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • various
  • For reasons of conceptual clarification, the various puzzles that remain with regard to genome size variation instead have been suggested by one author to more accurately comprise a puzzle or an enigma (the C-value enigma). (wikipedia.org)
  • common
  • Though they are a minor component of the plant kingdom today, during the Jurassic period, they were extremely common. (wikipedia.org)
  • University
  • From 1990 to 1993 he was a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Plant Sciences at the University of Oxford. (wikipedia.org)
  • Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (M.M.P.N.D) - A Work in Progress, The University of Melbourne, Australia Xu, Q. (wikipedia.org)
  • natural
  • The all natural Forskolin is extracted from the roots of Coleus forskohlii plant, Forskolin is a natural substance said to offer a number of health benefits. (herbaltor.men)
  • sometimes
  • But its soldiers favored out developed that the Supreme War Lord were sometimes accepted from pointing those hotels which he encountered degenerate for keeping the image a more Italian stability in the regulations of its plants. (rjackbalthazar.com)
  • It is transmitted by mechanical inoculation, contact between plants and sometimes by seed (6% in Trifolium pretense). (wikipedia.org)