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  • populations
  • In contrast, the two Senoi subgroups, Che Wong and Semai are displaced toward Southeast Asian and African populations in the PCA scatter plot, respectively.Orang Kanaq tradition that strictly prohibits intermarriage with outsiders seems to have posed a serious threat to their survival.This present survey is a demonstration of the value of KIR polymorphisms in elucidating genetic relationships among human populations. (nih.gov)
  • In contrast, the two Senoi subgroups, Che Wong and Semai are displaced toward Southeast Asian and African populations in the PCA scatter plot, respectively. (nih.gov)
  • On the other hand, the Semai are closer to Northeast Asian populations which consistently show high frequencies of haplotype A. (nih.gov)
  • We found several new, so far undescribed mtDNA lineages in this dataset and surrounding populations.The Laos population was characteristic in terms of haplotype composition and genetic structure, however, genetic comparisons with other Southeast Asian populations revealed limited, but significant genetic differentiation.They encourage setting up regional and subpopulation databases, especially for forensic applications. (nih.gov)
  • The Laos population was characteristic in terms of haplotype composition and genetic structure, however, genetic comparisons with other Southeast Asian populations revealed limited, but significant genetic differentiation. (nih.gov)
  • Phylogeographic analysis of mitochondrial DNA in northern Asian populations. (naver.com)
  • Strong evidence implies selection has increased the frequency of this allele in some East Asian populations but does not fully explain its geographic pattern. (nih.gov)
  • In everyday life, many societies classify populations into groups based on phenotypical traits and impressions of probable geographic ancestry and cultural identity-these are the groups usually called "races" in countries like the United States, Brazil, and South Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, because all populations are genetically diverse, and because there is a complex relation between ancestry, genetic makeup and phenotype, and because racial categories are based on subjective evaluations of the traits, there is no specific gene that can be used to determine a person's race. (wikipedia.org)
  • Medical practitioners also sometimes argue that racial categories can be used successfully as proxies to assess risk of those different heritable illnesses that occur with different frequencies among populations of different geographic ancestries. (wikipedia.org)
  • By analogy, the term metapopulation is used in forensic genetics to describe a set of geographically dispersed populations with shared ancestry and continuing geneflow. (wikipedia.org)
  • In countries like USA, Brazil, UK or China which are characterized by strong population substructure national reference databases are often built on basis of a historical concept of ethnic affiliation, e.g. the US population is sub-structured in a Caucasian, African, Hispanic, Asian and Native American populations or UK differentiates English, Afro-Caribbean, Indo-Pakistani and Chinese. (wikipedia.org)
  • state: "Historical contacts-for example, under Alexander the Great or during the ancient Minoan civilization-may provide an explanation for the common ancestry of disease mutations in these ethnically diverse populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • In The History and Geography of Human Genes (Princeton, 1994), Cavalli-Sforza, Menozzi and Piazza grouped Greeks with other European and Mediterranean populations based on 120 loci (view MDS plot). (wikipedia.org)
  • Historically, Afro-Asian populations have been marginalized as a result of human migration and social conflict. (wikipedia.org)
  • From an Asian point of reference, populations range from as far east as Greenland, to as far west as Kalmykia, Crimea, and northern Europe, giving Asiatic peoples or their descendants a historical presence across four continents. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a broader comparison of populations from every region of Asia, the aforementioned cluster is subsumed in a Northeast and East Asian cluster that also includes the Koryak, Chukchi, Reindeer Chukchi, Nganasan, Samoyed, Northern Tungus, Nentsy, N. Chinese, and Mongol samples. (wikipedia.org)
