• Peritonitis
  • Cellulitis (infection of the skin) around the gastrostomy site Hemorrhage Gastric ulcer either at the site of the button or on the opposite wall of the stomach ("kissing ulcer") Perforation of bowel (most commonly transverse colon) leading to peritonitis Puncture of the left lobe of the liver leading to liver capsule pain Gastrocolic fistula: this may be suspected if diarrhea appears a short time after feeding. (wikipedia.org)
  • 6 If the stomach perforates, signs of generalised peritonitis may be obvious. (racgp.org.au)
  • A hole in the stomach can also lead to a chemical peritonitis due to gastric acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • acute
  • The acute management of sigmoid volvulus is sigmoidoscopic decompression. (ebscohost.com)
  • Acute vomiting, a reflex act that results in the forceful ejection of gastric (stomach) and/or duodenal (intestinal) contents through the mouth, and diarrhea, an increase in fecal water content with an accompanying increase in the frequency, fluidity, or volume of bowel movements, are both extremely common in the dog. (petplace.com)
  • 2002). In the dog, for example, gastric dilatation-volvulus is an acute disease characterised by gastric retention, accumulation of gas in the stomach, gastric dilatation and twisting of the stomach about its longitudinal axis (Burrows & Ignazewski 1990). (scielo.org.za)
  • Acute volvulus often requires immediate surgical intervention to untwist the affected segment of bowel and possibly resect any unsalvageable portion. (wikipedia.org)
  • bloat
  • Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (GDV), also referred to as bloat, is a life-threatening condition in dogs. (vetspecialists.com)
  • Nearly all breeds of dogs have been reported to have had canine bloat with or without the stomach rotation, but some of the more common breeds with GVD are Great Danes, Weimaraners, St. Bernards, Irish setters and Gordon setters. (vetspecialists.com)
  • If your pet is showing signs of bloat or GDV including a distended stomach, racing heart, vomiting or non-productive retching, immediate intervention is needed. (sacpets.com)
  • Having been requested to supply articles on bloat/torsion/volvulus, and on megaesophagus, I decided to combine some old pieces, revise the 1990 article, and work these into a new one with a new name. (fredlanting.org)
  • The word bloat is often used as a general term to mean gas distension without stomach torsion (a normal change after eating), or to refer to GDV. (wikipedia.org)
  • One study looking at the ingredients of dry dog food found that while neither grains, soy, nor animal proteins increased risk of bloat, foods containing an increased amount of added oils or fats do increase the risk, possibly due to delayed emptying of the stomach. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hernia
  • With the endoscope in the J-position in the stomach the apex or fundus of the hernia is seen to the right of the endoscope (Fig. 118). (pyfprod.ro)
  • Tumors
  • Ovarian cancer Important but uncommon causes of abdominal bloating include: Large intra-abdominal tumors, such as those arising from cancers of the ovarian, liver, uterus and stomach Megacolon, an abnormal dilation of the colon caused by some diseases, such as Chagas disease, a parasitic infection Cardiopulmonary resuscitation procedures, due to the artificial mouth-to-mouth insufflation of air. (wikipedia.org)
  • Midgut
  • The tract may also be divided into foregut, midgut, and hindgut, reflecting the embryological origin of each segment. (wikipedia.org)
  • This delineates the embryonic borders between the foregut and midgut, and is also the division commonly used by clinicians to describe gastrointestinal bleeding as being of either "upper" or "lower" origin. (wikipedia.org)
  • the small intestine has an unusually narrow base, and therefore the midgut is prone to volvulus (a twisting that can obstruct the mesenteric blood vessels and cause intestinal ischemia). (wikipedia.org)
  • urinary tract
  • From reproductive, endocrine, and eye disease to urinary tract and infectious diseases, the book offers in-depth information on a wide range of commonly presented diseases, providing technicians with practical information linked to their daily tasks. (wiley.com)
  • A poor outcome (death (14) or TPN dependence (10)) was seen with malrotation (13 of 16), short small bowel (eight of nine), urinary tract involvement (12 of 16), and myopathic histology (15 of 22). (bmj.com)
  • If there was involvement of the urinary tract, the extent of involvement, the management, and the outcome were noted. (bmj.com)
  • diagnosis
  • Meticulous updates throughout include the latest approaches and improvements in gastrointestinal and liver disease diagnosis and therapy as well as hundreds of images and 35 new procedural videos. (elsevier.com)
  • He was given a scan and the diagnosis was quick - volvulus, or twisted intestine. (laterlife.com)
  • This would contribute towards establishing a morphological basis for diagnosis of congenital as well as degenerative motor deficits of the stomach and possibly tumours of ICC. (scielo.org.za)
