• thrush
  • However, you might also be interested to know that there are other conditions associated with the overgrowth of yeast in the body, including thrush (an oral yeast infection) and athlete's foot . (columbia.edu)
  • But if you have a compromised immune system, such as from HIV or from persistent steroid use, thrush can lead to life-threatening systemic infections. (everydayhealth.com)
  • Without treatment trichomoniasis can persist for months to years in women and is The role of trichomonas infection in causing cervical cancer is unclear Must Read Articles Related to Oral Thrush. (compas-ict.eu)
  • heavy vaginal
  • Do you have very heavy vaginal bleeding (you saturate more than 1 full size pad or super absorbent tampon in an hour's time) with any of the following problems? (bowdoin.edu)
  • In the absence of ultrasound or hCG assessment, heavy vaginal bleeding may lead to a misdiagnosis of miscarriage. (wikipedia.org)
  • vulva
  • Physical factors that have been claimed to contribute to the development of infections include the following: constantly wet vulva due to tight clothing, chemicals coming in contact with the vagina via scented tampons, antibiotics, birth control pills, or a diet favoring refined sugar and yeast. (wikipedia.org)
  • The external sex organs are also known as the genitals and these are the organs of the vulva including the labia, clitoris and vaginal opening. (wikipedia.org)
  • cervix
  • Another way for organisms to gain entry happens when trauma or alteration to the cervix occurs. (faqs.org)
  • This mixture is constantly produced by the cells of the vagina and cervix and it exits the body through the vaginal opening. (wikipedia.org)
  • The majority of the liquid in vaginal discharge is mucus produced by glands of the cervix. (wikipedia.org)
  • Implantation can also occur on the cervix, ovaries, or within the abdomen. (wikipedia.org)
  • Signs and symptoms of ectopic pregnancy include increased hCG, vaginal bleeding (in varying amounts), sudden lower abdominal pain, pelvic pain, a tender cervix, an adnexal mass, or adnexal tenderness. (wikipedia.org)
  • organisms
  • Sometimes bacteria from the colon normally in the vaginal cavity may travel upward to infect the upper female genital organs, facilitated by the infection with gonorrhea.Infections with C. trachomatis and other organisms are more likely tohave mild or no symptoms. (faqs.org)
  • Childbirth, spontaneous or induced abortion, or use of an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) are all conditions that may alter or weaken the normal lining cells, makingthem susceptible to infection, usually by several organisms. (faqs.org)
  • BV results from the alteration ofthe balance of normal organisms in the vagina, by douching, for example. (faqs.org)
  • Similar to douching, antibiotics can throw off the normal balance of vaginal organisms. (columbia.edu)
  • These conditions can result from an infection caused by organisms such as bacteria, yeast, or viruses. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Vaginal infections may also be caused by transmissible organisms. (drtanandpartners.com)
  • INFECTIOUS DOSE: Experimental studies have shown that urogenital inoculation with 10,000 to 120,000 organisms has resulted in transmission, although epidemiological examinations have shown that the infective dose in women is low and the infection rate is high(8-10). (msdsonline.com)
  • MODE OF TRANSMISSION: Commonly spread through sexual contact with vaginal or urethral discharges of infected persons(1), and transmission of organisms via artificial insemination of infected cryobanked semen is also possible(11). (msdsonline.com)
  • The least common were infections caused exclusively by anaerobes and facultative organisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • The vaginal microbiota consists of those organisms which generally do not cause symptoms, infections, and results in good pregnancy outcomes, and is dominated mainly by Lactobacillus species. (wikipedia.org)
  • healthy vaginal
  • O'Hanlon and Baeten found that 96% of Lactobacillus species from a healthy vaginal ecosystem produced H2O2 (L. jensenii and L. vaginalis produce the highest levels of H2O2), whereas only 6% of the lactobacilli recovered from women with BV produced H2O2. (wikipedia.org)
  • uterus
  • This is an infection that goes up through the uterus to the fallopian tubes. (bowdoin.edu)
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease or pelvic inflammatory disorder (PID) is an infection of the upper part of the female reproductive system namely the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries, and inside of the pelvis. (wikipedia.org)
  • swab
  • This is the most commonly used method and requires an endocervical, vaginal, or penile swab specimen for examination under a microscope. (wikipedia.org)
  • Your doctor is likely to perform a vaginal examination, followed by swab and/or blood tests to accurately diagnose the infection. (drtanandpartners.com)
  • redness
  • With this, itching and redness occur in the outer genital area without other symptoms. (bowdoin.edu)
  • Most candidal infections result in minimal complications such as redness, itching, and discomfort, though complications may be severe or even fatal if left untreated in certain populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • lactobacilli
  • Since the first description of lactobacilli by Döderlein, lactobacilli have been generally considered as the gatekeepers of the vaginal ecosystem. (wikipedia.org)