  • Long and Kittles' objection is also methodological: according to them the FST is based on a faulty underlying assumptions that all populations contain equally genetic diverse members and that continental groups diverged at the same time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sarich and Miele have also argued that estimates of genetic difference between individuals of different populations understate differences between groups because they fail to take into account human diploidy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rushton's book is focused on what he considers the three broadest racial groups, and does not address other populations such as South East Asians and Australian aboriginals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Valencia identified the main areas of criticism as focusing on Rushton's use of "race" as a biological concept, a failure to appreciate the extent of variation within populations compared with that between populations, a false separation of genetics and environment, poor statistical methodology, a failure to consider alternative hypotheses, and the use of unreliable and inappropriate data to draw conclusions about the relationship between brain size and intelligence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genotype
  • For both ethnic groups and for subtypes of ICH active treatment more than halved the risk of ICH and the treatment effects were not different in carriers of the epsilon 2 or epsilon 4 allele and in those with the epsilon 3 epsilon 3 genotype. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Mitochondrial
  • High magnification revealed that the structure of mitochondrial cristae was severely damaged and swollen in the Sjögren syndrome group (Figure 3F) compared to that in the non-Sjögren syndrome group (Figure 3C), indicating that mitochondrial damage may be related to Sjögren syndrome. (nih.gov)
  • racial
  • Subgroup analysis indicated that publication bias could be influenced by racial ancestry. (nih.gov)
  • Genetic analysis enables scientists to estimate the geographic ancestry of a person by using ancestry-informative markers, and by inference the probable racial category into which they will be classified in a given society. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first test showing differences in IQ test results between different population groups in the US was the tests of United States Army recruits in World War I. In the 1920s groups of eugenics lobbyists argued that this demonstrated that African-Americans and certain immigrant groups were of inferior intellect to Anglo-Saxon whites due to innate biological differences, using this as an argument for policies of racial segregation. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the other hand, many scientists reacted to eugenicist claims linking abilities and moral character to racial or genetic ancestry. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Mongoloid race (/ˈmɒŋ.ɡə.lɔɪd/ alternatively East Asian race) is a broad racial grouping of peoples indigenous to East Asia and adjacient parts of Central Asia, Southeast Asia, North Asia, South Asia, the Arctic, the Americas, and the Pacific Islands. (wikipedia.org)
  • The concept continues to be in use as a rough categorization of ethnic or racial origin, even though its use even as such in forensic anthropology has been criticized as too vague as the term covers a very large and diverse group of phenotypes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rushton argues that race is a valid biological concept and that racial differences frequently arrange in a continuum across 60 different behavioral and anatomical variables, with "Mongoloids" (East Asians) at one end of the continuum, "Negroids" (Sub-Saharan Africans) at the opposite extreme, and "Caucasoids" (Europeans, Middle Easterners and North Africans) in the middle. (wikipedia.org)
  • In specific terms, Rushton argues that the three broad racial groups that he's defined have fundamental biological differences going back through evolutionary history that cause clear-cut distinctions in modern everyday life, as well stating that generalizations about these broad groups are justified given the large nature of the gaps. (wikipedia.org)
  • Europeans
  • In Asian patients the risk of ICH for epsilon 2 or epsilon 4 carriers was 2.11 (95% CI = 1.28 to 3.47) and 1.48 (95% CI = 0.76 to 2.87) in Europeans. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Carriers of the epsilon 2 or epsilon 4 allele had an increased risk of both incident and recurrent ICH, and both cortical and deep ICH, and most risk estimates were higher in Asians than in Europeans. (ox.ac.uk)
  • They found that though these individuals could be classified very accurately to continental clusters, there was a significant degree of genetic overlap on the individual level, to the extent that, using 377 loci, individual Europeans were about 38% of the time more genetically similar to East Asians than to other Europeans. (wikipedia.org)
  • ethnic group
  • The UK usage of the term "Asian" is reflected in the "ethnic group" section of UK census forms, which treat "Asian" and "Chinese" as separate (see British Asian). (wikipedia.org)
