• surgery
  • When GER cannot be controlled by anti-reflux surgery, esophagogastric dissociation or feeding jejunostomy with gastrostomy may help. (springer.com)
  • Surgery, namely, anti-reflux procedures, should be considered the last resort although it appears to have a clear benefit in a highly selective group of NI children especially those with severe disability who have failed medical therapy. (springer.com)
  • Dysphagia
  • Parkman HP, Maurer AH, Caroline DF, Miller DL, Krevsky B et al (1996) Optimal evaluation of patients with nonobstructive esophageal dysphagia. (springer.com)
  • tissue
  • Biopsy of the esophageal tissue may point to structural changes such as edema, basal hyperplasia, intestinal metaplasia and even dysplasia and cancer cells. (steadyhealth.com)
  • pulmonary
  • 11 patients (35.5%) had gastroesophageal reflux (GER)-related cough, 11 (35.5%) had pulmonary/otorhinolaryngologic-related cough (1 bronchitis, 6 asthma, 2 postnasal drip, 1 pneumonia), and 9 patients (29%) had cough of unknown etiology. (biomedsearch.com)