  • Only supraphysiologic concentrations of exogenous H2O2 (0.34% w/v, 100 mM) were sufficient to inactivate BV-associated bacteria at which concentration it more potently inactivated vaginal lactobacilli (L. crispatus, L. gasseri, L. iners and L. jensenii). (wikipedia.org)
  • In contrast, under optimal anaerobic growth conditions, physiological concentrations of lactic acid inactivated the BV-associated pathogens without affecting the vaginal lactobacilli. (wikipedia.org)
  • In summary, although the hydrogen peroxide production of lactobacilli has been considered as an important antimicrobial component, contributing to the colonization resistance provided by lactobacilli, and although there seems to be a link between H2O2-producing lactobacilli and normal vaginal microflora, recent data do not support this role for H2O2. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vaginal lactobacilli produce antimicrobial peptides, i.e. bacteriocins such as lactocin 160 and crispasin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, the predominance of lactobacilli in the vaginal canal creates a more acidic environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • BV is defined by the disequilibrium in the vaginal microbiota, with decline in the number of lactobacilli. (wikipedia.org)
  • trichomoniasis
  • Trichomoniasis causes vaginal soreness and, sometimes, abdominal discomfort. (medbroadcast.com)
  • Use of male condoms or female condoms may help prevent the spread of trichomoniasis, although careful studies have never been done that focus on how to prevent this infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends Trichomoniasis testing for females with vaginal discharge and can be considered for females at higher risk for infection or of HIV-positive serostatus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evidence from a randomized controlled trials for screening pregnant women who do not have symptoms for infection with trichomoniasis and treating women who test positive for the infection have not consistently shown a reduced risk of preterm birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • EPIDEMIOLOGY: Worldwide - trichomoniasis caused by T. vaginalis is one of the most common non-viral sexually transmitted diseases with an estimated 170 million cases occurring annually (no seasonal variability)(1), and incidence has been found to be high in non-hispanic black women(5). (msdsonline.com)
  • Other theories suggest that trichomoniasis increases the amount of HIV genital shedding, thereby increasing the risk of transmission to sexual partners. (wikipedia.org)
  • While the exact association between trichomoniasis infection and HIV genital shedding has not been consistently demonstrated, "there is good evidence that TV treatment reduces HIV genital shedding. (wikipedia.org)
  • recurrent
  • If you use birth control pills, you may not need to stop using them to prevent recurrent infection. (drugs.com)
  • This special Pull Out and Save feature, "Common Gynecological Infections in Women with HIV," identifies the signs and symptoms of these infections, describes how they are diagnosed and treated, offers alternative therapies, alerts care providers to potential problems that can occur when these treatments are administered, and suggests ways that providers and patients can work together to reduce the likelihood of recurrent infections. (thebody.com)
  • in 112 diabetic patients with recurrent vaginal yeast infection. (compas-ict.eu)
  • pregnancy
  • Thedisease can also occur, although less frequently, in women having monogamoussexual relationships.The most serious consequences of PID are increased riskof infertility and ectopic pregnancy (the fertilized ovum is implanted outside of the uterine cavity). (faqs.org)
  • Because of this, the infections are sometimes considered a complication of pregnancy. (everydayhealth.com)
  • Premature rupture of membranes (PROM), or pre-labor rupture of membranes, is a condition that can occur in pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clinical presentation of ectopic pregnancy occurs at a mean of 7.2 weeks after the last normal menstrual period, with a range of 4 to 8 weeks. (wikipedia.org)
  • While all forms of birth control can generally be used by young people, long-acting reversible birth control such as implants, IUDs, or vaginal rings are more successful in reducing rates of teenage pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • increases
  • A prior episode of PID increases the chances of developing subsequent infections. (faqs.org)
  • While infections may occur without sex, a high frequency of intercourse increases the risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • This engorgement of blood vessels increases the volume of transudate from the vaginal walls. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transudate has a neutral pH, so increases in its production can temporarily shift vaginal pH to be more neutral. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even before the beginning of menses (up to 12 months before menarche, typically at the same time as the development of breast buds,) vaginal discharge increases in amount and changes in composition. (wikipedia.org)
  • fallopian
  • Most ectopic pregnancies (90%) occur in the Fallopian tube which are known as tubal pregnancies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fertilization usually occurs in the Fallopian tubes and marks the beginning of embryogenesis. (wikipedia.org)