  • Most respondents to the UK 2001 Census of non-Chinese East Asian and Southeast Asian descent chose to write-in their ethnicity in the "Other Ethnic Group" category rather than the "Other Asian" category, reflecting the association of the word Asian in the UK with South Asian. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since 1980, Indians and all other South Asians have been classified as part of the Asian ethnic group. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the study of Malagasy, autosomal DNA shows the highlanders ethnic group like Merina are almost an even mixture of Southeast Asian and Bantu origin, while the coastal ethnic group have much higher Bantu mixture in their autosomal DNA suggesting they are mixture of new Bantu migrants and the already established highlander ethnic group. (wikipedia.org)
  • see names of Korea) are an East Asian ethnic group and nation native to the whole Korean Peninsula and southeastern Manchuria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studies of polymorphisms in the human Y-chromosome have so far produced evidence to suggest that the Korean people have a long history as a distinct, mostly endogamous ethnic group, with successive waves of people moving to the peninsula and three major Y-chromosome haplogroups. (wikipedia.org)
  • Malays (Malay: Orang Melayu, Jawi: أورڠ ملايو) are an Austronesian ethnic group that predominantly inhabit the Malay Peninsula, eastern Sumatra and coastal Borneo, as well as the smaller islands which lie between these locations - areas that are collectively known as the Malay world. (wikipedia.org)
  • alleles
  • Each additional risk allele increased the risk of type 2 diabetes by 1.24-fold (P = 2.85 × 10−7) (B) and of IFG and diabetes combined by 1.21-fold (P = 6.31 × 10−11) (C). B: Participants harboring seven or all eight risk alleles had a 4.44-fold increased risk for type 2 diabetes (P = 5 × 10−4) compared with the reference group. (nih.gov)
  • Schizophrenia
  • In the current study, we aimed to determine if genetic variants strongly suggested by SZGene are associated with risk of schizophrenia in our case-control samples of Japanese ancestry. (nih.gov)
  • In fact, the average risk-index score in the schizophrenia group (6.5+/-1.57) was slightly lower than among controls (6.6+/-1.39). (nih.gov)
  • This is consistent with the negative results from the logistic regression analysis of the risk-index score, which found a non-significant (p = 0.783) and slightly negative (β = -0.02) effect of increments in the risk-index on likelihood of being in the schizophrenia group. (nih.gov)
  • 2001
  • Despite there being a strong presence of East Asians in the United Kingdom there are considerably more South Asians, for example the 2001 Census recorded 1.05 million people of Indian origin and 247,000 of Chinese origin in the UK. (wikipedia.org)
  • Soares 2010 felt in their review of the literature, that the case for South Asian origins is strongest, with the Central Asian origin argued by (Wells 2001) being also worthy of consideration. (wikipedia.org)
  • among
  • Among the samples from the non-Sjögren syndrome group, immunostaining revealed that p63 was expressed in 1-3 acinar cells in each acinar unit and continuously in the basal layer of duct cells. (nih.gov)
  • The sample is distinct from modern Native Americans and Neo-Eskimos, falling within haplogroup D2a1, a group previously observed among modern Aleuts and Siberian Sireniki Yuit. (nih.gov)
  • The presence of haplogroup R1 among Indigenous Americans groups is a matter of controversy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most of them live in secluded reservations, distributed among eight ethnic groups: Quitirrisí (in the Central Valley), Matambú or Chorotega (Guanacaste), Maleku (northern Alajuela), Bribri (southern Atlantic), Cabécar (Cordillera de Talamanca), Guaymí (southern Costa Rica, along the Panamá border), Boruca (southern Costa Rica) and Térraba (southern Costa Rica). (wikipedia.org)
  • Wu's variant only applies the Multiregional hypothesis to the East Asian fossil record which is popular among Chinese scientists. (wikipedia.org)
  • analysis
  • Genome-wide association analysis in East Asians identifies breast cancer susceptibility loci at 1q32.1, 5q14.3 and 15q26.1. (nih.gov)
  • Analysis of genetic clustering examines the degree to which regional groups differ genetically, the categorization of individuals into clusters, and what can be learned about human ancestry from this data. (wikipedia.org)
  • ethnicity
  • The Metapopulation structure built on basis of "ethnicity/linguistic affiliation" takes to a larger extent the ancestry of sampled individuals into account. (wikipedia.org)
  • Major
  • Vast migrations and subsequent assimilation processes have shaped the genetic composition of Southeast Asia, an area of close contact between several major ethnic groups. (nih.gov)
