• abnormal
  • Weak or absent extensors and/or abductors (the extensor pollicis brevis tendon, the extensor pollicis longus tendon or, rarely, the abductor pollicis longus tendon), can cause a disbalance, leading to an abnormal position of the thumb: congenital clasped thumb. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is an abnormal ligament formed between the Lunate bone of the wrist and the radius and it's found in 91% of cases of Madelung's Deformity. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, changes in the vestibular system, a lateral shift of the hand representation and abnormal variability of erector spinae motor map location in the motor cortex may be involved in this disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • fingers
  • Polydactyly or polydactylism (from Greek πολύς (polys), meaning 'many', and δάκτυλος (daktylos), meaning 'finger'), also known as hyperdactyly, is a congenital physical anomaly in humans, dogs, and cats having supernumerary fingers or toes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The trident hand configuration can be seen if the fingers are fully extended. (wikipedia.org)
  • disorders
  • Some congenital hand differences are associated with genetic disorders or other medical problems. (emoryhealthcare.org)
  • In addition to the above mentioned disorders, our surgeon works collaboratively with Watson Clinic's team of orthopaedic surgeons, athletic trainers, certified hand therapists and physical therapists, to treat a variety of sports injuries as well. (watsonclinic.com)
  • More specific loci and genetic mechanisms responsible for disorders of duplications will be defined with time, as molecular research continues. (wikipedia.org)
  • thumb
  • Hand function can be improved if the functions of thumb pinch or finger grasp is compromised. (emoryhealthcare.org)
  • Congenital clasped thumb describes an anomaly which is characterized by a fixed thumb into the palm at the metacarpophalangeal joint in one or both hands. (wikipedia.org)
  • showed that boys are twice as often affected with congenital clasped thumb compared to girls. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diagnosing the congenital clasped thumb is difficult in the first three to four months of life, as it is normal when the thumb is clutched into the palm in these first months. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment of congenital clasped thumb includes two types of therapy: conservative and surgical. (wikipedia.org)
  • The extra digit is most common on the ulnar (little finger) side of the hand, less common on the radial (thumb) side, and very rarely within the middle three digits. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] This is a less common situation, in which the affectation is on the side of the hand towards the thumb. (wikipedia.org)
  • joints
  • The cardinal clinical feature is persistent swelling of the affected joint(s), which commonly include the knee, ankle, wrist, and small joints of the hands and feet. (wikipedia.org)
  • affects
  • Incontinentia pigmenti (IP) is a rare genetic disorder that affects the skin, hair, teeth, nails, and central nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • It mostly results from a combination of environmental and genetic factors and affects two to 20 people per one million. (ibtimes.co.uk)
  • genes
  • This means that when a person has the genes for it, the condition may appear in both hands, one, or neither. (wikipedia.org)
  • severity
  • One such index is the Backer ratio which grades severity of deformity based on the ratio between the diameter of the vertebral body nearest to xiphosternal junction and the distance between the xiphosternal junction and the nearest vertebral body. (wikipedia.org)
  • surgical
  • Dr. Licht's office offers a versatile series of surgical and non-surgical options for the treatment of hand pain, including the wrist, elbow and forearm. (watsonclinic.com)
  • short
  • Typical clinical presentation consists of a short forearm, anterior-ulnar bow of the radius and a forward subluxation of the hand on the forearm. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2007) found significant post-operative improvement in the Short Form-12 Health Survey physical component scale in congenital clubbed-foot patients in the Danish Twin Registry. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The hand is broad with short metacarpals and phalanges, and a trident configuration. (wikipedia.org)
  • sternum
  • Pectus excavatum is a congenital deformity of the anterior thoracic wall in which the sternum and rib cage grow abnormally. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because the heart is located behind the sternum, and because individuals with pectus excavatum have been shown to have visible deformities of the heart seen both on radiological imaging and after autopsies, it has been hypothesized that there is impairment of function of the cardiovascular system in individuals with pectus excavatum. (wikipedia.org)
  • cases
  • Researchers are unsure of the cause of pectus excavatum but assume that there is a genetic component for at least some of the cases as 37% of individuals have an affected first degree family member. (wikipedia.org)
  • digit
  • This is the most common situation, in which the extra digit is on the ulnar side of the hand, thus the side of the little finger. (wikipedia.org)