  • We searched in-patient and out-patient electronic medical records at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, from January 1, 2000, to May 5, 2016, to identify patients with diagnosis of ''vascular insufficiency'' and ''other disorders of stomach'' using ICD-9 codes 557.1 and 537.8, respectively. (docme.ru)
  • A diagnosis of gastric dilatation-volvulus is made by several factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diverticulitis
  • A hole from a stomach ulcer occurs in about 1 per 10,000 people per year, while one from diverticulitis occurs in about 0.4 per 10,000 people per year. (wikipedia.org)
  • Disorders
  • Congenital disorders of the stomach include pernicious anaemia, in which a targeted immune response against parietal cells results in an inability to absorb vitamin B12. (wikipedia.org)
  • barium enema
  • The barium swallow, barium meal, and barium follow-through are together also called an upper gastrointestinal series (or study), whereas the barium enema is called a lower gastrointestinal series (or study). (wikipedia.org)
  • In upper gastrointestinal series examinations, the barium sulfate is mixed with water and swallowed orally, whereas in the lower gastrointestinal series (barium enema), the barium contrast agent is administered as an enema through a small tube inserted into the rectum. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is an endoscopic medical procedure in which a tube (PEG tube) is passed into a patient's stomach through the abdominal wall, most commonly to provide a means of feeding when oral intake is not adequate (for example, because of dysphagia or sedation). (wikipedia.org)
  • Abdominal plain x-rays are commonly confirmatory for a volvulus, especially if a "bent inner tube" sign or a "coffee bean" sign are seen. (wikipedia.org)
  • GDV is commonly associated with a dog's consumption of large meals, which can cause the stomach to expand due to food and gas, ultimately twisting (volvulus) and not allowing either to be expelled from the body. (vetspecialists.com)
  • Ulceration of the mucosal surface occurs very commonly in the stomach (gastric ulceration), due to damage from stomach acid or alteration in protective mechanisms of the stomach, and is usually not life-threatening. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diaphragm
  • As the stomach begins to expand, pressure begins to increase, which can lead to several severe consequences, including prevention of adequate blood return to the heart from the abdomen, loss of blood flow to the lining of the stomach, rupture of the stomach wall, and pressure on the diaphragm that prevents the lungs from adequately expanding, which makes it difficult to maintain normal breathing. (vetspecialists.com)
  • Duodenum
  • The exact demarcation between the upper and lower tracts is the suspensory muscle of the duodenum. (wikipedia.org)
  • The four segments of the duodenum are as follows (starting at the stomach, and moving toward the jejunum): bulb, descending, horizontal, and ascending. (wikipedia.org)
  • The small intestine begins at the duodenum, which receives food from the stomach. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has three major divisions: Duodenum: A short structure (about 20-25 cm long) which receives chyme from the stomach, together with pancreatic juice containing digestive enzymes and bile from the gall bladder. (wikipedia.org)
  • In cases of malrotation complicated with volvulus, it demonstrates a corkscrew appearance of the distal duodenum and jejunum. (wikipedia.org)
  • respiratory
  • Canine minute virus is an infectious disease that can cause respiratory and gastrointestinal signs in young puppies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Veterinary surgery is surgery performed on animals by veterinarians, whereby the procedures fall into three broad categories: orthopaedics (bones, joints, muscles), soft tissue surgery (skin, body cavities, cardiovascular system, GI/urogenital/respiratory tracts), and neurosurgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Disease
  • Now in its 10th edition, Sleisenger and Fordtran s Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease remains your indispensable source for definitive, state-of-the-art answers on every aspect of gastroenterology and hepatology. (elsevier.com)
  • Canine coronavirus is a gastrointestinal disease that is usually asymptomatic or with mild clinical signs. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is usually caused by disease of the enteric neuromusculature and may involve either segments of, or the entire, gastrointestinal tract. (bmj.com)
  • Some diseases which involve other parts of the GI tract can manifest in the mouth, alone or in combination, including: Gastroesophageal reflux disease can cause acid erosion of the teeth and halitosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some of the more widely acknowledged factors for developing GDV include increased age, breed, having a deep and narrow chest, eating foods such as kibble that expand in the stomach, overfeeding, too much water consumption in a small period of time before or after exercise and other causes of gastrointestinal disease and distress. (wikipedia.org)