  • Common definitive markers of a Malayness - the religion of Islam, the Malay language and traditions - are thought to have been promulgated during this era, resulting in the ethnogenesis of the Malay as a major ethnoreligious group in the region. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most of them are descendants of the major founding groups who migrated from Asia into the Americas by crossing the Bering Strait. (wikipedia.org)
  • East Asian
  • Defined by the 2006-2011 Australian Census, three broad groups have the word Asian included in their name: Central and Southern Asian, South-East Asian and North-East Asian. (wikipedia.org)
  • Later, Pietrusewsky (1999) found, however, that Korean and Yayoi people were very highly separated in the East Asian cluster, indicating that the connection that Japanese have with Korea would not have derived from Yayoi people. (wikipedia.org)
  • Human
  • Human phenotypes are highly polygenic (dependent on interaction by many genes) and are influenced by environment as well as by genetics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Affiliation
  • Currently the YHRD database recognizes four separate "metapopulation" structures: national, continental, linguistic/ethnic and phylogenetic affiliation with several categories within. (wikipedia.org)
  • haplogroup
  • It is therefore hypothesized that Haplogroup C-M130 either originated or underwent its longest period of evolution within India or the greater South Asian coastal region. (wikipedia.org)
  • Negroid
  • It is part of the three great races introduced by Georges Cuvier in the 18th century, the other two groups being Caucasoid and Negroid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mediterranean
  • There was also cultural diversity in other Roman-British towns, which were sustained by considerable migration, both within Britannia and from other Roman territories, including North Africa, Roman Syria, the Eastern Mediterranean, and continental Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • estimates
  • Maximum-likelihood estimates favour a scenario in which Madagascar was settled approximately 1,200 years ago by a very small group of women of approximately 30. (wikipedia.org)
  • markers
  • and 2) investigate the relationship between progenitor cell markers and telomere length in both groups. (nih.gov)
  • different
  • Edwards (2003) claims, "It is not true, as Nature claimed, that 'two random individuals from any one group are almost as different as any two random individuals from the entire world'" and Risch et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • Specific
  • Respondents can also report their specific ancestry, e.g. (wikipedia.org)
  • Issues specific to this group include having no documentation of their births, since not having been born in the local hospital spared their lives. (wikipedia.org)
  • admixture
  • Could this be a signal or archaic admixture to a group related to Denisovans? (blogspot.com)
  • Koreans are the descendants or an admixture of the ancient people who settled in the Korean Peninsula, historically said to be Siberian or paleo-Asian. (wikipedia.org)
  • Depending on the region, some may have small traces of Asian admixture due the thousands of Filipinos and Chinos (Asian slaves of diverse origin, not just Chinese) that arrived on the Nao de China. (wikipedia.org)
  • Contemporary Tajiks are the descendants of ancient Eastern Iranian inhabitants of Central Asia, in particular the Sogdians and the Bactrians, and possibly other groups, with an admixture of Western Iranian Persians and non-Iranian peoples. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recent genetic and anthropological studies indicate that the Ryukyuans are significantly related to the Ainu people and share the ancestry with the indigenous prehistoric Jōmon period (pre 10,000-1,000 BCE) people, who arrived from Southeast Asia, and with the Yamato people who are mostly an admixture of the Yayoi period (1,000 BCE-300 CE) migrants from East Asia (specifically China and the Korean peninsula). (wikipedia.org)
  • Mexico's northern and western regions have the highest percentages of White population, with the majority of the people not having native admixture or being of predominantly European ancestry, resembling in aspect that of northern Spaniards. (wikipedia.org)
  • Eurasian
  • We analyze genome-wide polymorphism data from about 40 West Eurasian groups to show that almost all Southern Europeans have inherited 1%-3% African ancestry with an average mixture date of around 55 generations ago, consistent with North African gene flow at the end of the Roman Empire and subsequent Arab migrations. (plos.org)
