• diverticular
  • reported a weak correlation between elevated body mass index (BMI) and symptomatic diverticular disease of colon [ 13 ], whereas other authors found this correlation to be absent [ 14 - 16 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • diagnosis
  • See 'AIDS-related cytomegalovirus neurologic disease' and 'Pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, and diagnosis of AIDS-related cytomegalovirus retinitis' and 'Cytomegalovirus infection as a cause of pulmonary disease in HIV-infected patients' . (uptodate.com)
  • Most cases of end organ disease now occur in patients who are not receiving ART, either due to late diagnosis of HIV disease or poor adherence to prescribed therapy. (uptodate.com)
  • infections
  • Guidelines for the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections in HIV-infected adults and adolescents: Recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Institutes of Health, and the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America http://aidsinfo.nih.gov/contentfiles/lvguidelines/adult_oi.pdf (Accessed on November 18, 2013). (uptodate.com)
  • illness
  • In a study investigating the association between drinking water quality and gastrointestinal illness in the elderly of Philadelphia, scientists found water quality 9 to 11 days before the visit was negatively associated with hospital admissions for gastrointestinal illness, with an interquartile range increase in turbidity being associated with a 9% increase). (wikipedia.org)
  • This example is a small reflection of residents of the United States remain at risk of waterborne gastrointestinal illness under current water treatment practices. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • A discussion of the pathogenesis and clinical manifestations of other CMV-related diseases in HIV-infected patients is found elsewhere. (uptodate.com)
  • From targeted assays for C. difficile to broad disease state panels covering community-acquired and persistent diarrhea pathogens, clinical labs need flexibility and scalability in their GI assays to deliver optimal results to physicians for patient care, antimicrobial stewardship, and infection control. (luminexcorp.com)
  • Clinical signs of portal hypertension include those of chronic liver disease: ascites, esophageal varices, spider nevi, caput medusae, and palmar erythema. (wikipedia.org)
  • diarrhea
  • Other signs of the disease are: Smell/ foul odor Diarrhea Lethargy Lack of appetite Excess sleeping Walking with a hunched back Folded ears Unusual temper(biting or nipping) Recovery is most likely if it is spotted within the first 24-48 hours, and you should seek veterinary advice-a vet may choose to give the animal drugs. (wikipedia.org)
  • reflux
  • Among the upper gastrointestinal diseases, obesity is an established risk factor for reflux esophagitis [ 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The most common condition of the oesophagus in Western countries is gastroesophageal reflux disease, which in chronic forms is thought to result in changes to the epithelium of the oesophagus, known as Barrett's oesophagus. (wikipedia.org)
  • progression
  • Dogs also require chemotherapy and radiation therapy to slow disease progression. (vetinfo.com)
  • and 4) After completion of the initial evaluation process, patients will either be offered a chance to participate in an active research protocol or, if no appropriate protocol is identified, patients may be seen long-term to follow the disease progression for potential future participation in DDB gastrointestinal studies. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • abnormal
  • Although the cause of IBD isn't established, pets suffer from the disease due to genetic predisposition and abnormal immune system response. (vetinfo.com)
  • Research
  • As the causes of pollution are directly related to the economic development and population growth of the region, further research should be conducted for prevention of diseases, educational programs, water remediation and conservation programs that will have a positive impact on the quality of life of the population presently at risk. (mdpi.com)
  • cause
  • Several GI diseases, especially those associated with malabsorption, can cause recurrent mouth ulcers, atrophic glossitis, and angular cheilitis (e.g. (wikipedia.org)
  • bacterial
  • doi:10.1038/nature05999 http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v448/n7152/abs/nature05999.html Flagellin at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Bacterial flagellin and plant disease resistance, published by Zipfel. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • In the present study we sought to elucidate the associations between obesity and various upper and lower gastrointestinal diseases in a large sample of Japanese subjects. (hindawi.com)
  • A study led by UCLA epidemiology professor Beate Ritz suggests that "people with Parkinson's were more likely to have consumed private well water, and had consumed it on average 4.3 years longer than those who did not have the disease. (wikipedia.org)