• normal vaginal
  • Normal vaginal discharge can range from clear and slippery, like raw egg white (around the time of ovulation) to sticky and yellow/white or cloudy (just before and after a period). (womhealth.org.au)
  • In summary, although the hydrogen peroxide production of lactobacilli has been considered as an important antimicrobial component, contributing to the colonization resistance provided by lactobacilli, and although there seems to be a link between H2O2-producing lactobacilli and normal vaginal microflora, recent data do not support this role for H2O2. (wikipedia.org)
  • Normal vaginal discharge may have a thinner, watery consistency or a thick, sticky consistency, and may be clear or white in color. (wikipedia.org)
  • Normal vaginal discharge may be large in volume but typically does not have a strong odor, nor is it typically associated with itching or pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Normal vaginal discharge is composed of cervical mucus, vaginal fluid, shedding vaginal and cervical cells, and bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • By contrast, the normal vaginal discharge will vary in consistency and amount throughout the menstrual cycle and is at its clearest at ovulation-about two weeks before the period starts. (wikipedia.org)
  • heavy vaginal
  • Do you have very heavy vaginal bleeding (you saturate more than 1 full size pad or super absorbent tampon in an hour's time) with any of the following problems? (bowdoin.edu)
  • In the absence of ultrasound or hCG assessment, heavy vaginal bleeding may lead to a misdiagnosis of miscarriage. (wikipedia.org)
  • trichomoniasis
  • Trichomoniasis causes vaginal soreness and, sometimes, abdominal discomfort. (medbroadcast.com)
  • Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) which is most often spread through vaginal, oral, or anal sex. (wikipedia.org)
  • Use of male condoms or female condoms may help prevent the spread of trichomoniasis, although careful studies have never been done that focus on how to prevent this infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Infection with Trichomoniasis through water is unlikely because Trichomonas vaginalis dies in water after 45-60 minutes, in thermal water after 30 minutes to 3 hours and in diluted urine after 5-6 hours. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends Trichomoniasis testing for females with vaginal discharge and can be considered for females at higher risk for infection or of HIV-positive serostatus. (wikipedia.org)
  • EPIDEMIOLOGY: Worldwide - trichomoniasis caused by T. vaginalis is one of the most common non-viral sexually transmitted diseases with an estimated 170 million cases occurring annually (no seasonal variability)(1), and incidence has been found to be high in non-hispanic black women(5). (msdsonline.com)
  • Other theories suggest that trichomoniasis increases the amount of HIV genital shedding, thereby increasing the risk of transmission to sexual partners. (wikipedia.org)
  • While the exact association between trichomoniasis infection and HIV genital shedding has not been consistently demonstrated, "there is good evidence that TV treatment reduces HIV genital shedding. (wikipedia.org)
  • antibiotic
  • Antibiotic therapy for male partners seems of only marginal value, and the distinguishing characteristic of the infection is nearly no Lactobacillus vaginal presence, the main part of the flora that retains the lactic acid and peroxide balance so important in a healthy vagina. (diagnose-me.com)
  • Vaginal infections occur more commonly during pregnancy, in those with weak immune systems, and following antibiotic use. (wikipedia.org)
  • Perinatal transmission may occur during childbirth, and may be prevented by antibiotic treatment of the mother before birth and the application of antibiotic eye gel on the eyes of the newborn. (wikipedia.org)
  • epithelial
  • Moreover, lactobacilli normally help to prevent long-term colonization of the vagina by adhering to vaginal epithelial cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genital warts, which are a form of benign tumor of epithelial cells, are also caused by various strains of HPV. (wikipedia.org)
  • The solid components are exfoliated epithelial cells from the vaginal wall and cervix as well as some of the bacteria that inhabit the vagina. (wikipedia.org)
  • Estrogen matures vaginal tissues and causes increased production of glycogen by epithelial cells of the vagina. (wikipedia.org)
  • candidiasis
  • Pain Coach for Food For A Diabetic Yeast infection is also known as candidiasis candidosis moniliasis or oidiomycosis. (compas-ict.eu)
  • In healthy (immunocompetent) persons, candidiasis is usually a localized infection of the skin, fingernails or toenails (onychomycosis), or mucosal membranes, including the oral cavity and pharynx (thrush), esophagus, and the genitalia (vagina, penis, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • diagnosis