  • A interesting new detail is that the Swedish farmer had more of the hunter-gatherer ancestry than the Iceman (the estimated difference in their non-Basal Eurasian ancestry is 77.2-56=21.2%) which seems reasonably close to the 16% difference in the related "Atlantic_Baltic" ancestry for the previous lower-quality Gok4 farmer and the Iceman I estimated in 2012 . (blogspot.com)
  • population
  • Focusing on European population genetics and modern physical anthropology. (blogspot.com)
  • To identify new risk loci for UC we have performed the first genome-wide association study (GWAS) in a Southern European population and undertaken a meta-analysis study combining the newly genotyped 825 UC patients and 1525 healthy controls from Spain with the six previously published GWAS comprising 6687 cases and 19 718 controls from Northern-European ancestry. (jove.com)
  • This may reflect descent of these groups from a common ancestral population that already had some African ancestry prior to the Jewish Diasporas. (plos.org)
  • We have analyzed genetic data for 326 microsatellite markers that were typed uniformly in a large multiethnic population-based sample of individuals as part of a study of the genetics of hypertension (Family Blood Pressure Program). (blogspot.ca)
  • Thus, ancient geographic ancestry, which is highly correlated with self-identified race/ethnicity-as opposed to current residence-is the major determinant of genetic structure in the U.S. population. (blogspot.ca)
  • That person anyhow should have been able to digest milk (vide SNPedia ), what is remarkable for a supposedly hunter-gatherer population (Pitted Ware were probably regressed Neolithics and contemporary of continental Neolithics, which also lacked the allele). (blogspot.com)
  • The Y-chromosome is an extreme outlier compared to modern groups, probably because of its heavy G2a domination, whereas the mtDNA from Treilles appears just like a normal and unexceptional Mediterranean-type population. (blogspot.nl)
  • The finding that the Ust'-Ishim individual is equally closely related to present-day Asians and to 8,000- to 24,000-year-old individuals from western Eurasia, but not to present-day Europeans, is compatible with the hypothesis that present-day Europeans derive some of their ancestry from a population that did not participate in the initial dispersals of modern humans into Europe and Asia11. (blogspot.co.za)
  • While the specific properties of ancient DNA may still affect comparisons with sequence data from modern-day individuals, the conditional nucleotide diversity in the hunter-gatherers was also lower than in any modern-day European and a Chinese population (22) analyzed using the same approach as for the ancient groups. (blogspot.com)
  • Population genetics is a scientific discipline which contributes to the examination of the human evolutionary and historical migrations. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, since the removal of restrictive "national origins" quotas in 1965, the Asian-American population has diversified greatly to include more of the peoples with ancestry from various parts of Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Martiniquais population includes an African-White-Indian mixed population, and an East Indian (Asian Indian) population. (wikipedia.org)
  • The peopling of Thailand refers to the process by which the ethnic groups that comprise the population of present-day Thailand came to inhabit the region. (wikipedia.org)
  • The result is an extremely diverse population of distantly related tribes with a common Asian heritage steeped in ancient tradition. (wikipedia.org)
  • prehistoric
  • Perhaps the modern Caucasus where particular ethnic groups are dominated by particular Y-haplogroups is a good analogy for prehistoric man, with many different groups with their signature haplogroups kept disjoint patrilineal gene pools before beginning to merge in late prehistorical and historical times. (blogspot.nl)
  • European
  • in that their ancestry is a mixture of both European hunter-gatherers like LaBrana1 and ~15% of something related to MA1 , which seems quite close to the 19% of ANE ancestry for the older Motala hunter-gatherer also from Sweden. (blogspot.com)
  • Mulattoes are people of mixed European and African ancestry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Said registers also put in question other narratives held by contemporary academics, such as European immigrants who arrived to Mexico being almost exclusively men or that "pure Spanish" people were all part of a small powerful elite, as Spaniards were often the most numerous ethnic group in the colonial cities and there were menial workers and people in poverty who were of complete Spanish origin. (wikipedia.org)
  • The modern research in regards to Mexicans of European descent focuses on phenotypical traits such as skin color and hair color rather than on asking the perception of ancestry. (wikipedia.org)
