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  • heavy vaginal
  • Do you have very heavy vaginal bleeding (you saturate more than 1 full size pad or super absorbent tampon in an hour's time) with any of the following problems? (bowdoin.edu)
  • In the absence of ultrasound or hCG assessment, heavy vaginal bleeding may lead to a misdiagnosis of miscarriage. (wikipedia.org)
  • vulva
  • All women have vaginal discharge or secretions which help to keep the vulva and vagina moist and remove bacteria and dead cells. (jeanhailes.org.au)
  • Monistat, Gyne-Lotrimin, or prescription Terazol or Vagistat provide immediate relief of burning on the vulva and should completely clear up the infection in a week. (americanpregnancy.org)
  • The signs of vulvovaginal inflammation include erythema (redness) of the vagina and vulva, vaginal fissuring (cracked skin), edema (swelling from a build-up of fluid), also in severe cases, satellite lesions (sores in the surrounding area). (wikipedia.org)
  • Physical factors that have been claimed to contribute to the development of infections include the following: constantly wet vulva due to tight clothing, chemicals coming in contact with the vagina via scented tampons, antibiotics, birth control pills, or a diet favoring refined sugar and yeast. (wikipedia.org)
  • The external sex organs are also known as the genitals and these are the organs of the vulva including the labia, clitoris and vaginal opening. (wikipedia.org)
  • antibiotic
  • Antibiotic therapy for male partners seems of only marginal value, and the distinguishing characteristic of the infection is nearly no Lactobacillus vaginal presence, the main part of the flora that retains the lactic acid and peroxide balance so important in a healthy vagina. (diagnose-me.com)
  • Vaginal infections occur more commonly during pregnancy, in those with weak immune systems, and following antibiotic use. (wikipedia.org)
  • Perinatal transmission may occur during childbirth, and may be prevented by antibiotic treatment of the mother before birth and the application of antibiotic eye gel on the eyes of the newborn. (wikipedia.org)
  • anal
  • Exposure to an STI can occur any time you have sexual contact with anyone that involves the genitals , the mouth (oral), or the rectum (anal). (uwhealth.org)
  • Sexual transmission is possible through vaginal, anal, or oral sex. (wikipedia.org)
  • normal vaginal
  • Normal vaginal discharge can range from clear and slippery, like raw egg white (around the time of ovulation) to sticky and yellow/white or cloudy (just before and after a period). (womhealth.org.au)
  • In summary, although the hydrogen peroxide production of lactobacilli has been considered as an important antimicrobial component, contributing to the colonization resistance provided by lactobacilli, and although there seems to be a link between H2O2-producing lactobacilli and normal vaginal microflora, recent data do not support this role for H2O2. (wikipedia.org)
  • Normal vaginal discharge is composed of cervical mucus, vaginal fluid, shedding vaginal and cervical cells, and bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • By contrast, the normal vaginal discharge will vary in consistency and amount throughout the menstrual cycle and is at its clearest at ovulation-about two weeks before the period starts. (wikipedia.org)
  • warts
  • Genital warts, which are a form of benign tumor of epithelial cells, are also caused by various strains of HPV. (wikipedia.org)
  • healthy vaginal
  • O'Hanlon and Baeten found that 96% of Lactobacillus species from a healthy vaginal ecosystem produced H2O2 (L. jensenii and L. vaginalis produce the highest levels of H2O2), whereas only 6% of the lactobacilli recovered from women with BV produced H2O2. (wikipedia.org)
  • lactobacilli
  • Since the first description of lactobacilli by Döderlein, lactobacilli have been generally considered as the gatekeepers of the vaginal ecosystem. (wikipedia.org)
  • Moreover, lactobacilli normally help to prevent long-term colonization of the vagina by adhering to vaginal epithelial cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Only supraphysiologic concentrations of exogenous H2O2 (0.34% w/v, 100 mM) were sufficient to inactivate BV-associated bacteria at which concentration it more potently inactivated vaginal lactobacilli (L. crispatus, L. gasseri, L. iners and L. jensenii). (wikipedia.org)
  • In contrast, under optimal anaerobic growth conditions, physiological concentrations of lactic acid inactivated the BV-associated pathogens without affecting the vaginal lactobacilli. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vaginal lactobacilli produce antimicrobial peptides, i.e. bacteriocins such as lactocin 160 and crispasin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, the predominance of lactobacilli in the vaginal canal creates a more acidic environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • BV is defined by the disequilibrium in the vaginal microbiota, with decline in the number of lactobacilli. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spermicides
  • This list of examples was provided by the Mayo Clinic Advantage-S Conceptrol Crinone Delfen Foam Emko Encare Endometrin First-Progesterone VGS Gynol II Prochieve Today Sponge VCF-Vaginal Contraceptive Film Vagi-Gard Douche Non-Staining Nonoxynol-9 is the primary chemical in spermicides to inhibit sperm motility. (wikipedia.org)
  • discomfort
  • If there is discomfort in the vulvovaginal area, women can request their health care providers evaluate for the presence of an infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most candidal infections result in minimal complications such as redness, itching, and discomfort, though complications may be severe or even fatal if left untreated in certain populations. (wikipedia.org)