  • There is no known interaction between Metronidazole and Monistat in Monistat and Yeast Infection Metronidazole and Infection Monistat diagnosis or treatment. (compas-ict.eu)
  • Diagnosis is by finding the parasite in the vaginal fluid using a microscope, culturing the vagina or urine, or testing for the parasite's DNA. (wikipedia.org)
  • Proper diagnosis every time you think you may have a yeast infection is vital for the most effective, immediate treatment, or your condition may worsen. (americanpregnancy.org)
  • Diagnosis is by testing a sample of vaginal discharge. (wikipedia.org)
  • Infection can be confirmed with ELISA, immunoblots, microbial culture, and PCR Footnote 14 , although many methods do not provide the level of sensitivity needed for confident diagnosis. (canada.ca)
  • vulva
  • Monistat, Gyne-Lotrimin, or prescription Terazol or Vagistat provide immediate relief of burning on the vulva and should completely clear up the infection in a week. (americanpregnancy.org)
  • Physical factors that have been claimed to contribute to the development of infections include the following: constantly wet vulva due to tight clothing, chemicals coming in contact with the vagina via scented tampons, antibiotics, birth control pills, or a diet favoring refined sugar and yeast. (wikipedia.org)
  • The external sex organs are also known as the genitals and these are the organs of the vulva including the labia, clitoris and vaginal opening. (wikipedia.org)
  • discharges
  • MODE OF TRANSMISSION: Commonly spread through sexual contact with vaginal or urethral discharges of infected persons(1), and transmission of organisms via artificial insemination of infected cryobanked semen is also possible(11). (msdsonline.com)
  • healthy vaginal
  • O'Hanlon and Baeten found that 96% of Lactobacillus species from a healthy vaginal ecosystem produced H2O2 (L. jensenii and L. vaginalis produce the highest levels of H2O2), whereas only 6% of the lactobacilli recovered from women with BV produced H2O2. (wikipedia.org)
  • feminine hygiene
  • Other factors that may increase the incidence of VVC include the use of douches, perfumed feminine hygiene sprays, topical antimicrobial agents, and tight, poorly ventilated clothing and underwear. (diagnose-me.com)
  • Don't douche or use feminine hygiene sprays, sanitary pads, or tampons that contain deodorant. (americanpregnancy.org)
  • redness
  • Most candidal infections result in minimal complications such as redness, itching, and discomfort, though complications may be severe or even fatal if left untreated in certain populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • lactobacilli
  • Since the first description of lactobacilli by Döderlein, lactobacilli have been generally considered as the gatekeepers of the vaginal ecosystem. (wikipedia.org)
  • Only supraphysiologic concentrations of exogenous H2O2 (0.34% w/v, 100 mM) were sufficient to inactivate BV-associated bacteria at which concentration it more potently inactivated vaginal lactobacilli (L. crispatus, L. gasseri, L. iners and L. jensenii). (wikipedia.org)
  • In contrast, under optimal anaerobic growth conditions, physiological concentrations of lactic acid inactivated the BV-associated pathogens without affecting the vaginal lactobacilli. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vaginal lactobacilli produce antimicrobial peptides, i.e. bacteriocins such as lactocin 160 and crispasin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, the predominance of lactobacilli in the vaginal canal creates a more acidic environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • BV is defined by the disequilibrium in the vaginal microbiota, with decline in the number of lactobacilli. (wikipedia.org)
  • organisms
  • Childbirth, spontaneous or induced abortion, or use of an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) are all conditions that may alter or weaken the normal lining cells, makingthem susceptible to infection, usually by several organisms. (faqs.org)
  • BV results from the alteration ofthe balance of normal organisms in the vagina, by douching, for example. (faqs.org)
  • These conditions can result from an infection caused by organisms such as bacteria, yeast, or viruses. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Vaginal infections may also be caused by transmissible organisms. (drtanandpartners.com)
  • INFECTIOUS DOSE: Experimental studies have shown that urogenital inoculation with 10,000 to 120,000 organisms has resulted in transmission, although epidemiological examinations have shown that the infective dose in women is low and the infection rate is high(8-10). (msdsonline.com)
  • The least common were infections caused exclusively by anaerobes and facultative organisms. (wikipedia.org)