  • The three principal groups were Native Brazilians, European colonizers and African labor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Eurasians
  • presented nuclear genome-based evidence for sharing of sub-Saharan African ancestry in some West Eurasians, by identifying a North-South gradient of haplotype sharing between Europeans and sub-Saharan Africans, with the highest proportion of haplotype sharing observed in south/southwestern Europe. (plos.org)
  • However, none of these studies used genome-wide data to estimate the proportion of African ancestry in West Eurasians, or the date(s) of mixture. (plos.org)
  • people
  • The Indian subcontinent is currently populated by more than one billion people who belong to thousands of linguistic and ethnic groups [ 1 , 2 ]. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • We see clear evidence that people from hunter-gatherer groups were incorporated into farming groups as they expanded across Europe. (blogspot.com)
  • Later, Pietrusewsky (1999) found, however, that Korean and Yayoi people were very highly separated in the East Asian cluster, indicating that the connection that Japanese have with Korea would not have derived from Yayoi people. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studies of polymorphisms in the human Y-chromosome have so far produced evidence to suggest that the Korean people have a long history as a distinct, mostly endogamous ethnic group, with successive waves of people moving to the peninsula and three major Y-chromosome haplogroups. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Ainu were becoming increasingly marginalized on their own land-over a period of only 36 years, the Ainu went from being a relatively isolated group of people to having their land, language, religion and customs assimilated into those of the Japanese. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prior to the late 1960s, people of Asian ancestry were usually referred to as Oriental, Asiatic, and Mongoloid. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] The most commonly used definition of Asian American is the US Census Bureau definition, which includes all people with origins in the Far East, Southeast Asia, and the Indian subcontinent. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ryukyuans are not a recognized minority group in Japan, as Japanese authorities consider them just a subgroup of the Japanese people, akin to the Yamato people and Ainu. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike the Malayo-Polynesian group who later sailed south to the Philippines and other parts of maritime Southeast Asia, the ancestors of the modern Tai-Kadai people sailed west to mainland China and possibly traveled along the Pearl River, where their language greatly changed from other Austronesian languages under the influence of Sino-Tibetan and Hmong-Mien language infusion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hispanic
  • Subjects identified themselves as belonging to one of four major racial/ethnic groups (white, African American, East Asian, and Hispanic) and were recruited from 15 different geographic locales within the United States and Taiwan. (blogspot.ca)
  • Despite these factors, a 2014 report from the Census Bureau reported that 12% of Asian Americans were living below the poverty line, while only 10.1% of non-Hispanic White Americans live below the poverty line. (wikipedia.org)
  • this is much higher than the percentile of non-Hispanic Whites, proving that Asian Americans suffer from a tremendous wealth gap when compared among each other. (wikipedia.org)
  • Once country of birth and other demographic factors are taken into account, a portion of the sub-groups that make up Asian Americans are much more likely than non-Hispanic White Americans to live in poverty. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although once you factor country of origin and the data of each specific sub group of Asian you'll find many of these sub groups have average median incomes lower than both the U.S. average and non-Hispanic Whites. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mongoloid
  • A very important new article by a group of Greek and Chinese researchers provides the first quantitative assessment of mental processing in two groups of students, aged 8 to 14, belonging to the Caucasoid and Mongoloid races. (blogspot.ca)
  • It has long been known that many Mongoloid groups generally have higher IQ scores than Caucasoids, but the reasons for this difference have not been explained. (blogspot.ca)
  • diversity
  • To analyze an unbiased sample of genetic diversity in India and to investigate human migration history in Eurasia, we resequenced one 100-kb ENCODE region in 92 samples collected from three castes and one tribal group from the state of Andhra Pradesh in south India. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The Scandinavian Neolithic hunter-gatherer group had significantly lower conditional nucleotide diversity (0.181±0.0015) compared to the Scandinavian Neolithic farmer group (0.201±0.0038, Figs 3A and S9). (blogspot.com)
  • citation needed] Since the Mon-Khmer were aboriginal to the region, there is great ethnic diversity among the individual ethnic groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • Americans
  • Analyses of the 2010 census have shown that Asian Americans are the fastest growing racial or ethnic minority in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are major disparities that exist among Asian Americans when specific ethnic groups are examined. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, in 2012, Asian Americans had the highest educational attainment level of any racial demographic in the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • This occurs in terms of household income as well, in 2008 Asian Americans had the highest median household income overall of any racial demographic. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally, the American definition of 'Asian' originally included West Asian ethnic groups, particularly Afghan Americans, Jewish Americans, Armenian Americans, Assyrian Americans, and Arab Americans, although these groups are now considered Middle Eastern American. (wikipedia.org)
  • mixture
  • Levantine groups harbor 4%-15% African ancestry with an average mixture date of about 32 generations ago, consistent with close political, economic, and cultural links with Egypt in the late middle ages. (plos.org)
  • African
  • However, geneticists theorize that in regions of Mexico that did not have any presence of slaves, traces of African ancestry might have come from Spanish colonists and not African slaves themselves, as said ancestry is of North African and Near East origin. (wikipedia.org)
  • One source even quoted as saying that some Asian ethnic groups "have poverty rates that rival the African-American poverty rate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arabs
  • However, it is clear that the Turkish are in the majority, while the largest minority groups are Kurds and Arabs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bulgarians
  • A PCA with an Iron age Etruscan though from an upcoming paper months ago though had him by Bulgarians, which goes against the idea non EEF West Asian blood came mostly in Roman times. (blogspot.com)
  • historian
  • The term Asian American was coined by historian Yuji Ichioka, who is credited with popularizing the term, to frame a new "inter-ethnic-pan-Asian American self-defining political group" in the late 1960s. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to Richard Nelson Frye, a leading historian of Iranian and Central Asian history, the Persian migration to Central Asia may be considered the beginning of the modern Tajik nation, and ethnic Persians, along with some elements of East-Iranian Bactrians and Sogdians, as the main ancestors of modern Tajiks. (wikipedia.org)
  • historically
  • Our findings suggest that Stone-Age foraging groups were historically in low numbers, likely due to oscillating living conditions or restricted carrying-capacity, and that they were partially incorporated into expanding farming groups. (blogspot.com)
  • Ainu
  • The official number of the Ainu is 25,000, but unofficially is estimated at 200,000 due to many Ainu having been completely assimilated into Japanese and Russian society and, as a result, having no knowledge of their ancestry. (wikipedia.org)
  • immigration
  • More recent Asian immigration (specifically Chinese) may help explain the comparatively high Asian contribution in Northwest Mexico (i.e. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nativist immigration laws during the 1880s-1920s excluded various Asian groups, eventually prohibiting almost all Asian immigration to the continental United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • After immigration laws were reformed during the 1940s-60s, abolishing national origins quotas, Asian immigration increased rapidly. (wikipedia.org)
  • Changing patterns of immigration and an extensive period of exclusion of Asian immigrants have resulted in demographic changes that have in turn affected the formal and common understandings of what defines Asian American. (wikipedia.org)
  • various
  • After the end of the ice age, various Paleolithic groups inhabited the area. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Jomon ancestry is estimated at approximately 28% or 50-60%, depending to various studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • The table below shows the human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups, based on relevant studies, for various ethnic and other notable groups from Europe. (wikipedia.org)